40 Works

Rhythm of Attention

Haleh Farahbod, Kourosh Saberi & Gregory Hickok
Modulation patterns are known to carry critical predictive cues to signal detection in complex acoustic environments. The current study investigated the persistence of masker modulation effects on post-modulation detection of probe signals. Hickok et al. (2015) demonstrated that thresholds for a tone pulse in stationary noise follow a predictable periodic pattern when preceded by a 3-Hz amplitude modulated masker. They found entrainment of detection patterns to the modulation envelope lasting for approximately 2 cycles after...

Solar-J and Cloud-J models version 7.6c

Michael Prather & Juno Hsu
This dataset includes the models (fortran code, matlab code, data) used to simulate the heating and photolysis rates in a spherical atmosphere. Both Solar-J v7.5 and Cloud-J v7.3c have been published previously, but with the publication of Prather and Hsu, "A round Earth for climate models" in PNAS (2019) both models have been merged in terms of overlapping subroutines and both now include option for (0) a flat-Earth atmosphere, (1) solar ray tracing through a...

Grounding line of Denman Glacier, East Antarctica from satellite radar interferometry

Virginia Brancato, Eric Rignot, Pietro Milillo, Mathieu Morlighem, Jeremie Mouginot, Lu An, Bernd Scheuchl, Seong Su Jeong, Paola Rizzoli, Jose Luiz Bueso Bello & Pau Prats-Iraola
Grounding line, elevation changes, and melt rates maps of Denman Glacier, East Antarctica. Using satellite radar interferometry from the COSMO-SkyMed mission we map the grounding line of Denman Glacier, East Antarctica. We complement these data with some historical interferometric radar acquisition from the European satellite ERS-1/2. We present new maps of elevation changes on the grounded and floating portions of Denman Glacier obtained by temporally differencing TanDEM-X Digital Elevation Models.

Aerosol particle measurements taken during the airborn ARISTO 2016 campaign.

John Ortega, James Smith, Jefferson Snider & J. Michael Reeves
Several different types of measurements of particle size and concentration were compared during the 2016 Airborne Research Instrumentation Testing Opportunity (ARISTO) campaign. The scanning mobility particle sizer (SMPS) measured number-size distributions for mobility diameters between ~20-350 nm or ~8-110 nm, depending on the mobility analyzer chosen. Also included were two stand-alone condensation particle counters (CPC) for determining size-integrated particle concentrations. A wing-mounted and a rack-mounted Ultra-High Sensitivity Aerosol Spectrometer (UHSAS) were used to measure size...

Environmental drivers of adult locomotion and reproduction in a symbiont-hosting sea anemone

Samuel Bedgood
This data was collected from the sea anemone species Exaiptasia diaphana collected in the Florida Keys in January 2016. Anemones were brought into the lab where they were exposed to feeding treatments (fed or starved) and algal symbiont manipulations (high or low symbiont denisties). We collected data on movement via time lapse photography, reproduction via counting of pedal lacerates, and anemone size via photography and analysis in the program ImageJ. We found that feeding treatments...

Figures for \"California forest die-off linked to multi-year deep soil drying in 2012-2015 drought\"

Michael Goulden
Data underlying main figures in "California forest die-off linked to multi-year deep soil drying in 2012-2015 drought", published in Nature-Geoscience, July 2019, ML Goulden and RC Bales. Abstract of paper: Widespread episodes of recent forest die-off have been tied to the occurrence of anomalously warm droughts, though the underlying mechanisms remain inadequately understood. California’s 2012-2015 drought, with exceptionally low precipitation and warmth and widespread conifer death, provides an opportunity to explore the chain of events...

Data from: Multichannel Stroboscopic Videography (MSV): A technique for visualizing multiple channels for behavioral measurements.

Alberto Soto, Matthew McHenry & Theodora Po
Biologists commonly visualize dierent features of an organism using distinct sources of illumination. Multichannel imaging has largely not been applied to behavioral studies due to the challenges posed by a moving subject. We address this challenge with the technique of Multichannel Stroboscopic Videography (MSV), which synchronizes multiple strobe lights with video exposures of a single camera. We illustrate the utility of this approach with kinematic measurements of a walking cockroach (Gromphadorhina portentosa) and calculations of...

