137 Works

Identification of Volatile Components in Tea Infusions by Headspace–Programmed Temperature Vaporization–Gas Chromatography–Mass Spectrometry (HS–PTV–GC–MS) with Chemometrics

Yan Zhou, Jie Yu, Liang Wang, Da Wu, Dawei Qi, Yunfei Sha & Baizhan Liu
In this work, the two-step headspace (HS) technique was applied to determine the actual volatile compositions of tea infusions. In order to eliminate the influence of water vapor to the gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis and enable the capability to determine the volatile compounds in water base samples, a programed temperature vaporizer (PTV) was employed for the additional pre-concentration of thee analytes. While using the reported method, the volatile compounds were retained by the absorbent...

Protective effect of brain-derived neurotrophic factor and neurotrophin-3 overexpression by adipose-derived stem cells combined with silk fibroin/chitosan scaffold in spinal cord injury

Wen-Chen Ji, Meng Li, Wan-Ting Jiang, Xing Ma & Jia Li
Objectives: Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a most debilitating traumatic injury, and cytotherapy is a promising alternative treatment strategy. Here we investigated the effect and mechanism of adipose-derived stem/stromal cells (ASCs) with overexpressing brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and neurotrophin-3 (NT3) (BDNF-NT3) in combination with silk fibroin/chitosan scaffold (SFCS) in SCI. Methods: Female Sprague-Dawley rats were used as an SCI model. SFCS,SFCS and ASCs, or ASCs overexpressing NT3, BDNF, and BDNF-NT3 were implanted into SCI rats....

Proscillaridin A slows the prostate cancer progression through triggering the activation of endoplasmic reticulum stress

Fan Wang, Lin Liu, Yu Tong, Linfeng Li, Yanfeng Liu & Wei-Qiang Gao
Prostate cancer (PCa) is the second commonly diagnosed malignancy in men over the world. Although androgen deprivation therapy for advanced PCa patients has significantly improved their survival, the majority of these patients eventually develop castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). Proscillaridin A (Pro A), a cardiac glycoside that is clinically used to treat various heart failure diseases, has been reported to have anticancer activity in several cancers. However, whether Pro A exerts an inhibitory effect on PCa...

Iodine mediated synthesis of diaryl diselenides using SeO2 as a selenium source

Dileep Kommula, Qing Li, Siyang Ning, Wujun Liu, Qian Wang & Zongbao K. Zhao
A simple, eco-friendly and convenient procedure has been developed for the synthesis of diphenyl diselinides from readily available aryl boronic acids by reaction with SeO2 in the presence of iodine under simple conditions. The methodology is reported about 19 examples and applicable to a broad scope of aryl boronic acids containing electron-rich and electron-poor substituents. Apart from being milder and environmentally benign conditions, this synthetic protocol comprises a novel, reliable methodology to give good to...

Gain of function mutant p53 protein activates AKT through the Rac1 signaling to promote tumorigenesis

Xuetian Yue, Fangnan Wu, Yanchen Li, Juan Liu, Michael Boateng, Kranthi Mandava, Cen Zhang, Zhaohui Feng, Jimin Gao & Wenwei Hu
Tumor suppressor p53 is the most frequently mutated gene in human cancer. Mutant p53 (mutp53) not only loses the tumor suppressive activity of wild type p53, but often gains new oncogenic activities to promote tumorigenesis, defined as mutp53 gain of function (GOF). While the concept of mutp53 GOF is well-established, its underlying mechanism is not well-understood. AKT has been suggested to be activated by mutp53 and contribute to mutp53 GOF, but its underlying mechanism is...

Stabilized diverse HIV-1 envelope trimers for vaccine design

Qian Wang, Bingting Ma, Qingtai Liang, Angqi Zhu, Hua Wang, Lili Fu, Xiaoxu Han, Xuanling Shi, Ye Xiang, Hong Shang & Linqi Zhang
One of the major goals in HIV-1 vaccine development is to achieve properly folded and stabilized envelope glycoprotein (Env) trimers that mimic the native Env on the mature virion. Here, we design and characterize uncleaved prefusion-optimized (UFO) trimers for 12 Envs currently circulating in China. Biochemical and biophysical characterization of these UFO trimers identified two subtype B/Bʹ Envs, CNE6 and MG13, which exhibited the highest trimer content and stability at a level comparable to the...

