Isotope analysis combined with DNA barcoding provide new insights into the dietary niche of khulan in the Mongolian GobiMartina Burnik Šturm, Steve Smith, Oyunsaikhan Ganbaatar, Bayarbaatar Buuveibaatar, Boglarka Balint, John C. Payne, Christian C. Voigt & Petra Kaczensky
With increasing livestock numbers, competition and avoidance are increasingly shaping resource availability for wild ungulates. Shifts in the dietary niche of wild ungulates are likely and can be expected to negatively affect their fitness. The Mongolian Gobi constitutes the largest remaining refuge for several threatened ungulates, but unprecedentedly high livestock numbers are sparking growing concerns over rangeland health and impacts on threatened ungulates like the Asiatic wild ass (khulan). Previous stable isotope analysis of khulan...
Pleistocene dynamics of the Eurasian steppe as a driving force of evolution: Phylogenetic history of the genus Capsella (Brassicaceae)Anze Zerdoner Calasan, Herbert Hurka, Dmitry A. German, Simon Pfanzelt, Frank Blattner, Anna Seidl & Barbara Neuffer
Capsella is a model plant genus of the Brassicaceae, closely related to Arabidopsis. To disentangle its biogeographical history and intrageneric phylogenetic relationships, 282 individuals of all five currently recognised Capsella species were genotyped, using a restriction digest-based next generation sequencing method. Our analysis retrieved two main lineages within Capsella that split c. one million years ago, with western C. grandiflora and C. rubella forming a sister lineage to the eastern clade consisting of C. orientalis....
Functional biogeography of Neotropical moist forests: trait-climate relationships and assembly patterns of tree communitiesBruno Pinho, Marcelo Tabarelli, Cajo Ter Braak, S. J. Wright, Victor Arroyo-Rodriguez, Maíra Benchimol, Bettina Engelbrecht, Simon Pierce, Peter Hietz, Bráulio Santos, Carlos Peres, Sandra Müller, Ian Wright, Frans Bongers, Madelon Lohbeck, Ülo Niinemets, Martijn Slot, Steven Jansen, Davi Jamelli, Renato Augusto Ferreira De Lima, Nathan Swenson, Richard Condit, Jos Barlow, Ferry Slik, Manuel Hernández-Ruedas … & Felipe Melo
Aim: Here we examine the functional profile of regional tree species pools across the latitudinal distribution of Neotropical moist forests, and test trait-climate relationships among local communities. We expected opportunistic strategies (acquisitive traits, small seeds) to be overrepresented in species pools further from the equator due to long-term instability, but also in terms of abundance in local communities in currently wetter, warmer and more seasonal climates. Location: Neotropics. Time period: Recent. Major taxa studied: Trees....
The data file contains the individual genotypes of 195 black grouse (Lyrurus tetrix) individuals, genotyped at 9 STR (microsatellite) loci. The data is curated into 10 subpopulations as decribed in the accompanied publication. The data is uploaded in the commonly used genepop file format.
Testing the potential contribution of Wolbachia to speciation when cytoplasmic incompatibility becomes associated with host‐related reproductive isolationDaniel Bruzzese, Hannes Schuler, Thomas Wolfe, Mary Glover, Joseph Mastroni, Meredith Doellman, Cheyenne Tait, Wee Yee, Juan Rull, Martin Aluja, Glen Hood, Robert Goughnour, Christian Stauffer, Patrik Nosil, Jeffery Feder, Daniel J. Bruzzese, Thomas M. Wolfe, Mary M. Glover, Meredith M. Doellman, Wee L. Yee, Glen R. Hood & Jeffery L. Feder
Endosymbiont induced cytoplasmic incompatibility (CI) may play an important role in arthropod speciation. However, whether CI consistently becomes associated or coupled with other host-related forms of reproductive isolation (RI) to impede the transfer of endosymbionts between hybridizing populations and further the divergence process remains an open question. Here, we show varying degrees of pre- and post-mating RI exist among allopatric populations of two interbreeding cherry-infesting tephritid fruit flies (Rhagoletis cingulata and R. indifferens) across North...
Disentangling responses to natural stressor and human impact gradients in river ecosystems across EuropeRachel Stubbington, Romain Sarremejane, Alex Laini, Núria Cid, Zoltán Csabai, Judy England, Antoni Munné, Tom Aspin, Núria Bonada, Daniel Bruno-Collados, Sophie Cauvy-Fraunie, Richard Chadd, Claudia Dienstl, Pau Fortuño, Wolfram Graf, Cayetano Gutiérrez-Cánovas, Andy House, Ioannis Karaouzas, Eleana Kazila, Andrés Millán, Maria Morais, Petr Pařil, Alex Pickwell, Marek Polášek, David Sánchez-Fernández … & Thibault Datry
1. Rivers are dynamic ecosystems in which both human impacts and climate-driven drying events are increasingly common. These anthropogenic and natural stressors interact to influence the biodiversity and functioning of river ecosystems. Disentangling ecological responses to these interacting stressors is necessary to guide management actions that support ecosystems adapting to global change. 2. We analysed the independent and interactive effects of human impacts and natural drying on aquatic invertebrate communities—a key biotic group used to...
Data from: Ant community composition and functional traits in newly established grasslands within agricultural landscapesVictor Scharnhorst
Ongoing intensification and fragmentation of European agricultural landscapes dramatically reduce biodiversity and associated functions. Enhancing perennial non-crop areas holds great potential to support ecosystem services such as ant mediated pest control. To study the potential of newly established grassland strips to enhance ant diversity and associated functions, we used hand collection data and predation experiments to investigate differences in (a) ant community composition (b) biocontrol related functional traits, and (c) natural pest control across habitats...
Wolbachia is a maternally inherited obligate endosymbiont that can induce a wide spectrum of effects in its host, ranging from mutualism to reproductive parasitism. At the genomic level, recombination within and between strains, transposable elements, and horizontal transfer of strains between host species make Wolbachia an evolutionarily dynamic bacterial system. The invasive cherry fruit fly Rhagoletis cingulata arrived in Europe from North America ~40 years ago, where it now co-occurs with the native cherry pest...
The dataset contains the CO2 response curves of eight hybrid poplar clones grown under two soil moisture conditions: control and drought.
Data for: Fire history and weather interact to determine extent and synchrony of mast-seeding in rhizomatous scrub oaks of FloridaMario Pesendorfer, Reed Bowman, Georg Gratzer, Shane Pruett, Angela Tringali & John Fitzpatrick
In disturbance-prone ecosystems, fitness consequences of plant reproductive strategies are often determined by the relative timing of seed production and disturbance events, but the role of disturbances as proximate drivers of seed production has been overlooked. We use long-term data on seed production in Quercus chapmanii, Q. geminata, and Q. inopina, rhizomatous oaks found in Southcentral Florida’s oak scrub, to investigate the role of fire history and its interaction with weather in shaping acorn production...
Livestock as vectors of organic matter and nutrient loading in aquatic ecosystems in African savannasFrank Masese, Jacob Iteba, Gabriel Singer & Thomas Hein
Populations of large wildlife have declined in many landscapes around the world, and have been replaced or displaced by livestock. The consequences of these changes on the transfer of organic matter (OM) and nutrients from terrestrial to aquatic ecosystems are not well understood. We used behavioural data, excretion and egestion rates and C: N: P stoichiometry of dung and urine of zebu cattle, to develop a metabolism-based estimate of loading rates of OM (dung), C,...
Epiphyte trait data for the paper Hietz et al. 2021 Putting vascular epiphytes on the traits map. Journal of Ecology Plant functional traits impact the fitness and environmental niche of plants. Major plant functional types have been characterized by their trait spectrum, and the environmental and phylogenetic imprints on traits have advanced several ecological fields. Yet very few trait data on epiphytes, which represent almost 10% of vascular plants, are available. We collated >80,000 mostly...
University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences12
Free University of Bozen-Bolzano2
Federal University of Pernambuco2
Centre national de la recherche scientifique1
Estación Biológica de Doñana1
Notre Dame of Dadiangas University1
University of Crete1
University of Würzburg1
Archbold Biological Station1
Field Museum of Natural History1