Association of Serum Paraoxonase/Arylesterase Activity With All-Cause Mortality in Maintenance Hemodialysis Patients

Yasunori Suematsu, Masaki Goto, Christina Park, Ane C.F. Nunes, WangHui Jing, Elani Streja, Connie M. Rhee, Siobanth Cruz, Moti L. Kashyap, Nosratola D. Vaziri, Vasanthy Narayanaswami, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh & Hamid Moradi
Context: In end-stage renal disease (ESRD), serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) level is not an accurate predictor of mortality, partly because it does not necessarily correlate with indices of HDL function. Paraoxonase (PON) is a major enzyme constituent of HDL and key component of HDL antioxidant activity. Apolipoprotein (Apo) A-I is the core HDL structural protein that plays a major role in various aspects of HDL function. Objective: We sought to examine PON activity and...

Data: Is it Grey, Maligned or Malignant?

Julia Gelfand & Daniel Tsang
Cancers, growths, past events, social issues, conditions, and trends are each proverbially described as on a spectrum from maligned to malignant and scientists, physicians, journalists, commentators, politicians and other specialists offer opinions and commentary on what frames the answer to this question of the title. This paper explores not just the color and tone of data, but attempts to resolve what characterizes whether data is maligned or malignant. Hues of greyness distinguish the perils of...

Data from: Elevational cline in herbivore abundance driven by a monotonic increase in trophic level sensitivity to aridity

Annika S. Nelson, Cole T. Symanski, Matthew J. Hecking & Kailen A. Mooney
1. The abiotic environment drives species abundances and distributions both directly and indirectly through effects on multi-trophic species interactions. However, few studies have documented the individual and combined consequences of these direct and indirect effects. 2. We studied an ant-tended aphid along an elevational gradient, where lower elevations were more arid. Hypotheses of stronger species interactions at lower elevations and a greater sensitivity of higher trophic levels to climate led us to predict increased top-down...

Positive allosteric modulation of the α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor as a treatment for cognitive deficits after traumatic brain injury

David Titus, Timothy Johnstone, Nathan Johnson, Sidney London, Meghana Chapalamadugu, Derk Hogenkamp, Kelvin Gee & Coleen Atkins
Cognitive impairments are a common consequence of traumatic brain injury (TBI). The hippocampus is a subcortical structure that plays a key role in the formation of declarative memories and is highly vulnerable to TBI. The α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) is highly expressed in the hippocampus and reduced expression and function of this receptor are linked with cognitive impairments in Alzheimer’s disease and schizophrenia. Positive allosteric modulation of α7 nAChRs with AVL-3288 enhances receptor currents...

Code and data from: Evolution of sexual cooperation from sexual conflict

Maria R Servedio, John M Powers, Russell Lande & Trevor D Price
This C code conducts deterministic iterations of the exact recursion equations presented in the Model section of "Evolution of sexual cooperation from sexual conflict" by Servedio, Powers, Lande and Price. The code produces a two-dimensional grid with any parameters of choice on the x and y axis. Examples can be found in Figures 2c, 3c and 4 of the main text as well as many similar figures in the Supplementary Material. A sample parameter file...

Library as Publisher: Convergence of New Forms and Roles of Textual and Non-Textual Grey Literature in Digital Scholarship

Julia Gelfand & Anthony Lin

Data from: Diet variability among insular populations of Podarcis lizards reveals diverse strategies to face resource-limited environments

Maxime Taverne, Anne-Claire Fabre, Nina King-Gillies, Marija Krajnović, Duje Lisičić, Louise Martin, Leslie Michal, Donat Petricioli, Anamaria Stambuk, Zoran Tadić, Chloé Vigliotti, Beck Wehrle & Anthony Herrel
Access to resources is a dynamic and multi-causal process that determines the success and survival of a population. It is therefore often challenging to disentangle the factors affecting ecological traits like diet. Insular habitats provide a good opportunity to study how variation in diet originates, in particular in populations of mesopredators such as lizards. Indeed, high levels of population density associated with low food abundance and low predation are selection pressures typically observed on islands....