Stabilized diverse HIV-1 envelope trimers for vaccine design

Qian Wang, Bingting Ma, Qingtai Liang, Angqi Zhu, Hua Wang, Lili Fu, Xiaoxu Han, Xuanling Shi, Ye Xiang, Hong Shang & Linqi Zhang
One of the major goals in HIV-1 vaccine development is to achieve properly folded and stabilized envelope glycoprotein (Env) trimers that mimic the native Env on the mature virion. Here, we design and characterize uncleaved prefusion-optimized (UFO) trimers for 12 Envs currently circulating in China. Biochemical and biophysical characterization of these UFO trimers identified two subtype B/Bʹ Envs, CNE6 and MG13, which exhibited the highest trimer content and stability at a level comparable to the...

Discovery of a subgenotype of human coronavirus NL63 associated with severe lower respiratory tract infection in China, 2018

Yanqun Wang, Xin Li, Wenkuan Liu, Mian Gan, Lu Zhang, Jin Wang, Zhaoyong Zhang, Airu Zhu, Fang Li, Jing Sun, Guoxian Zhang, Zhen Zhuang, Jiaying Luo, Dehui Chen, Shuyan Qiu, Li Zhang, Duo Xu, Chris Ka Pun Mok, Fuchun Zhang, Jingxian Zhao, Rong Zhou & Jincun Zhao
Human coronavirus NL63 (HCoV-NL63) is primarily associated with common cold in children, elderly and immunocompromised individuals. Outbreaks caused by HCoV-NL63 are rare. Here we report a cluster of HCoV-NL63 cases with severe lower respiratory tract infection that arose in Guangzhou, China, in 2018. Twenty-three hospitalized children were confirmed to be HCoV-NL63 positive, and most of whom were hospitalized with severe pneumonia or acute bronchitis. Whole genomes of HCoV-NL63 were obtained using next-generation sequencing. Phylogenetic and...

Emerging colistin resistance in Salmonella enterica serovar Newport isolates from human infections

Mohammed Elbediwi, Hang Pan, Silpak Biswas, Yan Li & Min Yue
Worldwide emergence of Salmonella enterica serovar Newport (S. Newport) infection in humans, in parallel with a significant increasing prevalence of antimicrobial resistance (AR), is a serious public health concern. However, the prevalence of S. Newport resistance in China remains largely unknown. A retrospective study of 287 S. Newport clinical isolates collected during 1997–2018 was undertaken for characterization of AR profiles using the micro-dilution assay. We found a recent emergence of colistin resistance in four Chinese...

Investigation of Pb (II) and Cd (II) removal from aqueous solution by organic-modified xonotlite

Wei Zhou, Junliang Xin & Wenqing Tang
In this work, a novel xonotlite nanocomposite was synthesised with abandoned eggshell by hydrothermal method, and organic-modified with toluene diisocyanate (TDI) for the removal of Pb(II) and Cd(II) from wastewater. The xonotlite and organic-modified xonotlite were characterised by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Brunner-Emmet-Teller (BET) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) methods. The effect of solution pH, contact time, adsorbent dose, and initial concentrations were also investigated. The organic-modified xonotlite was found to...

