1,887 Works

Molecular investigation of infection sources and transmission chains of brucellosis in Zhejiang, China

Heng Wang, Wei-min Xu, Kuang-ji Zhu, Su-juan Zhu, Hong-fang Zhang, Jia Wang, Yang Yang, Feng-yao Shao, Neng-ming Jiang, Zhen-yang Tao, Hang-yi Jin, Yi Tang, Liang-liang Huo, Fang Dong, Zhen-jun Li, Hua Ding & Zhi-guo Liu
In the present study, a total of 7793 samples from 5 different types of hosts were collected and tested, with a seroprevalence of 2.4% (184/7793). Although the seroprevalence of human and animal brucellosis is relatively low, numbers of human brucellosis cases reported have increased continuously from 2004 to 2018. A total of 118 Brucella strains containing 4 biotypes were obtained, including Brucella melitensis bv.1 (n = 8) and bv.3 (n = 106), Brucella abortus bv.3...

Transcriptomic characteristics of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and peripheral blood mononuclear cells in COVID-19 patients

Yong Xiong, Yuan Liu, Liu Cao, Dehe Wang, Ming Guo, Ao Jiang, Dong Guo, Wenjia Hu, Jiayi Yang, Zhidong Tang, Honglong Wu, Yongquan Lin, Meiyuan Zhang, Qi Zhang, Mang Shi, Yingle Liu, Yu Zhou, Ke Lan & Yu Chen
Circulating in China and 158 other countries and areas, the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak has caused devastating mortality and posed a great threat to public health. However, efforts to identify effectively supportive therapeutic drugs and treatments has been hampered by our limited understanding of host immune response for this fatal disease. To characterize the transcriptional signatures of host inflammatory response to SARS-CoV-2 (HCoV-19) infection, we carried out transcriptome sequencing of the RNAs isolated from the bronchoalveolar...

[12]aneN3-based multifunctional compounds as fluorescent probes and nucleic acids delivering agents

Yong-Guang Gao, Shu-Yuan Huangfu, Suryaji Patil, Quan Tang, Wan Sun, Yu Li, Zhong-Lin Lu & Airong Qian
A series of multifunctional compounds (MFCs) 1a–1e based on 1,8-naphthalimide and [12]aneN3 building blocks were designed and synthesized. They were used as not only fluorescent probes for recognition of Cu2+ ions but also as non-viral gene vectors for DNA and RNA delivery. Furthermore, their complexes with Cu2+ (1-Cu) could also selectively stain lysosome in HeLa cells. In order to achieve high performance multifunctional materials, structure-performance relationship of MFCs 1a–1e was studied. It was found that...

Establishment of replication-competent vesicular stomatitis virus-based recombinant viruses suitable for SARS-CoV-2 entry and neutralization assays

Hongyue Li, Chaoyue Zhao, Yuhang Zhang, Fei Yuan, Qi Zhang, Xuanling Shi, Linqi Zhang, Chengfeng Qin & Aihua Zheng
Replication-competent vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV)-based recombinant viruses are useful tools for studying emerging and highly pathogenic enveloped viruses in level 2 biosafety facilities. Here, we used a replication-competent recombinant VSVs (rVSVs) encoding the spike (S) protein of SARS-CoV-2 in place of the original G glycoprotein (rVSV-eGFP-SARS-CoV-2) to develop a high-throughput entry assay for SARS-CoV-2. The S protein was incorporated into the recovered rVSV-eGFP-SARS-CoV-2 particles, which could be neutralized by sera from convalescent COVID-19 patients. The...

Cognitive Diagnosis Testlet Model for Multiple-Choice Items

Lei Guo, Wenjie Zhou, Nai-Qing Song & Xiao Li
Testlet design is very popular in educational and psychological assessments. This article proposes a new cognitive diagnosis model, the Multiple-Choice Cognitive Diagnostic Testlet (MC-CDT) model for a test with testlets consisting of multiple-choice (MC) items. The MC-CDT model uses the original examinees’ responses to MC items instead of dichotomously scored data (i.e. correct or incorrect) so that it retains the information from different distractors and thus enhances the diagnostic power of MC items. The MCMC...

