52 Works

An evolutionary model for the rural tourism study: the Tuscany case

Filippo Randelli, Patrizia Romei & Marco Tortora
Annali del turismo, anno I (2012), p. 119-138

Fertile man semen parameters 2020 – an update to the data collated for the WHO semen analysis manual 2010

Martin Campbell
This dataset contains the semen parameters of a fertile man, who have achieved a pregnancy in ≤ 12 months of trying to conceive, with an abstinence period of 2-7 days, at time of semen analysis. The parameters of a semen analysis included are; Semen Volume (ml), Sperm concentration(10x6 per ml), Total sperm number (10x6 per ejaculate), Total motility (PR + NP, %), Progressive motility (PR, %), Non-progressive motility (NP, %), Immotile spermatozoa (IM, %), Vitality...

A temporary network for monitoring seismicity in the Mugello basin (Northern Apennines, Italy)

Rebecca Bruni, Damiano Biagini, Marco Capello, Giacomo Corti, Michele D'Ambrosio, Andrea Fiaschi, Carlo Giunchi, Derek Keir, Davide Piccinini, Federico Sani & Gilberto Saccorotti
Within the geodynamic context of the Northern Apennines (Italy), one of the most relevant seismogenic areas is the Mugello basin (NorthEastern Tuscany). The area has a welldocumented record of seismicity; the two major historical earthquakes occurred in 1542 (Mw=6.0) and in 1919 (Mw=6.4). The proximity of the Mugello Basin to densely urbanized areas and the potential impact of strong earthquakes on the cultural heritage in the nearby (~30km) city of Florence makes a better knowledge...

Trait data of European and Maghreb butterflies

Joseph Middleton Welling, Leonardo Dapporto Dapporto, Enrique García-Barros, Martin Wiemers, Piotr Nowicki, Elisa Plazio, Simona Bonelli, Michele Zaccagno, Martina Šašić, Jana Lipárová, Oliver Schweiger, Alexander Harpke, Martin Musche, Josef Settele, Reto Schmucki & Tim Shreeve
Trait-based analyses explaining the different responses of species and communities to environmental changes are increasing in frequency. European butterflies are an indicator group that responds rapidly to environmental changes with extensive citizen science contributions to documenting changes of abundance and distribution. Species traits have been used to explain long- and short-term responses to climate, land-use and vegetation changes. Studies are often characterised by limited traits sets being used, with risks that the relative roles of...

Data from: Fungal disease incidence along tree diversity gradients depends on latitude in European forests

Diem Nguyen, Bastien Castagneyrol, Helge Bruelheide, Filippo Bussotti, Virginie Guyot, Hervé Jactel, Bogdan Jaroszewicz, Fernando Valladares, Jan Stenlid & Johanna Boberg
European forests host a diversity of tree species that are increasingly threatened by fungal pathogens, which may have cascading consequences for forest ecosystems and their functioning. Previous experimental studies suggest that foliar and root pathogen abundance and disease severity decrease with increasing tree species diversity, but evidences from natural forests are rare. Here, we tested whether foliar fungal disease incidence was negatively affected by tree species diversity in different forest types across Europe. We measured...

The 30 December 2002 tsunamigenic landslides of Stromboli volcano: A reappraisal

Federico Di Traglia, Sonia Calvari, Luca Cassanego, Lorenzo Borselli, Flora Giudicepietro, Giovanni Macedoanio, Teresa Nolesini & Nicola Casagli
Volcanic mass flows constitute an important trigger of tsunamis, resulting in more local, although sometimes larger, impacts comparable to earthquake-induced tsunamis. Bearing in mind the destructive potential of these phenomena, the tsunamigenic landslide that occurred on 30 December 2002 on the unstable NW slope of Stromboli volcano in Italy has been re-examined here, by means of unpublished helicopter-borne (visible and thermal) images, and slope stability analysis. The main result of this study is that the...