Analytical comparisons of SARS-COV-2 detection by qRT-PCR and ddPCR with multiple primer/probe sets

Xinjin Liu, Jiangpeng Feng, Qiuhan Zhang, Dong Guo, Lu Zhang, Tao Suo, Wenjia Hu, Ming Guo, Xin Wang, Zhixiang Huang, Yong Xiong, Guozhong Chen, Yu Chen & Ke Lan
Different primers/probes sets have been developed all over the world for the nucleic acid detection of SARS-CoV-2 by quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) as a standard method. In our recent study, we explored the feasibility of droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) for clinical SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid detection compared with qRT-PCR using the same primer/probe sets issued by Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) targeting viral ORF1ab or N gene, which showed that...

ddPCR: a more accurate tool for SARS-CoV-2 detection in low viral load specimens

Tao Suo, Xinjin Liu, Jiangpeng Feng, Ming Guo, Wenjia Hu, Dong Guo, Hafiz Ullah, Yang Yang, Qiuhan Zhang, Xin Wang, Muhanmmad Sajid, Zhixiang Huang, Liping Deng, Tielong Chen, Fang Liu, Ke Xu, Yuan Liu, Qi Zhang, Yingle Liu, Yong Xiong, Guozhong Chen, Ke Lan & Yu Chen
Quantitative real time PCR (RT-PCR) is widely used as the gold standard for clinical detection of SARS-CoV-2. However, due to the low viral load specimens and the limitations of RT-PCR, significant numbers of false negative reports are inevitable, which results in failure to timely diagnose, cut off transmission, and assess discharge criteria. To improve this situation, an optimized droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) was used for detection of SARS-CoV-2, which showed that the limit of detection...

HFE inhibits type I IFNs signaling by targeting the SQSTM1-mediated MAVS autophagic degradation

Juan Liu, Xiaopeng Wu, Hailong Wang, Jiayu Wei, Qian Wu, Xingbo Wang, Yan Yan, Jun Cui, Junxia Min, Fudi Wang & Jiyong Zhou
Iron metabolism is involved in numerous physiological processes such as erythropoiesis, oxidative metabolism. However, the in vivo physiological functions of the iron metabolism-related gene Hfe in immune response during viral infection remain poorly understood. Here, we identified 5 iron metabolism-associated genes specifically affected during RNA virus infection by a high-throughput assay and further found that HFE was a key negative regulator of RIG-I-like receptors (RLR)-mediated type I interferons (IFNs) signaling. RNA virus infection inhibited the...

Development of an automatic integrated gene detection system for novel severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus (SARS-CoV2)

Yuchang Li, Jing Li, Ying Zhang, Lizhong Dai, Lin Li, Juan Liu, Sen Zhang, Xiaoyan Wu, Yi Hu, Chengfeng Qin, Tao Jiang & Xiaoping Kang
In December 2019, Wuhan, China suffered a serious outbreak of a novel coronavirus infectious disease (COVID) caused by novel severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus (SARS-CoV 2). To quickly identify the pathogen, we designed and screened primer sets, and established a sensitive and specific qRT-PCR assay for SARS-CoV 2; the lower limit of detection (LOD) was 15 (95% CI: 9.8–21) copies per reaction. We combined this qRT-PCR assay with an automatic integration system for nucleic acid...

Stochastic Tree Search for Estimating Optimal Dynamic Treatment Regimes

Yilun Sun & Lu Wang
A dynamic treatment regime (DTR) is a sequence of decision rules that adapt to the time-varying states of an individual. Black-box learning methods have shown great potential in predicting the optimal treatments; however, the resulting DTRs lack interpretability, which is of paramount importance for medical experts to understand and implement. We present a stochastic tree-based reinforcement learning (ST-RL) method for estimating optimal DTRs in a multistage multitreatment setting with data from either randomized trials or...

SARS-CoV-2 neutralizing antibody responses are more robust in patients with severe disease

Pengfei Wang, Lihong Liu, Manoj S. Nair, Michael T. Yin, Yang Luo, Qian Wang, Ting Yuan, Kanako Mori, Axel Guzman Solis, Masahiro Yamashita, Ankur Garg, Lawrence J. Purpura, Justin C. Laracy, Jian Yu, Leemor Joshua-Tor, Joseph Sodroski, Yaoxing Huang & David D. Ho
We studied plasma antibody responses of 35 patients about 1 month after SARS-CoV-2 infection. Titers of antibodies binding to the viral nucleocapsid and spike proteins were significantly higher in patients with severe disease. Likewise, mean antibody neutralization titers against SARS-CoV-2 pseudovirus and live virus were higher in the sicker patients, by ∼5-fold and ∼7-fold, respectively. These findings have important implications for those pursuing plasma therapy, isolation of neutralizing monoclonal antibodies, and determinants of immunity.

