31 Works

Fire and forage quality: post-fire regrowth quality and pyric herbivory in subtropical grasslands of Nepal

Shyam Kumar Thapa, Joost F. De Jong, Anouschka R. Hof, Naresh Subedi, Laxmi Raj Joshi & Herbert H.T. Prins
Indiscriminate fire is rampant throughout subtropical South and Southeast Asian grasslands. However, very little is known about the role of fire and pyric herbivory on the functioning of highly productive subtropical monsoon grasslands lying within Cwa-climatic region. We collected grass samples from 60 m x 60 m plots and determined vegetation physical and chemical properties at regular 30-day intervals from April to July 2020, starting from 30 days after fire to assess post-fire regrowth forage...

Global data on fertilizer use by crop and by country

Cameron Ludemann, Armelle Gruere, Patrick Heffer & Achim Dobermann
Understanding how much inorganic fertilizer (referred to hereafter as fertilizer) is applied to different crops at national, regional and global levels is an essential component of fertilizer consumption analysis and demand projection. Good national scale information on fertilizer use by crop (FUBC) is rarely available because it is difficult to collect and time-consuming to process and validate. Only in a limited number of countries, official agricultural statistics track fertilizer consumption by nutrients and products. A...

Data from: Great tits do not compensate over time for a radio-tag-induced reduction in escape-flight performance

Barbara Tomotani, Florian Muijres, Bronwyn Johnston, Henk Van Der Jeugd & Marc Naguib
The use of biologging and tracking devices is widespread in avian behavioural and ecological studies. Carrying these devices rarely has major behavioural or fitness effects in the wild, yet it may still impact animals in more subtle ways, such as during high power demanding escape manoeuvres. Here, we tested whether or not great tits (Parus major) carrying a backpack radio-tag changed their body-mass or flight behaviour over time to compensate for the detrimental effect of...

Soil microbial diversity and community composition during conversion from conventional to organic agriculture

Sophie Van Rijssel, Guusje Koorneef, Ciska Veen, , Freddy C. Ten Hooven, Stefan Geisen & Wim Van Der Putten
It is generally assumed that the dependence of conventional agriculture on artificial fertilizers and pesticides strongly impacts the environment, while organic agriculture relying more on microbial functioning may mitigate these impacts. However, it is not well known how microbial diversity and community composition change in conventionally managed farmers’ fields that are converted to organic management. Here, we sequenced bacterial and fungal communities of 34 organic fields on sand and marine clay soils in a time...

Wild zebra finches are attracted towards acoustic cues from conspecific social groups

Corinna Adrian, Simon Griffith, Marc Naguib & Wiebke Schuett
Social information gathered by observing others often supplements personal information collected from direct interactions with the physical environment during decision making. Social information use may be particularly beneficial in harsh environments or if resources are distributed patchily, ephemeral and unpredictable, and hence difficult to locate. We experimentally tested the use of acoustic cues in wild zebra finches (Taeniopygia guttata) as they flew around their arid habitat as a way of locating conspecifics on the ground,...

Data from: Forest loss and treeless matrices cause the functional impoverishment of sapling communities in old-growth forest patches across tropical regions

Ricard Arasa-Gisbert, Víctor Arroyo-Rodríguez, Jorge A. Meave, Miguel Martínez-Ramos & Madelon Lohbeck
Landscape-level disturbances, such as forest loss, can profoundly alter the functional composition and diversity of biotic assemblages. In fact, the landscape-moderated functional trait selection (LMFTS) hypothesis states that landscape-level disturbances may act as environmental filters that select a set of species with disturbance-adapted attributes while causing the loss of species with disturbance-sensitive attributes, ultimately compromising ecosystem functioning. However, the impact of landscape patterns on the functional composition and diversity of tropical regenerating trees (saplings) is...

Diurnal and nocturnal mosquitoes escape looming threats using distinct flight strategies

Antoine Cribellier
Flying insects have evolved the ability to evade looming objects such as predators and swatting hands. This is particularly relevant for blood-feeding insects like mosquitoes that routinely need to evade defensive actions of their blood-hosts. To minimize the chance of being swatted, a mosquito can use two distinct strategies: continuously exhibit an unpredictable flight path or maximize its escape manoeuvrability. We studied how baseline flight unpredictability and escape manoeuvrability affects the escape performance of day-active...