Computerized analysis of fetal heart rate pattern in the third trimester of low-risk pregnancy by long-range electronic fetal monitoring

Shu-Fang Li, Yang-Yu Zhao, Guang-Fei Li, Nan Wang, Song Zhang, Lian Chen & Yan Wang
With computerized analysis of fetal heart rate(FHR) data from long-range monitoring, we aimed to comprehensively clarify the characteristics of FHR with increasing gestational age in low-risk pregnant women during the third trimester of pregnancy. This was an observational study. 85 fetuses of low-risk pregnant women were included. The data covered 28 ∼ 40 weeks of gestation, and 125 cases of FHR monitoring from 85 fetuses were totally collected. The FHR baseline rate, variability, and acceleration...

Computerized analysis of fetal heart rate pattern in the third trimester of low-risk pregnancy by long-range electronic fetal monitoring

Shu-Fang Li, Yang-Yu Zhao, Guang-Fei Li, Nan Wang, Song Zhang, Lian Chen & Yan Wang
With computerized analysis of fetal heart rate(FHR) data from long-range monitoring, we aimed to comprehensively clarify the characteristics of FHR with increasing gestational age in low-risk pregnant women during the third trimester of pregnancy. This was an observational study. 85 fetuses of low-risk pregnant women were included. The data covered 28 ∼ 40 weeks of gestation, and 125 cases of FHR monitoring from 85 fetuses were totally collected. The FHR baseline rate, variability, and acceleration...

Differentially-expressed mRNAs, microRNAs and long noncoding RNAs in intervertebral disc degeneration identified by RNA-sequencing

Zhimin Li, Yu Sun, Maolin He & Jianwei Liu
The underlying molecular mechanisms of intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD) remain unclear. This study aimed to identify the crucial molecules and explore the function of noncoding RNAs and related pathways in IDD. We randomly selected three samples each from an IDD and a spinal cord injury group (control) for RNA-sequencing. We identified 463 differentially-expressed long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs), 47 differentially-expressed microRNAs (miRNAs), and 1,334 differentially-expressed mRNAs in IDD. Three hundred fifty-eight lncRNAs as cis-regulators could potentially...

Clinical significance and potential molecular mechanism of miRNA-222-3p in metastatic prostate cancer

Yu Sun, Gang Chen, Juan He, Zhi-Guang Huang, Sheng-Hua Li, Yuan-Ping Yang, Lu-Yang Zhong, Shu-Fan Ji, Ying Huang, Xin-Hua Chen, Mao-Lin He & Hao Wu
The clinical significance and underlying molecular mechanism of miRNA-222-3p in metastatic prostate cancer (MPCa) remain unclear. The present study used a large number of cases (n = 1,502) based on miRNA chip and miRNA sequencing datasets to evaluate the expression and diagnostic potential of miRNA-222-3p in MPCa. We applied a variety of meta-analytic methods, including forest maps, sensitivity analysis, subgroup analysis and summary receiver operating characteristic curves, to prove the final results. MiRNA-222-3p was reduced...

Oxidative stress and NF-κB signaling are involved in LPS induced pulmonary dysplasia in chick embryos

Yun Long, Guang Wang, Ke Li, Zongyi Zhang, Ping Zhang, Jing Zhang, Xiaotan Zhang, Yongping Bao, Xuesong Yang & Pengcheng Wang
Inflammation or dysbacteriosis-derived lipopolysaccharides (LPS) adversely influence the embryonic development of respiratory system. However, the precise pathological mechanisms still remain to be elucidated. In this study, we demonstrated that LPS exposure caused lung maldevelopment in chick embryos, including higher embryo mortality, increased thickness of alveolar gas exchange zone, and accumulation of PAS+ immature pulmonary cells, accompanied with reduced expression of alveolar epithelial cell markers and lamellar body count. Upon LPS exposure, pulmonary cell proliferation was...

Data from: Polycaprolactone nanofibers loaded with 20(S)-Protopanaxadiol for in vitro and vivo antitumor activity study

Danqing Liu, Zhiqiang Cheng, Qingjie Feng, Hejie Li, Shufeng Ye, Bo Teng, Qing-Jie Feng, He-Jie Li, Dan-Qing Liu & Shu-Feng Ye
In this work, 20(S)-Protopanaxadiol (PPD) loaded polycaprolactone (PCL) nanofibers were successfully fabricated by electrospinning technique using tween-80 as a solubilizer. Firstly, smooth and continuous nanofibers were collected by using suitable solvent and appropriate spinning conditions. Secondly, nanofiber mats were characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM), thermogravimetric (TG) analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and mechanical test. Finally, nanofibrous membranes were evaluated using water contact angle, in vitro drug release, biodegradation test, in vitro and vivo...

