Data from: Polyphasic data support the splitting of Aspergillus candidus into two species; proposal of Aspergillus dobrogensis sp. nov.Vit Hubka, Alena Nováková, Željko Jurjević, František Sklenář, Jens C. Frisvad, Jos Houbraken, Maiken C. Arendrup, João P. Z. Siqueira, Josepa Gené & Miroslav Kolařík
Aspergillus candidus is a species frequently isolated from stored grain, food, indoor environments, soil and occasionally also from clinical material. Recent bioprospecting studies highlighted the potential of using A. candidus and its relatives in various industrial sectors as a result of their significant production of enzymes and bioactive compounds. A high genetic variability was observed among A. candidus isolates originating from various European countries and the USA, that were mostly isolated from indoor environments, caves...
Data from: Seasonality promotes grassland diversity: interactions with mowing, fertilization and removal of dominant speciesJiri Dolezal, Vojtech Lanta, Ondrej Mudrak & Jan Leps
1. Current biodiversity declines in species-rich grasslands are connected with the cessation of management, eutrophication and the expansion of dominant grass species. One of the theoretical mechanisms limiting biodiversity loss is the ability of subordinate species to avoid competitive exclusion by seasonal niche separation from dominant species. Here we explore how seasonality underpins the maintenance of diversity in temperate meadows under different management regimes and competition intensities in relation to species functional traits. 2. We...
Data from: Metabolomic and transcriptomic data on major metabolic/biosynthetic pathways in workers and soldiers of the termite Prorhinotermes simplex (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) and chemical synthesis of intermediates of defensive (E)-nitropentadec-1-ene biosynthesisAnna Jirošová, Andrej Jančařík, Riya C. Menezes, Olga Bazalová, Klára Dolejšová, Heiko Vogel, Pavel Jedlička, Aleš Buček, Jana Brabcová, Pavel Majer, Robert Hanus & Aleš Svatoš
Production of nitro compounds has only seldom been recorded in arthropods. The aliphatic nitroalkene (E)-nitropentadec-1-ene (NPD), identified in soldiers of the termite genus Prorhinotermes, was the first case documented in insects in early seventies. Yet, the biosynthetic origin of NPD has long remained unknown. We previously proposed that NPD arises through the condensation of amino acids glycine and/or l-serine with tetradecanoic acid along a biosynthetic pathway analogous to the formation of sphingolipids. Here, we provide...
Data from: Signals from the brain and olfactory epithelium control shaping of the mammalian nasal capsule cartilageMarketa Kaucka, Julian Petersen, Marketa Tesarova, Bara Szarowska, Maria Eleni Kastriti, Meng Xie, Anna Kicheva, Karl Annusver, Maria Kasper, Orsolya Symmons, Leslie Pan, Francois Spitz, Jozef Kaiser, Maria Hovorakova, Tomas Zikmund, Kazunori Sunadome, Michael P. Matise, Hui Wang, Ulrika Marklund, Hind Abdo, Patrik Ernfors, Pascal Maire, Maud Wurmser, Andrei S. Chagin, Kaj Fried … & Igor Adameyko
Facial shape is the basis for facial recognition and categorization. Facial features reflect the underlying geometry of the skeletal structures. Here we reveal that cartilaginous nasal capsule (corresponding to upper jaw and face) is shaped by signals generated by neural structures: brain and olfactory epithelium. Brain-derived Sonic Hedgehog (SHH) enables the induction of nasal septum and posterior nasal capsule, whereas the formation of a capsule roof is controlled by signals from the olfactory epithelium. Unexpectedly,...
Data from: Flying between raindrops: strong seasonal turnover of several Lepidoptera groups in lowland rainforests of Mount CameroonVincent Maicher, Szabolcs Sáfián, Mercy Murkwe, Łukasz Przybyłowicz, Štěpán Janeček, Eric B. Fokam, Tomasz Pyrcz & Robert Tropek
1. Although seasonality in the tropics is often less pronounced than in temperate areas, tropical ecosystems show seasonal dynamics as well. Nevertheless, individual tropical insects’ phenological patterns are still poorly understood, especially in the Afrotropics. To fill this gap, we investigated biodiversity patterns of Lepidoptera communities at three rainforest localities in the foothills of Mount Cameroon, West Africa, one of the wettest places in the world. 2. Our multi-taxa approach covered six lepidopteran groups (fruit-feeding...
Data from: No trade-offs in interspecific interference ability and predation susceptibility in newt larvaeMonika Hlouskova, Monika Balogova, Veronika Krsakova & Lumír Gvoždík
Coexistence of species with similar requirements is allowed, among others, through trade-offs between competitive ability and other ecological traits. Although interspecific competition is based on two mechanisms, exploitation of resources and physical interference, trade-off studies largely consider only species’ ability to exploit resources. Using a mesocosm experiment, we examined the trade-off between interference competition ability and susceptibility to predation in larvae of two newt species, Ichthyosaura alpestris and Lissotriton vulgaris. In the presence of heterospecifics,...