Maternal food restriction during pregnancy affects offspring development and swimming performance in a placental live-bearing fish

Andres Hagmayer, Martin Lankheet, Judith Bijsterbosch, Johan Van Leeuwen & Bart Pollux
How pregnant mothers allocate limited resources to different biological functions such as maintenance, somatic growth, and reproduction can have profound implications for early life development and survival of offspring. Here we examined the effects of maternal food restriction during pregnancy on offspring in the matrotrophic (i.e. mother-nourishment throughout gestation) live-bearing fish species Phalloptychus januarius (Poeciliidae). We fed pregnant females either with a ‘low-food’ or ‘high-food’ ration for six weeks and quantified the consequences for offspring...

Data from: Prey encounters and spatial memory influence use of foraging patches in a marine central place forager

Virginia Iorio-Merlo, Isla M. Graham, Rebecca C. Hewitt, Geert Aarts, Enrico Pirotta, Gordon D. Hastie & Paul M. Thompson
Given the patchiness and long-term predictability of marine resources, memory of high-quality foraging grounds is expected to provide fitness advantages for central place foragers. However, it remains challenging to characterise how marine predators integrate memory with recent prey encounters to adjust fine-scale movement and use of foraging patches. Here, we used two months of movement data from harbour seals (Phoca vitulina) to quantify the repeatability in foraging patches as a proxy for memory. We then...

Phased, chromosome-scale genome assemblies of tetraploid potato reveals a complex genome, transcriptome, and predicted proteome landscape underpinning genetic diversity

Genevieve Hoopes, Xiaoxi Meng, John P. Hamilton, Sai Reddy Achakkagari, Fernanda De Alves Freitas Guesdes, Marie E. Bolger, Joseph J. Coombs, Danny Esselink, Natalie R. Kaiser, Linda Kodde, Maria Kyriakidou, Brian Lavrijssen, Natascha Van Lieshout, Rachel Shereda, Heather K. Tuttle, Brieanne Vaillancourt, Joshua C. Wood, Jan M. De Boer, Nolan Bornowski, Peter Bourke, David Douches, Herman J. Van Eck, Dave Ellis, Max J. Feldman, Kyle M. Gardner … & Richard Finkers
Hoopes G., Meng X., Hamilton J.P., Achakkagari S.R., de Alves Freitas Guesdes F., Bolger M.E., Coombs J.J., Esselink D., Kaiser N.R., Kodde L., Kyriakidou M., Lavrijssen B., van Lieshout N., Shereda R., Tuttle H.K., Vaillancourt B., Wood J.C., de Boer J.M., Bornowski N., Bourke P., Douches D., van Eck H.J., Ellis D., Feldman M.J., Gardner K.M., Hopman J.C.P., Jiang J., De Jong W.S., Kuhl J.C., Novy R.G., Oome S., Sathuvalli V., Tan E.H., Ursum R.A.,...

A tradeoff between robustness to environmental fluctuations and speed of evolution

Max Schmid, Maria Paniw, Maarten Postuma, Arpat Ozgul & Frédéric Guillaume
The ability of a species to cope with both long-term and short-term environmental fluctuations might vary with the species' life history. While some life-history characteristics promote large and stable population sizes despite interannual environmental fluctuations, other life-history strategies might allow to evolve quickly in response to long-term gradual changes. In a theoretical study, we show that there is a tradeoff between both properties. Life-history characteristics that promote fast rates of evolution come at the expense...

Data from: Estimating maize harvest index and nitrogen concentrations in grain and residue using globally available data

Cameron Ludemann, Renske Hijbeek, Marloes Van Loon, Scott Murrell, Achim Dobermann & Martin Van Ittersum
Estimates of crop nitrogen (N) uptake and offtake are critical in estimating N balances, N use efficiencies and potential losses to the environment. Calculation of crop N uptake and offtake requires estimates of crop product yield (e.g. grain or beans) and crop residue yield (e.g. straw or stover) and the N concentration of both components. Yields of crop products are often reasonably well known, but those of crop residues are not. While the harvest index...

Data from: Biodiversity and yield trade-offs for organic farming

Yi Zou, Shanxing Gong, Jenny Hodgson, Teja Tscharntke, Yunhui Liu, Wopke Van Der Werf, Péter Batáry & Johannes Knops
Organic farming supports higher biodiversity than conventional farming, but at the cost of lower yields. We conducted a meta-analysis quantifying the trade-off between biodiversity and yield, comparing conventional and organic farming. We developed a compatibility index to assess whether biodiversity gains from organic farming exceed yield losses, and a substitution index to assess whether organic farming would increase biodiversity in an area if maintaining total production under organic farming would require cultivating more land at...

