4,872 Works

Myotubularin related protein 7 is essential for the spermatogonial stem cell homeostasis via PI3K/AKT signaling

Dan Zhao, Cong Shen, Tingting Gao, Hong Li, Yueshuai Guo, Feng Li, Chenchen Liu, Yuanyuan Liu, Xia Chen, Xi Zhang, Yangyang Wu, Yi Yu, Meng Lin, Yan Yuan, Xiaofang Chen, Xiaoyan Huang, Shenmin Yang, Jun Yu, Jun Zhang & Bo Zheng
Myotubularin related protein 7 (MTMR7), a key member of the MTMR family, depicts phosphatase activity and is involved in myogenesis and tumor growth. We have previously identified MTMR7 in the proteomic profile of mouse spermatogonial stem cell (SSC) maturation and differentiation, implying that MTMR7 is associated with neonatal testicular development. In this study, to further explore the distribution and function of MTMR7 in mouse testis, we studied the effect of Mtmr7 knockdown on neonatal testicular...

Landscape of RNA editing reveals new insights into the dynamic gene regulation of spermatogenesis

Xiaodan Wang, Xiaolong Wu, Zhenshuo Zhu, Hao Li, Tongtong Li, Qun Li, Peng Zhang, Leijie Li, Dongxue Che, Xia Xiao, Tong Liu, Jinlian Hua & Mingzhi Liao
Spermatogenesis is an important physiological process associated with male infertility. As a kind of post-transcriptional regulation, RNA editings (REs) change the genetic information at the mRNA level. But whether there are REs and what’s the role of REs during the process are still unclear. In this study, we integrated published RNA-Seq datasets and established a landscape of RNA REs during the development of mouse spermatogenesis. Totally, 7530 editing sites occurred in 2012 genes among all...

Identification of Volatile Components in Tea Infusions by Headspace–Programmed Temperature Vaporization–Gas Chromatography–Mass Spectrometry (HS–PTV–GC–MS) with Chemometrics

Yan Zhou, Jie Yu, Liang Wang, Da Wu, Dawei Qi, Yunfei Sha & Baizhan Liu
In this work, the two-step headspace (HS) technique was applied to determine the actual volatile compositions of tea infusions. In order to eliminate the influence of water vapor to the gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis and enable the capability to determine the volatile compounds in water base samples, a programed temperature vaporizer (PTV) was employed for the additional pre-concentration of thee analytes. While using the reported method, the volatile compounds were retained by the absorbent...

Emerging colistin resistance in Salmonella enterica serovar Newport isolates from human infections

Mohammed Elbediwi, Hang Pan, Silpak Biswas, Yan Li & Min Yue
Worldwide emergence of Salmonella enterica serovar Newport (S. Newport) infection in humans, in parallel with a significant increasing prevalence of antimicrobial resistance (AR), is a serious public health concern. However, the prevalence of S. Newport resistance in China remains largely unknown. A retrospective study of 287 S. Newport clinical isolates collected during 1997–2018 was undertaken for characterization of AR profiles using the micro-dilution assay. We found a recent emergence of colistin resistance in four Chinese...

Development of an automatic integrated gene detection system for novel severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus (SARS-CoV2)

Yuchang Li, Jing Li, Ying Zhang, Lizhong Dai, Lin Li, Juan Liu, Sen Zhang, Xiaoyan Wu, Yi Hu, Chengfeng Qin, Tao Jiang & Xiaoping Kang
In December 2019, Wuhan, China suffered a serious outbreak of a novel coronavirus infectious disease (COVID) caused by novel severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus (SARS-CoV 2). To quickly identify the pathogen, we designed and screened primer sets, and established a sensitive and specific qRT-PCR assay for SARS-CoV 2; the lower limit of detection (LOD) was 15 (95% CI: 9.8–21) copies per reaction. We combined this qRT-PCR assay with an automatic integration system for nucleic acid...

Analytical comparisons of SARS-COV-2 detection by qRT-PCR and ddPCR with multiple primer/probe sets

Xinjin Liu, Jiangpeng Feng, Qiuhan Zhang, Dong Guo, Lu Zhang, Tao Suo, Wenjia Hu, Ming Guo, Xin Wang, Zhixiang Huang, Yong Xiong, Guozhong Chen, Yu Chen & Ke Lan
Different primers/probes sets have been developed all over the world for the nucleic acid detection of SARS-CoV-2 by quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) as a standard method. In our recent study, we explored the feasibility of droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) for clinical SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid detection compared with qRT-PCR using the same primer/probe sets issued by Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) targeting viral ORF1ab or N gene, which showed that...

