66 Works

ISIMIP3a landuse input data

Jan Volkholz & Sebastian Ostberg
The Inter-Sectoral Impact Model Intercomparison Project (ISIMIP) provides a framework for the collation of a consistent set of climate impact data across sectors and scales. It also provides a unique opportunity for considering interactions between climate change impacts across sectors through consistent scenarios.
The ISIMIP3a part of the third simulation round is dedicated to i) impact model evaluation and improvement and ii) detection and attribution of observed impacts according to the framework of IPCC AR5 Working...

Plasmid- and strain-specific factors drive variation in ESBL-plasmid spread in vitro and in vivo

Fabienne Benz
Horizontal gene transfer, mediated by conjugative plasmids, is a major driver of the global rise of antibiotic resistance. However, the relative contributions of factors that underlie the spread of plasmids and their roles in conjugation in vivo are unclear. To address this, we investigated the spread of clinical Extended Spectrum Beta-Lactamase (ESBL)-producing plasmids in the absence of antibiotics in vitro and in the mouse intestine. We hypothesised that plasmid properties would be the primary determinants...

Long term irrigation experiment

Arun Bose, Andreas Rigling, Arthur Gessler, Frank Hagedorn, Ivano Brunner, Linda Feichtinger, Christof Bigler, Simon Egli, Sophia Etzold, Martin Gossner, Claudia Guidi, Mathieu Lévesque, Katrin Meusburger, Martina Peter, Matthias Saurer, Daniel Scherrer, Patrick Schleppi, Leonie Schönbeck, Michael Vogel, Georg Von Arx, Beat Wermelinger, Thomas Wohlgemuth, Roman Zweifel & Marcus Schaub
Climate change exposes ecosystems to strong and rapid changes in their environmental boundary conditions mainly due to the altered temperature and precipitation patterns. It is still poorly understood how fast interlinked ecosystem processes respond to altered environmental conditions, if these responses occur gradually or suddenly when thresholds are exceeded, and if the patterns of the responses will reach a stable state. We conducted an irrigation experiment in the Pfynwald, Switzerland from 2003-2018. A naturally dry...

Species interactions drive the spread of ampicillin resistance in human-associated gut microbiota

Siobhan O'Brien, Michael Baumgartner & Alex Hall
Background and objectives Slowing the spread of antimicrobial resistance is urgent if we are to continue treating infectious diseases successfully. There is increasing evidence microbial interactions between and within species are significant drivers of resistance. On one hand, cross-protection by resistant genotypes can shelter susceptible microbes from the adverse effects of antibiotics, reducing the advantage of resistance. On the other hand, antibiotic-mediated killing of susceptible genotypes can alleviate competition and allow resistant strains to thrive...

Conservation of Birds in Fragmented Landscapes Requires Protected Areas

Robert Timmers, Marijke Van Kuijk, Pita Verweij, Jaboury Ghazoul, Yann Hautier, William Laurance, Stefan Arriaga-Weiss, Robert Askins, Corrado Battisti, Åke Berg, Gretchen Daily, Cristián Estades, Beatrice Frank, Reiko Kurosawa, Rosamund Pojar, John Woinarski & Merel Soons
For successful conservation of biodiversity, it is vital to know whether protected areas in increasingly fragmented landscapes effectively conserve species. However, how large habitat fragments must be and what level of protection is required to sustain species, remains poorly known. We compiled a global dataset on almost 2000 bird species in 741 forest fragments varying in size and protection status, and show that protection is associated with higher bird occurrence, especially for threatened species. Protection...

Quantitative trait locus analysis of parasitoid counteradaptation to symbiont-conferred resistance

Gabriel F. Ulrich, Niklaus Zemp, Christoph Vorburger & Hélène Boulain
Insect hosts and parasitoids are engaged in an intense struggle of antagonistic coevolution. Infection with heritable bacterial endosymbionts can substantially increase the resistance of aphids to parasitoid wasps, which exerts selection on parasitoids to overcome this symbiont-conferred protection (counteradaptation). Experimental evolution in the laboratory has produced counteradapted populations of the parasitoid wasp Lysiphlebus fabarum. These populations can parasitize black bean aphids (Aphis fabae) protected by the bacterial endosymbiont Hamiltonella defensa, which confers high resistance against...

