159 Works

Data from: Beyond neutral and forbidden links: morphological matches and the assembly of mutualistic hawkmoth-plant networks

Federico D. Sazatornil, Marcela Moré, Santiago Benitez-Vieyra, Andrea A. Cocucci, Ian J. Kitching, Boris O. Schlumpberger, Paulo E. Oliveira, Marlies Sazima & Felipe W. Amorim
A major challenge in evolutionary ecology is to understand how co-evolutionary processes shape patterns of interactions between species at community level. Pollination of flowers with long corolla tubes by long-tongued hawkmoths has been invoked as a showcase model of co-evolution. Recently, optimal foraging models have predicted that there might be a close association between mouthparts' length and the corolla depth of the visited flowers, thus favouring trait convergence and specialization at community level. Here, we...

Passagens entre o filme-ensaio e o documentário (revisões/problematizações)

Francisco Teixeira

Data from: Restriction site associated DNA (RAD) for de novo sequencing and marker discovery in sugarcane borer, Diatraea saccharalis Fab. (Lepidoptera: Crambidae)

Vitor A.C. Pavinato, Gabriel R.A. Margarido, Asela J. Wijeratne, Saranga Wijeratne, Tea Meulia, Anete P. Souza, Andrew P. Michel, Maria I. Zucchi & V. A. C. Pavinato
We present the development of a genomic library using RADseq (restriction site associated DNA sequencing) protocol for marker discovery that can be applied on evolutionary studies of the sugarcane borer Diatraea saccharalis, an important South American insect pest. A RADtag protocol combined with Illumina paired-end sequencing allowed de novo discovery of 12 811 SNPs and a high-quality assembly of 122.8M paired-end reads from six individuals, representing 40 Gb of sequencing data. Approximately 1.7 Mb of...

Data from: Influence of historical land use and modern agricultural expansion on the spatial and ecological divergence of sugarcane borer, Diatraea saccharalis (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) in Brazil

Vitor A.C. Pavinato, Andrew P. Michel, Jaqueline B. De Campos, Celso Omoto & Maria I. Zucchi
Human-mediated changes in landscapes can facilitate niche expansion and accelerate the adaptation of insect species. The interaction between the evolutionary history of the sugarcane borer, Diatraea saccharalis Fabricius, and historical and modern agricultural activity in Brazil shaped its spatial genetic structure, facilitating ecological divergence and incipient host-shifting. Based on microsatellite data, STRUCTURE analyses identified two (K=2) and three (K=3) significant genetic clusters that corresponded to: a) a strong signal of spatial genetic structure and, b)...

Data from: Resource-mediated indirect effects of grassland management on arthropod diversity

Nadja K. Simons, Martin M. Gossner, Thomas M. Lewinsohn, Steffen Boch, Markus Lange, Jörg Müller, Esther Pašalić, Stephanie A. Socher, Manfred Türke, Markus Fischer & Wolfgang W. Weisser
Intensive land use is a driving force for biodiversity decline in many ecosystems. In semi-natural grasslands, land-use activities such as mowing, grazing and fertilization affect the diversity of plants and arthropods, but the combined effects of different drivers and the chain of effects are largely unknown. In this study we used structural equation modelling to analyse how the arthropod communities in managed grasslands respond to land use and whether these responses are mediated through changes...

Data from: Out of the Andes: patterns of diversification in clearwing butterflies

Marianne Elias, Mathieu Joron, Keith Willmott, Vera Kaiser, Karina Silva-Brandão, Carlos Arias, Luz Miryam Gomez Piñeres, Sandra Uribe, Andrew Brower, André Freitas & Chris Jiggins
Global biodiversity peaks in the tropical forests of the Andes, a striking geological feature that has likely been instrumental in generating biodiversity by providing opportunities for both vicariant and ecological speciation. However, the role of these mountains in the diversification of insects, which dominate biodiversity, has been poorly explored using phylogenetic methods. Here we study the role of the Andes in the evolution of a diverse Neotropical insect group, the clearwing butterflies. We used dated...