Preventing Candida albicans from subverting host plasminogen for invasive infection treatment

Si-Min Chen, Zui Zou, Shi-Yu Guo, Wei-Tong Hou, Xi-Ran Qiu, Yu Zhang, Li-Jun Song, Xin-Yu Hu, Yuan-Ying Jiang, Hui Shen & Mao-Mao An
Candida albicans is a common fungal pathogen in humans that colonizes the skin and mucosal surfaces of the majority healthy individuals. How C. albicans disseminates into the bloodstream and causes life-threatening systemic infections in immunocompromised patients remains unclear. Plasminogen system activation can degrade a variety of structural proteins in vivo and is involved in several homeostatic processes. Here, for the first time, we characterized that C. albicans could capture and “subvert” host plasminogen to invade...

Identifying optimal capsid duplication length for the stability of reporter flaviviruses

Coleman Baker, Yang Liu, Jing Zou, Antonio Muruato, Xuping Xie & Pei-Yong Shi
Mosquito-transmitted flaviviruses cause widespread disease across the world. To provide better molecular tools for drug screens and pathogenesis studies, we report a new approach to produce stable NanoLuc-tagged flaviviruses, including dengue virus serotypes 1-4, Japanese encephalitis virus, yellow fever virus, West Nile virus, and Zika virus. Since the reporter gene is often engineered at the capsid gene region, the capsid sequence must be duplicated to flank the reporter gene; such capsid duplication is essential for...

Identification of a promoter polymorphism affecting GPAT3 gene expression that is likely related to intramuscular fat content in pigs

Cai Ma, Yi Sun, Jiying Wang, Li Kang & Yunliang Jiang
The intramuscular fat content (IMF) is an economically important trait in pigs and the Laiwu pig is famous for its excessively extremely high level of IMF. Our previous transcriptome study revealed that the dynamic expression of glycerol-phosphate acyltransferase 3 (GPAT3) is consistent with changes in the IMF of Laiwu pigs. In this study, we further analyzed the expression and polymorphism of GPAT3 in its promoter region. The results indicated that the expression of GPAT3 increased...

Convergence of carbapenem resistance and hypervirulence in a highly-transmissible ST11 clone of K. pneumoniae: An epidemiological, genomic and functional study

Ping Li, Qiqiang Liang, Wugao Liu, Beiwen Zheng, Lizhang Liu, Wei Wang, Zhijiang Xu, Man Huang & Youjun Feng
Co-occurrence of hypervirulence and KPC-2 carbapenem resistant phenotypes in a highly-transmissible ST11 clone ofKlebsiella pneumoniae has elicited deep concerns from public health stand point. To address this puzzle, we conducted a large-scale epidemiological, clinical and genomic study of K. pneumonia ST11 clones with both hypervirulence and carbapenem resistance in two tertiary hospitals in Zhejiang province. Most of the patients (15/23) were diagnosed with exclusively carbapenem-resistant K. pneumoniae (CRKP) infections. Ten death cases were reported, some...

Sustained mTORC1 activity during palbociclib-induced growth arrest triggers senescence in ER+ breast cancer cells

Reeja S. Maskey, Fang Wang, Elyssa Lehman, Yiqun Wang, Natasha Emmanuel, Wenyan Zhong, Guixian Jin, Robert T. Abraham, Kim T. Arndt, Jeremy S. Myers & Anthony Mazurek
Palbociclib, a selective CDK4/6 kinase inhibitor, is approved in combination with endocrine therapies for the treatment of advanced estrogen receptor positive (ER+) breast cancer. In pre-clinical cancer models, CDK4/6 inhibitors act primarily as cytostatic agents. In two commonly studied ER+ breast cancer cell lines (MCF7 and T47D), CDK4/6 inhibition drives G1-phase arrest and the acquisition of a senescent-like phenotype, both of which are reversible upon palbociclib withdrawal (incomplete senescence). Here we identify an ER+ breast...

