114 Works

Data from: Dynamics of the continent-wide spread of a Drosophila defensive symbiont

Sarah N. Cockburn, Tamara S. Haselkorn, Phineas T. Hamilton, Elizabeth Landzberg, John Jaenike & Steve J. Perlman
Facultative symbionts can represent important sources of adaptation for their insect hosts and thus have the potential for rapid spread. Drosophila neotestacea harbors a heritable symbiont, Spiroplasma, that confers protection against parasitic nematodes. We previously found a cline in Spiroplasma prevalence across central Canada, ending abruptly at the Rocky Mountains. Resampling these populations nine years later revealed that Spiroplasma had increased substantially across the region, resembling a Fisherian wave of advance. Associations between Spiroplasma infection...

Data from: Mapping coral and sponge habitats on a shelf-depth environment using multibeam sonar and ROV video observations: Learmonth Bank, northern British Columbia, Canada

Bárbara M. Neves, Cherisse Du Preez & Evan Edinger
Efforts to locate and map deep-water coral and sponge habitats are essential for the effective management and conservation of these vulnerable marine ecosystems. Here we test the applicability of a simple multibeam sonar classification method developed for fjord environments to map the distribution of shelf-depth substrates and gorgonian coral- and sponge-dominated biotopes. The studied area is a shelf-depth feature Learmonth Bank, northern British Columbia, Canada and the method was applied aiming to map primarily non-reef...

Data from: Free-living bacterial communities associated with tubeworm (Ridgeia piscesae) aggregations in contrasting diffuse flow hydrothermal vent habitats at the Main Endeavour Field, Juan de Fuca Ridge

Nathalie L. Forget & S. Kim Juniper
We systematically studied free-living bacterial diversity within aggregations of the vestimentiferan tubeworm Ridgeia piscesae sampled from two contrasting flow regimes (High Flow and Low Flow) in the Endeavour Hydrothermal Vents Marine Protected Area (MPA) on the Juan de Fuca Ridge (Northeast Pacific). Eight samples of particulate detritus were recovered from paired tubeworm grabs from four vent sites. Most sequences (454 tag and Sanger methods) were affiliated to the Epsilonproteobacteria, and the sulfur-oxidizing genus Sulfurovum was...

Data from: Molecular study of bacterial diversity within the trophosome of the vestimentiferan tubeworm Ridgeia piscesae

S. Kim Juniper, Maëva Perez & Nathalie L. Forget
A large proportion of the faunal biomass in hydrothermal vent ecosystems relies on symbiotic relationships, with bacteria as a source of nutrition. Whereas multiple symbioses have been observed in diverse vent hosts, siboglinid tubeworms have been thought to harbour a single endosymbiont phylotype affiliated to the Gammaproteobacteria. In the case of the Northeast Pacific vestimentiferan Ridgeia piscesae, two previous studies suggested the presence of more than one symbiont. The possibility of multiple, and possibly habitat-specific,...

Data from: Hitting the moving target: modelling ontogenetic shifts with stable isotopes reveals the importance of isotopic turnover

Eric Hertz, Marc Trudel, Rana El-Sabaawi, Strahan Tucker, John F. Dower, Terry D. Beacham, Andrew M. Edwards & Asit Mazumder
Ontogenetic niche shifts are widely prevalent in nature and are important in shaping the structure and dynamics of ecosystems. Stable isotope analysis is a powerful tool to assess these shifts, with δ15N providing a measure of trophic level and δ13C a measure of energy source. Previous applications of stable isotopes to study ontogenetic niche shifts have not considered the appreciable time-lag between diet and consumer tissue associated with isotopic turnover. These time-lags introduce significant complexity...

Data from: Past tree influence and prescribed fire mediate biotic interactions and community reassembly in a grassland-restoration experiment

Charles B. Halpern, Joseph A. Antos, Donald McKenzie & Annette M. Olson
Woody plant encroachment of grasslands is occurring globally, with profound ecological consequences. Attempts to restore herbaceous dominance may fail if the woody state is resilient or if intervention leads to an alternate, undesirable state. Restoration outcomes often hinge on biotic interactions – particularly on priority effects that inhibit or promote community reassembly. Following experimental tree removal from conifer-invaded grasslands, we documented substantial variation in community reassembly associated with the changing abundance of the native clonal...

