7 Works

Data from: The prevalence of MS in the United States: a population-based estimate using health claims data

Mitchell T. Wallin, William J. Culpepper, Jonathan D. Campbell, Lorene M. Nelson, Annette Langer-Gould, Ruth Ann Marrie, Gary R. Cutter, Wendy E. Kaye, Laurie Wagner, Helen Tremlett, Stephen L. Buka, Piyameth Dilokthornsakul, Barbara Topol, Lie H. Chen & Nicholas G. LaRocca
Objective: To generate a national multiple sclerosis (MS) prevalence estimate for the United States by applying a validated algorithm to multiple administrative health claims (AHC) datasets. Methods: A validated algorithm was applied to private, military, and public AHC datasets to identify adult cases of MS between 2008 and 2010. In each dataset, we determined the 3-year cumulative prevalence overall and stratified by age, sex, and census region. We applied insurance-specific and stratum-specific estimates to the...

Data from: Sibling rivalry: males with more brothers develop larger testes

Kristin Hook, Heidi Fisher, W. David Weber & Hopi Hoekstra
When females mate with multiple partners in a reproductive cycle, the relative number of competing sperm from rival males is often the most critical factor in determining paternity. Gamete production is directly related to testis size in most species, and is associated with both mating behavior and perceived risk of competition. Deer mice, Peromyscus maniculatus, are naturally promiscuous and males invest significantly more in sperm production than males of P. polionotus, their monogamous sisterā€species. Here,...

Data from: A new way to estimate neurologic disease prevalence in the United States

Lorene M. Nelson, Mitchell T. Wallin, Ruth Ann Marrie, W.J. Culpepper, Annette Langer-Gould, Jon Campbell, Stephen Buka, Helen Tremlett, Gary Cutter, Wendy Kaye, Laurie Wagner & Nicholas G. Larocca
Objective: Considerable gaps exist in knowledge regarding the prevalence of neurologic diseases, such as multiple sclerosis (MS), in the United States. Therefore, the MS Prevalence Working Group sought to review and evaluate alternative methods for obtaining a scientifically valid estimate of national MS prevalence in the current health care era. Methods: We carried out a strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats (SWOT) analysis for 3 approaches to estimate MS prevalence: population-based MS registries, national probability health...

Data from: Comparative knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding anthrax, brucellosis, and rabies in three districts of northern Tanzania

Christian Kiffner, Michelle Latzer, Ruby Vise, Hayley Benson, Elizabeth Hammon & John Kioko
Background Knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) surveys regarding zoonotic diseases are crucial to understanding the extent of knowledge among citizens and for guiding health-related education programs. Method Employing a structured questionnaire, we interviewed residents (n=388) in three districts of northern Tanzania (Karatu n=128, Monduli n=114, Babati n=146) to assess knowledge, attitudes and reported practices regarding three zoonotic diseases that occur in the region (anthrax, brucellosis, and rabies). We used generalized linear mixed effects models and...

Yellowstone Upper Basin Geyser Binary Eruption Data (April 2007- October 2008)

Peter Thompson, Phillip Staniczenko & William Fagan
Binary eruption data for 10 Geysers (Beehive, Castle, Depression, Dome, Grand, Lion, Little Squirt, Old Faithful, Plate, and Plume) over 19 consecutive months (April 2007- October 2008) at a sampling interval of 6 minutes.

Data from: Cardinalfishes (Apogonidae) show visual system adaptations typical of nocturnally and diurnally active fish

Martin Luehrmann, Karen Carleton, Fabio Cortesi, Karen Cheney & N. Marshall
Animal visual systems adapt to environmental light on various timescales. In scotopic conditions, evolutionary time-scale adaptations include spectral tuning to a narrower light spectrum, loss (or inactivation) of visual genes, and pure-rod or rod-dominated retinas. Some fishes inhabiting shallow coral reefs may show activity during the day and at night. It is unclear whether these fishes show adaptations typical of exclusively nocturnal or deep-sea fishes, or of diurnally active shallow-water species. Here, we investigated visual...

Child Maltreatment Recurrences Among Families Served by Child Protective Services, 1984 to 1992

Diane DePanfilis & Susan J. Zuravin
This longitudinal study of 1,206 families assembled during a 4-year NCCAN-funded research project focuses on recurrences of child maltreatment among families known to public Child Protective Services (CPS). Objectives are to (1) describe recurrence of types, severity, rates, distributions, and frequency of maltreatment over five years; (2) replicate and extend knowledge about predicting recurrence risk after an index incident; (3) initiate development of models to predict recurrence risk after termination of CPS services; and (4)...

Registration Year

  • 2019

Resource Types

  • Dataset


  • University of Maryland, Baltimore
  • University of Alabama at Birmingham
  • University of Manitoba
  • University of British Columbia
  • Brown University
  • College of Charleston
  • Stanford University
  • University of Queensland
  • Oregon State University
  • Stanford University School of Medicine