28 Works

Leading trait dimensions in flood-tolerant plants

Yingji Pan, Ellen Cieraad, Jean Armstrong, William Armstrong, Beverley Clarkson, Ole Pedersen, Eric Visser, Laurentius Voesenek & Peter Van Bodegom
Background and Aims While trait-based approaches have provided critical insights into general plant functioning, we lack a comprehensive quantitative view on plant strategies in flooded conditions. Plants adapted to flooded conditions have specific traits (e.g. root porosity, low root/shoot ratio and shoot elongation) to cope with the environmental stressors including anoxic sediments, and the subsequent presence of phytotoxic compounds. In flooded habitats, plants also respond to potential nutrient and light limitations, e.g. through the expression...

The shape of aroma: X-ray CT scans of citrus fruits, their separate tissues, and their individual oil glands

Erik Amezquita, Michelle Quigley, Tim Ophelders, Danelle Seymour, Elizabeth Munch & Daniel Chitwood
From preventing scurvy to being part of religious rituals, citrus are intrinsically connected to human health and perception. From tiny mandarins to head-sized pummelos, citrus capability of hybridization provides a vastly diverse array of fruit sizes and shapes, which in turn corresponds to a diversity of flavors and aromas. These sensory qualities are tightly linked to oil glands in the citrus skin. The oil glands are also key to understanding fruit development, and the essential...

Integrated population model for the Mallard in the Netherlands

, Eelke Jongejans, Chris A. M. Van Turnhout, Loes Van Den Bremer, Henk Van Der Jeugd & Erik Kleyheeg
Europe’s highest densities of breeding Mallards (Anas platyrhynchos) are found in the Netherlands, but the breeding population there has declined by ~30% since the 1990s. The exact cause of this decline has remained unclear. Here, we used an integrated population model to jointly analyze Mallard population survey, nest survey, duckling survival and band-recovery data. We used this approach to holistically estimate all relevant vital rates, including duckling survival rates for years for which no explicit...

Acoustic recordings and corresponding mammal, bird, human activity, vegetation, and climate data from a tropical forest landscape

Johan Diepstraten, Jacques Kuemo Kuenbou & Jacob Willie
Obtaining and analysing sound data can be a tedious and lengthy process. We present sound data consisting of 38,065 1-minute sound recordings obtained in three sites within a rainforest landscape in southeast Cameroon. The sites differ in anthropogenic disturbance. We also present meta data corresponding to 20,485 of these recordings with the identification of all animal vocalisations in each 1-minute sound recording. Additionally, we provide a raw database with data on habitat, human activities, remoteness,...

The data publication chain of the EPOS Multi-scale Laboratories

Geertje ter Maat & the MSL Team
EPOS (the European Plate Observing System) is a pan-European e-infrastructure framework with the goal of improving and facilitating the access, use, and re-use of Solid Earth science data. The EPOS Thematic Core Service Multi-scale Laboratories (TCS MSL) represents a community of European Solid Earth sciences laboratories including rock and magma high-temperature and high-pressure experimental facilities, electron microscopy, micro-beam analysis, analogue modelling of tectonic, geodynamic, and volcanological processes, paleomagnetism, and analytical laboratories. Experimental data from these...

High-density genomic characterization of native Croatian sheep breeds

Ivana Drzaic, Ino Curik, Boris Lukic, Mario Shihabi, Meng-Hua Li, Juha Kantanen, Salvatore Mastrangelo, Elena Ciani, Johannes A. Lenstra & Vlatka Cubric-Curik
A recent comprehensive genomic analysis based on 50K SNP profiles has shown that the regional Balkan sheep populations have considerable genetic overlap but are distinctly different from surrounding breeds. All eight Croatian sheep breeds were represented by a small number of individuals per breed. Here, we genotyped 220 individuals representing the native Croatian sheep breeds (Istrian Sheep, Krk Island Sheep, Cres Island Sheep, Rab Island Sheep, Lika Pramenka, Pag Island Sheep, Dalmatian Pramenka, Dubrovnik Sheep)...

Peak Ring Magnetism: Rock- and mineral-magnetic properties of the Chicxulub impact crater

Bruno Daniel Leite Mendes , Agnes Kontny , Ksenia Gaus , Bonny Kuipers & Mark Dekkers
Large impact structures on Earth like the Chicxulub in Mexico are characterized by magnetic highs but the magneto-mineralogical origin is still poorly constrained and impact-generated melt versus hydrothermal activity models are discussed. The IODP-ICDP expedition 364 drilled into the peak ring of the Chicxulub impact crater, which is characterized by a well-developed hydrothermal system. This system was active for up to 2 Ma, reaching temperatures of 350-450°C. The main goal of our study is the...