Data from: Theory, practice, and conservation in the age of genomics: the Galápagos giant tortoise as a case study

Stephen J. Gaughran, Maud C. Quinzin, Joshua M. Miller, Ryan C. Garrick, Danielle L. Edwards, Michael A. Russello, Nikos Poulakakis, Claudio Ciofi, Luciano B. Beheregaray, Aldalgisa Caccone & Adalgisa Caccone
Hgh-throughput DNA sequencing allows efficient discovery of thousands of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in non-model species. Population genetic theory predicts that this large number of independent markers should provide detailed insights into population structure, even when only a few individuals are sampled. Still, sampling design can have a strong impact on such inferences. Here, we use simulations and empirical SNP data to investigate the impacts of sampling design on estimating genetic differentiation among populations that...

Data from: Lineage fusion in Galápagos giant tortoises

Ryan C. Garrick, Edgar Benavides, Michael A. Russello, Chaz Hyseni, Danielle L. Edwards, James P. Gibbs, Washington Tapia, Claudio Ciofi & Adalgisa Caccone
Although many classic radiations on islands are thought to be the result of repeated lineage splitting, the role of past fusion is rarely known because during these events, purebreds are rapidly replaced by a swarm of admixed individuals. Here we capture lineage fusion in action in a Galápagos giant tortoise species, Chelonoidis becki, from Wolf Volcano (Isabela Island). The long generation time of Galápagos tortoises and dense sampling (841 individuals) of genetic and demographic data...

Data from: Hybridization, natural selection and evolution of reproductive isolation: a 25-years survey of an artificial sympatric area between two mosquito sibling species of the Aedes mariae complex

Sandra Urbanelli, Daniele Porretta, Valentina Mastrantonio, Romeo Bellini, Giuseppe Pieraccini, Riccardo Romoli, Graziano Crasta & Giuseppe Nascetti
Natural selection can act against maladaptive hybridization between co-occurring divergent populations leading to evolution of reproductive isolation among them. A critical unanswered question about this process that provides a basis for the theory of speciation by reinforcement, is whether natural selection can cause hybridization rates to evolve to zero. Here we investigated this issue in two sibling mosquitoes species, Aedes mariae and Ae. zammitii, that show post-mating reproductive isolation (F1 males sterile) and partial pre-mating...

Snap4city Platform: Semantic to Improve Location Based Services

Pierfrancesco Bellini, Paolo Nesi, Michaela Paolucci, Mirco Soderi & Paola Zamperlin

VISTA, Visual and Inertial Sensor for recogniTion of human Activities

Alessandro Di Nuovo, Federica Gabriella Cornacchia Loizzo, Laura Fiorini, Filippo Cavallo, Alessandra Sorrentino & Erika ROVINI

The role of non-glandular emergences in Croton floribundus (Euphorbiaceae) upon elevated ozone exposures

Márcia Gonçalves Dias, Bárbara Baêsso Moura, Giselle Da Silva Pedrosa, Silvia Ribeiro De Souza & Poliana Cardoso-Gustavson
The role of non-glandular emergences in avoiding ozone (O3) damages by preventing its entrance into leaf tissues was previously suggested to the O3-tolerant species Croton floribundus (Euphorbiaceae). However, this function against O3 damage has been underestimated due to the covering wax layer mostly composed of saturated hydrocarbon with low reactivity to this gas. To evaluate the role of these structures in conferring tolerance to O3, we mechanically removed the non-glandular emergences from leaf blades of...

Effects of high and low-efficacy therapy in secondary progressive multiple sclerosis