Data from: Ant–caterpillar antagonism at the community level: interhabitat variation of tritrophic interactions in a neotropical savanna

Sebastián Sendoya & Paulo Oliveira
1. Ant foraging on foliage can substantially affect how phytophagous insects use host plants and represents a high predation risk for caterpillars, which are important folivores. Ant–plant–herbivore interactions are especially pervasive in cerrado savanna due to continuous ant visitation to liquid food sources on foliage (extrafloral nectaries, insect honeydew). While searching for liquid rewards on plants, aggressive ants frequently attack or kill insect herbivores, decreasing their numbers. Because ants vary in diet and aggressiveness, their...

Data from: Low temperature reveals genetic variability against male-killing Spiroplasma in Drosophila melanogaster natural populations

Iuri Matteuzzo Ventura, Thais Costa & Louis Bernard Klaczko
Spiroplasma endosymbionts are maternally inherited microorganisms which infect many arthropod species. In some Drosophila species, it acts as a reproductive manipulator, spreading in populations by killing the sons of infected mothers. Distinct Drosophila melanogaster populations from Brazil exhibit variable male-killing Spiroplasma prevalences. In this study, we investigated the presence of variability for the male-killing phenotype among Drosophila and/or Spiroplasma strains and verified if it correlates with the endosymbiont prevalence in natural populations. For that, we...

Caracterização mecânica de misturas de solos com areia descartada de fundição (ADF), com utilização de ultrassom.

Arnoldo Mesquita Filho
Trata-se de um projeto de pesquisa de pesquisa utilizando ultrassom para se obter as constantes elásticas em Areia Descartada de fundição para uso em base e sub-base de pavimentação.

Extrato da casca de jabuticaba (Myrciaria jaboticaba) como terapia adjuvante à ablação androgênica no câncer de próstata resistente à castração: estudo da apoptose, dos mecanismos de neovascularização tumoral e de novos biomarcadores

Fabio Montico
Prostate cancer (PCa) is the second most common cancer in men and its progression requires the development of a new vascular network to supply oxygen and nutrients to the tumor. This phenomenon can occur from preexisting vessels, thus defining angiogenesis, or through vessel-independent mechanisms, such as vasculogenic mimicry (VM), which has been registered mainly in aggressive and metastatic tumors. In the prostate, the standard protocol for treating advanced tumor stages is androgen deprivation therapy (ADT)...

Doc-Online n. 26. Imagens e sons documentais

Manuela Penafria & Marcius Freire

Framing Interaction Anchorage in Mediatized Groups

Fernando Cavalcante & Michael Hanke

Remote Sensing Applications for Abating Aircraft–Bird Strike Risks in Southeast Brazil

Natalia S. Novoselova, Alexey A. Novoselov, Arthur Macarrão, Guilherme Gallo-Ortiz & Wesley Rodrigues Silva
The rising number of aircraft collisions with birds requires the development of appropriate mitigation measures to control their populations in the vicinity of airports. The black vulture (Coragyps atratus; vultures) is considered one of the most dangerous species for aviation in Brazil. To better understand the spatial distribution patterns of flying vultures and the risks they may pose to aviation, we studied natural and anthropogenic superficial factors and then numerically estimated and mapped the risk...

Uma etnografia de dentro para fora: ensaios sobre o cinema indígena

Luiz Daminello

Data from: Unravelling the role of allochthonous aquatic resources to food web structure in a tropical riparian forest

Fátima Carolina Recalde Ruiz, Thaís Cifuentes Postali & Gustavo Q. Romero
1. The role of matter and energy flow across ecosystem boundaries for subsidized consumer populations is well known. However, little is known on the effects of allochthonous subsidies on food web structure and trophic niche dimensions of consumers in the tropics. 2. We excluded allochthonous aquatic insects from tropical streams using greenhouse-type exclosures to test the influence of aquatic allochthonous subsidies on the trophic structure and niche dimensions of terrestrial predators using stable isotope methods....