Data from: Climate change leads to increasing population density and impacts of a key island invader

Greg T.W. McClelland, Res Altwegg, Rudi J. Van Aarde, Sam Ferreira, Alan E. Burger, Steven L. Chown & Gregory T. W. McClelland
The considerable threats of invasive rodents to island biodiversity are likely to be compounded by climate change. Forecasts for such interactions have been most pronounced for the Southern Ocean islands where ameliorating conditions are expected to decrease thermal and resource restrictions on rodents. Firm evidence for changing rodent populations in response to climate change, and demonstrations of associated impacts on the terrestrial environment, are nonetheless entirely absent for the region. Using data collected over three...

Data from: A novel approach to wildlife transcriptomics provides evidence of disease-mediated differential expression and changes to the microbiome of amphibian populations

Lewis J. Campbell, Stewart A. Hammond, Stephen J. Price, Manmohan D. Sharma, Trenton W.J. Garner, Inanc Birol, Caren C. Helbing, Lena Wilfert, Amber G.F. Griffiths & Trenton W. J. Garner
Ranaviruses are responsible for a lethal, emerging infectious disease in amphibians and threaten their populations throughout the world. Despite this, little is known about how amphibian populations respond to ranaviral infection. In the United Kingdom, ranaviruses impact the common frog (Rana temporaria). Extensive public engagement in the study of ranaviruses in the UK has led to the formation of a unique system of field sites containing frog populations of known ranaviral disease history. Within this...

Data from: Past tree influence and prescribed fire exert strong controls on reassembly of mountain grasslands after tree removal

Charles B. Halpern, Joseph A. Antos, Shan Kothari & Annette M. Olson
Woody-plant encroachment represents a global threat to grasslands. Although the causes and consequences of this regime shift have received substantial attention, the processes that constrain reassembly of the grassland state remain poorly understood. We experimentally tested two potentially important controls on reassembly—the past influence of trees and the effects of fire—in conifer-invaded grasslands (mountain meadows) of western Oregon. Previously, we had reconstructed the history of tree invasion at fine spatial and temporal resolution. Using small...

Phylogenetic restriction of plant invasion in drought-stressed environments: implications for insect-pollinated plant communities in water-limited ecosystems

Andrew Simon, Hannah Marx & Brian Starzomski
Background: Plant-pollinator community diversity has been found to decrease under conditions of drought stress, however research into the temporal dimensions of this phenomenon remains limited. In this study, we investigated the effect of seasonal drought on the temporal niche dynamics of entomophilous flowering plants in a water-limited ecosystem. We hypothesized that closely related native and exotic plants would tend to share similar life history, and that peak flowering events would therefore coincide with phylogenetic clustering...

Data from: Increased diversity and concordant shifts in community structure of coral-associated Symbiodiniaceae and bacteria subjected to chronic human disturbance

Danielle Claar, Jamie McDevitt-Irwin, Melissa Garren, Rebecca Vega Thurber, Ruth Gates & Julia Baum
Coral-associated bacteria and endosymbiotic algae (Symbiodiniaceae spp.) are both vitally important for the biological function of corals. Yet little is known about their co-occurrence within corals, how their diversity varies across coral species, or how they are impacted by anthropogenic disturbances. Here, we sampled coral colonies (n = 472) from seven species, encompassing a range of life history traits, across a gradient of chronic human disturbance (n = 11 sites on Kiritimati (Christmas) atoll) in...

Data from: Convergent evolution of niche structure in Northeast Pacific kelp forests

Samuel Starko, Kyle Demes, Christopher Neufeld & Patrick Martone
Much of the morphological and ecological diversity present on earth is believed to have arisen through the process of adaptive radiation. Yet, this is seemingly at odds with substantial evidence that niches tend to be similar among closely related species (i.e., niche conservatism). Identifying the relative importance of these opposing processes in driving niche evolution under different circumstances is therefore essential to our understanding of the interaction between ecological and evolutionary phenomena. In this study,...

