10 Works

Trait data of European and Maghreb butterflies

Joseph Middleton Welling, Leonardo Dapporto Dapporto, Enrique García-Barros, Martin Wiemers, Piotr Nowicki, Elisa Plazio, Simona Bonelli, Michele Zaccagno, Martina Šašić, Jana Lipárová, Oliver Schweiger, Alexander Harpke, Martin Musche, Josef Settele, Reto Schmucki & Tim Shreeve
Trait-based analyses explaining the different responses of species and communities to environmental changes are increasing in frequency. European butterflies are an indicator group that responds rapidly to environmental changes with extensive citizen science contributions to documenting changes of abundance and distribution. Species traits have been used to explain long- and short-term responses to climate, land-use and vegetation changes. Studies are often characterised by limited traits sets being used, with risks that the relative roles of...

Garfagnina goats with Illumina CaprineSNP50 BeadChip

Christos Dadousis, Francesca Cecchi, Michela Ablondi, Maria Chiara Fabbri, Alessandra Stella & Riccardo Bozzi
The objective of this study was to investigate the genetic diversity of the Garfagnina (GRF) goat, a breed that currently risks extinction. For this purpose, 48 goats were genotyped with the Illumina CaprineSNP50 BeadChip and analyzed together with 214 goats belonging to 9 other Italian breeds (~25 goats/breed) from the AdaptMap project [Argentata (ARG), Bionda dell’Adamello (BIO), Ciociara Grigia (CCG), Di Teramo (DIT), Garganica (GAR), Girgentana (GGT), Orobica (ORO), Valdostana (VAL) and Valpassiria (VSS)]. Comparative...

Data from: Using structured eradication feasibility assessment to prioritise the management of new and emerging invasive alien species in Europe

Olaf Booy, Peter A. Robertson, Niall Moore, Jess Ward, Helen E. Roy, Tim Adriaens, Richard Shaw, Johan Van Valkenburg, Gabe Wyn, Sandro Bertolino, Olivier Blight, Etienne Branquart, Giuseppe Brundu, Joe Caffrey, Dario Capizzi, Jim Casaer, Olivier De Clerck, Neil Coughlan, Eithne Davis, Jaimie Dick, Franz Essl, Guillaume Fried, Piero Genovesi, Pablo González-Moreno, Frank Hysentruyt … & Aileen C. Mill
Prioritising the management of invasive alien species (IAS) is of global importance and within Europe integral to the EU IAS regulation. To prioritise management effectively the risks posed by IAS need to be assessed, but so too does the feasibility of their management. While risk of IAS to the EU has been assessed, the feasibility of management has not. We assessed the feasibility of eradicating 60 new (not yet established) and 35 emerging (established with...

Assigning occurrence data to cryptic taxa improves climatic niche assessments: biodecrypt, a new tool tested on European butterflies

Leonardo Dapporto, Platania Leonardo, Mattia Menchetti, Cecília Corbella, Isaac Kay-Lavelle, Roger Vila, Martin Wiemers & Oliver Schweiger
Aim Occurrence data are fundamental to macroecology, but accuracy is often compromised when multiple units are lumped together (e.g. in recently separated cryptic species or citizen science records). Using amalgamated data leads to inaccuracy in species mapping, to biased beta-diversity assessments and to potentially erroneously predicted responses to climate change. We provide a set of R functions (biodecrypt) to objectively attribute undetermined occurrences to the most probable taxon based on a subset of identified records....

Fast saccadic eye-movements in humans suggest that numerosity perception is automatic and direct.

Elisa Castaldi, David Burr, Marco Turi & Paola Binda
Fast saccades are rapid automatic oculomotor responses to salient and ecologically important visual stimuli such as animals and faces. Discriminating the number of friends, foe or prey may also have an evolutionary advantage. In this study participants were asked to saccade rapidly towards the more numerous of two arrays. Participants could discriminate numerosities with high accuracy and great speed, as fast as 190 ms. Intermediate numerosities were more likely to elicit fast saccades than very...

Supplementary material for Roca-Neyra Equids: Late Miocene to Early Pleistocene Hipparion - Equus database for multivariate and statistical analysis for European fossil Equids

Omar Cirilli, Raymond Louis Bernor & Lorenzo Rook
We undertake a redescription of the equid sample from the early Pleistocene of Roca – Neyra, France. This locality has been recently calibrated at the Pliocene/Pleistocene boundary (2.6 ± 0.2 Ma) and therefore it is of interest for the first appearance of the genus Equus and last appearance of hipparionine horses. The Roca – Neyra equid sample, re – analyzed herein using morphological, morphometrical and statistical analyses, has revealed the co – occurrence of Plesiohipparion...

Data from: Adaptation to hand-tapping affects sensory processing of numerosity directly: evidence from reaction times and confidence

Paula A. Maldonado Moscoso, Guido Marco Cicchini, Roberto Arrighi & David C. Burr
Like most perceptual attributes, the perception of numerosity is susceptible to adaptation, both to prolonged viewing of spatial arrays and to repeated motor actions such as hand-tapping. However, the possibility has been raised that adaptation may reflect response biases rather than modification of sensory processing. To disentangle these two possibilities, we studied visual and motor adaptation of numerosity perception while measuring confidence and reaction-times. Both sensory and motor adaptation robustly distorted numerosity estimates, and these...

Data from: Queen succession conflict in the paper wasp Polistes dominula is mitigated by age-based convention

Benjamin Aaron Taylor, Alessandro Cini, Rita Cervo, Max Reuter & Seirian Sumner
Reproduction in cooperative animal groups is often dominated by one or a few individuals, with the remaining group members relegated to non-reproductive helping roles. This reproductive skew can evolve if helpers receive fitness benefits such as potential future inheritance of the breeding position, but the mechanisms by which inheritance is determined are not well resolved. Polistes paper wasps form highly reproductively skewed groups and inheritance of the breeding position is likely to play a key...

Gene expression data of Sinorhizobium meliloti-alfalfa initiation of symbiosis

Alessio Mengoni, George DiCenzo, Camilla Fagorzi, Rui Huang, Giovanni Bacci, Alice Checcucci, Chiara Natali, Lisa Cangioli, Margherita Fini & Elena Perrin
Rhizobia are ecologically important, facultative plant symbiotic microbes. In nature there exists large variability in the association of rhizobial strains and host plants of the same species. Here, we evaluated whether plant and rhizobial genotypes influence the initial transcriptional response of rhizobium following perception of host plant. RNA-sequencing of the model rhizobium Sinorhizobium meliloti exposed to root exudates or luteolin was performed in a combination of three S. meliloti strains and three Medicago sativa varieties....

Notes on Two Manjanīq Counterweights from Mamluk Shawbak

Andrea Vanni Desideri

Registration Year

  • 2020
    10

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    9
  • Text
    1

Affiliations

  • University of Florence
    10
  • University of Pisa
    3
  • Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research
    2
  • University of Turin
    2
  • Bangor University
    1
  • Ghent University
    1
  • Queen's University Belfast
    1
  • Research Institute for Nature and Forest
    1
  • Centre for Ecology and Hydrology
    1
  • University of Bologna
    1