35 Works

Disentangling lousy relationships: Comparative phylogenomics of two sucking louse lineages parasitizing chipmunks

Kayce Bell, Julie M. Allen, Kevin P. Johnson, John R. Demboski & Joseph A. Cook
The evolution of obligate parasites is often interpreted in light of their hosts’ evolutionary history. An expanded approach is to examine the histories of multiple lineages of parasites that inhabit similar environments on a particular host lineage. Western North American chipmunks (genus Tamias) have a broad distribution, a history of divergence with gene flow, and host two species of sucking lice (Anoplura), Hoplopleura arboricola and Neohaematopinus pacificus. From total genomic sequencing, we obtained sequences of...

Single-arm, open-label, multicenter first in human study to evaluate the safety and performance of Dura Sealant Patch in reducing CSF leakage following elective cranial surgery: The ENCASE trial

Tristan Van Doormaal, Menno Germans, Menno Germans, Mariska Sie, Bart Brouwers, Andrew Carlson, Jan Willem Dankbaar, Jorn Fierstra, Paul Depauw, Pierre Robe & Luca Regli
Objective: The Dural Sealant Patch (DSP) is designed for watertight dural closure after cranial surgery. The goal of this study is to assess, for the first time, safety and performance of the DSP as a means of reducing CSF leakage in patients undergoing elective cranial intradural surgery with a dural closure procedure. Design: First in human, open-label, single-arm, multicenter study with 360 days (12 months) follow up. Setting: Three large tertiary reference neurosurgical centers, 2...

Do Loss Aversion and the Ownership Effect Bias Content Validation Procedures?

Vanessa Svihla & Amber Gallup
In making validity arguments, a central consideration is whether the instrument fairly and adequately covers intended content, and this is often evaluated by experts. While common procedures exist for quantitatively assessing this, the effect of loss aversion—a cognitive bias that would predict a tendency to retain items—on these procedures has not been investigated. For more novel constructs, experts are typically drawn from adjacent domains. In such cases, a related cognitive bias, the ownership effect, would...

Complex histories of gene flow and a mitochondrial capture event in a non-sister pair of bird

Ethan Gyllenhaal, Michael Andersen, Jenna McCullough, Xena Mapel, Tri Haryoko, Knud Jønsson & Leo Joseph
Hybridization, introgression, and reciprocal gene flow during speciation, specifically the generation of mitonuclear discordance, are increasingly observed as parts of the speciation process. Genomic approaches provide insight into where, when, and how adaptation operates during and after speciation and can measure historical and modern introgression. Whether adaptive or neutral in origin, hybridization can cause mitonuclear discordance by placing the mitochondrial genome of one species (or population) in the nuclear background of another species. The latter,...

Telemetry validated nitrogen stable isotope clocks identify ocean-to-estuarine habitat shifts in mobile organisms

Oliver Shipley, Alisa Newton, Michael Frisk, Gregory Henkes, Jake LaBelle, Merry Camhi, Michael Hyatt, Hans Walters & Jill Olin
1. Throughout their life history, many animals transition among heterogenous environments to facilitate behaviors such as reproduction, foraging, and predator avoidance. The dynamic environmental and biological conditions experienced by mobile species are integrated in the chemical composition of their tissues, providing retrospective insight into movement. 2. Here, we present a unique nitrogen stable isotope clocks (‘isotopic clocks’), which integrate tissue turnover rates, consumer stable isotope ratios, and habitat-specific isotope baselines and can be used to...

Still time for action: genetic conservation of imperiled South Canadian River fishes, Arkansas River Shiner (Notropis girardi), Peppered Chub (Macrhybopsis tetranema) and Plains Minnow (Hybognathus placitus)

Megan Osborne, Joanna Hatt, Eliza Gilbert & Stephen Davenport
Pelagic broadcast spawning cyprinids have declined throughout the North American Great Plains because of adverse habitat changes caused by river fragmentation and altered flow regimes. Despite losses elsewhere, a 218-river kilometer section of the South Canadian River maintains three of these imperiled species: Arkansas River Shiner, Peppered Chub and Plains Minnow. The objective of this study was to determine if species occupying the same river stretch and hence a shared environment, exhibit the same trajectory...

Future fire-driven landscape changes along a southwestern US elevation gradient

Matthew Hurteau & Cecile Remy
Over the 21st century, the combined effects of increased fire activity and climate changes are expected to altered forest composition and structure in many ecosystems by changing post-fire successional trajectories and recovery. The southwestern US mountains encompass varied vegetation types and species according to elevation which do not respond the same to changing climate and fire regime. Moreover, fire exclusion applied during the early 20th century has altered forest structure and fuel loads compared to...

Elucidating gene expression adaptation of phylogenetically divergent coral holobionts under heat stress

Viridiana Avila-Magaña, Bishoy Kamel, Michael DeSalvo, Kelly Gómez-Campo, Susana Enríquez, Hiroaki Kitano, Rori Rohlfs, Roberto Iglesias-Prieto & Mónica Medina
As coral reefs struggle to survive under climate change, it is crucial to know whether they have the capacity to withstand changing conditions, particularly increasing seawater temperatures. Thermal tolerance requires the integrative response of the different components of the coral holobiont (coral host, algal photosymbiont, and associated microbiome). Here, using a controlled thermal stress experiment across three divergent Caribbean coral species, we attempt to dissect holobiont member metatranscriptome responses from coral taxa with different sensitivities...

Proximity to crop relatives determines patterns of natural selection in a wild sunflower

Nora Mitchell, Scott Chamberlain & Kenneth Whitney
Abiotic and biotic heterogeneity result in divergent patterns of natural selection in nature, with important consequences for fundamental evolutionary processes including local adaptation, speciation and diversification. However, increasing amounts of the global terrestrial surface are homogenized by agriculture (which covers nearly 50% of terrestrial vegetated land surface) and other anthropogenic activities. Agricultural intensification leads to highly simplified biotic communities for many taxa, which may alter natural selection through biotic selective agents. In particular, the presence...

Repository Analytics and Metrics Portal (RAMP) 2019 data

Jonathan Wheeler & Kenning Arlitsch
Version update: The originally uploaded versions of the CSV files in this dataset included an extra column, "Unnamed: 0," which is not RAMP data and was an artifact of the process used to export the data to CSV format. This column has been removed from the revised dataset. The data are otherwise the same as in the first version. The Repository Analytics and Metrics Portal (RAMP) is a web service that aggregates use and performance...

Repository Analytics and Metrics Portal (RAMP) 2018 data

Jonathan Wheeler & Kenning Arlitsch
The Repository Analytics and Metrics Portal (RAMP) is a web service that aggregates use and performance use data of institutional repositories. The data are a subset of data from RAMP, the Repository Analytics and Metrics Portal (http://rampanalytics.org), consisting of data from all participating repositories for the calendar year 2018. For a description of the data collection, processing, and output methods, please see the "methods" section below. Note that the RAMP data model changed in August,...

Key words related to public engagement with science by Society of Freshwater Science journals and conference sessions (1997-2019)

Ayesha S. Burdett, Katherine E. O’Reilly, Rebecca J. Bixby & Selena S. Connealy
Data set that was used to determine the frequency each of 4 key words (public engagement, education, outreach, or science communication) in the title or abstract of published papers in Freshwater Science (formerly the Journal of the North American Benthological Society) and oral presentations (talks) at the annual Society for Freshwater Science meetings from 1997 to 2019. Does not include any data on talks for 2013-2014 because they were not published during those years.

Traumatic mating increases anchorage of mating male and reduces female remating duration and fecundity in a scorpionfly species

Xin Tong, Peng-Yang Wang, Mei-Zhuo Jia, Bao-Zhen Hua & Randy Thornhill
Traumatic mating is the male wounding his mate during mating using specialized anatomy. However, why males have evolved to injure their mates during mating remains poorly understood. We studied the traumatic mating and copulatory wounding of the mate’s genitalia by the male in the scorpionfly Dicerapanorpa magna to determine its effects on male and female fitness. The results showed that the sharp teeth on the male gonostyli penetrate the female genitalia and cause copulatory wounds,...

Language is an “activity of the whole body”: A memorial to Franz Dotter

Sherman Wilcox & Andrea Lackner
Franz Dotter was a world recognized linguist and sign language scholar. His tragic passing in 2018 deprived the field of sign linguistics from a pioneering voice. In this paper we ask several questions concerning sign language and Dotter’s approach to sign linguistics and reflect on Franz Dotter’s contributions to the field of sign linguistics. Dotter turned his expertise and analytic skill to questioning the common approach to sign languages which assumed that theories developed to...

The importance of kelp to an intertidal ecosystem varies by trophic level: insights from amino acid δ13C analysis

Emma Elliott Smith, Chris Harrod & Seth D. Newsome
A fundamental question in ecology is understanding how energy and nutrients move through and between food webs, and which sources of production support consumers. In marine ecosystems, these basic questions have been challenging to answer given the limitation of observational methods. Stable isotope analysis of essential amino acids (EAA δ13C) has great potential as a tool to quantify energy and nutrient flow through marine food webs; however, it has been primarily utilized at large spatial...

Data from: Comparison of seven simple loss models for runoff prediction at the plot, hillslope and catchment scale in the semiarid southwestern U.S.

Gerhard Schoener, Mark C. Stone & Charles Thomas
Infiltration excess overland flow is the dominant mechanism for runoff generation in many dryland watersheds. Event-based rainfall-runoff models therefore partition precipitation into two components: loss and excess precipitation. The latter is then transformed into a runoff hydrograph. Numerous loss models have been developed over the past century ranging from simple empirical to sophisticated physically based methods. Complex models can lead to equifinality and associated uncertainty at larger spatial scales with varying soil and cover conditions....

