28 Works

Data from: Do temperate tree species diversity and identity influence soil microbial community function and composition?

Rim Khlifa, Alain Paquette, Christian Messier, Peter Reich, Alison Munson, Peter B. Reich & Alison D. Munson
Studies of biodiversity-ecosystem function in treed ecosystems have generally focused on aboveground functions. The present study investigates inter-trophic links between tree diversity and soil microbial community function and composition.We examined how microbial communities in surface mineral soil responded to experimental gradients of tree species richness (SR), functional diversity (FD), community-weighted mean trait value (CWM) and tree identity. The site was a 4-yr-old common garden experiment near Montreal, Canada, consisting of deciduous and evergreen tree species...

Data from: Effect of the early social environment on behavioural and genomic responses to a social challenge in a cooperatively breeding vertebrate

Cecilia Nyman, Stefan Fischer, Nadia Aubin-Horth & Barbara Taborsky
The early social environment can have substantial, lifelong effects on vertebrate social behaviour, which can be mediated by developmental plasticity of brain gene expression. Early life effects can influence immediate behavioural responses towards later-life social challenges and can activate different gene expression responses. However, while genomic responses to social challenges have been reported frequently, how developmental experience influences the shape of these genomic reaction norms remains largely unexplored. We tested how manipulating the early social...

Data from: Predicting the genetic impact of stocking in Brook Charr (Salvelinus fontinalis) by combining RAD sequencing and modeling of explanatory variables

Justine Létourneau, Anne-Laure Ferchaud, Jérémy Le Luyer, Martin Laporte, Dany Garant & Louis Bernatchez
In fisheries management, intensive stocking programs are commonly used to enhance population abundance and maintain stock productivity. However, such practices are increasingly raising concerns since multiple studies documented adverse genetic and evolutionary impacts of stocking on wild populations. Improvement of stocking management relies on a better understanding of the dynamic of introgressive hybridization between wild and domestic population and on assessment of the genetic state of wild populations after stocking cessation. In Québec, Canada, over...

Data from: Parallel and nonparallel genome-wide divergence among replicate population pairs of freshwater and anadromous Atlantic salmon

Charles Perrier, Vincent Bourret, Matthew P. Kent & Louis Bernatchez
Little is known about the genetic basis differentiating resident and anadromous forms found in many salmonid species. Using a medium-density SNP array, we documented genomic diversity and divergence at 2336 genetically mapped loci among three pairs of North American anadromous and freshwater Atlantic salmon populations. Our results show that across the genome, freshwater populations have lower diversity and a smaller proportion of private polymorphism relative to anadromous populations. Moreover, differentiation was more pronounced among freshwater...

Data from: Linking genetic and ecological differentiation in an ungulate with a circumpolar distribution

Glenn Yannic, Joaquín Ortego, Loïc Pellissier, Nicolas Lecomte, Louis Bernatchez & Steeve D. Côté
Genetic differentiation among populations may arise from the disruption of gene flow due to local adaptation to distinct environments and/or neutral accumulation of mutations and genetic drift resulted from geographical isolation. Quantifying the role of these processes in determining the genetic structure of natural populations remains challenging. Here, we analyze the relative contribution of isolation-by-resistance (IBR), isolation-by-environment (IBE), genetic drift and historical isolation in allopatry during Pleistocene glacial cycles on shaping patterns of genetic differentiation...

Data from: Investigating the extent of parallelism in morphological and genomic divergence among lake trout ecotypes in Lake Superior

Alysse Perreault-Payette, Andrew M. Muir, Frederick Goetz, Charles Perrier, Eric Normandeau, Pascal Sirois & Louis Bernatchez
Understanding the emergence of species through the process of ecological speciation is a central question in evolutionary biology which also has implications for conservation and management. Lake Trout (Salvelinus namaycush) is renowned for the occurrence of different ecotypes linked to resource and habitat use throughout North America. We aimed to unravel the fine genetic structure of the four Lake Trout ecotypes in Lake Superior. A total of 486 individuals from four sites were genotyped at...

Data from: Genomic patterns of diversity and divergence of two introduced salmonid species in Patagonia, South America

Shawn R. Narum, Pablo Gallardo, Cristian Correa, Amanda Matala, Daniel Hasselman, Ben J.G. Sutherland, Louis Bernatchez & Ben J. G. Sutherland
Invasive species have become widespread in aquatic environments throughout the world, yet there are few studies that have examined genomic variation of multiple introduced species in newly colonized environments. In this study, we contrast genomic variation in two salmonid species (anadromous Chinook Salmon, Oncorhynchus tshawytscha, 11,579 SNPs and resident Brook Charr Salvelinus fontinalis, 13,522 SNPs) with differing invasion success after introduction to new environments in South America relative to populations from their native range in...