Izanne Roos, Emmanuelle Leray, Romain Casey, Dana Horakova, Eva Havrdova, Guillermo Izquierdo, Sara Eichau, Francesco Patti, Gilles Edan, Marc Debouverie, Jean Pelletier, Serkan Ozakbas, Maria Pia Amato, Pierre Clavelou, Pierre Grammond, Cavit Boz, Katherine Buzzard, Olga Skibina, Jonathan Ciron, Oliver Gerlach, Francois Grand'Maison, Jeannette Lechner-Scott, Charles Malpas, Helmut Butzkueven, Sandra Vukusic … & Tomas Kalincik
Objective: To compare the clinical effectiveness of high- and low-efficacy treatments in patients with recently active and inactive secondary progressive multiple sclerosis (SPMS) after accounting for therapeutic lag. Methods: Patients treated with high- (natalizumab, alemtuzumab, mitoxantrone, ocrelizumab, rituximab, cladribine, fingolimod) or low-efficacy (interferon β, glatiramer acetate, teriflunomide) therapies after SPMS onset were selected from MSBase and OFSEP, two large observational cohorts. Therapeutic lag was estimated for each patient based on their demographic and clinical characteristics....

Data from: Human face-off: a new method for mapping evolutionary rates on three-dimensional digital models

Silvia Castiglione, Marina Melchionna, Antonio Profico, Gabriele Sansalone, Maria Modafferi, Alessandro Mondanaro, Stephen Wroe, Paolo Piras & Pasquale Raia
Modern phylogenetic comparative methods allow estimating evolutionary rates of phenotypic change, how these rates differ across clades, and assessing whether the rate remained constant over time. Unfortunately, currently available phylogenetic comparative tools express the rate in terms of a scalar dimension, hence they do not allow us to determine rate variations among different parts of a single, complex phenotype, or charting of realized rate variation directly onto the phenotype. Herein, we present a new method...

Garfagnina goats with Illumina CaprineSNP50 BeadChip

Christos Dadousis, Francesca Cecchi, Michela Ablondi, Maria Chiara Fabbri, Alessandra Stella & Riccardo Bozzi
The objective of this study was to investigate the genetic diversity of the Garfagnina (GRF) goat, a breed that currently risks extinction. For this purpose, 48 goats were genotyped with the Illumina CaprineSNP50 BeadChip and analyzed together with 214 goats belonging to 9 other Italian breeds (~25 goats/breed) from the AdaptMap project [Argentata (ARG), Bionda dell’Adamello (BIO), Ciociara Grigia (CCG), Di Teramo (DIT), Garganica (GAR), Girgentana (GGT), Orobica (ORO), Valdostana (VAL) and Valpassiria (VSS)]. Comparative...

Data from: Using structured eradication feasibility assessment to prioritise the management of new and emerging invasive alien species in Europe

Olaf Booy, Peter A. Robertson, Niall Moore, Jess Ward, Helen E. Roy, Tim Adriaens, Richard Shaw, Johan Van Valkenburg, Gabe Wyn, Sandro Bertolino, Olivier Blight, Etienne Branquart, Giuseppe Brundu, Joe Caffrey, Dario Capizzi, Jim Casaer, Olivier De Clerck, Neil Coughlan, Eithne Davis, Jaimie Dick, Franz Essl, Guillaume Fried, Piero Genovesi, Pablo González-Moreno, Frank Hysentruyt … & Aileen C. Mill
Prioritising the management of invasive alien species (IAS) is of global importance and within Europe integral to the EU IAS regulation. To prioritise management effectively the risks posed by IAS need to be assessed, but so too does the feasibility of their management. While risk of IAS to the EU has been assessed, the feasibility of management has not. We assessed the feasibility of eradicating 60 new (not yet established) and 35 emerging (established with...

Assigning occurrence data to cryptic taxa improves climatic niche assessments: biodecrypt, a new tool tested on European butterflies

Leonardo Dapporto, Platania Leonardo, Mattia Menchetti, Cecília Corbella, Isaac Kay-Lavelle, Roger Vila, Martin Wiemers & Oliver Schweiger
Aim Occurrence data are fundamental to macroecology, but accuracy is often compromised when multiple units are lumped together (e.g. in recently separated cryptic species or citizen science records). Using amalgamated data leads to inaccuracy in species mapping, to biased beta-diversity assessments and to potentially erroneously predicted responses to climate change. We provide a set of R functions (biodecrypt) to objectively attribute undetermined occurrences to the most probable taxon based on a subset of identified records....

