12 Works

Communication Modalities in Coaching for Individuals with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): A Qualitative Examination

Micah Saviet & Elizabeth Ahmann
Little research has examined processes involved when coaching individuals with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). A mixed methods study surveyed 117 coaches who identify themselves as ‘ADHD coaches’ to explore the frequency of use and perceived effectiveness of varied communication modalities (in person, phone, video conferencing or a combination) as well as, reported here, coaches' views of the benefits and drawbacks of each. Fifteen key themes were identified in the qualitative data, including Focusing and Distraction, Managing...

Long-term shifts in the functional composition and diversity of a tropical dry forest: a 30-yr study

Nathan Swenson, Catherine Hulshof, Masatoshi Katabuchi & Brian Enquist
Over the past three decades there has been a concerted effort to study the long-term dynamics of tropical forests throughout the world. Data regarding temporal trends in species diversity, species composition and species-specific demographic rates have now been amassed. Such data can be utilized to test predictions regarding the roles the environment and demographic stochasticity play in driving forest dynamics. These analyses could be further refined by quantifying the temporal trends in the functional compostion...

Global human influence maps reveal clear opportunities in conserving Earth’s remaining intact terrestrial ecosystems

Jason Riggio, Jonathan E. M. Baillie, Steven Brumby, Erle Ellis, Christina M. Kennedy, James R. Oakleaf, Alex Tait, Therese Tepe, David M. Theobald, Oscar Venter, James E.M. Watson & Andrew P. Jacobson
Leading up to the 2020 Convention on Biological Diversity there is momentum around setting bold conservation targets. Yet it remains unclear how much of Earth’s land area remains without significant human influence and where this land is located. We compare four recent global maps of human influences across Earth’s land, Anthromes, Global Human Modification, Human Footprint, and Low Impact Areas, to answer these questions. Despite using various methodologies and data, these different spatial assessments independently...

Orthostatic hypotension, dizziness, neurology outcomes, and death in older adults, supplement methods & tables, STROND checklist

Stephen Juraschek, , Oscar L. Lopez, John S Gottdiener, Lewis A Lipsitz, Lewis H. Kuller & Kenneth J Mukamal
Objective To test the hypothesis that orthostatic hypotension (OH) might cause cerebral hypoperfusion and injury, we examined the longitudinal relationship between orthostatic hypotension (OH) or orthostatic symptoms and incident neurologic outcomes in a community population of older adults. Methods Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS) participants (≥65yrs) without dementia or stroke had blood pressure (BP) measured after lying 20-minutes and after standing 3-minutes. Participants reported dizziness immediately upon standing and any dizziness in the past 2wks. OH...

Open Access in the Academy: Developing a Library Program for Campus Engagement

Daniel Mack
The Open Access (OA) movement continues to gain traction. The recent breakdown of negotiations between Elsevier and the University of California system has brought renewed attention to OA issues to academic faculty, students, librarians, administrators, and governance bodies. The library is a natural hub for OA activities within the academy, and librarians can serve as advocates, facilitators, and agents for OA. The OA movement began with a focus on journals, articles, and similar vehicles for...

Cortical encoding of melodic expectations in human temporal cortex

Giovanni Di Liberto, Claire Pelofi, Roberta Bianco, Prachi Patel, Ashesh D Mehta, Jose L Herrero, Alain De Cheveigné, Shihab A Shamme & Nima Mesgarani
Humans engagement in music rests on underlying elements such as the listeners’ cultural background and interest in music. These factors modulate how listeners anticipate musical events, a process inducing instantaneous neural responses as the music confronts these expectations. Measuring such neural correlates would represent a direct window into high-level brain processing. Here we recorded cortical signals as participants listened to Bach melodies. We assessed the relative contributions of acoustic versus melodic components of the music...

Mutations in a novel cadherin gene associated with Bt resistance in Helicoverpa zea

Megan Fritz
Transgenic corn and cotton produce crystalline (Cry) proteins derived from the soil bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) that are toxic to lepidopteran larvae. Helicoverpa zea, a key pest of corn and cotton in the U.S., has evolved widespread resistance to these proteins produced in Bt corn and cotton. While the genomic targets of Cry selection and the mutations that produce resistant phenotypes are known in other lepidopteran species, little is known about how selection by Cry...