Data from: Predator-mediated negative effects of overabundant snow geese on arctic-nesting shorebirds

Jean-François Lamarre, Pierre Legagneux, Gilles Gauthier, Eric T. Reed & Joël Bêty
Overabundant species can strongly impact ecosystem functioning through trophic cascades. The strong increase in several arctic geese populations, primarily due to changes in agricultural practices in temperate regions, can have severe direct impacts on tundra ecosystems through vegetation degradation. However, predator-mediated negative effects of goose overabundance on other tundra species can also be significant but are poorly understood. We tested the hypothesis that goose abundance negatively affects arctic-nesting shorebirds by increasing nest predation pressure. We...

Data from: No evidence for extrinsic post-zygotic isolation in a wild Saccharomyces yeast system

Guillaume Charron & Christian R. Landry
Although microorganisms account for the largest fraction of Earth's biodiversity, we know little about how their reproductive barriers evolve. Sexual microorganisms such as Saccharomyces yeasts rapidly develop strong intrinsic post-zygotic isolation, but the role of extrinsic isolation in the early speciation process remains to be investigated. We measured the growth of F1 hybrids between two incipient species of Saccharomyces paradoxus to assess the presence of extrinsic post-zygotic isolation across 32 environments. More than 80% of...

Data from: Genetic and genomic evidence of niche partitioning and adaptive radiation in mountain pine beetle fungal symbionts

Dario I. Ojeda Alayon, Clement K. M. Tsui, Nicolas Feau, Arnaud Capron, Braham Dhillon, Zhang Yiyuan, Sepideh Massoumi Alamouti, Celia K. Boone, Allan L. Carroll, Janice E.K. Cooke, Amanda D. Roe, Felix A. H. Sperling, Richard C. Hamelin, Janice E. K. Cooke & Yiyuan Zhang
Bark beetles form multipartite symbiotic associations with blue stain fungi (Ophiostomatales, Ascomycota). These fungal symbionts play an important role during the beetle's life cycle by providing nutritional supplementation, overcoming tree defences and modifying host tissues to favour brood development. The maintenance of stable multipartite symbioses with seemingly less competitive symbionts in similar habitats is of fundamental interest to ecology and evolution. We tested the hypothesis that the coexistence of three fungal species associated with the...

Data from: Sex matters in massive parallel sequencing: Evidence for biases in genetic parameter estimation and investigation of sex determination systems

Laura Benestan, Jean-Sébastien Moore, Ben J. G. Sutherland, Jérémy Le Luyer, Halim Maaroufi, Clément Rougeux, Eric Normandeau, Nathan Rycroft, Jelle Atema, Les N. Harris, Ross F. Tallman, Spencer J. Greenwood, K. Fraser Clark & Louis Bernatchez
Using massively parallel sequencing data from two species with different life history traits, American lobster (Homarus americanus) and Arctic Char (Salvelinus alpinus), we highlight how an unbalanced sex ratio in the samples and a few sex-linked markers may lead to false interpretations of population structure and thus to potentially erroneous management recommendations. Here, multivariate analyses revealed two genetic clusters separating samples by sex instead of by expected spatial variation; inshore and offshore locations in lobster,...

Data from: Genomic prediction accuracies in space and time for height and wood density of Douglas-fir using exome capture as the genotyping platform

Frances R. Thistlethwaite, Blaise Ratcliffe, Jaroslav Klápště, Ilga Porth, Charles Chen, Michael U. Stoehr & Yousry A. El-Kassaby
Background Genomic selection (GS) can offer unprecedented gains, in terms of cost efficiency and generation turnover, to forest tree selective breeding; especially for late expressing and low heritability traits. Here, we used: 1) exome capture as a genotyping platform for 1372 Douglas-fir trees representing 37 full-sib families growing on three sites in British Columbia, Canada and 2) height growth and wood density (EBVs), and deregressed estimated breeding values (DEBVs) as phenotypes. Representing models with (EBVs)...

Data from: Survival analysis and classification methods for forest fire size

Pier-Olivier Tremblay, Thierry Duchesne & Steven G. Cumming
Factors affecting wildland-fire size distribution include weather, fuels, and fire suppression activities. We present a novel application of survival analysis to quantify the effects of these factors on a sample of sizes of lightning-caused fires from Alberta, Canada. Two events were observed for each fire: the size at initial assessment (by the first fire fighters to arrive at the scene) and the size at "being held" (a state when no further increase in size is...

Data from: Simulated caribou browsing limits the effect of nutrient addition on the growth of Betula glandulosa, an expanding shrub species in Eastern Canada

Clara Morrissette-Boileau, Stéphane Boudreau, Jean-Pierre Tremblay & Steeve D. Côté
1.Warmer summer temperatures and enhanced soil fertility increase shrub growth in tundra ecosystems, and these factors have likely contributed to shrub expansion at the circumpolar scale over the last decades. Conversely, large herbivores have the potential to counteract the positive impacts of climate change on shrub growth. Indeed, by stripping the leaves, herbivores have the potential to control the growth of shrub species and, consequently, limit their expansion. 2.To disentangle the impacts of climate change...

Data from: Forest productivity mitigates human disturbance effects on late-seral prey exposed to apparent competitors and predators

Daniel Fortin, Florian Barnier, Pierre Drapeau, Thierry Duchesne, Claude Dussault, Sandra Heppell, Marie-Caroline Prima, Martin-Hugues St-Laurent & Guillaume Szor
Primary production can determine the outcome of management actions on ecosystem properties, thereby defining sustainable management. Yet human agencies commonly overlook spatio-temporal variations in productivity by recommending fixed resource extraction thresholds. We studied the influence of forest productivity on habitat disturbance levels that boreal caribou – a threatened, late-seral ungulate under top-down control – should be able to withstand. Based on 10 years of boreal caribou monitoring, we found that adult survival and recruitment to...

Data from: Distinct sources of gene flow produce contrasting population genetic dynamics at different range boundaries of a Choristoneura budworm

Gwylim S. Blackburn, Bryan M. T. Brunet, Kevin Muirhead, Michel Cusson, Catherine Béliveau, Roger C. Levesque, Lisa M. Lumley & Felix A. H. Sperling
Populations are often exposed to multiple sources of gene flow, but accounts are lacking of the population genetic dynamics that result from these interactions or their effects on local evolution. Using a genomic clines framework applied to 1195 SNPs, we documented genome-wide, locus-specific patterns of introgression between Choristoneura occidentalis biennis spruce budworms and two ecologically divergent relatives, C. o. occidentalis and C. fumiferana, that it interacts with at alternate boundaries of its range. We observe...

Data from: Complementary mechanisms for upright balance during walking

Hendrik Reimann, Tyler D. Fettrow, Elizabeth D. Thompson, Peter Agada, Bradford J. McFadyen & John J. Jeka
Lateral balance is a critical factor in keeping the human body upright during walking. Two important mechanisms for balance control are the stepping strategy, in which the foot placement is changed in the direction of a sensed fall to modulate how the gravitational force acts on the body, and the lateral ankle strategy, in which the body mass is actively accelerated by an ankle torque. Currently, there is minimal evidence about how these two strategies...

Data from: Genomics and telemetry suggest a role for migration harshness in determining overwintering habitat choice, but not gene flow, in anadromous Arctic Char

Jean-Sébastien Moore, Les N. Harris, Jérémy Le Luyer, Ben J.G. Sutherland, Quentin Rougemont, Ross F. Tallman, Aaron T. Fisk & Louis Bernatchez
Migration is a ubiquitous life history trait with profound evolutionary and ecological consequences. Recent developments in telemetry and genomics, when combined, can bring significant insights on the migratory ecology of non-model organisms in the wild. Here, we used this integrative approach to document dispersal, gene flow and potential for local adaptation in anadromous Arctic Char from six rivers in the Canadian Arctic. Acoustic telemetry data from 124 tracked individuals indicated asymmetric dispersal, with a large...

Data from: Null alleles are ubiquitous at microsatellite loci in the Wedge Clam (Donax trunculus)

Ciro Rico, Jose Antonio Cuesta, Pilar Drake, Enrique Macpherson, Louis Bernatchez & Amandine D. Marie
Recent studies have reported an unusually high frequency of nonamplifying alleles at microsatellite loci in bivalves. Null alleles have been associated with heterozygous deficits in many studies. While several studies have tested for its presence using different analytical tools, few have empirically tested for its consequences in estimating population structure and differentiation. We characterised 16 newly developed microsatellite loci and show that null alleles are ubiquitous in the wedge clam, Donax trunculus. We carried out...