1st Congress of Società Geochimica Italiana “From theoretical to applied geochemistry”

Sergio Calabrese, Giovannella Pecoraino, Monia Procesi &

Progettazione di itinerari agro-culturali: esperienze toscane

Laura Cassi
Annali del turismo, anno I (2012), p. 273-281

Data from: A standardized assessment of forest mammal communities reveals consistent functional composition and vulnerability across the tropics

Francesco Rovero, Jorge Ahumada, Patrick Jansen, Douglas Sheil, Patricia Alvarez, Kelly Boekee, Santiago Espinosa, Marcela Lima, Emanuel Martin, Timothy O’Brien, Julia Salvador, Fernanda Santos, Melissa Rosa, Alexander Zvoleff, Chris Sutherland & Simone Tenan
Understanding global diversity patterns has benefitted from a focus on functional traits and how they relate to variation in environmental conditions among assemblages. Distant communities in similar environments often share characteristics, and for tropical forest mammals, this functional trait convergence has been demonstrated at coarse scales (110-200 km resolution), but less is known about how these patterns manifest at fine scales, where local processes (e.g., habitat features and anthropogenic activities) and biotic interactions occur. Here,...

Giant sengi or elephant-shrew (Rhynchocyon species) interactions with Red-Capped Robin-Chat (Cossypha natalensis) and White-Chested Alethe (Chamaetylas fuelleborni) in Tanzania

Norbert Cordeiro, Francesco Rovero, Maurus Msuha, Katarzyna Nowak, Andrea Bianchi & Trevor Jones
Using camera traps and direct observations, we recorded interactions between three species of giant sengi (Rhynchocyon sp.) and two insectivorous bird species from five forests in Tanzania. In all instances, the birds closely followed the giant sengis who were moving and foraging in the leaf litter. Given the two bird species are insectivorous and follow ant swarms to obtain flushed prey, these interactions suggest that following the sengi represents an adaptive foraging strategy. Our observations...

Fast saccadic eye-movements in humans suggest that numerosity perception is automatic and direct.

Elisa Castaldi, David Burr, Marco Turi & Paola Binda
Fast saccades are rapid automatic oculomotor responses to salient and ecologically important visual stimuli such as animals and faces. Discriminating the number of friends, foe or prey may also have an evolutionary advantage. In this study participants were asked to saccade rapidly towards the more numerous of two arrays. Participants could discriminate numerosities with high accuracy and great speed, as fast as 190 ms. Intermediate numerosities were more likely to elicit fast saccades than very...

Competitiveness prediction for nodule colonization in Sinorhizobium meliloti through combined in vitro tagged strain characterization and genome-wide association analysis

Agnese Bellabarba, G. Bacci, F. Decorosi, E. Aun, E. Azzarello, M. Remm, L. Giovannetti, C. Viti, A. Mengoni & F. Pini
Associations between leguminous plants and symbiotic nitrogen-fixing rhizobia are a classic example of mutualism between a eukaryotic host and a specific group of prokaryotic microbes. Although this symbiosis is in part species-specific, different rhizobial strains may colonise the same nodule. Some rhizobial strains are commonly known as better competitors than others, but detailed analyses that aim to predict rhizobial competitive abilities based on genomes are still scarce. Here, we performed a bacterial genome-wide association (GWAS)...

Rhinocerotidae from the early Miocene of the Negev (Israel) and implications for the dispersal of early Neogene rhinoceroses

Luca Pandolfi, Ran Calvo, Ari Grossman & Rivka Rabinovich
A revision of the rhinocerotid material from the Negev (Israel), dating back to the early Miocene (MN3 in the European Mammal Biochronology), highlights the presence of Brachypotherium and a taxon close to Gaindatherium in the Levantine Corridor. A juvenile mandible, investigated using CT scanning, displays morphologically distinct characters consistent with B. cf. B. snowi rather than with other Eurasian representatives of this genus. Some postcranial remains from the Negev, such as a humerus, display features...

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