Grasslands of temperate Europe in a changing world – Editorial to the 16th EDGG Special Feature in Tuexenia

Steffen Boch, Thomas Becker, Balázs Deák, Jürgen Dengler & Valentin H. Klaus
Mitglieder der Eurasian Dry Grassland Group (EDGG) und deren Vorgängerorganisationen geben seit 16 Jahren Grasland-Sonderausgaben (Special Features) in Tuexenia heraus. Das diesjährige Special Feature mit dem Titel Grasländer des gemäßigten Europas in einer sich verändernden Welt umfasst sieben Artikel, die verschiedene Aspekte der Graslandforschung beleuchten und dabei unterschiedliche Organismengruppen einbeziehen: LLUMIQUINGA et al. untersuchten Langzeiteffekte von Einsaat, Mahd und Kohlenstoffzusatz (Reduktion der Nährstoffverfügbarkeit durch Verschiebung des C/N-Verhältnis) auf den Renaturierungserfolg von pannonischem Sandgrasland auf ehemaligen...

ISIMIP3a reservoirs & dams input data

María del Rocío Rivas López, Jida Wang & Fangfang Yao
The Inter-Sectoral Impact Model Intercomparison Project (ISIMIP) provides a framework for the collation of a consistent set of climate impact data across sectors and scales. It also provides a unique opportunity for considering interactions between climate change impacts across sectors through consistent scenarios.
The ISIMIP3a part of the third simulation round is dedicated to i) impact model evaluation and improvement and ii) detection and attribution of observed impacts according to the framework of IPCC AR5 Working...

DataCite Metadata Schema Documentation for the Publication and Citation of Research Data and Other Research Outputs v4.4

1 Introduction 1.1 The DataCite Consortium 1.2 DataCite Community Participation 1.3 The Metadata Schema 1.4 Version 4.4 Update 2 DataCite Metadata Properties 2.1 Overview 2.2 Citation 2.3 DataCite Properties 3 XML Example 4 XML Schema 5 Other DataCite Services Appendices Appendix 1: Controlled List Definitions Appendix 2: Earlier Version Update Notes Appendix 3: Standard values for unknown information Appendix 4: Version 4.1 Changes in support of software citation Appendix 5: FORCE11 Software Citation Principles Mapping

Zirkuläre Geschäftsmodelle: Barrieren überwinden, Potenziale freisetzen

Erik G. Hansen, Patrick Wiedemann, Fichter Klaus, Florian Lüdeke-Freund, Melanie Jaeger-Erben, Thomas Schomerus, Andres Alcayaga, Fenna Blomsma, Ursula Tischner, Ulrich Ahle, Daniela Büchle, Ann-Kathrin Denker, Karsten Fiolka, Magnus Fröhling, Alexander Häge, Volker Hoffmann, Holger Kohl, Tara Nitz, Christian Schiller, Rebecca Tauer, Dieter Vollkommer, Dieter Wilhelm, Hartmut Zefferer, Seda Akinci, Florian Hofmann … & Susanne Kadner
Heutige Produktions- und Konsummuster folgen weitgehend einer linearen Logik: abbauen, herstellen, konsumieren, entsorgen. Nur neun Prozent der Weltwirtschaft sind laut Circular Gap Report 2020 kreislaufgeführt. Doch dieses Wirtschaftsprinzip trägt zu einer massiven Überschreitung der „Planetaren Grenzen“ und damit zu einer Destabilisierung der Ökosysteme und Lebensgrundlage der Menschen bei, wie etwa des Klimasystems und der Artenvielfalt. Demzufolge wird derzeit viel über einen Paradigmenwechsel in der Logik industrieller Wertschöpfung diskutiert – weg von einem ressourcenintensiven hin zu...

The 2020 update of the European Seismic Hazard Model - ESHM20: Model Overview

Laurentiu Danciu, Shyam Nandan, Celso Reyes, Roberto Basili, Graeme Weatherill, Céline Beauval, Andrea Rovida, Susana Vilanova, Karin Sesetyan, Pierre-Yves Bard, Fabrice Cotton, Stefan Wiemer & Domenico Giardini

ISIMIP3a population input data

Stefan Lange & Tobias Geiger
The Inter-Sectoral Impact Model Intercomparison Project (ISIMIP) provides a framework for the collation of a consistent set of climate impact data across sectors and scales. It also provides a unique opportunity for considering interactions between climate change impacts across sectors through consistent scenarios.
The ISIMIP3a part of the third simulation round is dedicated to i) impact model evaluation and improvement and ii) detection and attribution of observed impacts according to the framework of IPCC AR5 Working...