ddPCR: a more accurate tool for SARS-CoV-2 detection in low viral load specimens

Tao Suo, Xinjin Liu, Jiangpeng Feng, Ming Guo, Wenjia Hu, Dong Guo, Hafiz Ullah, Yang Yang, Qiuhan Zhang, Xin Wang, Muhanmmad Sajid, Zhixiang Huang, Liping Deng, Tielong Chen, Fang Liu, Ke Xu, Yuan Liu, Qi Zhang, Yingle Liu, Yong Xiong, Guozhong Chen, Ke Lan & Yu Chen
Quantitative real time PCR (RT-PCR) is widely used as the gold standard for clinical detection of SARS-CoV-2. However, due to the low viral load specimens and the limitations of RT-PCR, significant numbers of false negative reports are inevitable, which results in failure to timely diagnose, cut off transmission, and assess discharge criteria. To improve this situation, an optimized droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) was used for detection of SARS-CoV-2, which showed that the limit of detection...

HFE inhibits type I IFNs signaling by targeting the SQSTM1-mediated MAVS autophagic degradation

Juan Liu, Xiaopeng Wu, Hailong Wang, Jiayu Wei, Qian Wu, Xingbo Wang, Yan Yan, Jun Cui, Junxia Min, Fudi Wang & Jiyong Zhou
Iron metabolism is involved in numerous physiological processes such as erythropoiesis, oxidative metabolism. However, the in vivo physiological functions of the iron metabolism-related gene Hfe in immune response during viral infection remain poorly understood. Here, we identified 5 iron metabolism-associated genes specifically affected during RNA virus infection by a high-throughput assay and further found that HFE was a key negative regulator of RIG-I-like receptors (RLR)-mediated type I interferons (IFNs) signaling. RNA virus infection inhibited the...

Protective effect of brain-derived neurotrophic factor and neurotrophin-3 overexpression by adipose-derived stem cells combined with silk fibroin/chitosan scaffold in spinal cord injury

Wen-Chen Ji, Meng Li, Wan-Ting Jiang, Xing Ma & Jia Li
Objectives: Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a most debilitating traumatic injury, and cytotherapy is a promising alternative treatment strategy. Here we investigated the effect and mechanism of adipose-derived stem/stromal cells (ASCs) with overexpressing brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and neurotrophin-3 (NT3) (BDNF-NT3) in combination with silk fibroin/chitosan scaffold (SFCS) in SCI. Methods: Female Sprague-Dawley rats were used as an SCI model. SFCS,SFCS and ASCs, or ASCs overexpressing NT3, BDNF, and BDNF-NT3 were implanted into SCI rats....

Chiral 4-O-acylterpineol as transdermal permeation enhancers: insights of the enhancement mechanisms of a transdermal enantioselective delivery system for flurbiprofen

Tianzhe Chu, Chunyan Wang, Jing Wang, Heping Wang, Dandan Geng, Chensi Wu, Linlin Zhao & Ligang Zhao
In order to devise more effective penetration enhancers, 4-O-acylterpineol derivatives which were expected to be hydrolyzed into nontoxic metabolites by esterase in the living epidermis, were synthesized from 4-terpineol (4-TER) enantiomers and straight chain fatty acids. Their promoting activities on the SR-flurbiprofen and its enantiomers were tested across full-thickness rabbit skin, as well as to correlate under in vitro and in vivo conditions. The permeation studies indicated that both d-4-O-acylterpineol and l-4-O-acylterpineol had significant enhancing...

Gain of function mutant p53 protein activates AKT through the Rac1 signaling to promote tumorigenesis

Xuetian Yue, Fangnan Wu, Yanchen Li, Juan Liu, Michael Boateng, Kranthi Mandava, Cen Zhang, Zhaohui Feng, Jimin Gao & Wenwei Hu
Tumor suppressor p53 is the most frequently mutated gene in human cancer. Mutant p53 (mutp53) not only loses the tumor suppressive activity of wild type p53, but often gains new oncogenic activities to promote tumorigenesis, defined as mutp53 gain of function (GOF). While the concept of mutp53 GOF is well-established, its underlying mechanism is not well-understood. AKT has been suggested to be activated by mutp53 and contribute to mutp53 GOF, but its underlying mechanism is...

Stabilized diverse HIV-1 envelope trimers for vaccine design

Qian Wang, Bingting Ma, Qingtai Liang, Angqi Zhu, Hua Wang, Lili Fu, Xiaoxu Han, Xuanling Shi, Ye Xiang, Hong Shang & Linqi Zhang
One of the major goals in HIV-1 vaccine development is to achieve properly folded and stabilized envelope glycoprotein (Env) trimers that mimic the native Env on the mature virion. Here, we design and characterize uncleaved prefusion-optimized (UFO) trimers for 12 Envs currently circulating in China. Biochemical and biophysical characterization of these UFO trimers identified two subtype B/Bʹ Envs, CNE6 and MG13, which exhibited the highest trimer content and stability at a level comparable to the...