Growth resilience of conifer species decreases with early, long-lasting and intense droughts but cannot be explained by hydraulic traits

Yanjun Song, Frank Sterck, Ute Sass-Klaassen, Chenxuan Li & Lourens Poorter
Drought events may reduce growth and survival of conifer trees. The effects of the intensity and timing of drought on the growth resilience, including growth reductions during drought and recovery of growth after drought, remains however highly uncertain. Growth resilience of 20 conifer species to 11 dry years was compared in a common garden experiment. We assessed 1) the relationships among growth resistance, recovery and resilience, 2) the impacts of different drought dimensions (intensity, onset...

Effects of oviposition in a non-host species on foraging behaviour of the parasitoid Cotesia glomerata

Jetske De Boer, Jessica De Bruijn, Louise Vet & Hans Smid
Parasitoids lay their eggs in or on a host, usually another insect. During foraging, parasitoids can encounter insects that differ in terms of host suitability and quality. At one extreme end of this spectrum are non-hosts that are unsuitable for offspring development. Non-hosts are generally ignored but parasitization does occur and occasionally also results in egg deposition. Here, we investigate how oviposition in a non-host influences subsequent foraging behaviour of a parasitoid and whether this...

Data from: Occupancy winners in tropical protected forests: a pantropical analysis

Asunción Semper-Pascual, Richard Bischof, Cyril Milleret, Lydia Beaudrot, Andrea F. Vallejo-Vargas, Jorge A. Ahumada, Emmanuel Akampurira, Robert Bitariho, Santiago Espinosa, Patrick A. Jansen, Cisquet Kiebou-Opepa, Marcela Guimarães Moreira Lima, Emanuel H. Martin, Badru Mugerwa, Francesco Rovero, Julia Salvado, Fernanda Santos, Eustrate Uzabaho & Douglas Sheil
The structure of forest mammal communities appears surprisingly consistent across the continental tropics, presumably due to convergent evolution in similar environments. Whether such consistency extends to mammal occupancy, despite variation in species characteristics and context, remains unclear. Here we ask whether we can predict occupancy patterns and, if so, whether these relationships are consistent across biogeographic regions. Specifically, we assessed how mammal feeding guild, body mass and ecological specialization relate to occupancy in protected forests...

Considering inner and outer bark as distinctive tissues helps to disentangle the effects of bark traits on decomposition

Li Lin, Li Lin, Yao-Bin Song, Yikang Li, Leo Goudzwaard, Richard S.P. Van Logtestijn, Chenhui Chang, Rob Broekman, Jurgen Van Hal, Juan Zuo, Frank J. Sterck, Lourens Poorter, Ute Sass-Klaassen, Mariet M. Hefting & J. Hans C. Cornelissen
Revealing the ecological consequences of bark multifunctionality and its underlying traits has become a relatively new but essential focus in plant ecology. Although the enormous differences between the most crucial bark layers, i.e., inner and outer bark, in structure and functions have been widely recognized, the overall bark has been regarded as a homogenous tissue in most bark-related studies. This has led to poor knowledge on the functional independence, specialized contributions and possible linkages of...

Number of growth days and not length of the growth period determines radial stem growth of temperate trees

Sophia Etzold, Frank Sterck, Arun Bose, Sabine Braun, Nina Buchmann, Werner Eugster, Arthur Gessler, Ansgar Kahmen, Richard Peters, Lorenz Walthert, Yann Vitasse, Kasia Zieminska, Haeni Matthias, Micah Wilhelm, Volodymyr Trotsiuk & Zweifel Roman
Radial stem growth dynamics at seasonal resolution are essential to understand how forests respond to climate change. We studied daily radial growth of 160 individuals of seven temperate tree species at 47 sites across Switzerland over eight years. Growth of all species peaked in the early part of the growth season and commenced shortly before the summer solstice, but with species-specific seasonal patterns. Day length set a window of opportunity for radial growth. Within this...

Species-level tree crown maps improve predictions of tree recruit abundance in a tropical landscape

Cristina Barber, Sarah Graves, Jefferson Hall, Pieter Zuidema, Jodi Brandt, Stephanie Bohlman, Gregory Asner, Mario Bailón & T. Trevor Caughlin
Predicting forest recovery at landscape scales will aid forest restoration efforts. The first step in successful forest recovery is tree recruitment. Forecasts of tree recruit abundance, derived from the landscape-scale distribution of seed sources (i.e. adult trees), could assist efforts to identify sites with high potential for natural regeneration. However, previous work has revealed wide variation in the effect of seed sources on seedling abundance, from positive to no effect. We quantified the relationship between...

