79 Works

'Grey crossroads' in cultural heritage preservation and resource management

Luisa De Biagi & Roberto Puccinelli

Nautici in blu

Marina Locritani, Maria Rapini & Silvia Merlino
Gli Istituti Tecnici Nautici diffusi in diverse regioni d’Italia, hanno come scopo istituzionale la formazione di base dei futuri ufficiali di coperta e di macchina per navi mercantili e di linea. Nonostante questo sia il loro obiettivo prioritario, è sempre più diffusa la tendenza a realizzare percorsi formativi che amplino le possibilità di crescita professionale e culturale degli studenti in modo che, al termine del loro percorso scolastico, possano avere la capacità di orientarsi anche...

Data from: Deeply divergent sympatric mitochondrial lineages of the earthworm Lumbricus rubellus are not reproductively isolated

Iwona Giska, Pierfrancesco Sechi & Wiesław Babik
Background: The accurate delimitation of species is essential to numerous areas of biological research. An unbiased assessment of the diversity, including the cryptic diversity, is of particular importance for the below ground fauna, a major component of global biodiversity. On the British Isles, the epigeic earthworm Lumbricus rubellus, which is a sentinel species in soil ecotoxicology, consists of two cryptic taxa that are differentiated in both the nuclear and the mitochondrial (mtDNA) genomes. Recently, several...

Data from: “Darwin’s corollary” and cytoplasmic incompatibility induced by Cardinium may contribute to speciation in Encarsia wasps (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae)

Marco Gebiola, Suzanne E. Kelly, Peter Hammerstein, Massimo Giorgini, Molly S. Hunter & Martha S. Hunter
The potential importance of cytoplasmic incompatibility (CI) – inducing bacterial symbionts in speciation of their arthropod hosts has been debated. Theoretical advances have led to a consensus that a role is plausible when CI is combined with other isolating barriers. However, the insect model systems Nasonia and Drosophila are the only two experimental examples documented. Here we analyzed the components of reproductive isolation between the parasitoid wasp Encarsia suzannae, which is infected by the CI-inducing...

Data from: Introgression from modern hybrid varieties into landrace populations of maize (Zea mays ssp. mays L.) in central Italy

Elena Bitocchi, Laura Nanni, Monica Rossi, Domenico Rau, Elisa Bellucci, Alessandro Giardini, Anna Buonamici, Giovanni G Vendramin & Roberto Papa
Landraces are domesticated local plant varieties that did not experienced a deliberate and intensive selection during a formal breeding programme. In Europe, maize landraces are still cultivated, particularly in marginal areas where traditional farming is often practised. Here, we have studied the evolution of flint maize landraces from central Italy over 50 years of on-farm cultivation, when dent hybrid varieties were introduced and their use was widespread. We have compared an 'old' collection, obtained during...

Specialized terminology limits the citability of scientific papers

Alejandro Martinez & Stefano Mammola
Words are the building blocks of communicating science. As our understanding of the world progresses, scientific disciplines naturally enrich their specialized vocabulary (jargon). However, in the era of interdisciplinarity, the use of jargon may hinder effective communication amongst scientists that do not share a common scientific background. The question of how jargon limits the transmission of scientific knowledge has long been debated but rarely addressed quantitatively. We explored the relationship between the use of jargon...

From glacial refugia to hydrological microrefugia: factors and processes driving the persistence of the climate relict tree Zelkova sicula

Giuseppe Garfi
With only two tiny populations, the climate relict Zelkova sicula (Sicily, Italy) is one of the rarest trees in the world. It also represents the most marginal member of genus Zelkova that was widespread in the broadleaved forests thriving in warm-temperate climates throughout Eurasia until the Last Glacial Age. Occurring at the westernmost range of the genus under typical Mediterranean climate, the micro-topographic settings have always appeared crucial for the survival of this Sicilian relict....

Leaf flammbility and volatiles of Ginkgo, Agathis, and Dicksonia

Rebecca Dewhirst, Sarah Baker, Jennifer McElwain, Matthew Haworth & Claire Belcher
The Triassic-Jurassic Boundary marks the third largest mass extinction event in the Phanerozoic, characterised by a rise in CO2-concentrations from ~600 ppm to ~2100 – 2400ppm, coupled with a ~3.0 – 4.0°C temperature rise. This is hypothesized to have induced major floral turnover, altering vegetation structure, composition and leaf morphology, which in turn are hypothesized to have driven changes in wildfire. However, the effects of elevated CO2 on fuel properties, such as chemical composition of...