Establishing a high sensitivity detection method for SARS-CoV-2 IgM/IgG and developing a clinical application of this method

Chunyan Zhang, Lei Zhou, Hao Liu, Sibing Zhang, Yaping Tian, Junli Huo, Fei Li, Yao Zhang, Bo Wei, Dan Xu, Jinwei Hu, Jiayi Wang, Yuxuan Cheng, Wenjie Shi, Xiuli Xu, Jianping Zhou, Peipei Sang, Xudong Tan, Weiwei Wang, Minjie Zhang, Bin Wang, Yujun Zhou, Kan Zhang & Kunlun He
COVID-19 is caused by SARS-CoV-2 infection and was initially discovered in Wuhan. This outbreak quickly spread all over China and then to more than 20 other countries. SARS-CoV-2 fluorescent microsphere immunochromatographic test strips were prepared by the combination of time-resolved fluorescence immunoassay with a lateral flow assay. The analytical performance and clinical evaluation of this testing method was done and the clinical significance of the testing method was verified. The LLOD of SARS-CoV-2 antibody IgG...

Chiral 4-O-acylterpineol as transdermal permeation enhancers: insights of the enhancement mechanisms of a transdermal enantioselective delivery system for flurbiprofen

Tianzhe Chu, Chunyan Wang, Jing Wang, Heping Wang, Dandan Geng, Chensi Wu, Linlin Zhao & Ligang Zhao
In order to devise more effective penetration enhancers, 4-O-acylterpineol derivatives which were expected to be hydrolyzed into nontoxic metabolites by esterase in the living epidermis, were synthesized from 4-terpineol (4-TER) enantiomers and straight chain fatty acids. Their promoting activities on the SR-flurbiprofen and its enantiomers were tested across full-thickness rabbit skin, as well as to correlate under in vitro and in vivo conditions. The permeation studies indicated that both d-4-O-acylterpineol and l-4-O-acylterpineol had significant enhancing...

Increasing chitosanase production in Bacillus cereus by a novel mutagenesis and screen method

Chaozheng Zhang, Yi Li, Tianshuang Zhang & Hua Zhao
Chitosan hydrolysis by chitosanase is one of the most effective methods to produce chitosan oligosaccharides. One of the prerequisites of enzyme fermentation production is to select and breed enzyme-producing cells with good performance. So in the process of fermentation production, the low yield of chitosanase cannot meet the current requirement. In this paper, a strain producing chitosanase was screened and identified, and a novel mutagenesis system (Atmospheric and Room Temperature Plasma (ARTP)) was selected to...

Identification of hepatocellular carcinoma-related genes associated with macrophage differentiation based on bioinformatics analyses

Jun Cao, Chi Zhang, Guo-Qing Jiang, Sheng-Jie Jin, Qian Wang, Ao-Qing Wang & Dou-Sheng Bai
Macrophage differentiation is associated with tumorigenesis, including the tumorigenesis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Herein, we explored the value of macrophage differentiation-associated genes (MDGs) in the prognosis of HCC using data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and the International Cancer Genome Consortium (ICGC) databases. We performed multivariate Cox regression analyses to identify the hub genes affecting HCC patient prognoses. The correlations between hub genes and macrophage differentiation and immune checkpoint inhibitors (PD-1, PD-L1, and CTLA4)...

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  • 2020

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  • Chinese PLA General Hospital
  • Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College
  • Zhejiang University
  • Shanghai Jiao Tong University
  • Fudan University
  • Huazhong University of Science and Technology
  • Capital Medical University
  • Sun Yat-sen University
  • Sichuan University
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences