648 Works

Data from: Net assimilation rate determines the growth rates of 14 species of subtropical forest trees

Xuefei Li, Bernhard Schmid, Fei Wang & C. E. Timothy Paine
Growth rates are of fundamental importance for plants, as individual size affects myriad ecological processes. We determined the factors that generate variation in RGR among 14 species of trees and shrubs that are abundant in subtropical Chinese forests. We grew seedlings for two years at four light levels in a shade-house experiment. We monitored the growth of every juvenile plant every two weeks. After one and two years, we destructively harvested individuals and measured their...

Data from: Philip Grime's fourth corner: are there plant species adapted to high disturbance and low productivity?

Tomas Herben, Jitka Klimešová & Milan Chytrý
Grime's CSR species life-strategy theory (competition-stress-ruderality) provides a conceptual framework to classify species into competitive (high productivity, low disturbance), stress-tolerant (low productivity, low disturbance) and ruderal (high productivity, high disturbance). Importantly, this classification is based on the assumption that the niche space of disturbance and productivity is filled unevenly: while in productive habitats species can adapt to different disturbance regimes, species of low-productivity and disturbed habitats do not exist, resulting in a triangular distribution of...

Data from: Evolutionary history of the angiosperm flora of China

Li-Min Lu, Ling-Feng Mao, Tuo Yang, Jian-Fei Ye, Bing Liu, Hong-Lei Li, Miao Sun, Joseph T. Miller, Sarah Mathews, Hai-Hua Hu, Yan-Ting Niu, Dan-Xiao Peng, You-Hua Chen, Stephen A. Smith, Min Chen, Kun-Li Xiang, Chi-Toan Le, Viet-Cuong Dang, An-Ming Lu, Pamela S. Soltis, Douglas E. Soltis, Jian-Hua Li & Zhi-Duan Chen
High species diversity may result from recent rapid speciation in a ‘cradle’ and/or the gradual accumulation and preservation of species over time in a ‘museum’1,2. China harbours nearly 10% of angiosperm species worldwide and has long been considered as both a museum, owing to the presence of many species with hypothesized ancient origins3,4, and a cradle, as many lineages have originated as recent topographic changes and climatic shifts—such as the formation of the Qinghai–Tibetan Plateau...

Biogeography and ecological niche evolution in Diapensiaceae inferred from phylogenetic analysis

Michelle Gaynor, Chao-Nan Fu, Lian-Ming Gao, Li-Min Lu, Douglas E. Soltis & Pamela S. Soltis
Diapensiaceae (Ericales) are a small family of about 15 species. Within this clade, two species are broadly distributed throughout the Northern Hemisphere, while the remaining species have a disjunct distribution between eastern North America and eastern Asia. To address patterns and processes of diversification in Diapensiaceae, we conducted biogeographic analyses and inferred shifts in ecological niche across the phylogeny of the clade. Although Diapensiaceae have been the focus of multiple phylogenetic and biogeographic studies, previous...

Supplemental materials of: Ignored biodiversity in acid soil islands in karst areas, South China: Impatiens longlinensis (Balsaminaceae), a new critically endangered species

Tian-Tian Xue, Chang-Ying Xia, Magnus Lidén, Wei-Bin Xu, Zhao-Cen Lu, Hai-Ling Chen, Shu-Wan Li & Sheng-Xiang Yu
The karst area in South China is notable for its fragile vegetation and unique flora with many narrow endemics, and is one of the most threatened biodiversity hotspots in the world. However, the biodiversity of acid soil areas scattered in the karst area have previously been underestimated. With a recent increase of new discoveries of plants and animals, the conservation of biodiversity in these acid soil areas has become urgent. This study deals with a...

MOF-derived multi-interface carbon-based composites with enhanced polarization loss and efficient microwave absorption

Hongjiao Qu, Peng Zheng, Tao Wang, Xingyu Yu, Junjie Pan, Xiaoli Fan, Tengfei Zhang, Xin Sun & Jianping He
Metal-organic framework materials (MOFs) have been widely studied because of their adjustable composition and controllable structure in the field of microwave absorption (MA). Therein, Prussian blue analogs (PBA) have attracted the attention of researchers with ultra-high metal content. However, the attenuation ability of microwave for PBA-based composites is still unsatisfactory up to now. Therefore, the NiFe/CoFe@C composites were prepared by carbonizing polymetallic PBA (NiCoFe PBA) materials in this work, and the influence of different metal...

Nonparametric Quantile Regression for Homogeneity Pursuit in Panel Data Models

Xiaoyu Zhang, Di Wang, Heng Lian & Guodong Li
Many panel data have the latent subgroup effect on individuals, and it is important to correctly identify these groups since the efficiency of resulting estimators can be improved significantly by pooling the information of individuals within each group. However, the currently assumed parametric and semiparametric relationship between the response and predictors may be misspecified, which leads to a wrong grouping result, and the nonparametric approach hence can be considered to avoid such mistakes. Moreover, the...

