4 Works

Synthetic soil crusts against green-desert transitions: a spatial model

Josep Sardanyés, Blai Vidiella & Ricard Solé
Semiarid ecosystems are threatened by global warming due to longer dehydration times and increasing soil degradation. Mounting evidences indicate that, given the current trends, drylands are likely to expand and possibly experience catastrophic shifts from vegetated to desert states. Here we explore a recent suggestion based on the concept of ecosystem terraformation, where a synthetic organism is used to counterbalance some of the nonlinear effects causing the presence of such tipping points. Using an explicit...

Data from: Evolution of multiple sex-chromosomes associated with dynamic genome reshuffling in Leptidea wood-white butterflies

Atsuo Yoshido, Jindra Šíchová, Kristýna Pospíšilová, Petr Nguyen, Anna Voleníková, Jan Šafář, Jan Provazník, Roger Vila & František Marec
Sex chromosome systems tend to be highly conserved and knowledge about their evolution typically comes from macroevolutionary inferences. Rapidly evolving complex sex chromosome systems represent a rare opportunity to study the mechanisms of sex chromosome evolution at unprecedented resolution. Three cryptic species of wood white butterflies – Leptidea juvernica, L. sinapis, and L. reali – have each a unique set of multiple sex chromosomes with 3–4 W and 3–4 Z chromosomes. Using a transcriptome-based microarray...

Performance of virtual screening against GPCR homology models: Impact of template selection and treatment of binding site plasticity

Mariama Jaiteh, Ismael Rodríguez-Espigares, Jana Selent & Jens Carlsson
Rational drug design for G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) is limited by the small number of available atomic resolution structures. We assessed the use of homology modeling to predict the structures of two therapeutically relevant GPCRs and strategies to improve the performance of virtual screening against modeled binding sites. Homology models of the D2 dopamine (D2R) and serotonin 5-HT2A receptors (5-HT2AR) were generated based on crystal structures of 16 different GPCRs. Comparison of the homology models...

The demise of a wonder: evolutionary history and conservation assessments of the Wonder Gecko Teratoscincus keyserlingii (Gekkota, Sphaerodactylidae) in Arabia

Karin Tamar, Johannes Els, Panagiotis Kornilios, Pritpal Soorae, Pedro Tarroso, Evanthia Thanou, John Pereira, Junid Sha, Esmat Elfaki Mohammed Elhassan, Jeruel Cabadonga Aguhob, Saoud Faisal Badaam, Mohamed Mustafa Eltayeb, Ricardo Pusey, Theodore J. Papenfuss, Robert Macey & Salvador Carranza
Effective biodiversity conservation planning starts with the genetic characterization within and among focal populations, in order to understand the likely impact of threats for ensuring the long-term viability of the species. The Wonder Gecko, Teratoscincus keyserlingii, is one of nine members of the genus. The species is distributed in Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan, with a small isolated population in the United Arab Emirates (UAE), where it is classified nationally as Critically Endangered. Within its Arabian...

Registration Year

  • 2020
    4

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    4

Affiliations

  • Pompeu Fabra University
    4
  • Environment Agency Abu Dhabi
    1
  • University of Patras
    1
  • University of California, Berkeley
    1
  • Centre de Recerca Matemàtica
    1
  • University of South Bohemia in České Budějovice
    1
  • University of Porto
    1
  • Uppsala University
    1
  • Peralta Community College District
    1
  • European Molecular Biology Laboratory
    1