3,221 Works

SPA: a peptide antagonist that acts as a cell-penetrating peptide for drug delivery

Jingjing Song, Sujie Huang, Zhengzheng Zhang, Bo Jia, Huan Xie, Ming Kai & Wei Zhang
Although cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) has been proven to be efficient transporter for drug delivery, ideal peptide vectors for tumor therapy are still being urgently sought. Peptide antagonists have attracted substantial attention as targeting molecules because of their high tumor accumulation and antitumor activity compared with agonists. SPA, a derivative of substance P, is a potent antagonist that exhibits antitumor activity. Based on the amino acid composition of SPA, we speculate that it can translocate across...

Myotubularin related protein 7 is essential for the spermatogonial stem cell homeostasis via PI3K/AKT signaling

Dan Zhao, Cong Shen, Tingting Gao, Hong Li, Yueshuai Guo, Feng Li, Chenchen Liu, Yuanyuan Liu, Xia Chen, Xi Zhang, Yangyang Wu, Yi Yu, Meng Lin, Yan Yuan, Xiaofang Chen, Xiaoyan Huang, Shenmin Yang, Jun Yu, Jun Zhang & Bo Zheng
Myotubularin related protein 7 (MTMR7), a key member of the MTMR family, depicts phosphatase activity and is involved in myogenesis and tumor growth. We have previously identified MTMR7 in the proteomic profile of mouse spermatogonial stem cell (SSC) maturation and differentiation, implying that MTMR7 is associated with neonatal testicular development. In this study, to further explore the distribution and function of MTMR7 in mouse testis, we studied the effect of Mtmr7 knockdown on neonatal testicular...

Era of molecular diagnosis for pathogen identification of unexplained pneumonia, lessons to be learned

Jing-Wen Ai, Yi Zhang, Hao-Cheng Zhang, Teng Xu & Wen-Hong Zhang
Unexplained pneumonia (UP) caused by a novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2) emerged in China in late December 2019 and has infected more than 9000 cases by 31 January 2020. Shanghai reported the first imported case of COVID-19 (Coronavirus Disease 2019) in 20 January 2020. A combinative approach of real-time RT–PCR, CRISPR-based assay and metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) were used to diagnose this unexplained pneumonia patient. Real-time RT–PCR and CRISPR-based assay both...

Era of molecular diagnosis for pathogen identification of unexplained pneumonia, lessons to be learned

Jing-Wen Ai, Yi Zhang, Hao-Cheng Zhang, Teng Xu & Wen-Hong Zhang
Unexplained pneumonia (UP) caused by a novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2) emerged in China in late December 2019 and has infected more than 9000 cases by 31 January 2020. Shanghai reported the first imported case of COVID-19 (Coronavirus Disease 2019) in 20 January 2020. A combinative approach of real-time RT–PCR, CRISPR-based assay and metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) were used to diagnose this unexplained pneumonia patient. Real-time RT–PCR and CRISPR-based assay both...

Mapping the global potential transmission hotspots for severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome by machine learning methods

Dong Miao, Ke Dai, Guo-Ping Zhao, Xin-Lou Li, Wen-Qiang Shi, Jiu Song Zhang, Yang Yang, Wei Liu & Li-Qun Fang
Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging infectious disease with increasing spread. Currently SFTS transmission has expanded beyond Asian countries, however, with definitive global extents and risk patterns remained obscure. Here we established an exhaustive database that included globally reported locations of human SFTS cases and the competent vector, Haemaphysalis longicornis (H. longicornis), as well as the explanatory environmental variables, based on which, the potential geographic range of H. longicornis and risk areas...

