Data from: Strong and stable geographic differentiation of swamp buffalo maternal and paternal lineages indicates domestication in the China/Indochina border regionYi Zhang, Yongfang Lu, Marnoch Yindee, Kuan-Yi Li, Hsiao-Yun Kuo, Yu-Ten Ju, Shaohui Ye, , Qiang Li, Yachun Wang, Vu Chi Cuong, Lan Doan Pham, Bounthong Bouahom, Bingzhuang Yang, Xianwei Liang, Zhihua Cai, Dianne Vankan, Wallaya Manatchaiworakul, Nonglid Kowlim, Somphot Duangchantrasiri, Worawidh Wajjwalku, Ben Colenbrander, Yuan Zhang, Peter Beerli, Johannes A. Lenstra … & J. Stuart F. Barker
The swamp type of the Asian water buffalo is assumed to have been domesticated by about 4000 years BP, following the introduction of rice cultivation. Previous localizations of the domestication site were based on mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variation within China, accounting only for the maternal lineage. We carried out a comprehensive sampling of China, Taiwan, Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, Nepal and Bangladesh and sequenced the mtDNA Cytochrome b gene and control region and the Y-chromosomal ZFY,...
Data from: Population variation reveals independent selection towards small body size in Chinese Debao ponyAdiljan Kader, Yan Li, Kunzhe Dong, David M. Irwin, Qianjun Zhao, Xiaohong He, Jianfeng Liu, Yabin Pu, Neena Amatya Gorkhali, Xuexue Liu, Lin Jiang, Xiangchen Li, Weijun Guan, Yaping Zhang, Dong-Dong Wu & Yuehui Ma
Body size, one of the most important quantitative traits under evolutionary scrutiny, varies considerably among species and among populations within species. Revealing the genetic basis underlying this variation is very important, particularly in humans where there is a close relationship with diseases and in domestic animals as the selective patterns are associated with improvements in production traits. The Debao pony is a horse breed with small body size that is unique to China; however, it...
Data from: Impacts of environmental heterogeneity on moss diversity and distribution of Didymodon (Pottiaceae) in Tibet, ChinaShanshan Song, Xuehua Liu, Xueliang Bai, Yanbin Jiang, Xianzhou Zhang, Chengqun Yu & Xiaoming Shao
Tibet makes up the majority of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, often referred to as the roof of the world. Its complex landforms, physiognomy, and climate create a special heterogeneous environment for mosses. Each moss species inhabits its own habitat and ecological niche. This, in combination with its sensitivity to environmental change, makes moss species distribution a useful indicator of vegetation alteration and climate change. This study aimed to characterize the diversity and distribution of Didymodon (Pottiaceae)...
The domestic dog is becoming an increasingly valuable model species in medical genetics, showing particular promise to advance our understanding of cancer and orthopaedic disease. Here we undertake the largest canine genome-wide association study to date, with a panel of over 4,200 dogs genotyped at 180,000 markers, to accelerate mapping efforts. For complex diseases, we identify loci significantly associated with hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, idiopathic epilepsy, lymphoma, mast cell tumour and granulomatous colitis; for morphological...
Data from: Is diversification in male reproductive traits driven by evolutionary trade-offs between weapons and nuptial gifts?Xingyue Liu, Fumio Hayashi, Laura Corley Lavine & Ding Yang
Many male animals have evolved exaggerated traits that they use in combat with rival males to gain access to females and secure their reproductive success. But some male animals invest in nuptial gifts that gains them access to females. Both these reproductive strategies are costly in that resources are needed to produce the weapon or nuptial gift. In closely related species where both weapons and nuptial gifts are present, little is known about the potential...
Data from: Joint prediction of multiple quantitative traits using a Bayesian multivariate antedependence modelJicai Jiang, Qin Zhang, Li Ma, Junya Li, Zhiquan Wang & Jiangfeng Liu
Predicting organismal phenotypes from genotype data is important for preventive and personalized medicine as well as plant and animal breeding. Although genome-wide association studies (GWAS) for complex traits have discovered a large number of trait- and disease-associated variants, phenotype prediction based on associated variants is usually in low accuracy even for a high-heritability trait because these variants can typically account for a limited fraction of total genetic variance. In comparison with GWAS, the whole-genome prediction...
China Agricultural University6
University of Pennsylvania1
National Institute of Animal Sciences1
University of Queensland1
Tokyo Metropolitan University1
Inner Mongolia University1
Guangxi Buffalo Research Institute1
Anhui Science and Technology University1
Huazhong Agricultural University1