Stabilized diverse HIV-1 envelope trimers for vaccine design

Qian Wang, Bingting Ma, Qingtai Liang, Angqi Zhu, Hua Wang, Lili Fu, Xiaoxu Han, Xuanling Shi, Ye Xiang, Hong Shang & Linqi Zhang
One of the major goals in HIV-1 vaccine development is to achieve properly folded and stabilized envelope glycoprotein (Env) trimers that mimic the native Env on the mature virion. Here, we design and characterize uncleaved prefusion-optimized (UFO) trimers for 12 Envs currently circulating in China. Biochemical and biophysical characterization of these UFO trimers identified two subtype B/Bʹ Envs, CNE6 and MG13, which exhibited the highest trimer content and stability at a level comparable to the...

Proscillaridin A slows the prostate cancer progression through triggering the activation of endoplasmic reticulum stress

Fan Wang, Lin Liu, Yu Tong, Linfeng Li, Yanfeng Liu & Wei-Qiang Gao
Prostate cancer (PCa) is the second commonly diagnosed malignancy in men over the world. Although androgen deprivation therapy for advanced PCa patients has significantly improved their survival, the majority of these patients eventually develop castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). Proscillaridin A (Pro A), a cardiac glycoside that is clinically used to treat various heart failure diseases, has been reported to have anticancer activity in several cancers. However, whether Pro A exerts an inhibitory effect on PCa...

Discovery of a subgenotype of human coronavirus NL63 associated with severe lower respiratory tract infection in China, 2018

Yanqun Wang, Xin Li, Wenkuan Liu, Mian Gan, Lu Zhang, Jin Wang, Zhaoyong Zhang, Airu Zhu, Fang Li, Jing Sun, Guoxian Zhang, Zhen Zhuang, Jiaying Luo, Dehui Chen, Shuyan Qiu, Li Zhang, Duo Xu, Chris Ka Pun Mok, Fuchun Zhang, Jingxian Zhao, Rong Zhou & Jincun Zhao
Human coronavirus NL63 (HCoV-NL63) is primarily associated with common cold in children, elderly and immunocompromised individuals. Outbreaks caused by HCoV-NL63 are rare. Here we report a cluster of HCoV-NL63 cases with severe lower respiratory tract infection that arose in Guangzhou, China, in 2018. Twenty-three hospitalized children were confirmed to be HCoV-NL63 positive, and most of whom were hospitalized with severe pneumonia or acute bronchitis. Whole genomes of HCoV-NL63 were obtained using next-generation sequencing. Phylogenetic and...

Iodine mediated synthesis of diaryl diselenides using SeO2 as a selenium source

Dileep Kommula, Qing Li, Siyang Ning, Wujun Liu, Qian Wang & Zongbao K. Zhao
A simple, eco-friendly and convenient procedure has been developed for the synthesis of diphenyl diselinides from readily available aryl boronic acids by reaction with SeO2 in the presence of iodine under simple conditions. The methodology is reported about 19 examples and applicable to a broad scope of aryl boronic acids containing electron-rich and electron-poor substituents. Apart from being milder and environmentally benign conditions, this synthetic protocol comprises a novel, reliable methodology to give good to...

Stochastic Tree Search for Estimating Optimal Dynamic Treatment Regimes

Yilun Sun & Lu Wang
A dynamic treatment regime (DTR) is a sequence of decision rules that adapt to the time-varying states of an individual. Black-box learning methods have shown great potential in predicting the optimal treatments; however, the resulting DTRs lack interpretability, which is of paramount importance for medical experts to understand and implement. We present a stochastic tree-based reinforcement learning (ST-RL) method for estimating optimal DTRs in a multistage multitreatment setting with data from either randomized trials or...

Aconiti lateralis Radix Praeparata inhibits Alzheimer’s disease by regulating the complex regulation network with the core of GRIN1 and MAPK1

Yutao Wang, Huixiang Zhang, Jing Wang, Ming Yu, Qianqian Zhang, Shan Yan, Dingyun You, Lanlan Shi, Lihuan Zhang, Limei Wang, Hongxiang Wu & Xue Cao
Current medicine for Alzheimer’s disease (AD) cannot effectively reverse or block nerve injury. Traditional Chinese Medicine practice and research imply Aconiti lateralis Radix Praeparata (Fuzi) may meet this goal. Analysing the anti-AD effect of Fuzi and its potential molecular mechanism. AD model cells were treated with Fuzi in 0-300 mg/mL for 24 h in 37 °C. The cell viability (CV) and length of cell projections (LCP) for each group were observed, analysed, and standardised using...