Improved solubility, dissolution rate, and oral bioavailability of main biflavonoids from Selaginella doederleinii extract by amorphous solid dispersion

Bing Chen, Xuewen Wang, Yanyan Zhang, Kangping Huang, Hao Liu, Dafen Xu, Shaoguang Li, Qicai Liu, Jianyong Huang, Hong Yao & Xinhua Lin
Amentoflavone, robustaflavone, 2″,3″-dihydro-3′,3‴-biapigenin, 3′,3‴-binaringenin, and delicaflavone are five major hydrophobic components in the total biflavonoids extract from Selaginella doederleinii (TBESD) that display favorable anticancer properties. The purpose of this study was to develop a new oral delivery formulation to improve the solubilities, dissolution rates, and oral bioavailabilities of the main ingredients in TBESD by the solid dispersion technique. Solid dispersions of TBESD with various hydrophilic polymers were prepared, and different technologies were applied to select...

ddPCR: a more accurate tool for SARS-CoV-2 detection in low viral load specimens

Tao Suo, Xinjin Liu, Jiangpeng Feng, Ming Guo, Wenjia Hu, Dong Guo, Hafiz Ullah, Yang Yang, Qiuhan Zhang, Xin Wang, Muhanmmad Sajid, Zhixiang Huang, Liping Deng, Tielong Chen, Fang Liu, Ke Xu, Yuan Liu, Qi Zhang, Yingle Liu, Yong Xiong, Guozhong Chen, Ke Lan & Yu Chen
Quantitative real time PCR (RT-PCR) is widely used as the gold standard for clinical detection of SARS-CoV-2. However, due to the low viral load specimens and the limitations of RT-PCR, significant numbers of false negative reports are inevitable, which results in failure to timely diagnose, cut off transmission, and assess discharge criteria. To improve this situation, an optimized droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) was used for detection of SARS-CoV-2, which showed that the limit of detection...

PtdIns4P restriction by hydrolase SAC1 decides specific fusion of autophagosomes with lysosomes

Hongjun Zhang, Jiao Zhou, Peng Xiao, Yong Lin, Xin Gong, Shiyan Liu, Qingjia Xu, Minjin Wang, Haiyan Ren, Mengji Lu, Yuan Wang, Jing Zhu, Zhiping Xie, Huihui Li & Kefeng Lu
Biogenesis of autophagosomes is the early step of macroautophagy/autophagy and requires membrane acquisition mainly from ER-Golgi-sourced precursor vesicles. Matured autophagosomes fuse with lysosomes for final degradation. However, how this selective fusion is determined remains elusive. Here, we identified Sac1 by a high throughput screen in Saccharomyces cerevisiae to show it was critical for autophagosome-lysosome fusion through its PtdIns4P phosphatase activity. Sac1 deficiency caused a dramatic increase of PtdIns4P at early Golgi apparatus and abnormal incorporation...

Kinetics of SARS-CoV-2 specific IgM and IgG responses in COVID-19 patients

Baoqing Sun, Ying Feng, Xiaoneng Mo, Peiyan Zheng, Qian Wang, Pingchao Li, Ping Peng, Xiaoqing Liu, Zhilong Chen, Huimin Huang, Fan Zhang, Wenting Luo, Xuefeng Niu, Peiyu Hu, Longyu Wang, Hui Peng, Zhifeng Huang, Liqiang Feng, Feng Li, Fuchun Zhang, Fang Li, Nanshan Zhong & Ling Chen
The emerging COVID-19 caused by SARS-CoV-2 infection poses severe challenges to global public health. Serum antibody testing is becoming one of the critical methods for the diagnosis of COVID-19 patients. We investigated IgM and IgG responses against SARS-CoV-2 nucleocapsid (N) and spike (S) protein after symptom onset in the intensive care unit (ICU) and non-ICU patients. 130 blood samples from 38 COVID-19 patients were collected. The levels of IgM and IgG specific to N and...

Risks and features of secondary infections in severe and critical ill COVID-19 patients

Haocheng Zhang, Yi Zhang, Jing Wu, Yang Li, Xian Zhou, Xin Li, Haili Chen, Mingquan Guo, Shu Chen, Feng Sun, Richeng Mao, Chao Qiu, Zhaoqin Zhu, Jingwen Ai & Wenhong Zhang
Objectives Severe or critical COVID-19 is associated with intensive care unit admission, increased secondary infection rate, and would lead to significant worsened prognosis. Risks and characteristics relating to secondary infections in severe COVID-19 have not been described. Methods Severe and critical COVID-19 patients from Shanghai were included. We collected lower respiratory, urine, catheters, and blood samples according to clinical necessity and culture and mNGS were performed. Clinical and laboratory data were archived. Results We found...

Tranilast attenuates neuropathic pain during type-2 diabetes by inhibiting hypoxia-induced pro-inflammatory cytokines in Zucker diabetic fatty rat model

Wei Zhang, Jun Ma, Shan Wang, Tao Huang & Min Xia
The modulatory effect of tranilast on neuropathic pain in type-2 diabetes (T2DM) remains unclear. We monitored interleukin (IL)-1β, nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) levels during the progression of T2DM induced neuropathic pain in rats, and assessed the impact of tranilast treatment of increasing concentrations (0, 200 and 400 mg/kg/day via oral gavage in 1% NaHCO3 delivered as 100 mg/kg twice a day) on the levels of cytokine production, as well as on...

Prolonged shedding of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 in patients with COVID-19

Qian Li, Xiao-Shuang Zheng, Xu-Rui Shen, Hao-Rui Si, Xi Wang, Qi Wang, Bei Li, Wei Zhang, Yan Zhu, Ren-Di Jiang, Kai Zhao, Hui Wang, Zheng-Li Shi, Hui-Lan Zhang, Rong-Hui Du & Peng Zhou
Following acute infection, individuals COVID-19 may still shed SARS-CoV-2 RNA. However, limited information is available regarding the active shedding period or whether infectious virus is also shed. Here, we monitored the clinical characteristics and virological features of 38 patients with COVID-19 (long-term carriers) who recovered from the acute disease, but still shed viral RNA for over 3 months. The median carrying history of the long-term carriers was 92 days after the first admission, and the...

Prolonged shedding of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 in patients with COVID-19

Qian Li, Xiao-Shuang Zheng, Xu-Rui Shen, Hao-Rui Si, Xi Wang, Qi Wang, Bei Li, Wei Zhang, Yan Zhu, Ren-Di Jiang, Kai Zhao, Hui Wang, Zheng-Li Shi, Hui-Lan Zhang, Rong-Hui Du & Peng Zhou
Following acute infection, individuals COVID-19 may still shed SARS-CoV-2 RNA. However, limited information is available regarding the active shedding period or whether infectious virus is also shed. Here, we monitored the clinical characteristics and virological features of 38 patients with COVID-19 (long-term carriers) who recovered from the acute disease, but still shed viral RNA for over 3 months. The median carrying history of the long-term carriers was 92 days after the first admission, and the...

Viral RNA level, serum antibody responses, and transmission risk in recovered COVID-19 patients with recurrent positive SARS-CoV-2 RNA test results: a population-based observational cohort study

Chao Yang, Min Jiang, Xiaohui Wang, Xiujuan Tang, Shisong Fang, Hao Li, Le Zuo, Yixiang Jiang, Yifan Zhong, Qiongcheng Chen, Chenli Zheng, Lei Wang, Shuang Wu, Weihua Wu, Hui Liu, Jing Yuan, Xuejiao Liao, Zhen Zhang, Xiaolu Shi, Yijie Geng, Huan Zhang, Huanying Zheng, Min Wan, Linying Lu, Xiaohu Ren … & Qinghua Hu
Managing recovered COVID-19 patients with recurrent-positive SARS-CoV-2 RNA test results is challenging. We performed a population-based observational study to characterize the viral RNA level and serum antibody responses in recurrent-positive patients and evaluate their viral transmission risk. Of 479 recovered COVID-19 patients, 93 (19%) recurrent-positive patients were identified, characterized by younger age, with a median discharge-to-recurrent-positive length of 8 days. After readmission, recurrent-positive patients exhibited mild (28%) or absent (72%) symptoms, with no disease progression....