Data from: Chronic exposure to neonicotinoids reduces honey bee health near corn crops

Nadejda Tsvetkov, Olivier Samson-Robert, Keshna Sood, Harshillkumar S. Patel, Daniel A. Malena, Pratik H. Gajiwala, Philip Maciukiewicz, Valerie Fournier & Amro Zayed
Experiments linking neonicotinoids and declining bee health have been criticized for not simulating realistic exposure. Here we quantified the duration and magnitude of neonicotinoid exposure in Canada’s corn-growing regions and used these data to design realistic experiments to investigate the effect of such insecticides on honey bees. Colonies near corn were naturally exposed to neonicotinoids for up to 4 months—the majority of the honey bee’s active season. Realistic experiments showed that neonicotinoids increased worker mortality...

Data from: Vegetation response to control of invasive Tamarix in southwestern US rivers: a collaborative study including 416 sites

Eduardo González, Anna A. Sher, Robert M. Anderson, Robin F. Bay, Daniel W. Bean, Gabriel J. Bissonnete, Bérenger Bourgeois, David J. Cooper, Kara Dohrenwend, Kim D. Eichhorst, Hisham El Waer, Deborah K. Kennard, Rebecca Harms-Weissinger, Annie L. Henry, Lori J. Makarick, Steven M. Ostoja, Lindsay V. Reynolds, W. Wright Robinson & Patrick B. Shafroth
Most studies assessing vegetation response following control of invasive Tamarix trees along southwestern U.S. rivers have been small in scale (e.g., river reach), or at a regional scale but with poor spatial-temporal replication, and most have not included testing the effects of a now widely-used biological control. We monitored plant composition following Tamarix control along hydrologic, soil and climatic gradients in 244 treated and 172 reference sites across six U.S. States. This represents the largest...

Data from: Coping with strong variations in winter severity: plastic habitat selection of deer at high density

Nicolas Courbin, Christian Dussault, Alexandre Veillette, Marie-Andrée Giroux & Steeve D. Côté
Few empirical studies on large herbivores considered how behavioral plasticity could enhance their capacity to cope with rapid and extreme changes in weather conditions at several spatiotemporal scales. During winter, large herbivores living under low predation pressure mainly trade-off benefits of forage acquisition with the costs of exposure to harsh weather conditions. We assessed the changes in this trade-off for white-tailed deer adult females on Anticosti Island (Canada) at different scales during 2 contrasted winters...

Data from: Many places called home: the adaptive value of seasonal adjustments in range fidelity

Alexandre Lafontaine, Pierre Drapeau, Daniel Fortin & Martin-Hugues St-Laurent
1. The vast majority of animal species display range fidelity, a space-use behaviour enhancing familiarity with local habitat features. While the fitness benefits of this behaviour have been demonstrated in a variety of taxa, some species or populations rather display infidelity, displacing their home range over time. Others, such as many ungulate species, show seasonal adjustments in their range fidelity to accommodate changes in the dominance of limiting factors or in the distribution of resources....

Data from: Characteristics of patients included and enrolled in studies on the prognostic value of serum biomarkers for prediction of post-concussion symptoms following a mild traumatic brain injury: a systematic review

Eric Mercier, Pier-Alexandre Tardif, Marcel Emond, Marie-Christine Ouellet, Élaine De Guise, Biswadev Mitra, Peter Cameron & Natalie Le Sage
Objective: Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) has been insufficiently researched and its definition remains elusive. Investigators are confronted by heterogeneity in patients, mechanism of injury and outcomes. Findings are thus often limited in generalizability and clinical application. Serum protein biomarkers are increasingly assessed to enhance prognostication of outcomes but their translation into clinical practice has yet to be achieved. A systematic review was performed to describe the adult populations included and enrolled in studies that...

Data from: Do genetic drift and accumulation of deleterious mutations preclude adaptation? Empirical investigation using RADseq in a northern lacustrine fish

Charles Perrier, Anne-Laure Ferchaud, Pascal Sirois, Isabel Thibault & Louis Bernatchez
Understanding genomic signatures of divergent selection underlying long-term adaptation in populations located in heterogeneous environments is a key goal in evolutionary biology. In this study, we investigated neutral, adaptive and deleterious genetic variation using 7,192 SNPs in 31 Lake Trout (Salvelinus namaycush) populations (n = 673) from Québec, Canada. Average genetic diversity was low, weakly shared among lakes, and positively correlated to lake size, indicating a major role for genetic drift subsequent to lake isolation....

Registration Year

  • 2017
    28

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    28

Affiliations

  • Université Laval
    28
  • University of Quebec at Montreal
    3
  • University of British Columbia
    3
  • Université du Québec à Rimouski
    3
  • University of Alberta
    2
  • Environment Canada
    2
  • Fisheries and Oceans Canada
    2
  • Canadian Forest Service
    2
  • Ministère des Forêts, de la Faune et des Parcs
    2
  • Estación Biológica de Doñana
    1