Data from: An affordable and reliable assessment of aquatic decomposition: tailoring the Tea Bag Index to surface watersLaura M.S. Seelen, Giovanna Flaim, Joost Keuskamp, Sven Teurlincx, Raquel Arias Font, Duygu Tolunay, Markéta Fránková, Kateřina Šumberová, Maria Temponeras, Mirjana Lenhardt, Eleanor Jennings & Lisette N. De Senerpont Domis
Litter decomposition is a vital part of the global carbon cycle as it determines not only the amount of carbon to be sequestered, but also how fast carbon re-enters the cycle. Freshwater systems play an active role in the carbon cycle as it receives, and decomposes, terrestrial litter material alongside decomposing aquatic plant litter. Decomposition of organic matter in the aquatic environment is directly controlled by water temperature and nutrient availability, which are continuously affected...
Data from: Sex ratio variations among years and breeding systems in a facultatively parthenogenetic termiteSimon Hellemans, Denis Fournier, Robert Hanus & Yves Roisin
Some species of termites evolved an outstanding reproductive strategy called asexual queen succession (AQS), in which the primary queen is replaced by multiple parthenogenetically produced daughters (neotenics) that mate with the primary king. When the primary king is eventually replaced, this time by sexually produced neotenic king(s), sex-asymmetric inbreeding occurs and the queen’s genome is more transmitted than that of the king, thereby increasing the reproductive value of female dispersers, and female-biased population sex ratio...
Data from: Increased transgenerational epigenetic variation, but not predictable epigenetic variants, after environmental exposure in two apomictic dandelion lineagesVeronica Preite, Carla Oplaat, Arjen Biere, Jan Kirschner, Wim H. Van Der Putten & Koen J. F. Verhoeven
DNA methylation is one of the mechanisms underlying epigenetic modifications. DNA methylations can be environmentally induced and such induced modifications can at times be transmitted to successive generations. However, it remains speculative how common such environmentally induced transgenerational DNA methylation changes are and if they persist for more than one offspring generation. We exposed multiple accessions of two different apomictic dandelion lineages of the Taraxacum officinale group (Taraxacum alatum and T. hemicyclum) to drought and...
Data from: Letting the “cat” out of the bag: pouch young development of the extinct Tasmanian tiger revealed by X-ray computed tomographyAxel H. Newton, Frantisek Spoutil, Jan Prochazka, Jay R. Black, Kathryn Medlock, Robert N. Paddle, Marketa Knitlova, Christy A. Hipsley & Andrew J. Pask
The Tasmanian tiger or thylacine (Thylacinus cynocephalus) was an iconic Australian marsupial predator that was hunted to extinction in the early 1900s. Despite sharing striking similarities with canids, they failed to evolve many of the specialized anatomical features that characterize carnivorous placental mammals. These evolutionary limitations are thought to arise from functional constraints associated with the marsupial mode of reproduction, in which otherwise highly altricial young use their well-developed forelimbs to climb to the pouch...
Data from: Disentangling the processes driving plant assemblages in mountain grasslands across spatial scales and environmental gradientsDaniel Scherrer, Heidi K. Mod, Julien Pottier, Anne Dubuis-Litsios, Loïc Pellissier, Pascal Vittoz, Lars Götzenberger, Martin Zobel & Antoine Guisan
Habitat filtering and limiting similarity are well‐documented ecological assembly processes that hierarchically filter species across spatial scales, from a regional pool to local assemblages. However, information on the effects of fine‐scale spatial partitioning of species, working as an additional mechanism of coexistence, on community patterns is much scarcer. In this study, we quantified the importance of fine‐scale spatial partitioning, relative to habitat filtering and limiting similarity in structuring grassland communities in the western Swiss Alps....
Data from: Linking species abundance and overyielding from experimental communities with niche and fitness characteristicsPetr Dostal, Karolina Tasevová & Tereza Klinerová
1) So far, the principal force shaping local plant abundance patterns remains unclear. Rarity can result from poor competitive ability or from small vegetative or generative reproduction, but also from strong self-limitation. The same mechanisms can drive species-specific overyielding, i.e. increased species productivity at high community diversity. Rare species can then benefit more (i.e. overyield to a larger extent) from growing in species-rich communities because of altered competitive hierarchies or smaller conspecific frequencies. Here we...
Data from: Fuel for the pace of life: baseline blood glucose concentration coevolves with life history traits in songbirdsOldrich Tomasek, Lukas Bobek, Tereza Kralova, Marie Adamkova & Tomas Albrecht
1. It has been proposed that life histories have coevolved with a suite of physiological and behavioural adaptations, termed pace-of-life syndromes (POLS). Here, we hypothesise that basal concentration of blood glucose (G0), a major source of energy circulating in vertebrate blood, may constitute a key component of POLS. 2. To test this hypothesis, we measured G0 in 30 passerine species and tested its covariation with body mass and other life history traits. Importantly, body mass...
Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic13
Nederlands Instituut voor Ecologie2
University of South Bohemia in České Budějovice2
Institute of Entomology2
University of Pennsylvania1
Rovira i Virgili University1
European Molecular Biology Laboratory1