Data from: All is fish that comes to the net: metabarcoding for rapid fisheries catch assessment

Lorenzo Talarico, Tommaso Russo, Giulia Maiello, Charles Baillie, Giuliano Colosimo, Lorenzo D'Andrea, Federico Di Maio, Fabio Fiorentino, Simone Franceschini, Germana Garofalo, Dario Scannella, Stefano Cataudella & Stefano Mariani
AbstractMonitoring marine resource exploitation is a key activity in fisheries science and biodiversity conservation. Since research surveys are time-consuming and costly, fishery-dependent data (i.e. derived directly from fishing vessels) are increasingly credited with a key role in expanding the reach of ocean monitoring. Fishing vessels may be seen as widely ranging data-collecting platforms, which could act as a fleet of sentinels for monitoring marine life, in particular exploited stocks. Here, we investigate the possibility of...

Mediterranean Sea - High Resolution Diurnal Subskin Sea Surface Temperature Analysis

EU Copernicus Marine Service Mediterranean Sea - High Resolution Diurnal Subskin Sea Surface Temperature Analysis Product

Extracting Value from Grey Literature: processes and technologies for aggregating and analyzing the hidden “big data” treasure of organizations

GABRIELE MOTTA, Roberto Puccinelli, Lisa Reggiani & Massimiliano Saccone

Academic blogging consequences for Open Science: a first insight into their potential impact

Carla Basili & Luisa De Biagi

Open Educational Resources and Library & Information Science: towards a common framework for methodological approaches and technical solutions

Roberto Puccinelli, Lisa Reggiani, Massimiliano Sacconne & Luciana Trufelli
Openness, flexibility, innovative approaches, digital dimension, liquidity and high granularity characterize Open Educational Resources (OERs), which therefore are grey literature par excellence. OERs possess these features to a much greater extent than does the Open Science (OS) galaxy, because the manifold constellation of education is broader and much more multifaceted and transversal than the scientific and scholarly community, that is still, for the most part, Polanyi's and Merton's autonomous Republic of Science. Indeed, the peculiarities...

Research product repositories: Strategies for data and metadata quality control

Luisa De Biagi, Roberto Puccinelli, Massimiliano Saccone & Luciano Trufelli
In recent years a significant effort has been spent by R&D institutions and scientific information stakeholders in general to enhance and improve the quality of Open Access initiatives and the performance of the associated services. Nevertheless much work is still needed to tackle pending data quality issues. This paper proposes some functional and organizational solutions, based on the cooperation of all the main actors of the R&D system, which in our view should help improving...

A new approach to assessing the space use behaviour of macroinvertebrates by automated video tracking

Milad Shokri, Francesco Cozzoli, Mario Ciotti, Vojsava Gjoni, Vanessa Marrocco, Fabio Vignes & Alberto BASSET

RETRACE-3D Central Italy Geological Model

Mauro Buttinelli, Francesco Emanuele Maesano, Lorenzo Petracchini, Chiara D'Ambrogi, Davide Scrocca, Daniela Di Bucci, Roberto Basili, Pierluigi Cara, Sergio Castenetto, Roberta Giuliani, Ilaria Salvi, Sabina Bigi, Gian Paolo Cavinato, Michele Di Filippo, Paolo Messina, Raffaele Castaldo, Vincenzo De Novellis, Susi Pepe, Giuseppe Solaro, Pietro Tizzani, Marco Anzidei, Christian Bignami, Lorenzo Bonini, Pierfrancesco Burrato, Daniele Cheloni … & Renato Ventura
Three-dimensional geological model of the area of the central Apennines affected by the 2016-2018 seismic sequence. The model consists of stratigraphic surfaces (top or basal unconformity of units, or sequences of units, with homogeneous behavior) and main faults of the area. The stratigraphic surfaces are, from the oldest to the most recent: the top of pre-Upper Triassic units, the top of the intra-Triassic units, the top of Calcare Massiccio, the top of the Marne a...

Mnamon: Disco di Festo

Maurizio Del Freo
Introduzione critica al disco di Festo, risorse elettroniche e bibliografia.

Mnamon: Geroglifico cretese

Maurizio Del Freo
Introduzione critica al geroglifico cretese, risorse elettroniche e bibliografia.

