91 Works

Data from: Molecular and morphological diversity of on-farm hazelnut (Corylus avellana L.) landraces from southern Europe and their role in the origin and diffusion of cultivated germplasm

P. Boccacci, M. Aramini, N. Valentini, L. Bacchetta, M. Rovira, P. Drogoudi, A. P. Silva, A. Solar, F. Calizzano, V. Erdoğan, V. Cristofori, L. F. Ciarmiello, C. Contessa, J. J. Ferreira, F. P. Marra & R. Botta
Hazelnut (Corylus avellana L.) is a traditional nut crop in southern Europe. Germplasm exploration conducted on-farm in five countries (Portugal, Spain, Italy, Slovenia, and Greece) identified 77 landraces. The present work describes phenotypic variation in nut and husk traits and investigates genetic relationships using 10 simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers among these landraces, 57 well-known references cultivars, and 19 wild accessions. Among the 77 landraces, 42 had unique fingerprints while 35 showed a SSR profile...

Data from: Genetic evidence for a Janzen-Connell recruitment pattern in reproductive offspring of Pinus halepensis trees.

Ofer Steinitz, David Troupin, Giovanni G Vendramin & Ran Nathan
Effective seed dispersal, combining both dispersal and post-dispersal (establishment) processes, determines population dynamics and colonization ability in plants. According to the Janzen-Connell (JC) model, high mortality near the mother plant shifts the offspring establishment distribution farther away from the mother plant relative to the seed dispersal distribution. Yet, extending this prediction to the distribution of mature (reproductive) offspring remains a challenge for long-living plants. To address this challenge we selected an isolated natural Aleppo pine...

Data from: Spatial genetic structure in continuous and fragmented populations of Pinus pinaster Aiton

Ana De-Lucas, Santiago González-Martínez, Giovanni G Vendramin, Elena Hidalgo & Myriam Heuertz
Habitat fragmentation, i.e., the reduction of populations into small isolated remnants, is expected to increase spatial genetic structure (SGS) in plant populations through non-random mating, lower population densities and potential aggregation of reproductive individuals. We investigated the effects of population size reduction and genetic isolation on SGS in maritime pine (Pinus pinaster Aiton) using a combined experimental and simulation approach. Maritime pine is a wind-pollinated conifer which has a scattered distribution in the Iberian Peninsula...

Data from: Comparison of pollen gene flow among four European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) populations characterized by different management regimes

Andrea Piotti, Stefano Leonardi, Joukje Buiteveld, Thomas Geburek, Sophie Gerber, Koen Kramer, Cristina Vettori & Giovanni G. Vendramin
The study of dispersal capability of a species can provide essential information for the management and conservation of its genetic variability. Comparison of gene flow rates among populations characterized by different management and evolutionary histories allows one to decipher the role of factors such as isolation and tree density on gene movements. We used two paternity analysis approaches and different strategies to handle possible presence of genotyping errors to obtain robust estimates of pollen flow...

Uomini e fauna a Foresta: il contesto paleoambientale

Maria Rita Palombo
The mammalian footprints identified so far in the Foresta Ichnosite (two short tracks – Proboscipeda panfamilia and Hippipeda, and few isolated footprints - ?Ursichnus europaeus and Artiodactipedida) are analyzed in the context of evolutionary dynamics of large mammal faunas and palaeoenvironmental changes during the Middle Pleistocene (MIS13-MIS6). The presence at Foresta of footprints impressed in a short time during the MIS 10 final stages by mammals preferring different environments highlights the potential of further in-depth...

A major combustion aerosol event had a negligible impact on the atmospheric ice-nucleating particle population

Michael Adams, Mark Tarn, Alberto Sanchez-Marroquin, Grace Porter, Daniel O'Sullivan, Alexander Harrison, Zhiqiang Cui, Jesús Vergara Temprado, Federico Carotenuto, Mark Holden, Martin Daily, Thomas Whale, Sebastien Sikora, Ian Burke, Jung-uk Shim, Jim McQuaid & Benjamin Murray
Clouds containing supercooled water are important for both climate and weather, but our knowledge of which aerosol particle types nucleate ice in these clouds is far from complete. Combustion aerosols have strong anthropogenic sources and if these aerosol types were to nucleate ice in clouds they might exert a climate forcing. Here, we quantified the atmospheric ice-nucleating particle (INP) concentrations during the UK’s annual Bonfire Night celebrations, which are characterised by strong anthropogenic emissions of...