Data from: High specialization and limited structural change in plant‐herbivore networks along a successional chronosequence in tropical montane forest

Conor M. Redmond, John Auga, Bradley Gewa, Simon T. Segar, Scott E. Miller, Kenneth Molem, George D. Weiblen, Phillip T. Butterill, Gibson Maiyah, Amelia S.C. Hood, Martin Volf, Leonardo R. Jorge, Yves Basset, Vojtech Novotny, Philip T. Butterill & Amelia S. C. Hood
Secondary succession is well‐understood, to the point of being predictable for plant communities, but the successional changes in plant‐herbivore interactions remains poorly explored. This is particularly true for tropical forests, despite the increasing importance of early successional stages in tropical landscapes. Deriving expectations from successional theory, we examine properties of plant‐herbivore interaction networks while accounting for host phylogenetic structure along a succession chronosequence in montane rainforest in Papua New Guinea. We present one of the...

Data from: Evaluation of the psychometric properties of the Brazilian version of the Oral Health Literacy Assessment in Spanish and development of a shortened form of the instrument

Fernanda Maria Rovai Bado, Flávio Rebustini, Lisa Jamieson, Karine Laura Cortellazzi & Fábio Luiz Mialhe
Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties of the Oral Health Literacy Assessment in Spanish (OHLA-S) for the Brazilian-Portuguese language using robust analysis and with the results disclose possibilities to develop a shorter and more valid instrument. Methods: OHLA-S is an oral health literacy instrument comprising a word recognition section and a comprehension section. It consists of 24 dental words. It was translated into the Brazilian-Portuguese language (OHLA-B) and its...

Data from: Mating system and effective population size of the overexploited Neotropical tree (Myroxylon peruiferum L.f.) and their impact on seedling production

Ellida De Aguiar Silvestre, Kaiser Dias Schwarcz, Carolina Grando, Jaqueline Bueno De Campos, Patricia Sanae Sujii, Evandro Vagner Tambarussi, Camila Menezes Trindade Macrini, José Baldin Pinheiro, Pedro Henrique Santin Brancalion & Maria Imaculada Zucchi
The reproductive system of a tree species has substantial impact on genetic diversity and structure within and among natural populations. Such information, should be considered when planning tree planting for forest restoration. Here, we describe the mating system and genetic diversity of an overexploited Neotropical tree, Myroxylon peruiferum L.f. (Fabaceae) sampled from a forest remnant (10 seed trees and 200 seeds) and assess whether the effective population size of nursery-grown seedlings (148 seedlings) is sufficient...

Data from: Metapopulation dynamics of the mistletoe and its host in savanna areas with different fire occurrence

Grazielle Sales Teodoro, Eduardo Van Den Berg & Rafael Arruda
Mistletoes are aerial hemiparasitic plants which occupy patches of favorable habitat (host trees) surrounded by unfavorable habitat and may be possibly modeled as a metapopulation. A metapopulation is defined as a subdivided population that persists due to the balance between colonization and extinction in discrete habitat patches. Our aim was to evaluate the dynamics of the mistletoe Psittacanthus robustus and its host Vochysia thyrsoidea in three Brazilian savanna areas using a metapopulation approach. We also...

Data from: Functional traits and environmental conditions predict community isotopic niches and energy pathways across spatial scales

Olivier Dézerald, Diane S. Srivastava, Régis Céréghino, Jean-François Carrias, Bruno Corbara, Vinicius F. Farjalla, Céline Leroy, Nicholas A. C. Marino, Gustavo C. O. Piccoli, Barbara A. Richardson, Michael J. Richardson, Gustavo Q. Romero & Angélica L. González
1. Despite ongoing research in food web ecology and functional biogeography, the links between food-web structure, functional traits and environmental conditions across spatial scales remain poorly understood. Trophic niches, defined as the amount of energy and elemental space occupied by species and food webs, may help bridge this divide. 2. Here, we ask how the functional traits of species, the environmental conditions of habitats and the spatial scale of analysis jointly determine the characteristics of...

