363 Works

Data from: Molecular evidence shows low species diversity of coral-associated hydroids in Acropora corals

Silvia Fontana, Shashank Keshavmurthy, Hernyi Justin Hsieh, Vianney Denis, Chao-Yang Kuo, Chia-Ming Hsu, Julia K. L. Leung, Wan-Sen Tsai, Carden C. Wallace & Chaolun Allen Chen
A novel symbiosis between scleractinians and hydroids (Zanclea spp.) was recently discovered using taxonomic approaches for hydroid species identification. In this study, we address the question whether this is a species-specific symbiosis or a cosmopolitan association between Zanclea and its coral hosts. Three molecular markers, including mitochondrial 16S and nuclear 28S ribosomal genes, and internal transcribed spacer (ITS), were utilized to examine the existence of Zanclea species from 14 Acropora species and 4 other Acroporidae...

Data from: ENSO and frost co-determine decade-long temporal variation in flower and seed production in a subtropical rain forest

Chia-Hao Chang-Yang, I-Fang Sun, Cheng-Han Tsai, Chia-Ling Lu & Chang-Fu Hsieh
Flower and seed production of plants can be greatly influenced by both natural climatic oscillations and local weather extremes. However, owing to the rarity of long-term monitoring studies conducted at a sufficient temporal scale to capture climatic oscillations and the unpredictability of extreme weather events, evidence that demonstrates how these two external forcings act in concert to drive plant reproduction remains scarce. In addition, considerable variation in species’ phenological responses to the external climatic forcings...

Data from: A new subfamily classification of the Leguminosae based on a taxonomically comprehensive phylogeny

, Anne Bruneau, Nasim Azani, Marielle Babineau, Edeline Gagnon, Carole Sinou, Royce Steeves, Erin Zimmerman, C. Donovan Bailey, Lynsey Kovar, Madhugiri Nageswara-Rao, Hannah Banks, RuthP. Clark, Manuel De La Estrella, Peter Gasson, GeoffreyC. Kite, BenteB. Klitgaard, GwilymP. Lewis, Danilo Neves, Gerhard Prenner, María De Lourdes Rico-Arce, ArianeR. Barbosa, Maria Cristina López-Roberts, Luciano Paganucci De Queiroz, PétalaG. Ribeiro … & Tingshuang Yi
The classification of the legume family proposed here addresses the long-known non-monophyly of the traditionally recognised subfamily Caesalpinioideae, by recognising six robustly supported monophyletic subfamilies. This new classification uses as its framework the most comprehensive phylogenetic analyses of legumes to date, based on plastid matK gene sequences, and including near-complete sampling of genera (698 of the currently recognised 765 genera) and ca. 20% (3696) of known species. The matK gene region has been the most...

Data from: Density regulation in Northeast Atlantic fish populations: density dependence is stronger in recruitment than in somatic growth

Fabian Zimmermann, Daniel Ricard & Mikko Heino
1. Population regulation is a central concept in ecology, yet in many cases its presence and the underlying mechanisms are difficult to demonstrate. The current paradigm maintains that marine fish populations are predominantly regulated by density-dependent recruitment. 2. While it is known that density-dependent somatic growth can be present too, its general importance is unknown and most practical applications neglect it. This study aimed to close this gap by for the first time quantifying and...

Data from: Molecular assessment of Pocillopora verrucosa (Scleractinia; Pocilloporidae) distribution along a depth gradient in Ludao, Taiwan

Stéphane De Palmas, Derek Soto, Ming Jay Ho, Vianney Denis, Chaolun Allen Chen & Ming-Jay Ho
It can be challenging to identify scleractinian corals from the genus Pocillopora (Lamarck 1816) in the field because of their large range of inter- and intra-specific morphological variation that co-occur with changes in the physical environment. This task is made more arduous in the context of a depth gradient, where light and water current could greatly affect the morphology of the corallum. Pocillopora verrucosa (Ellis and Solander, 1786) in Taiwan was previously reported exclusively from...

