Spatial learning is an ecologically important trait well studied in vertebrates and a few invertebrates yet poorly understood in crustaceans. We investigated the ability of European shore crabs, Carcinus maenas, to learn a complex maze over four consecutive weeks using food as a motivator. Crabs showed steady improvement during this conditioning period in both the time taken to find the food and in the number of wrong turns taken whilst doing so. Crabs also clearly...
Individual life history data from a resource degradation and temperature variation life history experiment in the Plodia-Venturia host-parasitoid interactionM. Mugabo, D. Gilljam, L. Petteway, C. Yuan, M. S. Fowler & S. M. Sait
This dataset contains information on life history traits of the host Plodia interpunctella (Pyralidae; Hübner) and the parasitoid wasp Venturia canescens (Ichneumonidae; Gravenhorst). The data was collected from a single generation life history experiment investigating the combined effects of daily stochastic temperature fluctuations and resource degradation on individual life history in the Plodia-Venturia host-parasitoid trophic interaction. The Plodia interpunctella data include egg viability, egg status, hatching date, adult emergence date, date of death, sex, egg...
Data from: Why don’t long-finned pilot whales have post-reproductive lifespan? insights from genetic dataHazel Nichols
In a handful of mammals, females show an extended post-reproductive lifespan (PRLS), leading to questions over why they spend a substantial portion of their lifespan non-reproductive. Theoretical and empirical studies suggest that PRLS may evolve when (1) demographic patterns lead to increasing local relatedness as females age, and (2) females come into reproductive competition with their daughters, as these conditions lead to high relative benefits of helping kin versus reproducing in later life. However, evolutionary...
Treeshrews are small, squirrel-like mammals in the order Scandentia, which is nested together with Primates and Dermoptera in the superordinal group Euarchonta. They are often described as living fossils, and researchers have long turned to treeshrews as a model or ecological analogue for ancestral primates. A comparative study of colour vision-encoding genes within Scandentia found a derived amino acid substitution in the long-wavelength sensitive opsin gene (OPN1LW) of the Bornean smooth-tailed treeshrew (Dendrogale melanura). The...
1. Patterns of animal movement associated with foraging lie at the heart of many ecological studies and often animals face decisions of staying in an environment they know, versus relocating to new sites. 2. The lack of knowledge of new foraging sites means there is risk associated with a decision to relocate (e.g. poor foraging) as well as a potential benefit (e.g. improved foraging). 3. Using a unique long-term satellite tracking dataset for several sea...
Data from: Distinct spread of DNA and RNA viruses among mammals amid prominent role of domestic speciesKonstans Wells, Serge Morand, Maya Wardeh & Matthew Baylis
Aim: Emerging infectious diseases arising from pathogen spillover from mammals to humans comprise a substantial health threat. Tracing virus origin and predicting the most likely host species for future spillover events are major objectives in One Health disciplines. We assessed patterns of virus sharing among a large diversity of mammals, including humans and domestic species. Location: Global. Time period: Current. Major taxa studied: Mammals and associated viruses. Methods: We used network centrality analysis and trait-based...
Examining patterns in opioid prescribing for non-cancer-related pain in Wales: preliminary data from a retrospective cross-sectional study using large datasetsEmma Davies, Ceri Phillips, Jaynie Rance & Berni Sewell
Objectives: To examine trends in strong opioid prescribing in a primary care population in Wales and identify if factors such as age, deprivation and recorded diagnosis of depression or anxiety may have influenced any changes noted. Design: Trend, cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses of routine data from the Primary Care General Practice database and accessed via the Secure Anonymised Information Linkage (SAIL) databank. Setting: A total of 345 Primary Care practices in Wales. Participants: Anonymised records...
Data from: Fear effects associated with predator presence and habitat structure interact to alter herbivory on coral reefsAndrew Bauman, Jovena Seah, Fraser Januchowski-Hartley, Andrew Hoey, Jenny Fong & Peter Todd
Non-consumptive fear effects are an important determinant of foraging decisions by consumers across a range of ecosystems. However, how fear effects associated with the presence of predators interact with those associated with habitat structure remains unclear. Here, we used predator fish models (Plectropomus leopardus) and experimental patches of the macroalga Sargassum ilicifolium of varying densities to investigate how predator- and habitat-associated fear effects influence herbivory on coral reefs. We found the removal of macroalgal biomass...
Effects of coloured environmental noise on life history variation and population dynamics in the Plodia-Venturia trophic interactionM. Mugabo, D. Gilljam, L. Petteway, E. Hall, C. Yuan, M.S. Fowler & S. M. Sait
This dataset contains information on life history variation and population dynamics in response to coloured environmental variation in the laboratory model system comprised of the moth Plodia interpunctella (Pyralidae; Hübner) and the parasitoid wasp Venturia canescens (Ichneumonidae; Gravenhorst). Data were collected from two complementary experiments investigating the effects of daily coloured temperature fluctuations on individual life history variation (single-generation life history experiment) and population dynamics (multi-generation microcosm experiment) in both species. In both experiments, the...
Population count data from a resource degradation and temperature variation population dynamics experiment in the Plodia-Venturia host-parasitoid interactionM. Mugabo, D. Gilljam, L. Petteway, C. Yuan, M. S. Fowler & S. M Sait
This dataset constains information on population counts in experimental populations of Plodia interpunctella (Pyralidae; Hübner) and the parasitoid wasp Venturia canescens (Ichneumonidae; Gravenhorst). The data was collected from a multi-generation microcosm experiment carried out to characterise the combined effects of daily stochastic temperature fluctuations and resource degradation on population responses in the Plodia-Venturia host-parasitoid trophic interaction. The population count data include the weekly total numbers of dead adult hosts and parasitoids and the numbers of...
University of Leeds3
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences3
James Cook University2
Government of the Northern Territory1
National University of Singapore1
University of the Philippines Diliman1
Australian Institute of Marine Science1