Genomic evidence of past and future climate-linked loss in a migratory Arctic fish

Kara K. S. Layton, Paul V. R. Snelgrove, J. Brian Dempson, Tony Kess, Sarah J. Lehnert, Paul Bentzen, Steven J. Duffy, Amber M. Messmer, Ryan R. E. Stanley, Claudio DiBacco, Sarah J. Salisbury, Daniel E. Ruzzante, Cameron M. Nugent, Moira M. Ferguson, Jong S. Leong, Ben F. Koop & Ian R. Bradbury
Despite widespread biodiversity losses, an understanding of how most taxa will respond to future climate change is lacking. Here we integrate genomics and environmental modelling to assess climate change responses in an ecologically and economically important Arctic species. Environmentally associated genomic diversity and machine learning are used to identify highly vulnerable populations of anadromous (migratory) Arctic charr, and we reconstruct estimates of effective population size spanning the twentieth century to identify past climate-associated declines. We...

Museum epigenomics: characterizing cytosine methylation in historic museum specimens

Tricia Rubi, L. Lacey Knowles & Ben Dantzer
Museum genomics has transformed the field of collections-based research, opening up a range of new research directions for paleontological specimens as well as natural history specimens collected over the past few centuries. Recent work demonstrates that it is possible to characterize epigenetic markers such as DNA methylation in well preserved ancient tissues. This approach has not yet been tested in traditionally prepared natural history specimens such as dried bones and skins, the most common specimen...

Zostera marina microsatellite and environmental data

Erin Foster, Jane Watson, Matthew Lemay, Tim Tinker, James Estes, Rebecca Piercey, Lauren Henson, Carol Ritland, Allyson Miscampbell, Linda Nichol, Margot Hessing-Lewis, Anne Salomon & Chris Darimont
Microsatellite data for Zostera marina, sea otter occupancy information, and environmental data from the west coast of British Columbia, Canada.

Kananaskis/Willmore Camera and Landcover Data

Sandra Frey
Anthropogenic landscape change is a leading driver of biodiversity loss. Preceding dramatic changes such as wildlife population declines and range shifts, more subtle responses may signal impending larger-scale change. For example, disturbance-induced shifts to species’ activity patterns may disrupt temporal niche partitioning along the 24-h time axis, compromising community structure via altered competitive interactions. We investigated the impacts of human landscape disturbance on species’ activity patterns and temporal niche partitioning in the Canadian Rocky Mountain...

Collection: CTD and oxygen sensor data from Ocean Networks Canada observatory sites at Folger Passage and Cascadia Basin from 2009-2022

This collection contains datasets produced by Ocean Networks Canada between 2009-10 to 2022-01 from the Folger Deep, Folger Pinnacle, and ODP 1026 instrument platforms within the Folger Passage and Cascadia Basin NEPTUNE observatories, used in the publication “Pacific Region MPA Ocean Health Report'' by Minicola, E., and Juniper, S.K. (2022). Folger Passage and Cascadia Basin fall within a Rockfish Conservation Area and a section of the pending Offshore Pacific Marine Protected Area (MPA), respectively. This...

Noninnocent Role of Na+ Ions in the Binding of the N-Phenyl-2-naphthylammonium Cation as a Ditopic Guest with Cucurbit[7]uril

Hao Tang, Suma S Thomas & Cornelia Bohne
Na+ ions influence the mechanism for the binding of the ditopic guest N-phenyl-2-naphthylammonium cation (Ph-AH+-Np) to cucurbit[7]uril (CB[7]) by facilitating, at increased Na+ concentrations, the formation of a higher-order complex. Binding of the larger naphthyl moiety of Ph-AH+-Np forms the Ph-AH+-Np@CB[7] 1:1 complex (where “@” represents an inclusion complex) at low Na+ ion concentrations (≤5 mM), whereas the inclusion of the smaller phenyl moiety in CB[7] (CB[7]@Ph-AH+-Np) is transient. Ph-AH+-Np@CB[7] is formed by reactions with...

Behavioral “bycatch” from camera trap surveys yields insights on prey responses to human-mediated predation risk

Cole Burton, Christopher Beirne, Catherine Sun, Alys Granados, Michael Procko, Cheng Chen, Mitchell Fennell, Alexia Constantinou, Christopher Colton, Katie Tjaden-McClement, Jason Fisher & Joanna Burgar
Human disturbance directly affects animal populations but indirect effects of disturbance on species behaviors are less well understood. Camera traps provide an opportunity to investigate variation in animal behaviors across gradients of disturbance. We used camera trap data to test predictions about predator-sensitive behavior in three ungulate species (caribou Rangifer tarandus; white-tailed deer, Odocoileus virginianus; moose, Alces alces) across two boreal forest landscapes varying in disturbance. We quantified behavior as the number of camera trap...