ISIMIP3 land-sea masks

Stefan Lange & Matthias Büchner
The Inter-Sectoral Impact Model Intercomparison Project (ISIMIP) provides a framework for the collation of a consistent set of climate impact data across sectors and scales. It also provides a unique opportunity for considering interactions between climate change impacts across sectors through consistent scenarios.
The ISIMIP3a part of the third simulation round is dedicated to i) impact model evaluation and improvement and ii) detection and attribution of observed impacts according to the framework of IPCC AR5 Working...

ISIMIP3 geographical lakes input data

Inne Vanderkelen & Jacob Schewe
The Inter-Sectoral Impact Model Intercomparison Project (ISIMIP) provides a framework for the collation of a consistent set of climate impact data across sectors and scales. It also provides a unique opportunity for considering interactions between climate change impacts across sectors through consistent scenarios.
The ISIMIP3a part of the third simulation round is dedicated to i) impact model evaluation and improvement and ii) detection and attribution of observed impacts according to the framework of IPCC AR5 Working...

ISIMIP3b N-deposition input data

Jia Yang & Hanqin Tian
The Inter-Sectoral Impact Model Intercomparison Project (ISIMIP) provides a framework for the collation of a consistent set of climate impact data across sectors and scales. It also provides a unique opportunity for considering interactions between climate change impacts across sectors through consistent scenarios.
The ISIMIP3b part of the third simulation round is dedicated to a quantification of climate-related risks at different levels of global warming and socio-economic change. ISIMIP3b group I simulations are based on historical...

Circular Business Models: Overcoming Barriers, Unleashing Potentials

Erik. G. Hansen, Patrick Wiedemann, Klaus Fichter, Florian Lüdeke-Freund, Melanie Jaeger-Erben, Thomas Schomerus, Andres Alcayaga, Fenna Blomsma, Ursula Tischner, Ulrich Ahle, Daniel Büchle, Ann-Kathrin Denker, Karsten Fiolka, Magnus Fröhling, Alexander Häge, Volker Hoffmann, Holger Kohl, Tara Nitz, Christian Schiller, Rebecca Tauer, Dieter Vollkommer, Dieter Wilhelm, Hartmut Zefferer, Seda Akinci, Florian Hofmann … & Susanne Kadner
Most current patterns of production and consumption follow a linear “extract, produce, consume, dispose” model. According to the Circular Gap Report 2020, the global economy is just 9% circular. This economic model is contributing to a massive transgression of “planetary boundaries” and the destabilisation of ecosystems and factors essential to human life such as the climate system and biodiversity. As a result, there is currently much discussion of a paradigm shift in the industrial value...

Hidden paths to endless forms most wonderful: Parasite-blind diversification of host quality

Lisa Freund, Marie Vasse & Gregory J. Velicer
Evolutionary diversification can occur in allopatry or sympatry, can be driven by selection or unselected, and can be phenotypically manifested immediately or remain latent until realised in a newly encountered environment. Diversification of host-parasite interactions is frequently studied in the context of intrinsically selective coevolution, but the potential for host-parasite interaction phenotypes to diversify latently during parasite-blind host evolution is rarely considered. Here we use a social bacterium experimentally adapted to several environments in the...

Competition and geography underlie speciation and morphological evolution in Indo-Australasian monitor lizards

Carlos J. Pavón-Vázquez, Ian G. Brennan, Alexander Skeels & J. Scott Keogh
How biotic and abiotic factors act together to shape biological diversity is a major question in evolutionary biology. The recent availability of large datasets and development of new methodological approaches provide new tools to evaluate the predicted effects of ecological interactions and geography on lineage diversification and phenotypic evolution. Here, we use a near complete phylogenomic-scale phylogeny and a comprehensive morphological dataset comprising more than a thousand specimens to assess the role of biotic and...

Data from: Facilitation and biodiversity jointly drive mutualistic networks

Gianalberto Losapio, Elizabeth Norton Hasday, Xavier Espadaler, Christoph Germann, Francisco Javier Ortiz-Sánchez, Adrian Pont, Daniele Sommaggio & Christian Schöb
1. Facilitation by nurse plants increases understorey diversity and supports ecological communities. In turn, biodiversity shapes ecological networks and enhances ecosystem functioning. However, whether and how facilitation and increased biodiversity jointly influence community structure and ecosystem functioning remains unclear. 2. We performed a field experiment disentangling the relative contribution of nurse plants and increasing understorey plant diversity in driving pollination interactions. Both the presence of nurse shrubs as well as increased understorey plant diversity increased...