Nonparametric Quantile Regression for Homogeneity Pursuit in Panel Data Models

Xiaoyu Zhang, Di Wang, Heng Lian & Guodong Li
Many panel data have the latent subgroup effect on individuals, and it is important to correctly identify these groups since the efficiency of resulting estimators can be improved significantly by pooling the information of individuals within each group. However, the currently assumed parametric and semiparametric relationship between the response and predictors may be misspecified, which leads to a wrong grouping result, and the nonparametric approach hence can be considered to avoid such mistakes. Moreover, the...

Additional file 2 of Combining QTL mapping and RNA-Seq Unravels candidate genes for Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) leaf development

Xueqian Jiang, Xijiang Yang, Fan Zhang, Tianhui Yang, Changfu Yang, Fei He, Ting Gao, Chuan Wang, Qingchuan Yang, Zhen Wang & Junmei Kang
Additional file 2: Fig. S2 Leaf- related QTLs on 32 linkage groups from a genetic linkage map of maternal parent (P2).

Additional file 3 of Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm dispersion by the mouse antimicrobial peptide CRAMP

Yang Zhang, Peng Cheng, Shiyuan Wang, Xiaofen Li, Lianci Peng, Rendong Fang, Jing Xiong, Hui Li, Cui Mei, Jiye Gao, Zhenhui Song, Dengfeng Xu, Lizhi Fu, Chenghong Li, Xueqing Wu, Yuzhang He & Hongwei Chen
Additional file 3. Differentially expressed protein data.

Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm dispersion by the mouse antimicrobial peptide CRAMP

Yang Zhang, Peng Cheng, Shiyuan Wang, Xiaofen Li, Lianci Peng, Rendong Fang, Jing Xiong, Hui Li, Cui Mei, Jiye Gao, Zhenhui Song, Dengfeng Xu, Lizhi Fu, Chenghong Li, Xueqing Wu, Yuzhang He & Hongwei Chen
Abstract Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) is a known bacterium that produces biofilms and causes severe infection. Furthermore, P. aeruginosa biofilms are extremely difficult to eradicate, leading to the development of chronic and antibiotic-resistant infections. Our previous study showed that a cathelicidin-related antimicrobial peptide (CRAMP) inhibits the formation of P. aeruginosa biofilms and markedly reduces the biomass of preformed biofilms, while the mechanism of eradicating bacterial biofilms remains elusive. Therefore, in this study, the potential mechanism...

Additional file 2 of Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm dispersion by the mouse antimicrobial peptide CRAMP

Yang Zhang, Peng Cheng, Shiyuan Wang, Xiaofen Li, Lianci Peng, Rendong Fang, Jing Xiong, Hui Li, Cui Mei, Jiye Gao, Zhenhui Song, Dengfeng Xu, Lizhi Fu, Chenghong Li, Xueqing Wu, Yuzhang He & Hongwei Chen
Additional file 2. Differentially expressed gene data.

Real-time realistic computer-generated hologram with accurate depth precision and a large depth range

Chongli Zhong, Xinzhu Sang, Binbin Yan, Hui Li, Duo Chen & Xiujuan Qin
Holographic display is an ideal technology for near-eye display to realize virtual and augmented reality applications, because it can provide all depth perception cues. However, depth performance is sacrificed by exiting computer-generated hologram (CGH) methods for real-time calculation. In this paper, volume representation and improved ray tracing algorithm are proposed for real-time CGH generation with enhanced depth performance. Using the single fast Fourier transform (S-FFT) method, the volume representation enables a low calculation burden and...

Community composition and trophic mode diversity of fungi associated with fruiting body of medicinal Sanghuangporus vaninii

Yanjun Ma, Weiqian Gao, Fan Zhang, Xuetai Zhu, Weibao Kong, Shiquan Niu, Kun Gao & Hongqin Yang
Abstract Background: The microbial symbionts of macrofungal fruiting body have been shown to play momentous roles in host growth, development, and secondary metabolism. Nevertheless, there is no report on the fungal diversity of Sanghuangporus, a medicinal and edible homologous macrofungus as “forest gold”, which has good effects on antioxidation, boosting immunity and curing stomachache. Here, the diversity and functional group of fungi associated with the fruiting body of the most widely applied S. vaninii were...

Additional file 1 of Effect of different feeding methods on gastrointestinal function in critical patients (DFM-GFC): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Guang Yang, Aijing Deng, Bojun Zheng, Jian Li, Yi Yu, Honglian Ouyang, Xin Huang & Hong Chen
Additional file 1.

Additional file 2 of Evidence-based expert consensus on the management of primary central nervous system lymphoma in China

Tong Chen, Yuanbo Liu, Yang Wang, Qing Chang, Jinsong Wu, Zhiliang Wang, Daoying Geng, Jin-Tai Yu, Yuan Li, Xiao-Qiu Li, Hong Chen, Dongxiao Zhuang, Jianyong Li, Bin Wang, