18 Works

Diversity, equity, and inclusion in engineering education: an exploration of European higher education institutions’ strategic frameworks, resources, and initiatives

I. Direito, Shannon Chance, L. Clemmensen, S. Craps, S.B. Economides, S.R. Isaac, A.M. Jolly, F.R. Truscott & N. Wint

Limitations of using surrogates for behaviour classification of accelerometer data: refining methods using random forest models in Caprids

Eleanor Dickinson, Joshua Twining, Rory Wilson, Philip Stephens, Jennie Westander, Nikki Marks & Michael Scantlebury
Animal-attached devices can be used on cryptic species to measure their movement and behaviour, enabling unprecedented insights into fundamental aspects of animal ecology and behaviour. However, direct observations of subjects are often still necessary to translate biologging data accurately into meaningful behaviours. As many elusive species cannot easily be observed in the wild, captive or domestic surrogates are typically used to calibrate data from devices. However, the utility of this approach remains equivocal. Here, we...

Airflow modelling predicts seabird breeding habitat across islands

Emmanouil Lempidakis, Andrew Ross, Luca Börger & Emily Shepard
Wind is fundamentally related to shelter and flight performance: two factors that are critical for birds at their nest sites. Despite this, airflows have never been fully integrated into models of breeding habitat selection, even for well-studied seabirds. Here we use computational fluid dynamics to provide the first assessment of whether flow characteristics (including wind speed and turbulence) predict the distribution of seabird colonies, taking common guillemots (Uria aalge) breeding on Skomer island as our...

Diversification of Molinia-dominated blanket bogs using Sphagnum propagules

Michael Pilkington, Jonathan Walker, Jonathan Walker, Chris Fry, Phil Eades, Roger Meade, Nicholas Pollett, Tony Rogers, Tom Helliwell, David Chandler, Emma Fawcett & Tom Keatley
This dataset contains vegetation and water table data from a trial described in the paper "Pilkington, M.G., Walker, J., Fry, C., Eades, P., Meade, R., Pollett, N., Rogers, T., Helliwell, T., Chandler, D., Fawcett, E. and Keatley T. (2021). Diversification of Molinia-dominated blanket bogs using Sphagnum propagules. Ecological Solutions and Evidence. Article DOI: 10.1002/2688-8319.12113 The trial investigates the establishment and growth of Sphagnum colonies arsing from planting Sphagnum propagules ("plugs") amongst purple moor grass, Molinia...

Contrasting demographic histories revealed in two invasive populations of the dry rot fungus Serpula lacrymans

Inger Skrede, Claude Murat, Jaqueline Hess, Sundy Maurice, Jørn Henrik Sønstebø, Annegret Kohler, Dominique Barry-Etienne, Dan Eastwood, Nils Högberg, Francis Martin & Håvard Kauserud
Globalization and international trade have impacted organisms around the world leading to a considerable number of species establishing in new geographic areas. Many organisms have taken advantage of human-made environments, including buildings. One such species is the dry rot fungus Serpula lacrymans, which is the most aggressive wood-decay fungus in indoor environments in temperate regions. Using population genomic analyses of 36 full genome sequenced isolates, we demonstrated that European and Japanese isolates are highly divergent...

Historical analysis of seagrass loss in the United Kingdom

Alix E. Green, Michael A. Chadwick, Richard K.F. Unsworth & Peter J.S. Jones
This dataset includes empirical and qualitative data from a multitude of sources using systematic review methods to provide analysis on seagrass occurrence and loss in the United Kingdom. We document 8,493 ha of recently mapped seagrass in the UK since 1998.

Micro-personality traits and their implications for behavioural and movement ecology research

Andrew King, Joseph Bailey, Edward Codling, Ashley Short, Gemma Johns & Ines Fürtbauer
Many animal personality traits have implicit movement‐based definitions, and can directly or indirectly influence ecological and evolutionary processes. It has therefore been proposed that animal movement studies could benefit from acknowledging and studying consistent inter-individual differences (personality), and, conversely, animal personality studies could adopt a more quantitative representation of movement patterns. Using high-resolution tracking data of three-spined stickleback fish (Gasterosteus aculeatus), we examined the repeatability of four movement parameters commonly used in the analysis of...

AI3SD Video: Skills4Scientists - Poster & Careers Symposium - Poster Compilation

András Vekassy, Aspen Fenzl, Erhan Gulsen, Hewan Zewdu, Jamie Longio, Maximilian Hoffman, Rhyan Barrett, Rubaiyat Khondaker, Anna Catton, Hongyang Dong, Kevin Calvache, Kaylee Patel, King Wong, Louis Greenhalgh, Rebecca Jane Clements, Thomas Allam, Sarah Scripps, Gavin Man, Samuel Munday, Michael Blakey, Graeme M. Day, Chris-Kriton Skylaris, Simon J. Coles, Stephen Gow & William Brocklesby
This video forms part of the Skills4Scientists Series which has been organised as a joint venture between the Artificial Intelligence for Scientific Discovery Network+ (AI3SD) and the Physical Sciences Data-Science Service (PSDS). This series ran over summer 2021 and aims to educate and improve scientists skills in a range of areas including research data management, python, version control, ethics, and career development. This series is primarily aimed at final year undergraduates / early stage PhD...

Metabolic responses of two pioneer wood decay fungi to diurnally cycling temperature

Anna Rawlings, Eoin O'Connor, Suzy C. Moody, Ed Dudley, Lynne Boddy, Mike S. Fowler, David A. Fitzpatrick, Sean Doyle & Dan C. Eastwood
This dataset contains pre-processed untargeted GC-MS metabolomics and direct shotgun proteomics from a microcosm woodblock experiment described in the paper "Rawlings et al (2021) Metabolic responses of two pioneer wood decay fungi to diurnally cycling temperature. Ecology." The experiment investigates the effect of diurnal cycling of temperature on the metabolism of two wood decay species, Mucidula mucida and Exidia glandulosa. We colonised beech woodblocks with the two species (separate microcosms) and exposed them to either...

Survey of software engineering in code used in published papers

Harold Thimbleby
Background: Computer code underpins modern science, and at the present time has a crucial role in leading our response to the COVID-19 pandemic. While models are routinely criticised for their assumptions, the algorithms and the quality of code implementing them often avoid scrutiny and, hence, scientific conclusions cannot be rigorously justified. Problem: Assumptions in programs are hard to scrutinise as they are rarely explicit in published work. In addition, both algorithms and code have bugs,...

Tail autotomy works as a pre-capture defense by deflecting attacks

Laura Naidenov & William Allen
Caudal autotomy is a dramatic antipredator adaptation where prey shed their tail in order to escape capture by a predator. The mechanism underlying the effectiveness of caudal autotomy as a pre-capture defense has not been thoroughly investigated. We tested two non-exclusive hypotheses, that caudal autotomy works by providing the predator with a ‘consolation prize’ that makes it break off the hunt to consume the shed tail, and the deflection hypothesis, where the autotomy event directs...

Selective effects of small barriers on river-resident fish

Peter Jones, Toby Champneys, Jessica Vevers, Luca Börger, Jon Svendsen, Sofia Consuegra, Joshua Jones & Carlos Garcia De Leaniz
1. Habitat fragmentation is a principal threat to biodiversity and artificial river barriers are a leading cause of the global decline in freshwater biota. Whilst the impact of barriers on diadromous fish is well established, impacts on river-resident fish communities remain unclear, especially for low-head barriers. 2. We examined the movement of five contrasting freshwater fish (topmouth gudgeon, European minnow, stone loach, bullhead, and brown trout) in an experimental cascade mesocosm with seven pools separated...

Urination data for Welsh Mountain ewes grazing upland and lowland pastures in North Wales, 2016

K.A. Marsden, L. Lush, J.A. Holmberg, M.J. Whelan, A.J. King, R.P. Wilson, A.F. Charteris, L.M. Cardenas, D.L. Jones & D.R. Chadwick
The data contains urination metrics including frequency, volume, chemical composition, estimated urine patch N loading rates and metabolomics profile of individual urine events from sheep (Welsh Mountain ewe) grazing a semi-improved upland pasture and a lowland improved pasture located in North Wales, UK. Urine collection studies were run in the spring, summer and autumn of 2016 for the semi-improved site and in autumn of 2016 on the lowland improved pasture. Sheep were housed in urine...