Data from: Comparative analysis of adaptive and neutral markers of Drosophila mediopunctata populations dispersed among forest fragments

Marcos R. D. Batista, Rafael E. S. Penha, Silvia H. Sofia & Louis B. Klaczko
Comparison of adaptive and neutral genetic markers is a valuable approach to characterize the evolutionary consequences of populations living in environments threatened by anthropogenic disturbances, such as forest fragmentation. Shifts in allele frequencies, low genetic variability, and a small effective population size can be considered clear signs of forest fragmentation effects (due to genetic drift) over natural populations, while adaptive responses correlate with environmental variables. Brazilian Atlantic Forest had its landscape drastically reduced and fragmented....

Data from: Temporal variation in the abundance and richness of foliage-dwelling ants mediated by extrafloral nectar

Ceres Belchior, Sebastián F. Sendoya & Kleber Del-Claro
Plants bearing extrafloral nectaries (EFNs) are common in the Brazilian cerrado savanna, where climatic conditions having marked seasonality influence arboreal ant fauna organization. These ant-plant interactions have rarely been studied at community level. Here, we tested whether: 1) EFN-bearing plants are more visited by ants than EFN-lacking plants; 2) ant visitation is higher in the rainy season than in dry season; 3) plants producing young leaves are more visited than those lacking young leaves in...

Data from: Partitioning the net effect of host diversity on an emerging amphibian pathogen

C. Guilherme Becker, David Rodriguez, Luís Felipe Toledo, Ana V. Longo, Carolina Lambertini, Décio T. Corrêa, Domingos S. Leite, Célio F. B. Haddad, Kelly R. Zamudio & D. T. Correa
The ‘dilution effect’ (DE) hypothesis predicts that diverse host communities will show reduced disease. The underlying causes of pathogen dilution are complex, because they involve non-additive (driven by host interactions and differential habitat use) and additive (controlled by host species composition) mechanisms. Here, we used measures of complementarity and selection traditionally employed in the field of biodiversity–ecosystem function (BEF) to quantify the net effect of host diversity on disease dynamics of the amphibian-killing fungus Batrachochytrium...

Data from: Evolutionary history as a driver of ecological networks: a case study of plant-hummingbird interactions

Rômulo S. Vitória, Jeferson Vizentin-Bugoni & Leandro D.S. Duarte
Multiple factors drive species interactions in ecological networks, such as morphological barriers, spatio-temporal distribution, abundances and evolutionary histories of species. Novel methods are making it possible to evaluate the relative importance of each of these drivers. However, the lack of appropriate methods has prevented evaluating the extent to which interaction networks are shaped by species’ evolutionary histories. This study includes the evolutionary histories of species among the potential drivers of interactions, allowing the comparative analysis...

Acaulescence promotes speciation and shapes the distribution patterns of palms in Neotropical seasonally dry habitats

Cibele Cássia-Silva, Rafael Silva Oliveira, Lílian P. Sales, Cíntia G. Freitas, Lucas Jardim, Thaíse Emilio, Christine D. Bacon & Rosane G. Collevatti
Rainforests have been a source of lineages to open and seasonally dry habitats throughout Angiosperm evolution, especially in the Neotropics. However, the underlying mechanisms that allow such shifts remain poorly understood at large spatial scales. Here, we test whether acaulescence (an underground stem or a very short stem concealed in the ground) has affected the colonization and speciation in Neotropical seasonally dry habitats by cocosoid palms (Cocoseae). Acaulescent species maintain their growth underground, which increases...

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