Google Earth Model of the southern Alisitos Arc crustal section, Baja California

Rebecca Morris, Sarah Medynski, Susan DeBari & Cathy Busby

Eocene Terrane Accretion in Northern Cascadia Recorded by Brittle Left-lateral Slip on the San Juan Fault

Nicolas Harrichhausen, Kristin Morell, Christine Regalla, Emerson Lynch & Lucinda Leonard
The San Juan fault, on southern Vancouver Island, Canada, juxtaposes the oceanic Wrangellia and Pacific Rim terranes in the northern Cascadia forearc, and has been suggested to play a role in multiple Mesozoic--Cenozoic terrane accretion events. However, direct observations of the San Juan fault's kinematics have not been documented and its exact role in accommodating strain arising from terrane accretion is unknown. To test if, how, and when the San Juan fault accommodated accretion-related strain,...

Data from: Katian (Upper Ordovician) conodonts from Wales

Annalisa Ferretti, Stig M. Bergstrom & Christopher R. Barnes
Middle and Upper Katian conodonts are previously known in the British Isles from relatively small collections obtained from a few localities. The present study is mainly based on 17 samples containing more than 17,000 conodont elements from an approximately 14 m thick succession of the Sholeshook Limestone in a road cut near Whitland, South Wales that yielded a diverse fauna of more than 40 taxa. It is dominated by representatives of Amorphognathus, Aphelognathus/Plectodina, and Eocarniodus...

Data from: Arthropod diversity in a tropical forest

Yves Basset, Lukas Cizek, Philippe Cuénoud, Raphael K. Didham, François Guilhaumon, Olivier Missa, Vojtech Novotny, Frode Ødegaard, Tomas Roslin, Jürgen Schmidl, Alexey K. Tishechkin, Neville N. Winchester, David W. Roubik, Henri-Pierre Aberlenc, Johannes Bail, Héctor Barrios, Jon R. Bridle, Gabriela Castaño-Meneses, Bruno Corbara, Gianfranco Curletti, Wesley Duarte Da Rocha, Domir De Bakker, Jacques H. C. Delabie, Alain Dejean, Laura L. Fagan … & Maurice Leponce
Most eukaryotic organisms are arthropods. Yet, their diversity in rich terrestrial ecosystems is still unknown. Here we produce tangible estimates of the total species richness of arthropods in a tropical rainforest. Using a comprehensive range of structured protocols, we sampled the phylogenetic breadth of arthropod taxa from the soil to the forest canopy in the San Lorenzo forest, Panama. We collected 6,144 arthropod species from 0.48 ha and extrapolated total species richness to larger areas...

Data from: Heavily hunted wolves have higher stress and reproductive steroids than wolves with lower hunting pressure

Heather Bryan, Judit Smits, Lee Koren, Paul Paquet, Marco Musiani, Katherine Wynne-Edwards, Paul C. Paquet, Heather M. Bryan, Judit E. G. Smits & Katherine E. Wynne-Edwards
1. Human-caused harassment and mortality (e.g. hunting) affects many aspects of wildlife population dynamics and social structure. Little is known, however, about the social and physiological effects of hunting, which might provide valuable insights into the mechanisms by which wildlife respond to human-caused mortality. To investigate physiological consequences of hunting, we measured stress and reproductive hormones in hair, which reflect endocrine activity during hair growth. Applying this novel approach, we compared steroid hormone levels in...

Data from: Genomic and functional approaches reveal a case of adaptive introgression from Populus balsamifera (balsam poplar) in P. trichocarpa (black cottonwood)

Adriana Suarez-Gonzalez, Charles Hefer, Camille Christie, Oliver Corea, Christian Lexer, Quentin C. B. Cronk, Carl J. Douglas, Charles A. Hefer & Camille Christe
Natural hybrid zones in forest trees provide systems to study the transfer of adaptive genetic variation by introgression. Previous landscape genomic studies in Populus trichocarpa, a keystone tree species, indicated genomic footprints of admixture with its sister species P. balsamifera and identified candidate genes for local adaptation. Here, we explored patterns of introgression and signals of local adaptation in P. trichocarpa and P. balsamifera, employing genome resequencing data from three chromosomes in pure species and...

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