Supplementary files for: How can the MHC mediate social odor via the microbiota community? A deep dive into mechanisms

Nadine Schubert, Hazel J. Nichols & Jamie C. Winternitz
Genes of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) have long been linked to odor signaling and recently researchers’ attention has focused on MHC structuring of microbial communities and how this may in turn impact odor. However, understanding of the mechanisms through which the MHC could affect the microbiota to produce a chemical signal that is both reliable and strong enough to ensure unambiguous transmission of behaviorally important information remains poor. This is largely because empirical studies...

Fine-scale changes in speed and altitude suggest protean movements in homing pigeon flights

Baptiste Garde, Rory Wilson, Emmanouil Lempidakis, Luca Börger, Steven Portugal, Anders Hedenström, Giacomo Dell'Omo, Michael Quetting, Martin Wikelski & Emily L. C. Shepard
The power curve provides a basis for predicting adjustments that animals make in flight speed, for example in relation to wind, distance, habitat foraging quality and objective. However, relatively few studies have examined how animals respond to the landscape below them, which could affect speed and power allocation through modifications in climb rate and perceived predation risk. We equipped homing pigeons (Columba livia) with high-frequency loggers to examine how flight speed, and hence effort, varies...

Emergence and repeatability of leadership and coordinated motion in fish shoals (Gasterosteus aculeatus)

Dimitra G. Georgopoulou, Andrew James King, Rowan Martyn Brown & Ines Fürtbauer
Studies of self-organising groups like schools of fish or flocks of birds have sought to uncover the behavioural rules individuals use (local-level interactions) to coordinate their motion (global-level patterns). However, empirical studies tend to focus on short-term or one-off observations where coordination has already been established, or describe transitions between different coordinated states. As a result, we have a poor understanding of how behavioural rules develop and are maintained in groups. Here, we study the...

Animal lifestyle affects acceptable mass limits for attached tags

Rory Wilson, Kayleigh Rose, Richard Gunner, Mark Holton, Nikki Marks, Nigel Bennett, Stephen Bell, Joshua Twining, Jamie Hesketh, Carlos Duarte, Neil Bezodis, Milos Jezek, Michael Painter, Vaclav Silovsky, Margaret Crofoot, Roi Harel, John Arnould, Blake Allan, Desley Whisson, Abdulaziz Alagaili & David Scantlebury
Animal-attached devices have transformed our understanding of vertebrate ecology. To minimize any associated harm, researchers have long advocated that tag masses should not exceed 3% of carrier body mass. However, this ignores tag forces resulting from animal movement. Using data from collar-attached accelerometers on 10 diverse free-ranging terrestrial species from koalas to cheetahs, we detail a tag-based acceleration method to clarify acceptable tag mass limits. We quantify animal athleticism in terms of fractions of animal...

Immigrant males’ memory acts to reduce ranging overlap and mating competition in wild baboons

Julien Collet, Nathalie Pettorelli, Alice Baniel, Alecia Carter, Elise Huchard, Andrew King, Alexander Lee, Harry Marshall & Guy Cowlishaw
Mechanistic models suggest that information acquired by animals (“knowledge”) could shape home range patterns and dynamics, and how neighbours share space. In social species this would suggest that immigrants could bring new knowledge into social groups, potentially affecting the dynamics of home range overlap. We tested this “immigrant knowledge hypothesis” in a wild population of chacma baboons (Papio ursinus). We used data collected between 2005 and 2013 on two neighbouring troops in Namibia, comprising GPS...

Registration Year

  • 2021
    18

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    16
  • Audiovisual
    1
  • Text
    1

Affiliations

  • Swansea University
    18
  • University College London
    4
  • Queen's University Belfast
    2
  • University of Leeds
    2
  • Max Planck Institute of Animal Behavior
    2
  • Technical University of Denmark
    2
  • University of Oxford
    2
  • University of Konstanz
    2
  • Bangor University
    1
  • University of Pretoria
    1