Data from: Predator-prey interactions shape thermal patch use in a newt larvae-dragonfly nymph modelLumír Gvoždík, Eva Černická & Raoul Van Damme
Thermal quality and predation risk are considered important factors influencing habitat patch use in ectothermic prey. However, how the predator’s food requirement and the prey’s necessity to avoid predation interact with their respective thermoregulatory strategies remains poorly understood. The recently developed ‘thermal game model’ predicts that in the face of imminent predation, prey should divide their time equally among a range of thermal patches. In contrast, predators should concentrate their hunting activities towards warmer patches....
Data from: Multilocus phylogeography of the European ground squirrel: cryptic interglacial refugia of continental climate in EuropeŠtěpánka Říčanová, Yordan Koshev, Oldřich Říčan, Nada Ćosić, Duško Ćirović, František Sedláček & Josef Bryja
The theory of classical and cryptic Pleistocene refugia is based mainly on historical changes in temperature, and the refugia are usually defined within a latitudinal gradient. However, the gradient of oceanic–continental climate (i.e. longitudinal) was also significantly variable during glacial cycles with important biotic consequences. Range-wide phylogeography of the European ground squirrel (EGS) was used to interpret the evolutionary and palaeogeographical history of the species in Europe and to shed light on its glacial–interglacial dynamic....
Data from: Parentage analysis of Ansell's mole-rat family groups indicates a high reproductive skew despite relatively relaxed ecological constraints on dispersalHana Patzenhauerová, Jan Šklíba, Josef Bryja & Radim Šumbera
To better understand evolutionary pathways leading to eusociality, interspecific comparisons are needed, which would use a common axis, such as that of reproductive skew, to array species. African mole-rats (Bathyergidae, Rodentia) provide an outstanding model of social evolution because of a wide range of social organizations within a single family; however, their reproductive skew is difficult to estimate, due to their cryptic lifestyle. A maximum skew could theoretically be reached in groups where reproduction is...
Data from: Strong population genetic structuring in an annual fish, Nothobranchius furzeri, suggests multiple savannah refugia in southern MozambiqueVeronika Bartáková, Martin Reichard, Karel Janko, Matej Polačik, Radim Blažek, Kathrin Reichwald, Alessandro Cellerino & Josef Bryja
Background: Intraspecific genetic variation of African fauna has been signific antly affected by pronounced climatic fluctuations in Plio-Pleistocene, but, with the exception of large mammals, very limited empirical data on diversity of natural populations are available for savanna-dwelling animals. Nothobranchius furzeri is an annual fish from south-eastern Africa, inhabiting discrete temporary savannah pools outside main river alluvia. Their dispersal is limited and population processes affecting its genetic structure are likely a combination of those affecting...
Oceanic islands have been a test ground for evolutionary theory, but here, we focus on the possibilities for evolutionary study created by offshore islands. These can be colonized through various means and by a wide range of species, including those with low dispersal capabilities. We use morphology, modern and ancient sequences of cytochrome b (cytb) and microsatellite genotypes to examine colonization history and evolutionary change associated with occupation of the Orkney archipelago by the common...
Institute of Vertebrate Biology5
University of South Bohemia in České Budějovice2
Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics1
University of Antwerp1
University of Aberdeen1
French National Institute for Agricultural Research1
University of Bern1
University of Belgrade1