Kinematic and morphological data from: Trophic guilds of suction-feeding fish are distinguished by their characteristic hydrodynamics of swimming and feedingKarin Olsson, Roi Gurka & Roi Holzman
Suction-feeding in fish is a ubiquitous form of prey capture whose outcome depends both on the movements of the predator and the prey, and on the dynamics of the surrounding fluid, which exerts forces on the two organisms. The inherent complexity of suction-feeding has challenged previous efforts to understand how the feeding strikes are modified when species evolve to feed on different prey types. Here, we utilize the concept of dynamic similarity, commonly applied to...
Data from: Phylogenomic analyses of echinoid diversification prompt a re-evaluation of their fossil recordNicolás Mongiardino Koch, Jeffrey R Thompson, Avery S Hatch, Marina F McCowin, A Frances Armstrong, Simon E Coppard, Felipe Aguilera, Omri Bronstein, Andreas Kroh, Rich Mooi & Greg W Rouse
Echinoids are key components of modern marine ecosystems. Despite a remarkable fossil record, the emergence of their crown group is documented by few specimens of unclear affinities, rendering their early history uncertain. The origin of sand dollars, one of its most distinctive clades, is also unclear due to an unstable phylogenetic context. We employ eighteen novel genomes and transcriptomes to build a phylogenomic dataset with a near-complete sampling of major lineages. With it, we revise...
It has long been believed that Neanderthals originated and flourished on the European continent. However, recent morphological and genetic studies have suggested that they may have received a genetic contribution from a yet unknown non-European group. Here we report on the recent discovery of archaic Homo fossils from the site of Nesher Ramla, Israel, which we dated to 140,000 to 120,000 years ago. Comprehensive qualitative and quantitative analyses of the parietal bones, mandible, and lower...
This is the updated version of the Global Assessment of Reptile Distributions (GARD; http://www.gardinitiative.org/) global distributions of all (10914 species) of terrestrial reptiles. Ranges are given in a polygonal shapefile format collated from various sources and had expert validation and curation.
A new theoretical performance landscape for suction feeding reveals adaptive kinematics in a natural population of reef damselfishRoi Holzman
Understanding how organismal traits determine performance and, ultimately, fitness is a fundamental goal of evolutionary ecomorphology. However, multiple traits can interact in non-linear and context-dependent ways to affect performance, hindering efforts to place natural populations with respect to performance peaks or valleys. Here, we used an established mechanistic model of suction-feeding performance (SIFF) derived from hydrodynamic principles to estimate a theoretical performance landscape for zooplankton prey capture. This performance space can be used to predict...
The dataset contains two files containing the number of visits made by each bird in each of the well types, out of the first 15 visits in each test (one file for Experiment 1 and another for Experiment 2). An additional file contains our handling time samples for each of the treatments used in experiment 1 (exposed, hidden and "wrapped").
Hotspots in the grid: Avian sensitivity and vulnerability to collision risk from energy infrastructure interactions in Europe and North AfricaJethro George Gauld, João P. Silva, Philip W. Atkinson, Paul Record, Marta Acácio, Volen Arkumarev, Julio Blas, Willem Bouten, Niall Burton, Inês Catry, Jocelyn Champagnon, Elizabeth A. Masden, Gary D. Clewley, Mindaugas Dagys, Olivier Duriez, Klaus‐Michael Exo, Wolfgang Fiedler, Andrea Flack, Guilad Friedemann, Johannes Fritz, Clara García-Ripollés, Stefan Garthe, Dimitri Giunchi, Atanas Grozdanov, Roi Harel … & Victoria Saravia
1. Wind turbines and power lines can cause bird mortality due to collision or electrocution. The biodiversity impacts of energy infrastructure (EI) can be minimised through effective landscape-scale planning and mitigation. The identification of high-vulnerability areas is urgently needed to assess potential cumulative impacts of EI while supporting the transition to zero-carbon energy. 2. We collected GPS location data from 1,454 birds from 27 species susceptible to collision within Europe and North Africa and identified...
Pan-genomics is a promising approach for studying the genetic diversity within plant populations. In contrast to common resequencing studies that compare whole genome sequencing data to a single reference genome, the construction of a pan-genome involves the direct comparison of multiple genomes to one another, thereby enabling the detection of nonreference genomic sequences and genes, as well as the analysis of gene content diversity. While multiple studies describing pan-genomes of various plant species have been...
Abstract Corrosion patterns induced by gastric fluids on the skeleton of prey animals may depend on the nature of the corrosive agents (acid, enzymes) as well as on the composition of the hard parts and the soft tissues that surround them. We propose a framework for predicting and interpreting corrosion patterns on lizard teeth, our model system, drawing on the different digestive pathways of avian and non-avian vertebrate predators. We propose that high-acid, low-enzyme systems...
Intrinsic traits, social context, local environment, and home range size and fidelity data from a field study of sleepy lizards, 2009 - 2017Eric Payne, Orr Spiegel, David Sinn, Stephan Leu, Michael Gardner, Stephanie Godfrey, Caroline Wohlfeil & Andrew Sih
Home ranges, the region within which animals interact with their environment, constitute a fundamental aspect of their ecology. Home range (HR) sizes and locations commonly reflect costs and benefits associated with diverse social, biotic and abiotic factors. Less is known, however, about how these factors affect intra-specific variation in HR size or fidelity (the individual’s tendency to maintain the same HR location over time), or if variation in these features emerge from consistent differences among...
There is accumulating evidence that male insects advertise their quality to conspecific females through pheromones. However, most studies of female released sex pheromone assume information transfer regarding merely the species of the female and her mating status. We show that more and precise information is conveyed through the female sex pheromone, positioning it as an honest sexual trait. We demonstrate that females in bad physical conditions (small, starved or old) lay significantly fewer eggs than...
Parasite resistance and parasite tolerance: insights into transgenerational immune priming in an invertebrate hostSofia Paraskevopoulou, Sabrina Gattis & Frida Ben-Ami
Parasites impose different selection regimes on their hosts, which respond by increasing their resistance and/or tolerance. Parental challenge with parasites can enhance the immune response of their offspring, a phenomenon documented in invertebrates and termed transgenerational immune priming. We exposed two parental generations of the model organism Daphnia magna to the horizontally-transmitted parasitic yeast Metschnikowia bicuspidata, and recorded resistance- and tolerance-related traits in the offspring generation. We hypothesized that parentally-primed offspring will increase either their...
Tel Aviv University13
Hebrew University of Jerusalem3
Centre national de la recherche scientifique1
Estación Biológica de Doñana1
University of Adelaide1
University of Strasbourg1
Senckenberg Nature Research Society1
Royal Society for the Protection of Birds1