The predictive value of diabetic retinopathy on subsequent diabetic nephropathy in patients with type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies

Yu Li, Xiaoxuan Su, Qing Ye, Xiaodan Guo, Bo Xu, Tianjun Guan & Anqun Chen
This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to assess the predictive value of diabetic retinopathy (DR) on further diabetic nephropathy (DN) risk in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) based on the prospective cohort studies. PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were systematically searched for eligible prospective cohort studies through March 2020. The predictive value of DR was assessed using sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio (PLR) and negative likelihood ratio (NLR), diagnostic odds ratio (DOR), and...

Mutant sequences of OsGSTU17

Xue Yang, Zhihai Wu & Jie Gao
Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are a family of phase II detoxification enzymes whose main function is to improve plant resistance to stresses. To understand the structural effects of tau class GSTs on their function, using OsGSTU17 as an example, we predicted three pairs of residues involving in the interactions between its domains and linker region, and obtained the corresponding single mutation sequences through site-directed mutating Arg20, Glu74 and Asp77 which involved the hydrogen bonds and salt...

miR-152-3p aggravates vascular endothelial cell dysfunction by targeting DEAD-box helicase 6 (DDX6) under hypoxia

Zhongyan Zhao, Chanji Wu, Xiangying He, Eryi Zhao, Shijun Hu, Yeguang Han, Ting Wang, Yanquan Chen, Tao Liu & Shixiong Huang
Stroke is a main cause of disability and death worldwide, and ischemic stroke accounts for most stroke cases. Recently, microRNAs (miRNAs) have been verified to play critical roles in the development of stroke. Herein, we explored effects of miR-152-3p on vascular endothelial cell functions under hypoxia. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were treated with hypoxia to mimic cell injury in vitro. Reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction revealed that miR-152-3p exhibited high expression in...

A new diterpenoid alkaloid from Delphinium gyalanum C. Marquand & Airy Shaw

Xinyu Li, Meizhen Ye, Feng Gao, Xianli Zhou, Lin Chen & Shuai Huang
A new C19-diterpenoid alkaloid named gyalanutine A (1) and fourteen known compounds 2-15 were isolated from the plant of Delphinium gyalanum C. Marquand & Airy Shaw. Compound 1 displayed an unusual lycoctonine-type C19-diterpenoid alkaloid skeleton with the cleavage of N-C19 and C7-C17 bonds, and the construction of the N-C7 bond. Structures were identified by multiple spectroscopic analyses including 1 D, 2 D NMR, IR and HR-ESI-MS. Compounds were tested for acetylcholinesterase inhibitory and anti-inflammatory activity.

Optimization of the extraction conditions and dermal toxicity of oil body fused with acidic fibroblast growth factor (OLAF)

Yongxin Guo, Yaying Li, Qian Wu, Xinxin Lan, Guodong Chu, Weidong Qiang, Muhammad Noman, Tingting Gao, Jinnan Guo, Long Han, Jing Yang, Xiaokun Li & Linna Du
Oil body (OB), a subcellular organelle that stores oil in plant seeds, is considered a new transdermal drug delivery system. With the increasing understanding of the OB and its main protein (oleosin), numerous studies have been conducted on OB as “carrier” for the expression of exogenous proteins. In our previous study, oil body fused with aFGF (OLAF) was obtained using a plant oil body expression system that had been preliminarily proven to be effective in...

Optimization of the extraction conditions and dermal toxicity of oil body fused with acidic fibroblast growth factor (OLAF)

Yongxin Guo, Yaying Li, Qian Wu, Xinxin Lan, Guodong Chu, Weidong Qiang, Muhammad Noman, Tingting Gao, Jinnan Guo, Long Han, Jing Yang, Xiaokun Li & Linna Du
Oil body (OB), a subcellular organelle that stores oil in plant seeds, is considered a new transdermal drug delivery system. With the increasing understanding of the OB and its main protein (oleosin), numerous studies have been conducted on OB as “carrier” for the expression of exogenous proteins. In our previous study, oil body fused with aFGF (OLAF) was obtained using a plant oil body expression system that had been preliminarily proven to be effective in...

A ferroptosis-related gene signature for graft loss prediction following renal allograft

Zhenlei Fan, Tao Liu, Hanfei Huang, Jie Lin & Zhong Zeng
Allogeneic kidney transplantation (renal allograft) is the most effective treatment for advanced kidney disease. Previous studies have indicated that ferroptosis participates in the progression of acute kidney injury and renal transplant failure. However, few studies have evaluated the prognostic value of ferroptosis on renal transplantation outcomes. In this study, a total of 22 differentially expressed ferroptosis-related genes (DFGs) were identified, which were mainly enriched in infection-related pathways. Next, a ferroptosis-related gene signature, including GA-binding protein...

Systematic analysis of Long non-coding RNAs reveals diagnostic biomarkers and potential therapeutic drugs for intervertebral disc degeneration

Jiawen Zhan, Shangquan Wang, Xu Wei, Minshan Feng, Xunlu Yin, Jie Yu, Tao Han, Guangwei Liu, Wangwen Xuan, Xiaobo Wang, Rui Xie, Kai Sun & Liguo Zhu
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are related to a variety of human diseases. However, little is known about the role of lncRNA in intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD). LncRNA expression profile of human IDD were downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. Potential biomarkers and therapeutic drugs for IDD were analyzed by weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA), R software package Limma, Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG). We identified 1455 differentially...

miR-199a-3p plays an anti-tumorigenic role in lung adenocarcinoma by suppressing anterior gradient 2

Hui Liu, Yanfeng Wang, Yi Wang, Daoyuan Wu & He Zhang
Previous studies have explored the association between protein-coding genes and microRNAs (miRNAs) in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD). However, the influence of the miR-199a-3p/anterior gradient 2 (AGR2) axis in LUAD has not yet been fully explored. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the underlying roles of AGR2 and miR-199a-3p in the development of LUAD. The expression levels of miR-199a-3p and AGR2 in LUAD tissues and cells were detected via quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). A luciferase...

Candidate gene (PHA-E) and phytohemagglutinin content in snap bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.): an association study

Xiaoxu Yang, Dajun Liu, Yanqiu Hu, Zhishan Yan, Chang Liu & Guojun Feng
Snap bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is low in fat and high in nutrients; however, it also contains toxigenic factors such as phytohemagglutinin (PHA), which is poisonous to humans. Here, we aimed to determine the distribution of PHA in natural populations of snap bean by analyzing a candidate gene (PHA-E) related to PHA content. Functional genome-wide single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were then scanned to identify SNPs related to PHA content. A total of 150 snap bean...

Additional file 3 of Using a WeChat mini-program-based lactation consultant intervention to increase the consumption of mother’s own milk by preterm infants in the neonatal intensive care unit: a study protocol for a cluster randomized controlled trial

Jie Huo, Xinping Wu, Chuanli Gu, Zhangbin Yu, Jun Zhang, Xiaohui Chen, Jingai Zhu, Feng Liu, Beibei Liu, Qianqian Li & Shuping Han
Additional file 3.

Single-machine scheduling with energy generation and storage systems

Hyun-Jung Kim, Eun-Seok Kim, Jun-Ho Lee, Lixin Tang & Yang Yang
This paper considers a single-machine scheduling problem with sequence-dependent setup times and energy-generation and storage systems. Each job requires a sequence-dependent setup to be processed on the machine, and both setup and processing of the job require job-dependent amounts of energy. The energy consumed by the machine can be bought from an Electric Power Company (EPC) or generated by own Distributed Energy Resource (DER), such as solar photovoltaic or wind, and the energy can be...

Study of calcitriol anti-aging effects on human natural killer cells in vitro

Weiran Li, Xu Che, Xuemei Chen, Meiling Zhou, Xiaoping Luo & Tao Liu
Vitamin D is widely considered to have a regulatory effect on the immune system. Some clinical investigations have shown that the demand for vitamin D increases with age. Calcitriol is the biologically active form of vitamin D. However, its effect on human natural killer (NK) cells remains unclear. Therefore, in this study, we investigated the anti-aging and immunomodulatory effects of calcitriol on NK cells using a series of immunological methods to explore its important role...

Four new cembranoids from the South China Sea soft coral Sarcophyton trocheliophorum

Lu Ren, Xue Leng, Te Li, Jing Liu, Wei Wang, Xiaojun Yan, Xia Yan & Shan He
Four new cembrane diterpenes, 1,13-di-epi-13-acetoxy launine P (1), 13-oxo-thunbergol (2), isocrassumol B (3) and 7α, 8α-sarcophine (4), together with two known launine P (5) and sarcophytonin B (6), were isolated from the extract of the South China Sea soft coral Sarcophyton trocheliophorum. The structures were elucidated by spectroscopic analysis, ECD analysis and comparison with literature data. All compounds were tested for their antimicrobial activity and antiviral activity. Compounds 1, 2 and 5 were found to...

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