Data from: Intra-specific variation in tree growth responses to neighborhood composition and seasonal drought in a tropical forest

Jie Yang, Xiaoyang Song, Jenny Zambrano, Yuxin Chen, Min Cao, Xiaobao Deng, Wenfu Zhang, Xiaofei Yang, Guocheng Zhang, Yong Tang & Nathan Swenson
1. Functional traits are expected to provide insights into the abiotic and biotic drivers of plant demography. However, successfully linking traits to plant demographic performance likely requires the consideration of important contextual and individual-level information that is often ignored in trait-based ecology. 2. Here, we modeled 8 years of growth from 1,138 individual trees from 36 tropical rain forest species. We compared models of tree growth parameterized using individual-level versus species mean trait data. We...

Traits mediate a tradeoff in seedling growth response to light and conspecific density in a diverse subtropical forest

Xiaoyang Song, Jie Yang, Min Cao, Luxiang Lin, Zhenhua Sun, Handong Wen & Nathan Swenson
Understanding tree species responses to biotic and abiotic factors is fundamental for stronger predictions of community assembly and dynamics. However, several challenges remain. These include a failure to investigate whether there is evidence for key hypothesized life-history tradeoffs and to link these tradeoffs to functional traits. In this study, we seek to explicitly address the above outstanding challenges by constructing models for individual seedling growth in response to abiotic and biotic factors using three years...

Data from: Chromosome-level genome assembly of a cyprinid fish Onychostoma macrolepis by integration of Nanopore Sequencing, Bionano and Hi-C technology

Lina Sun, Tian Gao, Feilong Wang, Zuliang Qin, Longxia Yan, Wenjing Tao, Minghui Li, Canbiao Jin, Li Ma, Thomas D. Kocher & Deshou Wang
Onychostoma macrolepis is an emerging commercial cyprinid fish species. It is a model system for studies of sexual dimorphism and genome evolution. Here, we report the chromosome-level assembly of the O.macrolepis genome obtained from the integration of Nanopore long-read sequencing with physical maps produced using Bionano and Hi-C technology. A total of 87.9 Gb of Nanopore sequence provided approximately 100-fold coverage of the genome. The preliminary genome assembly was 883.2 Mb in size with a...

Disentangling ecological and taphonomic signals in ancient food webs

Jack Shaw, Emily Coco, Kate Wootton, Dries Daems, Andrew Gillreath-Brown, Anshuman Swain & Jennifer Dunne
Analyses of ancient food webs reveal important paleoecological processes and responses to a range of perturbations throughout Earth’s history, such as climate change. These responses can inform our forecasts of future biotic responses to similar perturbations. However, previous analyses of ancient food webs rarely accounted for key differences between modern and ancient community data, particularly selective loss of soft-bodied taxa during fossilization. To consider how fossilization impacts inferences of ancient community structure we (1) analyzed...

Data from: Chromosome-level assembly of Southern catfish (Silurus meridionalis) provides insights into visual adaptation to the nocturnal and benthic lifestyles

Shuqing Zheng, Feng Shao, Wenjing Tao, Zhilong Liu, Juan Long, Xiaoshuang Wang, Shuai Zhang, Qingyuan Zhao, Karen L Carleton, Thomas D Kocher, Li Jin, Zhijian Wang, Zuogang Peng, Deshou Wang & Yaoguang Zhang
Southern catfish (Silurus meridionalis) is a nocturnal and benthic freshwater fish endemic to the Yangtze River and its tributaries with an important economic value but a drastically declining wild population. In this study, we constructed a chromosome-level draft genome of S. meridionalis using 69.7 Gb Nanopore long reads and 49.5 Gb Illumina short reads. The genome assembly was 741.2 Mb in size with a contig N50 of 13.19 Mb. An additional 116.4 Gb of Bionano...

Registration Year

  • 2020
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Affiliations

  • University of Maryland, Baltimore
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  • New York University
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  • Southwest University
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  • Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden
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  • Washington State University
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  • University of Washington
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  • The Nature Conservancy
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  • Columbia University
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  • Xiamen University
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  • University of Queensland
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