Viral RNA level, serum antibody responses, and transmission risk in recovered COVID-19 patients with recurrent positive SARS-CoV-2 RNA test results: a population-based observational cohort study

Chao Yang, Min Jiang, Xiaohui Wang, Xiujuan Tang, Shisong Fang, Hao Li, Le Zuo, Yixiang Jiang, Yifan Zhong, Qiongcheng Chen, Chenli Zheng, Lei Wang, Shuang Wu, Weihua Wu, Hui Liu, Jing Yuan, Xuejiao Liao, Zhen Zhang, Xiaolu Shi, Yijie Geng, Huan Zhang, Huanying Zheng, Min Wan, Linying Lu, Xiaohu Ren … & Qinghua Hu
Managing recovered COVID-19 patients with recurrent-positive SARS-CoV-2 RNA test results is challenging. We performed a population-based observational study to characterize the viral RNA level and serum antibody responses in recurrent-positive patients and evaluate their viral transmission risk. Of 479 recovered COVID-19 patients, 93 (19%) recurrent-positive patients were identified, characterized by younger age, with a median discharge-to-recurrent-positive length of 8 days. After readmission, recurrent-positive patients exhibited mild (28%) or absent (72%) symptoms, with no disease progression....

Sustained mTORC1 activity during palbociclib-induced growth arrest triggers senescence in ER+ breast cancer cells

Reeja S. Maskey, Fang Wang, Elyssa Lehman, Yiqun Wang, Natasha Emmanuel, Wenyan Zhong, Guixian Jin, Robert T. Abraham, Kim T. Arndt, Jeremy S. Myers & Anthony Mazurek
Palbociclib, a selective CDK4/6 kinase inhibitor, is approved in combination with endocrine therapies for the treatment of advanced estrogen receptor positive (ER+) breast cancer. In pre-clinical cancer models, CDK4/6 inhibitors act primarily as cytostatic agents. In two commonly studied ER+ breast cancer cell lines (MCF7 and T47D), CDK4/6 inhibition drives G1-phase arrest and the acquisition of a senescent-like phenotype, both of which are reversible upon palbociclib withdrawal (incomplete senescence). Here we identify an ER+ breast...

sj-xlsx-3-tam-10.1177_1758835920977117 – Supplemental material for Low intratumor heterogeneity correlates with increased response to PD-1 blockade in renal cell carcinoma

Xia Ran, Jinyuan Xiao, Yi Zhang, Huajing Teng, Fang Cheng, Huiqian Chen, Kaifan Zhang & Zhongsheng Sun
Supplemental material, sj-xlsx-3-tam-10.1177_1758835920977117 for Low intratumor heterogeneity correlates with increased response to PD-1 blockade in renal cell carcinoma by Xia Ran, Jinyuan Xiao, Yi Zhang, Huajing Teng, Fang Cheng, Huiqian Chen, Kaifan Zhang and Zhongsheng Sun in Therapeutic Advances in Medical Oncology

Catalpol ameliorates psoriasis-like phenotypes via SIRT1 mediated suppression of NF-κB and MAPKs signaling pathways

Aimin Liu, Buxin Zhang, Wei Zhao, Yuanhui Tu, Qingxing Wang & Jing Li
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease that affects approximately 2% of worldwide population, and causing long-term troubles to the patients. Therefore, it is urgent to develop safe and effective therapeutic drugs. Catalpol is a natural iridoid glucoside, that has several remarkable pharmacological effects, however, whether catalpol can alleviated psoriasis has not been explored. The goal of the present work is to study the role of catalpol in psoriasis in vivo and in vitro. Imiquimod-induced...

Downregulation of a novel flagellar synthesis regulator AsiR promotes intracellular replication and systemic pathogenicity of Salmonella Typhimurium

Shuangshuang Ma, Lingyan Jiang, Jingting Wang, Xiaoqian Liu, Wanwu Li, Shuai Ma & Lu Feng
The intracellular pathogen Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium) exploits host macrophage as a crucial survival and replicative niche. To minimize host immune response stimulated by flagellin, the expression of flagellar genes is downregulated during S. Typhimurium growth within host macrophages. However, the underlying mechanisms are largely unknown. In this study, we show that STM14_1285 (named AsiR), a putative RpiR-family transcriptional regulator, which is downregulated within macrophages as previously reported and also confirmed here, positively...