The EXCITE-network: providing access to leading-edge electron and X-ray microscopy facilities for geo-materials research

Oliver Plümper , Veerl Cnudde , Geertje ter Maat , Sylvia Walter , Richard Wessels & the EXCITE network
Understanding earth materials is critical to creating a sustainable, carbon-neutral society due to their involvement in many vital processes. Earth materials control the feasibility of subsurface energy storage, geothermal energy extraction, and are a source of critical elements. However, perturbations to geological systems can also result in hazards, such as human-induced earthquakes. If we want to tackle current, pressing scientific questions related to sustainable development for a circular economy, there is an urgent need to...

Grazing and global change factors differentially affect biodiversity-ecosystem functioning relationships in grassland ecosystems

Miao He, Yuhan Pan, Guiyao Zhou, Kathryn Barry, Yuling Fu & Xuhui Zhou
Grazing and global change (e.g., warming, nitrogen deposition and altered precipitation) both contribute to biodiversity loss and alter ecosystem structure and functioning. However, how grazing and global change interactively influence plant diversity, ecosystem productivity, and their relationship remains unclear at the global scale. Here, we synthesized 73 field studies to quantify the individual and/or interactive effects of grazing and global change factors on biodiversity-productivity relationship in grasslands. Our results showed that grazing significantly reduced plant...

Data from: Gradual warming prior to the end-Permian mass extinction

Jana Gliwa, Michael Wiedenbeck, Martin Schobben, Clemens Vinzenz Ullmann, Wolfgang Kiessling, Abbas Ghaderi, Ulrich Struck & Dieter Korn
The biggest known mass extinction in the history of animal life occurred at the Permian-Triassic boundary and has often been linked to global warming. Previous studies suggested that a geologically rapid (less than 40 kyr) temperature increase of more than 10°C occurred simultaneously with the main extinction pulse. This hypothesis is challenged by geochemical and palaeontological data indicating profound environmental perturbations and a temperature rise prior to the main extinction. Using Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry...

Considering inner and outer bark as distinctive tissues helps to disentangle the effects of bark traits on decomposition

Li Lin, Li Lin, Yao-Bin Song, Yikang Li, Leo Goudzwaard, Richard S.P. Van Logtestijn, Chenhui Chang, Rob Broekman, Jurgen Van Hal, Juan Zuo, Frank J. Sterck, Lourens Poorter, Ute Sass-Klaassen, Mariet M. Hefting & J. Hans C. Cornelissen
Revealing the ecological consequences of bark multifunctionality and its underlying traits has become a relatively new but essential focus in plant ecology. Although the enormous differences between the most crucial bark layers, i.e., inner and outer bark, in structure and functions have been widely recognized, the overall bark has been regarded as a homogenous tissue in most bark-related studies. This has led to poor knowledge on the functional independence, specialized contributions and possible linkages of...

Data from: Group-specific expressions of co-feeding tolerance in bonobos and chimpanzees preclude dichotomous species generalizations

Edwin J. C. Van Leeuwen, Nicky Staes, Stephanie Kordon, Jake Brooker, Suska Nolte, Zanna Clay, Marcel Eens & Jeroen M. G. Stevens
The human species exhibits a remarkable level of social tolerance which has propelled a plethora of behavioural expressions pivotal to our biological success. To date, the evolutionary origins of humans’ “ultra-sociality” remain unclear, despite a substantial research focus on our closest living evolutionary relatives, the great apes. Bonobos are typically portrayed as more socially tolerant than chimpanzees and consequentially (sometimes) presented as a better model to study the evolutionary roots of human sociality. Yet, the...

Data from: Functionally diverse tree stands reduce herbaceous diversity and productivity via canopy packing

Liting Zheng, Y. H. Han Chen, Yann Hautier, Difeng Bao, Mingshan Xu, Baiyu Yang, Zhao Zhao, Li Zhang & Enrong Yan
1. There is extensive experimental evidence for the importance of biodiversity in sustaining ecosystem functioning. However, such experiments typically prevent immigration by continuously removing non-target species, thereby questioning the generality of these findings to real-world ecosystems. This is particularly true in forest ecosystems where understorey herbaceous species are key biodiversity components but are usually weeded in tree diversity experiments. Consequently, little is known about how tree diversity influences the natural dynamics of understorey herbaceous layers....