International identification and ‘white and grey literature’: Identities, retrieval, reuse and the certainty of knowledge while sharing and connecting information

Flavia Cancedda & Luisa De Biagi

Development trends of CNR's scientific research as a result of the production of grey literature: Capture and analysis

Anna Maria Campanile
An organisation carrying out research at a scientific level, such as the National Research Council (C.N.R.), inevitably has to face two problems, namely how to publicise to the outer world the results of research carried out under its auspices and, at the same time, how to supply its researchers with information material providing an indispensable back-up for further progress. The scientific activity of researchers implicitly defines the body's chosen course and guidelines in the realm...

Data from: Integrated network analysis identifies fight-club nodes as a class of hubs encompassing key putative switch genes that induce major transcriptome reprogramming during grapevine development

Maria Concetta Palumbo, Sara Zenoni, Marianna Fasoli, Mélanie Massonnet, Lorenzo Farina, Filippo Castiglione, Mario Pezzotti & Paola Paci
We developed an approach that integrates different network-based methods to analyze the correlation network arising from large-scale gene expression data. By studying grapevine (Vitis vinifera) and tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) gene expression atlases and a grapevine berry transcriptomic data set during the transition from immature to mature growth, we identified a category named “fight-club hubs” characterized by a marked negative correlation with the expression profiles of neighboring genes in the network. A special subset named “switch...

Black Sea Ocean Colour Plankton and Transparency NRT L4 daily and monthly observations

Black Sea Ocean Colour Plankton and Transparency NRT L4 daily and monthly observations Product

Mediterranean Sea High Resolution and Ultra High Resolution Sea Surface Temperature Analysis

EU Copernicus Marine Service Mediterranean Sea High Resolution and Ultra High Resolution Sea Surface Temperature Analysis Product

Black Sea - High Resolution L4 Sea Surface Temperature Reprocessed

EU Copernicus Marine Service Black Sea - High Resolution L4 Sea Surface Temperature Reprocessed Product

Black Sea High Resolution and Ultra High Resolution Sea Surface Temperature Analysis

EU Copernicus Marine Service Black Sea High Resolution and Ultra High Resolution Sea Surface Temperature Analysis Product

Multi Observation Global Ocean Sea Surface Salinity and Sea Surface Density

EU Copernicus Marine Service Multi Observation Global Ocean Sea Surface Salinity and Sea Surface Density Product

Mnamon: Lineare B

Maurizio Del Freo
Introduzione critica alla lineare B, risorse elettroniche e bibliografia.

Mnamon: Lineare A

Maurizio Del Freo
Introduzione critica alla lineare A, risorse elettroniche e bibliografia.

Deliverable 3.2.1: A technical report on the assessment of the capabilities and limitations of advanced optical satellite missions for snow, vegetation, and gas flaring mapping applications in Arctic areas

Alison Beamish, Christopher C. M. Kyba, Jacqueline Coesfeld, Sabine Chabrillat, Roberto Salzano & Rosamaria Salvatori
Project: "Integrative and Comprehensive Understanding on Polar Environments (iCUPE)", WP3: "Satellite remote sensing of Arctic surfaces", Task 3.2: "Optical satellite remote sensing"

The Italian grey literature in SIGLE in the scientific-technical fields

A. Pagamonci
The central role of the Italian National Research Council (CNR) within the national scientific and technological research policy is pointed out. Particular reference is given to the increasing size of its activities at the European and international levels. In this framework, the role of the central library acquires a new complimentary value in the relationship between research activities and scientific information. This explains why CNR was selected, at the national level, as the most qualified...

The dry grasslands of Abruzzo National Park, the oldest protected area in the Apennines (Central Italy): overview of vegetation composition, syntaxonomy, ecology and diversity

Laura Cancellieri, Leonardo Rosati, Michele Brunetti, Leone Davide Mancini, Riccardo Primi, Bruno Ronchi, anna scoppola & Goffredo FILIBECK
The Abruzzo, Lazio and Molise National Park was established in 1923 and is considered a flagship conservation area in Italy. It includes large extensions of semi-natural grasslands, maintained by tradi-tional transhumant grazing for centuries. The patterns and drivers of grassland composition within the Park are still poorly investigated, and the scattered phytosociological data available were often based on relevés with varied and not precisely defined sizes.In order to provide for the first time a general...