Data from: North Atlantic Gateway: test bed of deep-sea macroecological patterns

Anna Jöst, Moriaki Yasuhara, Chih-Lin Wei, Hisayo Okahashi, Alexandra Ostmann, Pedro Arbízu Martinez, Briony Mamo, Jörundur Svavarsson & Saskia Brix
Aim: The deep waters around Iceland, known as the North Atlantic Gateway, constitute an ideal location to investigate deep-sea ecological hypotheses. Using ostracods, we constructed a comprehensive deep-sea macroecological dataset of the North Atlantic Gateway region and investigated the controlling factors of large-scale, deep-sea species diversity patterns. Location: Sub-polar North Atlantic Ocean Time period: Modern Major taxa studied: Ostracoda (Crustacea) Methods: We investigated deep-sea biodiversity patterns and applied ecological modeling (multiple regression and model averaging)...

Past and future decline of tropical pelagic biodiversity

Moriaki Yasuhara, Chih-Lin Wei, Michal Kucera, Mark Costello, Derek Tittensor, Wolfgang Kiessling, Timothy Bonebrake, Clay Tabor, Ran Feng, Andrés Baselga, Kerstin Kretschmer, Buntarou Kusumoto & Yasuhiro Kubota
A major research question concerning global pelagic biodiversity remains unanswered: when did the apparent tropical biodiversity depression (i.e., bimodality of latitudinal diversity gradient [LDG]) begin? The bimodal LDG may be a consequence of recent ocean warming or of deep-time evolutionary speciation and extinction processes. Using rich time-slice datasets of planktonic foraminifers, we show here that a unimodal (or only weakly bimodal) diversity gradient, with a plateau in the tropics, occurred during the last ice age...

Ecosystem services enhanced through soundscape management link people and wildlife

Mitch Levenhagen, Zachary Miller, Alissa Petrelli, Lauren Ferguson, Yau-Huo Shr, Dylan Gomes, Derrick Taff, Crow White, Kurt Fristrup, Christopher Monz, Christopher McClure, Peter Newman, Clinton Francis & Jesse Barber
Burgeoning urbanization, development and human activities have led to reduced opportunities for nature experience in quiet acoustic environments. Increasing noise affects both humans and wildlife alike. We experimentally altered human-caused sound levels in a paired study using informational signs that encouraged quiet behaviours in week-on, week-off blocks on the trail system of Muir Woods National Monument, California, USA to test if the soundscape influences both wildlife and human experiences. Using continuous measurements from acoustic recording...

A trait-based approach across the native and invaded range to understand plant invasiveness and community impact

Kenny Helsen, Hajime Matsushima, Ben Somers & Olivier Honnay
Alien plant species invasiveness and impact on diversity (i.e. species richness and composition) can be driven by the altered competitive interactions experienced by the invader in its invaded range compared to its native range. Trait-based competition effects on invasiveness can be mediated through size-asymmetric competition, i.e. a trait suit of the invader that drives competitive dominance, and through ‘niche differences’, i.e. trait differentiation and thus minimized competition between invader and the invaded community. In terms...

OCT-MoS, a dataset of mouse skin squamous cell carcinoma stages by full-field optical coherence tomography

Manuel Calderón Delgado
The incidence of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) has increased in recent years, while it remains as an understudied subject. Current methods for the diagnose of skin cancer are either invasive, present a low resolution, or images that are difficult to interpret. Full-field optical coherence tomography (FF-OCT) has proven its potential as a non-invasive imaging technique of epithelial tissue. The sub-micrometer resolution offered by FF-OCT is able to show fine features such as cell nuclei,...

OCT-MoS, a dataset of mouse skin squamous cell carcinoma stages by full-field optical coherence tomography

Manuel Calderón Delgado
The incidence of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) has increased in recent years, while it remains as an understudied subject. Current methods for the diagnose of skin cancer are either invasive, present a low resolution, or images that are difficult to interpret. Full-field optical coherence tomography (FF-OCT) has proven its potential as a non-invasive imaging technique of epithelial tissue. The sub-micrometer resolution offered by FF-OCT is able to show fine features such as cell nuclei,...

Examining the needle in the haystack: Evolutionary relationships in the mistletoe genus Loranthus Jacq. (Loranthaceae)

Daniel Nickrent, Huei-Jiun Su, Ruo-Zhu Lin, Mohan Prasad Devkota, Jer-Ming Hu & Gerhard Glatzel
The genus Loranthus Jacq. (Loranthaceae) consists of ca. nine Old World species distributed from eastern Asia to Europe. Loranthus, the type of the family, has had a complex taxonomic history that continues today, partly because most mistletoes in the family have resided in this genus. For this reason, there are over 1800 Loranthus species names, the vast majority of which are synonyms for mistletoes in other genera. The present work sampled representatives of nine species...