Crystal Cove Marine Conservation Area Science Monitoring

Conservancy Crystal Cove
Crystal Cove Conservancy operates the Crystal Cove Marine Protected Area Science Cruise in partnership with Newport Landing Sportfishing. Under the supervision of trained Crystal Cove Conservancy staff, junior high school and high school students collect data on fish and plankton biodiversity and nearshore water quality in the Crystal Cove Marine Conservation Area, following protocols designed in partnership with UCI and other researchers. See README file for more detailed information. “Data made available in the OC...

Data from: Insensitivity of the cloud response to surface warming under radical changes to boundary layer turbulence and cloud microphysics: results from the ultraparameterized CAM

Hossein Parishani
This data set contains the simulation outputs used in the study summarized below: We study the cloud response to a +4K surface warming in a new multiscale climate model that uses enough interior resolution to begin explicitly resolving boundary layer turbulence (i.e., ultraparameterization or UP). UP's predictions are compared against those from standard superparameterization (SP). The mean cloud radiative effect feedback turns out to be remarkably neutral across all of our simulations, despite some radical...

Classification of Type 2 Diabetes Genetic Variants and a Novel Genetic Risk Score Association with Insulin Clearance

Mark Goodarzi, Nicholette D Palmer, Jinrui Cui, Xiuqing Guo, Yii-Der I Chen, Kent D Taylor, Leslie J Raffel, Lynne E Wagenknecht, Thomas A Buchanan, Willa A Hsueh & Jerome I Rotter
Abstract Context Genome-wide association studies have identified >450 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) for type 2 diabetes (T2D). Objective To facilitate use of these SNPs in future genetic risk score (GRS)-based analyses, we aimed to classify the SNPs based on physiology. We also sought to validate GRS associations with insulin-related traits in deeply-phenotyped Mexican Americans. Design, Setting, and Participants 457 T2D SNPs from the literature were assigned physiologic function based on association studies and cluster analyses....

Flood Resilient Infrastructure and Sustainable Environments (FloodRISE) data

Jochen Schubert
Existing needs to manage flood risk in the U.S. are underserved by available flood hazard information. This contributes to an alarming escalation of flood impacts that amount to hundreds of billions of dollars per year and countless disrupted lives and affected communities. Making information about flood hazards useful for the range of decisions by actors that dictate the consequences of flooding poses many challenges. This dataset contains a collection of flood hazard mapping layers for...

Supporting data for Formation of Highly Oxidized Molecules from NO3 Radical Oxidation of Δ-3-Carene: A Computational Mechanism

Danielle Draper, Nanna Myllys, Noora Hyttinen, Kristian Moller, Henrik Kjaergaard, Juliane Fry, James Smith & Theo Kurten
NO3 radical oxidation of most monoterpenes is a significant source of secondary organic aerosol (SOA) in many regions influenced by both biogenic and anthropogenic emissions, but there are very few published mechanistic studies of NO3 chemistry beyond simple 1st generation products. Here, we present a computationally-derived mechanism detailing the unimolecular pathways available to the 2nd generation of peroxy radicals following NO3 oxidation of Δ-3-carene, defining generations based on the sequence of peroxy radicals formed rather...

Data from: Randomized phase 2 study of FcRn antagonist efgartigimod in generalized myasthenia gravis

James F. Howard, Vera Bril, Ted M. Burns, Renato Mantegazza, Malgorzata Bilinska, Andrzej Szczudlik, Said Beydoun, Francisco Javier Rodriguez De Rivera Garrido, Fredrik Piehl, Mariarosa Rottoli, Philip Van Damme, Tuan Vu, Amelia Evoli, Miriam Freimer, Tahseen Mozaffar, E. Sally Ward, Torsten Dreier, Peter Ulrichts, Katrien Verschueren, Antonio Guglietta, Hans De Haard, Nicolas Leupin & Jan J. G. M. Verschuuren
Objective: To investigate safety and explore efficacy of efgartigimod (ARGX-113), an anti-neonatal Fc receptor immunoglobulin G1 Fc fragment, in patients with generalized myasthenia gravis (gMG) with a history of anti-acetylcholine receptor (AChR) autoantibodies, who were on stable standard-of-care myasthenia gravis (MG) treatment. Methods: A phase 2, exploratory, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, 15-center study is described. Eligible patients were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive 4 doses over a 3-week period of either 10 mg/kg IV efgartigimod or...