Adaptive potential of Coffea canephora from Uganda in response to climate change

Valérie Poncet, Sinara De Aquino, Catherine Kiwuka, Rémi Tournebize, Pierre Marraccini, Cédric Mariac, Kévin Bethune, Marie Couderc, Philippe Cubry, Alan Andrade, Maud Lepelley, Olivier Darracq, Dominique Crouzillat, Niels Anten, Pascal Musoli, Stéphanie Manel, Olivier François, Yves Vigouroux, Alexandre De Kochko & Clément Gain
Understanding vulnerabilities of plant populations to climate change could help preserve their biodiversity and reveal new elite parents for future breeding programs. To this end, landscape genomics is a useful approach for assessing putative adaptations to future climatic conditions, especially in long-lived species such as trees. We conducted a population genomics study of 207 Coffea canephora trees from seven forests along different climate gradients in Uganda. For this, we sequenced 323 candidate genes involved in...

Steering microbiomes by organic amendments towards climate-smart agricultural soils

Kristof Brenzinger, Ohana Y. A. Costa, Adrian Ho, Guusje Koorneef, Bjorn Robroek, Douwe Molenaar, Gerard Korthals & Paul L. E. Bodelier
We steered the soil microbiome via applications of organic residues (mix of cover crop residues, sewage sludge + compost, and digestate + compost) to enhance multiple ecosystem services in line with climate-smart agriculture. Our result highlights the potential to reduce greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions from agricultural soils by the application of specific organic amendments (especially digestate + compost). Unexpectedly, also the addition of mineral fertilizer in our mesocosms led to similar combined GHG emissions than...

Strategies to Mitigate Enteric Methane Emissions by Ruminants

C. Arndt, A.N. Hristov, W.J. Price, S.C. McClelland, A.M. Pelaez, A.R. Bayat, L.A. Crompton, J. Dijkstra, M.A. Eugène, D. Enahoro, E. Kebreab, M. Kreuzer, M. McGee, C. Martin, C.J. Newbold, C.K. Reynolds, A. Schwarm, K.J. Shingfield, J.B. Veneman, D.R. Yáñez-Ruiz & Z. Yu
To meet the 1.5°C target, methane (CH4) from ruminants must be reduced by 11 to 30% of the 2010 level by 2030 and by 24 to 47% by 2050. A meta-analysis identified strategies to decrease product-based [PB; CH4 per unit meat or milk (CH4I)] and absolute (ABS) enteric CH4 emissions while maintaining or increasing animal productivity (AP; weight gain and milk yield). Next the potential of different adoption rates of one PB and/or ABS strategies...

Territorial response predictability in radio-tagged great tits Parus major

Marc Naguib
Territorial animals often use signals to advertise territorial occupancy within their larger home ranges. Songbirds are among the best-studied territorial signaling taxa, and when competitors start singing during a territorial intrusion, residents usually show elevated spatial and vocal responses. These responses could be used by intruders and distant eavesdroppers to predict future responses or to compare responses across competitors. Yet, the extent to which responses of a resident to a territorial intrusion predict its future...

Xylem hydraulics and non-structural carbohydrate contents in 15 temperate tree species

Xiaohan Yin, Guang-You Hao & Frank Sterck
In humid temperate forests, the occurrence of frequent freeze-thaw cycles (FTC) is a main factor limiting tree growth, as xylem embolism induced by FTC poses a serious threat to the hydraulic integrity of trees. A high resilience to hydraulic dysfunction involves the enhancement of embolism resistance and/or extra non-structural carbohydrate (NSC) inputs for restoration of an impaired hydraulic system. However, potentially negative implications of such NSC allocation on tree growth have not yet been explored....

Plastic mulch film residues in agriculture: impact on soil suppressiveness, plant growth, and microbial communities

Yueling Qi, Adam Ossowicki, Étienne Yergeau, Gianpiero Vigani, Violette Geissen & Paolina Garbeva
Plastic mulch film residues have been accumulating in agricultural soils for decades, but so far, little is known about its consequences on soil microbial communities and functions. Here, we tested the effects of plastic residues of low-density polyethylene and biodegradable mulch films on soil suppressiveness and microbial community composition. We investigated how plastic residues in a Fusarium culmorum suppressive soil affect the level of disease suppressiveness, plant biomass, nutrient status, and microbial communities in rhizosphere...

Registration Year

  • 2022
    31

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    31

Affiliations

  • Wageningen University & Research
    31
  • Netherlands Institute of Ecology
    7
  • Oregon State University
    2
  • University of Wisconsin–Madison
    2
  • University of Idaho
    2
  • Norwegian University of Life Sciences
    2
  • Thammasat University
    1
  • National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment
    1
  • Estación Biológica de Doñana
    1
  • VU Amsterdam
    1