Fenretinide regulates macrophage polarization to protect against experimental colitis induced by dextran sulfate sodium

Yong Cao, Yan Lin, Yan Sun, Weiyu Liu, Yichuan Shao & Changqing Zheng
Fenretinide (4-HPR), a synthetic retinoid, has attracted attention for its anti-inflammation activity. However, few studies have evaluated the effects of 4-HPR on ulcerative colitis (UC). The present study was performed to investigate the therapeutic effects of 4-HPR on UC, and to explore the mechanisms mainly focused on macrophage polarization involved in this progress. Intraperitoneally administered 4-HPR particularly at dose of 100 mg/kg obviously alleviated UC symptoms and restrained the mRNA expression of colonic IL-1β, IL-6,...

Porcine transmissible gastroenteritis virus nonstructural protein 2 contributes to inflammation via NF-κB activation

Li Wang, Xinyuan Qiao, Sijia Zhang, Yue Qin, Tiantian Guo, Zhenye Hao, Li Sun, Xiaona Wang, Yanan Wang, Yanping Jiang, Lijie Tang, Yigang Xu & Yijing Li
Transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV) infection causes acute enteritis in swine of all ages, and especially in suckling piglets. Small intestinal inflammation is considered a central event in the pathogenesis of TGEV infections, and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) is a key transcription factor in the inflammatory response. However, it is unclear whether NF-κB is crucial for inducing inflammation during a TGEV infection. Our results show that NF-κB was activated in swine testicular (ST) cells and intestinal...

Long non-coding RNA RP11-283G6.5 confines breast cancer development through modulating miR-188-3p/TMED3/Wnt/β-catenin signalling

Jing Pei, Shengquan Zhang, Xiaowei Yang, Chunguang Han, Yubo Pan, Jun Li, Zhaorui Wang, Chenyu Sun & Jing Zhang
The contributions of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and microRNAs (miRNAs) to breast cancer are critical areas of investigation. In this study, we identified a novel lncRNA RP11-283G6.5 which was lowly expressed in breast cancer and whose low expression was correlated with poor overall survival and disease-free survival of breast cancer patients. Functional experiments revealed that ectopic expression of RP11-283G6.5 confined breast cancer cellular growth, migration, and invasion, and promoted cellular apoptosis. Conversely, RP11-283G6.5 silencing facilitated...

Analysis of mRNA‑lncRNA and mRNA‑lncRNA-pathway co‑expression networks based on WGCNA in developing pediatric sepsis

Xiaojuan Zhang, Yuqing Cui, Xianfei Ding, Shaohua Liu, Bing Han, Xiaoguang Duan, Haibo Zhang & Tongwen Sun
Pediatric sepsis is a great threat to death worldwide. However, the pathogenesis has not been clearly understood until now in sepsis. This study identified differentially expressed mRNAs and lncRNAs based on Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. And the weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) was performed to explore co-expression modules associated with pediatric sepsis. Then, Gene Ontology (GO), KEGG (Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes) pathway, mRNA‑lncRNA and mRNA‑lncRNA-pathway co-expression network analysis was conducted in...

Circular RNA_0062582 promotes osteogenic differentiation of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells via regulation of microRNA-145/CBFB axis

Feng Li, Hao Wu, Guoyou Zou, Dingwei Cang & Yixin Shen
Osteoporosis poses a threat to human health worldwide. To date, there have been few studies regarding targeted treatment of osteoporosis. We aimed to identify the possible molecular mechanism of circular RNA (circ)_0062582 in osteogenic differentiation, and the interactions among circ_0062582, microRNA-145 (miR-145) and core-binding factor subunit β (CBFB). The proliferation of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs) was tested with a cell counting kit-8 assay. Circ_0062582, miR-145 and CBFB were overexpressed by transient transfection....

Circular RNA_0062582 promotes osteogenic differentiation of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells via regulation of microRNA-145/CBFB axis

Feng Li, Hao Wu, Guoyou Zou, Dingwei Cang & Yixin Shen
Osteoporosis poses a threat to human health worldwide. To date, there have been few studies regarding targeted treatment of osteoporosis. We aimed to identify the possible molecular mechanism of circular RNA (circ)_0062582 in osteogenic differentiation, and the interactions among circ_0062582, microRNA-145 (miR-145) and core-binding factor subunit β (CBFB). The proliferation of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs) was tested with a cell counting kit-8 assay. Circ_0062582, miR-145 and CBFB were overexpressed by transient transfection....

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