Photos of a rare warbler hybrid, Yellow Warbler x Black-throated Blue Warbler (Setophaga petechia x Setophaga caerulescens)

Ethan Gyllenhaal
Hybridization can have profound effects on biological diversity; however, predictable inheritance of plumage traits remains poorly understood, especially for rare hybrids that are infrequently documented. We reviewed the literature and compiled a comprehensive list of hybrids from the wood warbler family Parulidae, a diverse radiation of songbirds with divergent plumage traits. We used our compilation to analyze modes of inheritance in wing bar patterns and carotenoid coloration. Finally, we described an unusual hybrid from the...

Mining the first 100 days: Human and data ethics in Twitter research

Jonathan Wheeler & Teresa Neely
This dataset consists of tweet identifiers for tweets harvested between November 28, 2016, following the election of Donald Trump through the end of the first 100 days of his administration. Data collection ended May 1, 2017. Tweets were harvested using multiple methods described below. The total dataset consists of 218,273,152 tweets. Because of the different methods used to harvest tweets, there may be some duplication.

Move From Surviving to Thriving: The Positive Psychology Workbook for Challenging Times

Bruce W. Smith

Gila Trout neutral and outlier SNP genotype matrices

David Camak, Megan Osborne & Thomas Turner
Many salmonid species exist in highly structured and isolated populations, and are susceptible to habitat fragmentation and disturbances. Gila Trout (Oncorhynchus gilae) is a threatened species found in the Southwestern United States, and is managed to preserve relict populations (i.e., lineages) distributed across a fragmented landscape. We evaluated genomic variation within and among remaining lineages of Gila Trout using RADseq to assess how drift and selection have structured populations using neutral and outlier loci. We...

A lightweight backpack harness for tracking hummingbirds

Jessie L. Williamson & Christopher C. Witt
Hummingbirds and other lightweight bird species are challenging to track because they have limited capacity to carry devices for data-logging. We present a simple and customizable three-loop ‘backpack’ harness for studying hummingbird migration and movement, with step-by-step instructions for harness construction and attachment. The harness has negligible weight and cost (< $0.50 USD/each), is easy for a single person to make and apply in the field, and it requires no complicated setup or equipment. We...

Repository Analytics and Metrics Portal (RAMP) 2021 data

Jonathan Wheeler & Kenning Arlitsch
The Repository Analytics and Metrics Portal (RAMP) is a web service that aggregates use and performance use data of institutional repositories. The data are a subset of data from RAMP, the Repository Analytics and Metrics Portal (http://rampanalytics.org), consisting of data from all participating repositories for the calendar year 2021. For a description of the data collection, processing, and output methods, please see the "methods" section below. The record will be revised periodically to make new...

Contrasting patterns of phylogenetic diversity and alpine specialization across the alpine flora of the American mountain range system

Hector Fox Figueroa, Hannah E. Marx, Maria Beatriz De Souza Cortez, Charles J. Grady, Nicholas Engle-Wrye, Jim Beach, Aimee Stewart, Ryan A. Folk, Douglas E. Soltis, Pamela S. Soltis & Stephen A. Smith
Although mountainous habitats contribute substantially to global biodiversity, comparatively little is known about biogeographic patterns of distributions of alpine species across multiple mountain ranges. Here, we present a detailed analysis of the distributions and phylogenetic affinities of alpine seed plant lineages across North, Central, and South American mountain systems. Using a comprehensive dataset that characterized the elevational niches of American seed plants in a continuously valued way, we were able to quantitatively investigate how the...

Analysis of paralogs in target enrichment data pinpoints multiple ancient polyploidy events in Alchemilla s.l. (Rosaceae)

Diego F. Morales-Briones, Berit Gehrke, Chien-Hsun Huang, Aaron Liston, Hong Ma, Hannah Marx, David Tank & Ya Yang
Target enrichment is becoming increasingly popular for phylogenomic studies. Although baits for enrichment are typically designed to target single-copy genes, paralogs are often recovered with increased sequencing depth, sometimes from a significant proportion of loci, especially in groups experiencing whole-genome duplication (WGD) events. Common approaches for processing paralogs in target enrichment data sets include random selection, manual pruning, and mainly, the removal of entire genes that show any evidence of paralogy. These approaches are prone...

Repository Analytics and Metrics Portal (RAMP) 2020 data

Jonathan Wheeler & Kenning Arlitsch
Version update: The originally uploaded versions of the CSV files in this dataset included an extra column, "Unnamed: 0," which is not RAMP data and was an artifact of the process used to export the data to CSV format. This column has been removed from the revised dataset. The data are otherwise the same as in the first version. The Repository Analytics and Metrics Portal (RAMP) is a web service that aggregates use and performance...

Registration Year

  • 2021
    35

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    32
  • Text
    2
  • Journal Article
    1

Affiliations

  • University of New Mexico
    35
  • Montana State University
    5
  • University of Kansas
    3
  • University of Michigan-Ann Arbor
    2
  • University of Florida
    2
  • University of Wisconsin–Eau Claire
    2
  • Mississippi State University
    2
  • Pennsylvania State University
    2
  • Stony Brook University
    2
  • Michigan Technological University
    1