Biodiversity facets, canopy structure and surface temperature of grassland communities

Claudia Regina Guimaraes-Steinicke, Alexandra Weigelt, Raphaël Prouxl, Thomas Lanners, Nico Eisenhauer, Joaquín Duque-Lazo, Björn Reu, Christiane Roscher, Cameron Wagg, Nina Buchmann & Christian Wirth
Canopy structure is an important driver of the energy budget of the grassland ecosystem and is, at the same time, altered by plant diversity. Diverse plant communities typically have taller and more densely packed canopies than less diverse communities. With this, they absorb more radiation, have a higher transpiring leaf surface, and are better coupled to the atmosphere which leads to cooler canopy surfaces. However, whether plant diversity generally translates into a cooling potential remains...

Evolutionary tradeoffs between male secondary sexual traits revealed by a phylogeny of the hyperdiverse tribe Eumaeini (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae)

Wendy A. Valencia-Montoya, Tiago B. Quental, João Filipe R. Tonini, Gerard Talavera, James D. Crall, Gerardo Lamas, Robert C. Busby, Ana Paula S. Carvalho, Ana B. Morais, Nicolás Oliveira Mega, Helena Piccoli Romanowski, Marjorie A. Liénard, Shayla Salzman, Melissa R. L. Whitaker, Akito Y. Kawahara, David J. Lohman, Robert K. Robbins & Naomi E. Pierce
Male butterflies in the hyperdiverse tribe Eumaeini possess an unusually complex and diverse repertoire of secondary sexual characteristics involved in pheromone production and dissemination. Maintaining multiple sexually selected traits is likely to be metabolically costly, potentially resulting in trade-offs in the evolution of male signals. However, a phylogenetic framework to test hypotheses regarding the evolution and maintenance of male sexual traits in Eumaeini has been lacking. Here, we infer a comprehensive, time-calibrated phylogeny from 379...

Novel integrative modeling of molecules and morphology across evolutionary timescales

Huw A. Ogilvie, Fábio K. Mendes, Timothy G. Vaughan, Nicholas J. Matzke, Tanja Stadler, David Welch & Alexei J. Drummond
Evolutionary models account for either population or species-level processes, but usually not both. We introduce a new model, the FBD-MSC, which makes it possible for the first time to integrate both the genealogical and fossilization phenomena, by means of the multispecies coalescent (MSC) and the fossilized birth-death (FBD) processes. Using this model, we reconstruct the phylogeny representing all extant and many fossil Caninae, recovering both the relative and absolute time of speciation events. We quantify...

Data from: Identifying extracellular vesicles from single cells

Petra Dittrich, Jonas Nikoloff, André Kling & Mario Saucedo-Espinosa
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are constantly secreted from both eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells. EVs, including those referred to as exosomes, may have an impact on cell signaling and an incidence in diseased cells. In this manuscript, a platform to capture, quantify, and phenotypically classify the EVs secreted from single cells is introduced. Microfluidic chambers of about 300 pL are employed to trap and isolate individual cells. The EVs secreted within these chambers are then captured by...

DATASET: Forecast made on January 11, 2021 for the second Covid-19 wave based on the improved SIR model with a constant ratio of recovery to infection rate

Martin Kröger & Reinhard Schlickeiser
The temporal evolution of second and subsequent waves of the Covid-19 pandemic is investigated. Analytic expressions for the peak time and asymptotic behaviors, early doubling time, late half decay time, and a half-early peak law, characterizing the dynamical evolution of number of cases and fatalities are derived, where the pandemic evolution exhibiting multiple waves is described by the semi-time SIR model. The asymmetry of the epidemic wave and its exponential tail are affected by the...

Registration Year

  • 2021
    66

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    53
  • Text
    8
  • Report
    3
  • Image
    1
  • Journal Article
    1

Affiliations

  • Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich
    43
  • ETH Zurich
    23
  • Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research
    13
  • University of Zurich
    6
  • University of Würzburg
    3
  • Columbia University
    3
  • University of Lausanne
    3
  • Delft University of Technology
    3
  • Spanish National Research Council
    3
  • Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
    3