Phase-Based Antarctica Ice Velocity Map

Jeremie Mouginot, Eric Rignot & Bernd Scheuchl
Complete map of ice motion in Antarctica combining phase data in the interior and speckle tracking in the fast-moving sectors. We present a new map of Antarctic ice velocity that is ten times more precise than prior maps and reveals ice motion at a high precision over 80% of the continent versus 20% in the past. The ice motion vector map provides novel constrains on interior ice motion and its connection with the glaciers and...

Data from: Chiral Majorana fermion modes in a quantum anomalous Hall insulator–superconductor structure

Qing Lin He, Lei Pan, Alexander L. Stern, Edward C. Burks, Xiaoyu Che, , Jing Wang, Biao Lian, Quan Zhou, Eun Sang Choi, Koichi Murata, Xufeng Kou, Zhijie Chen, Tianxiao Nie, Qiming Shao, Yabin Fan, Shou-Cheng Zhang, Kai Liu, Jing Xia & Kang L. Wang
Majorana fermion is a hypothetical particle that is its own antiparticle. We report transport measurements that suggest the existence of one-dimensional chiral Majorana fermion modes in the hybrid system of a quantum anomalous Hall insulator thin film coupled with a superconductor. As the external magnetic field is swept, half-integer quantized conductance plateaus are observed at the locations of magnetization reversals, giving a distinct signature of the Majorana fermion modes. This transport signature is reproducible over...

Data from: Palaeoproteomics resolves sloth phylogeny

Samantha Presslee, Graham J. Slater, Francois Pujos, Analia M. Forasiepi, Roman Fischer, Kelly Molloy, Meaghan Mackie, Jesper V. Olsen, Alejandro Kramarz, Matias Taglioretti, Fernando Scaglia, Maximiliano Lezcano, José Luis Lanata, John Southon, Robert Feranec, Jonathan Bloch, Adam Hajduk, Fabiana M. Martin, Rodolfo Salas Gismondi, Marcelo Reguero, Christian De Muizon, Alex Greenwood, Brian T. Chait, Kirsty Penkman, Matthew Collins … & Ross D. E. MacPhee
The living tree sloths Choloepus and Bradypus are the only remaining members of Folivora, a major xenarthran radiation that occupied a wide range of habitats in many parts of the western hemisphere during the Cenozoic, including both continents and the West Indies. Ancient DNA evidence has played only a minor role in folivoran systematics, as most sloths lived in places not conducive to genomic preservation. Here we utilize collagen sequence information, both separately and in...

Multistate hybrid time-dependent density functional theory with surface hopping accurately captures ultrafast thymine photodeactivation

Shane Parker, Saswata Roy & Filipp Furche
Collected trajectories for paper "Multistate hybrid time-dependent density functional theory with surface hopping accurately captures ultrafast thymine photodeactivation".

Data from: The pursuit strategy of predatory bluefish

Matthew McHenry, Jacob Johansen, Alberto Soto, Brian Free, Derek Paley & James Liao
A predator's ability to capture prey depends critically on how it coordinates its approach in response to a prey's motion. Flying insects, bats, and raptors are capable of capturing prey with a strategy known as parallel navigation, which allows a predator to move directly toward the anticipated point of interception. It is unclear if predators using other modes of locomotion are capable of employing this strategy when pursuing evasive prey. Using kinematic measurements and mathematical...

Registration Year

  • 2019
    40

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    37
  • Text
    3

Affiliations

  • University of California, Irvine
    40
  • Jet Propulsion Lab
    4
  • French National Centre for Scientific Research
    3
  • Grenoble Alpes University
    3
  • University of North Carolina
    2
  • University of Chicago
    2
  • University of Copenhagen
    2
  • Bernardino Rivadavia Natural Sciences Museum
    1
  • New Bulgarian University
    1
  • California State University, Long Beach
    1