Alternative work arrangements and worker outcomes: evidence from payrolling

Bas Scheer, Wiljan van den Berge, Maarten Goos, Alan Manning & Anna Solomons

Thermo-compositional models of the West Gondwana cratons

Nils-Peter Finger , Mikhail K. Kaban , Magdala Tesauro , Walter D. Mooney & Maik Thomas
When Western Gondwana broke apart into the South American and African continents ca.120 Ma ago, some of its cratons were broken apart as well. Following the isopycnic hypothesis, their long-term stability and often neutral to positive buoyancy can be explained by the counteracting effects of cooling (density increase) and iron depletion (density decrease). To separate these effects, we created the presented models following an iterative integrated approach using mainly seismic and gravity data. In the...

OneGeochemistry: Enabling a coordinated online global network of multiple distributed geochemical repositories and databases

Kerstin Annette Lehnert , Lesley Wyborn , Dominik Hezel , Alexander Prent , Kirsten Elger , Geertje ter Maat , Marthe Klöcking & Jens Klump
Since the discipline of ‘geochemistry’ was first defined in 1838, geochemical data has been pervasively acquired and used in the Earth, environmental and planetary sciences and become fundamental for understanding past, present, and future processes in natural systems. Initially, geochemical data was published in hard-copy literature, but as analytical systems became computerised, major digital databases emerged (EarthChem, PetDB, OZCHEM and GEOROC) which revolutionised data access. They have proven the power of re-use of geochemical data...

Data from: Testosterone eliminates strategic prosocial behavior

Hana Kutlikova, Lei Zhang, Jack Van Honk & Claus Lamm
Humans are strategically more prosocial when their actions are being watched than when they act alone. Using a psychopharmacogenetic approach, we investigated the computational and endocrinological mechanisms of such audience-driven prosociality. 187 participants received either a single dose of testosterone or a placebo and performed a prosocial and self-oriented reinforcement learning task. Crucially, the task was performed either in private or when being watched. Rival theories of testosterone's role in status-seeking suggest that the hormone...

Decoupled dust deposition and ocean productivity in the Antarctic Zone of the Southern Ocean over the past 1.5 million years

Michael E. Weber , Ian Bailey , Sidney R. Hemming , Yasmina M. Martos , Brendan T. Reilly , Thomas A. Ronge , Stefanie Brachfeld , Trevor Williams , Maureen Raymo , Simon T. Belt , Hendrik Vogel , Victoria Peck , Linda Armbrecht , Alix Cage , Fabricio G. Cardillo , Zhiheng Du , Gerson Fauth , Christopher J. Fogwill , Marga Garcia , Marlo Garnsworthy , Anna Glüder , Michelle Guitard , Marcus Gutjahr , Iván Hernández-Almeida , Frida S. Hoem … & Xufeng Zheng
Southern Ocean paleoceanography provides key insights into how iron fertilization and oceanic productivity developed through Pleistocene ice-ages and their role in influencing the carbon cycle. We report the first high-resolution record of dust deposition and ocean productivity for the Antarctic Zone, close to the main dust source, Patagonia. Our deep-ocean records cover the last 1.5 Ma, thus doubling that from Antarctic ice-cores. We find a ≥10-fold increase in dust deposition during glacials and a ≤5-fold...

Functional niche constraints on carnivore assemblages (mammalia: carnivora) in the Americas: What facilitates coexistence through space and time?

Andrés Arias-Alzate, Felber J. Arroyave, Oscar Y. Romero Goyeneche, Rafael Hurtado Heredia, José F. Gonzalez-Maya, Joaquín Arroyo-Cabrales, A. Townsend Peterson & Enrique Martínez-Meyer
Aim: Mammalian carnivores are among the best studied groups in terms of evolutionary history. However, the effects of species interactions in shaping community assemblages remain poorly understood. We hypothesize that indirect interactions via ecological trait filtering play a key role in structuring carnivoran assemblages, mediate coexistence, and thus should show high functional diversity in space and time at continental scales. Location: Americas. Taxon: Mammalian carnivores (Mammalia: Carnivora). Methods: We followed a macroecological perspective via ecological...

Proximal to distal grain-size distribution of basin-floor lobes: A study from the Battfjellet Formation, Central Tertiary Basin, Svalbard

Yvonne T. Spychala , Thymen A.B. Ramaaker , Joris T. Eggenhuisen , Sten-Andreas Grundvåg , Florian Pohl & Sara Wroblewska
The grain-size distribution of sediment particles is an important aspect of the architecture of submarine fans and lobes. It governs depositional sand quality, and reflects distribution of particulate organic carbon and pollutants. Documenting the grain-size distribution of these deep-marine sedimentary bodies can also offer us an insight in the flows that deposited them. Submarine lobes are commonly assumed to linearly fine from an apex, meaning there should be a proportional relation between grain size and...