Biocidal properties of copper nanoparticles

Ghislaine Bayade, Menq-Rong Wu, Richard Massicotte, Dmitrij Gennad'evich Deryabin & L'Hocine Yahia

Reoxygenation in the East China Sea

Chung-Chi Chen, Dong Ko, Gwo-Ching Gong, Chun-Chi Lien, Wen-Chen Chou, Hung-Jen Lee, Fuh-Kwo Shiah & Yu-Sin Huang
Hypoxia and upwelling co-occurred in the summer, and the well-mixed water often reaches the subsurface in the East China Sea (ECS), especially off the Changjiang River estuary. The impact of upwelling on the hypoxia and, therefore, on the ECS ecosystem is not well evaluated. This study demonstrates several positive and negative effects of upwelling on hypoxia and its impact on the ecosystem. This dataset contains data collected from four cruises in the summer of 2003...

Co-variation of silicate, carbonate, and sulfide weathering drives CO2 release with erosion: Constraints from southern Taiwan.

Aaron Bufe , Niels Hovius , Robert Emberson , Jeremy Rugenstein , Albert Galy , Hima Hassenruck-Gudipati & Jui-Ming Chang
The supply of fresh minerals to Earth’s surface by erosion is thought to modulate global climate by removing atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) through silicate weathering. In turn, weathering of accessory carbonate and sulfide minerals is a geologically-relevant CO2 source, which may dampen or reverse the effect of silicate weathering on climate. Although these weathering pathways commonly operate side by side, we lack quantitative constraints on their co-evolution across erosion-rate gradients. Using stream-water chemistry across a...

Additional file 1 of What is the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on emergency medicine residency training: an observational study

Hsiang-Yun Lo, Shen-Che Lin, Chung-Hsien Chaou, Yu-Che Chang, Chip-Jin Ng & Shou-Yen Chen
Additional file 1.

Additional file 1 of The diurnal emission of floral scent in Oncidium hybrid orchid is controlled by CIRCADIAN CLOCK ASSOCIATED 1 (CCA1) through the direct regulation on terpene synthase

Chao-Wei Yeh, Hui-Qin Zhong, Yung-Feng Ho, Zhi-Hong Tian & Kai-Wun Yeh
Additional file 1: Supplemental Fig. 1. The GC-MS spectrum of floral scent from Oncidium SB flowers in different times. The volatile terpenes, ocimene and linalool display the peaks at RT=11.31 and 12.91 respectively. The profiles decipher floral scents are diurnally emitted highly at 10:00 o’clock and lower at 18:00 o’clock. The GC spectrum showed that there is a circadian rhythm of floral scent emissions. Supplemental Fig. 2. The enzymatic activities assay of TPS. TPS recombinant...

Four organosulfur compounds from the seeds of Capsella bursa-pastoris and their anti-inflammatory activities

Zhen-Zhen Wei, Ti-Qiang Zhou, Zi-Ming Xia, Si-Fan Liu, Min Li, Guang-Jie Zhang, Ying Tian, Bin Li & Lin Wang
Phytochemical investigation of the seeds of Capsella bursa-pastoris led to the isolation of four organosulfur compounds. There were two new compounds, 10-methylsulfinyl-decanamide (1) and 11-methylsulfinyl-undecanamide (2), along with two known compounds (3 − 4), which all have a sulfoxide group and an amide or a nitrile group. Their chemical structures were elucidated by analysing UV, IR, ESI-MS and NMR spectroscopy. In addition, compounds 1 − 4 were evaluated for their anti-inflammatory activities by using LPS-induced...

SARS-CoV-2 Positivity, Stent Thrombosis, and 30-day Mortality in STEMI Patients Undergoing Mechanical Reperfusion

Giuseppe De Luca, Magdy Algowhary, Berat Uguz, Dinaldo C Oliveira, Vladimir Ganyukov, Zan Zimbakov, Miha Cercek, Lisette Okkels Jensen, Poay Huan Loh, Lucian Calmac, Gerard Roura i Ferrer, Alexandre Quadros, Marek Milewski, Fortunato Scotto Di Uccio, Clemens von Birgelen, Francesco Versaci, Jurrien Ten Berg, Gianni Casella, Aaron Wong Sung Lung, Petr Kala, José Luis Díez Gil, Xavier Carrillo, Maurits Dirksen, Victor M. Becerra-Munoz, Michael Kang-yin Lee … & Monica Verdoia
SARS-Cov-2 has been suggested to promote thrombotic complications and higher mortality. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of SARS-CoV-2 positivity on in-hospital outcome and 30-day mortality in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) enrolled in the International Survey on Acute Coronary Syndromes ST-segment elevation Myocardial Infarction (ISACS-STEMI COVID-19 registry. The 109 SARS-CoV-2 positive patients were compared with 2005 SARS-CoV-2 negative patients. Positive patients were...

Additional file 10 of Polygenic risk score trend and new variants on chromosome 1 are associated with male gout in genome-wide association study

Ya-Sian Chang, Chien-Yu Lin, Ting-Yuan Liu, Chung-Ming Huang, Chin-Chun Chung, Yu-Chia Chen, Fuu-Jen Tsai, Jan-Gowth Chang & Shun-Jen Chang
Additional file 10: SupplementaryFigure 5. The linkage disequilibrium (LD) of between variant rs10805346 andrs3733589, rs1014290 and rsrs3775948 in gene SLC2A9 which were significantlyassociated with hyperuricemia for those participants carrying rs2231142wild-type (GG; ABCG2). All the r-squares of LD between them were greater than0.22. The red line indicates the cut-off significant p-value by 1e-8.

Additional file 2 of Polygenic risk score trend and new variants on chromosome 1 are associated with male gout in genome-wide association study

Ya-Sian Chang, Chien-Yu Lin, Ting-Yuan Liu, Chung-Ming Huang, Chin-Chun Chung, Yu-Chia Chen, Fuu-Jen Tsai, Jan-Gowth Chang & Shun-Jen Chang
Additional file 2: Supplementary Table 2. The susceptible variants significantlyassociated with gout compared to normal.

Additional file 2 of Polygenic risk score trend and new variants on chromosome 1 are associated with male gout in genome-wide association study

Ya-Sian Chang, Chien-Yu Lin, Ting-Yuan Liu, Chung-Ming Huang, Chin-Chun Chung, Yu-Chia Chen, Fuu-Jen Tsai, Jan-Gowth Chang & Shun-Jen Chang
Additional file 2: Supplementary Table 2. The susceptible variants significantlyassociated with gout compared to normal.

Additional file 3 of Polygenic risk score trend and new variants on chromosome 1 are associated with male gout in genome-wide association study

Ya-Sian Chang, Chien-Yu Lin, Ting-Yuan Liu, Chung-Ming Huang, Chin-Chun Chung, Yu-Chia Chen, Fuu-Jen Tsai, Jan-Gowth Chang & Shun-Jen Chang
Additional file 3: Supplementary Table 3. The susceptible variants significantly associated with hyperuricemia comparedto normal.

Additional file 5 of Polygenic risk score trend and new variants on chromosome 1 are associated with male gout in genome-wide association study

Ya-Sian Chang, Chien-Yu Lin, Ting-Yuan Liu, Chung-Ming Huang, Chin-Chun Chung, Yu-Chia Chen, Fuu-Jen Tsai, Jan-Gowth Chang & Shun-Jen Chang
Additional file 5: Supplementary Table5. The susceptible variants of significantly associated with gout andhyperuricemia in those with wild genotype of top significant variants(rs2231142).

Additional file 7 of Polygenic risk score trend and new variants on chromosome 1 are associated with male gout in genome-wide association study

Ya-Sian Chang, Chien-Yu Lin, Ting-Yuan Liu, Chung-Ming Huang, Chin-Chun Chung, Yu-Chia Chen, Fuu-Jen Tsai, Jan-Gowth Chang & Shun-Jen Chang
Additional file 7: Supplementary Figure 2. The paired linkagedisequilibrium among the variants which were significantly associated withhyperuricemia on chromosome 4 (A) and 12 (B).

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