Data from: Recent population decline and selection shape diversity of taxol-related genes

Concetta Burgarella, Miguel Navascués, Mario Zabal-Aguirre, Elisa Berganzo, Miquel Riba, María Mayol, Giovanni G. Vendramin & Santiago C. González-Martínez
Taxanes are defensive metabolites produced by Taxus species (yews) and used in anticancer therapies. Despite their medical interest, patterns of natural diversity in taxane related genes are unknown. We examined variation at five main taxol-related genes of T. baccata in the Iberian Peninsula, a region where unique yew genetic resources are endangered. We looked at several gene features and applied complementary neutrality tests, including diversity/divergence tests, tests solely based on site-frequency spectrum and Zeng’s compound...

A droplet reactor on a super-hydrophobic surface allows control and characterization of amyloid fibril growth

Peng Zhang, Enzo Di Fabrizio, Manola Moretti, Marco Allione, Yuansi Tian, Javier Ordonez-Loza, Davide Altamura, Cinzia Giannini, Bruno Torre, Gobind Das, Erqiang Li, Sigurdur T. Thoroddsen, Mani Sarathy, Ida Autiero, Andrea Giugni, Francesco Gentile, Natalia Malara & Monica Marini
Methods to produce protein amyloid fibrils, in vitro, and in situ structure characterization, are of primary importance in biology, medicine, and pharmacology. We first demonstrated the droplet on a super-hydrophobic substrate as the reactor to produce protein amyloid fibrils with real-time monitoring of the growth process by using combined light-sheet microscopy and thermal imaging. The molecular structures were characterized by Raman spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction and X-ray scattering. We demonstrated that the convective flow induced by...

Gene-drive suppression of mosquito populations in large cages as a bridge between lab and field

Andrew Hammond, Paola Pollegioni, Tania Persampieri, Ace North, Roxana Minuz, Alessandro Trusso, Alessandro Bucci, Kyros Kyrou, Ioanna Morianou, Alekos Simoni, Tony Nolan, Ruth Müller & Andrea Crisanti
CRISPR-based gene-drives targeting the gene doublesex in the malaria vector Anopheles gambiae effectively suppressed the reproductive capability of mosquito populations reared in small laboratory cages. To bridge the gap between laboratory and the field, this gene-drive technology must be challenged with vector ecology. Here we report the suppressive activity of the gene-drive in age-structured An. gambiae populations in large indoor cages that permit complex feeding and reproductive behaviours. The gene-drive element spreads rapidly through the...

Data from: In situ genetic association for serotiny, a fire-related trait, in Mediterranean maritime pine (Pinus pinaster Aiton)

Katharina B. Budde, Myriam Heuertz, Ana Hernández-Serrano, Juli G. Pausas, Giovanni G. Vendramin, Miguel Verdú & Santiago C. González-Martínez
Wildfire is a major ecological driver of plant evolution. Understanding the genetic basis of plant adaptation to wildfire is crucial, because impending climate change will involve fire regime changes worldwide. We studied the molecular genetic basis of serotiny, a fire-related trait, in Mediterranean maritime pine using association genetics. A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) set was used to identify genotype : phenotype associations in situ in an unstructured natural population of maritime pine (eastern Iberian Peninsula)...

Global Observed Ocean Physics 3D Quasi-Geostrophic Currents (OMEGA3D)

EU Copernicus Marine Service Global Observed Ocean Physics 3D Quasi-Geostrophic Currents (OMEGA3D) Product

Life-history responses of a freshwater rotifer to copper pollution

Federica R. Schanz, Stefan Sommer, Andrea Lami, Diego Fontaneto & Arpat Ozgul
In organisms with dormant stages, life-history responses to past pollution can be studied retrospectively. Here, we study such responses in a rotifer (Brachionus calyciflorus) from the once heavily copper-polluted Lake Orta (Italy). We extracted resting eggs from sediments, established clonal lineages from hatchlings, and exposed newborns of these lineages to one of three copper concentrations that each mimicked a specific period in the lake’s pollution history. For each rotifer, we daily collected life-table data. We...

Black Sea - High Resolution and Ultra High Resolution L3S Sea Surface Temperature

EU Copernicus Marine Service Black Sea - High Resolution and Ultra High Resolution L3S Sea Surface Temperature Product

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  • National Research Council
  • Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV)
  • Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa
  • Marche Polytechnic University
  • University of Bologna
  • University of Padua
  • Data Archiving and Networked Services
  • University of Georgia
  • University of Genoa
  • Lund University