Intra- and interspecific variability of specific leaf area mitigate the reduction of community stability in response to warming and nitrogen addition

Mengjiao Huang, Shaopeng Wang, Xiang Liu, Ming Nie, Shurong Zhou & Yann Hautier
Global environmental changes are reducing the diversity and affecting the functioning of natural ecosystems as well as their ability to reliably provide ecosystem functions and services to mankind. Many studies have shown that a greater plant diversity can stabilize community productivity against environmental fluctuations. However, most of these studies focused on plant species richness, thus overlooking the potential role of functional traits in stabilizing community productivity against environmental fluctuations. Whether and how functional trait mean...

Circum-Arctic distribution of chemical anti-herbivore compounds arctic shrubs

Elin Lindén, Mariska Te Beest, Ilka Abreu, Thomas Moritz, Maja Sundqvist, Isabel C Barrio, Julia Boike, John Bryant, Kari Anne Bråthen, Agata Buchwal, Guillermo Bueno, Alain Cuerrier, Dagmar Egelkraut, Bruce Forbes, Martin Hallinger, Monique Heijmans, Luise Hermanutz, David S Hik, Annika Hofgaard, Milena Holmgren, Diane C Huebner, Toke Hoye, Ingibjörg Jónsdóttir, Elina Kaarlejärvi, Emilie Kissler … & Johan Olofsson
Spatial variation in plant chemical defence towards herbivores can help us understand variation in herbivore top-down control of shrubs in the Arctic and possibly also shrub responses to global warming. Less defended, non-resinous shrubs could be more influenced by herbivores than more defended, resinous shrubs. However, sparse field measurements limit our current understanding of how much of the circum-Arctic variation in defence compounds is explained by taxa or defence functional groups (resinous/non-resinous). We measured circum-Arctic...

Accelerating ice loss from peripheral glaciers in North Greenland

Shfaqat Abbas Khan, William Colgan, Thomas A. Neumann, Michiel R. Van Den Broeke, Kelly M. Brunt, Brice Noël, Jonathan L. Bamber, Javed Hassan & Anders A. Bjørk
In recent decades, Greenland’s peripheral glaciers have experienced large-scale mass loss, resulting in a substantial contribution to sea-level rise. Only 4% of Greenland’s ice cover are small peripheral glaciers that are distinct from the ice sheet proper. Despite comprising this relatively small area, these small peripheral glaciers are responsible for 11% of the ice loss associated with Greenland’s recent sea-level rise contribution. Using the satellite laser platforms ICESat and ICESat-2, we estimate that ice loss...

The generality of cryptic dietary niche differences in diverse large-herbivore assemblages

Robert Pringle, Johan Pansu, Matthew Hutchinson, T. Michael Anderson, Mariska Te Beest, Colleen Begg, Keith Begg, Aurelie Bonin, Lackson Chama, Simon Chamaillé-Jammes, Eric Coissac, Joris Cromsigt, Margaret Demmel, Jason Donaldson, Jennifer Guyton, Christina Hansen, Christopher Imakando, Azwad Iqbal, Davis Kalima, Graham Kerley, Samson Kurukura, Marietjie Landman, Ryan Long, Isaack Munuo, Ciara Nutter … & Tyler Kartzinel
Ecological niche differences are necessary for stable species coexistence but are often difficult to discern. Models of dietary niche differentiation in large mammalian herbivores invoke the quality, quantity, and spatiotemporal distribution of plant tissues and growth-forms but are agnostic towards food-plant species identity. Empirical support for these models is variable, suggesting that additional mechanisms of resource partitioning may be important in sustaining large-herbivore diversity in African savannas. We used DNA metabarcoding to conduct a taxonomically...

Latest Cretaceous and Paleocene biostratigraphy and paleogeography of northern Zealandia, IODP Site U1509, New Caledonia Trough, southwest Pacific.

Erica M Crouch, Chris D Clowes, Ian J Raine, Laia Alegret, Margot Cramwinckel & Rupert Sutherland

Registration Year

  • 2022

Resource Types

  • Dataset
  • Text


  • Utrecht University
  • Durham University
  • Helmholtz Centre Potsdam - GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences
  • Columbia University
  • Radboud University Nijmegen
  • Goddard Space Flight Center
  • Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland
  • University of Alaska Fairbanks
  • University of Göttingen
  • East China Normal University