Oxidative stress-related genes (EPHX1 and MnSOD) polymorphism and risk of pre-eclampsia: a meta-analysis

Ge Zhao, Jing Liu & Tao Meng
Previous studies have detected the association of polymorphisms in oxidative stress-related genes EPHX1 and MnSOD with pre-eclampsia (PE) risk, but the results are inconsistent among studies. Thus, a meta-analysis was performed to obtain more conclusive results. Eligible studies were retrieved in PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, Scopus, and CNKI. Odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were utilized to evaluate the relationship between EPHX1 rs1051740, EPHX1 rs2234922, MnSOD rs4880 polymorphisms, and PE susceptibility in...

Antibiotic exposure elicits the emergence of colistin- and carbapenem-resistant Escherichia coli coharboring MCR-1 and NDM-5 in a patient

Jinpeng Mao, Wugao Liu, Wei Wang, Jian Sun, Sheng Lei & Youjun Feng
Antibiotic exposure elicits the emergence of colistin- and carbapenem-resistant Escherichia coli coharboring MCR-1 and NDM-5 in a patient

Antibiotic exposure elicits the emergence of colistin- and carbapenem-resistant Escherichia coli coharboring MCR-1 and NDM-5 in a patient

Jinpeng Mao, Wugao Liu, Wei Wang, Jian Sun, Sheng Lei & Youjun Feng
Antibiotic exposure elicits the emergence of colistin- and carbapenem-resistant Escherichia coli coharboring MCR-1 and NDM-5 in a patient

Genome-wide identification and functional prediction of circular RNAs in response to heat stress in Chinese Holstein cows

Ying Qi, Lin Zhang, Yuemei Guo, Jing Wang, Mingxing Chu, Yiming Zhang, Junfei Guo & Qiuling Li
Heat stress (HS) leads to substantial economic loss of dairy industry each year. The negative effect of HS in dairy cows is becoming one of the more urgent issue due to accelerating side-effects of global warming. Various genes are involved in HS response but the information about the role of noncoding RNAs, especially circular RNAs (circRNAs) is largely unknown. In our study, we aimed to investigate the different expression profile of circRNAs between HS and...

Self-assembled polymeric nanocarrier-mediated co-delivery of metformin and doxorubicin for melanoma therapy

Mingming Song, Wentao Xia, Zixuan Tao, Bin Zhu, Wenxiang Zhang, Chang Liu & Siyu Chen
Malignant melanoma is a life-threatening form of skin cancer with a low response rate to single-agent chemotherapy. Although combined therapies of metformin (MET) and doxorubicin (DOX) are effective in treating a variety of cancers, including breast cancer, their different physicochemical properties and administration routines reduce the effective co-accumulation of both drugs in tumors. Nanoparticles (NPs) have been demonstrated to potentially improve drug delivery efficiency in cancer therapy of, for example, liver and lung cancers. Hence,...

Alkaloids constituents from the roots of Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud. with their cytotoxic activities

Ying Chen, Li Li, Li-Rui Jiang, Jia-Yin Tan, Li-Na Guo, Xiao-Li Wang, Wei Dong, Wen-Bao Wang, Ji-Kai Sun & Bo Song
Two new alkaloids, phranisines A–B (1–2), along with two known compounds, N-p-Coumaroyl serotonin (3) and N-p-coumaroyl-tryptamine (4), were isolated from the roots of Phragmites australis. The structures of 1–4 were established on the basis of extensive spectroscopic. The absolute configuration of compounds 1–2 were identified through quantum-chemical electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculation compared with their experimental CD. All the isolated compounds were tested for their cytotoxic activities against HeLa and MCF-7 human cancer cell lines,...

The effect of amiloride in decreasing albuminuria in patients with diabetic kidney diseases: a prospective, crossover, open-label study

Ruizhao Li, Zhiyong Xie, Li Zhang, Ying Huang, Jianchao Ma, Wei Dong, Zhilian Li, Yuanhan Chen, Huaban Liang, Yanhua Wu, Xingchen Zhao, Wenjian Wang, Zhiming Ye, Shuangxin Liu, Wei Shi & Xinling Liang
Diabetic kidney diseases (DKD) were the leading cause of End-stage renal diseases worldwide. Albuminuria was a target for treatment in DKD and decreasing albuminuria was particularly important for improving its prognosis. However, there is still a lack of specific treatment for DKD. We conducted a prospective, crossover, open-label study to investigate the effect of amiloride in patients with DKD. Safety and efficacy were assessed by monitoring urine protein creatinine ratio(uPCR), urinary albumin creatinine ratio (uACR),...

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