Apps & Codes: Making profiles for fluid publishing contents

Flavia Cancedda & Luisa De Biagi
Apps are one of the most used digital publishing tools and convey intellectual contents for innumerable functionalities. App programs present technical characteristics different from each other, depending on the intellectual content for which they are profiled and made available. In publishing field, apps that convey traditional editorial products disclose the maximum of their innovative potential in representing the interface of continuously updating products (such as newsletters, magazines, newspapers, guides and tourist maps, blogs, open/e-gov/research data...

Towards a taxonomically unbiased EU Biodiversity Strategy for 2030

Stefano Mammola, Nicoletta Riccardi, Vincent Prié, Ricardo Correia, Pedro Cardoso, Manuel Lopes-Lima & Ronaldo Sousa
Through the Habitats Directive (92/43/EEC) and the LIFE projects financial investments, Europe has been the world’s experimental arena for biological conservation. With an estimated budget of €20 billion/year, the EU Biodiversity Strategy for 2030 has set an ambitious goal of reaching 30% Protected Areas and ensure no deterioration in conservation trends and status of all protected species. We analyzed LIFE projects focused on animals from 1992 to 2018 and we found that investment towards vertebrates...

Comparative phylogeography reveals consistently shallow genetic diversity in a mitochondrial marker in Antarctic bdelloid rotifers

Diego Fontaneto, Zeyneb Vildan Cakil, Giuseppe Garlasché, Nataliia Iakovenko, Andrea Di Cesare, Ester M. Eckert, Roberto Guidetti, Lina Hamdan, Karel Janko, Dzmitry Lukashanets, Lorena Rebecchi, Stefano Schiaparelli, Tommaso Sforzi, Eva Štefková Kašparová, Alejandro Velasco-Castrillón & Elizabeth Walsh
Aim: The long history of isolation of the Antarctic continent, coupled with the harsh ecological conditions of freezing temperatures could affect the patterns of genetic diversity in the organisms living there. We aim (1) to test whether such pattern can be seen in a mitochondrial marker of bdelloid rotifers, a group of microscopic aquatic and limno-terrestrial animals, and (2) to speculate on the potential mechanisms driving the pattern. Location: focus on Antarctica. Taxon: Rotifera Bdelloidea....

Microscale modelling of dielectrophoresis assembly processes

Marco Lauricella, Adriano Tiribocchi, Andrea Montessori, Fabio Bonaccorso, Sauro Succi & Keith A. Brown
This work presents a microscale approach for simulating the dielectrophoresis (DEP) assembly of polarizable particles under an external electric field. The model is shown to capture interesting dynamical and topological features, such as the formation of chains of particles and their incipient aggregation into hierarchical structures. A quantitative characterization in terms of the number and size of these structures is also discussed. This computational model could represent a viable numerical tool to study the mechanical...

Data from: Establishment of a coastal fish in the Azores: recent colonisation or sudden expansion of an ancient relict population?

Sergio Stefanni, Rita Castilho, Maria Sala-Bozano, Joana I. Robalo, Sara M. Francisco, Ricardo S. Santos, Nuno Marques, Alberto Brito, Vitor C. Almada & Stefano Mariani
The processes and timescales associated with ocean-wide changes in the distribution of marine species have intrigued biologists since Darwin’s earliest insights into biogeography. The Azores, a mid-Atlantic volcanic archipelago located >1000 km off the European continental shelf, offers ideal opportunities to investigate phylogeographic colonisation scenarios. The benthopelagic sparid fish known as the common two-banded seabream (Diplodus vulgaris) is now relatively common along the coastline of the Azores archipelago, but was virtually absent before the 1990s....

Data from: Biocomplexity in populations of European anchovy in the Adriatic Sea

Paolo Ruggeri, Andrea Splendiani, Giulia Occhipinti, Tatiana Fioravanti, Alberto Santojanni, Iole Leonori, Andrea De Felice, Enrico Arneri, Gabriele Procaccini, Gaetano Catanese, Vjekoslav Tičina, Angelo Bonanno, Paola Nisi Cerioni, Massimo Giovannotti, William Stewart Grant, Vincenzo Maputo Barucchi & Vincenzo Caputo Barucchi
The sustained exploitation of marine populations requires an understanding of a species' adaptive seascape so that populations can track environmental changes from short- and long-term climate cycles and from human development. The analysis of the distributions of genetic markers among populations, together with correlates of life-history and environmental variability, can provide insights into the extent of adaptive variation. Here, we examined genetic variability among populations of mature European anchovies (n = 531) in the Adriatic...

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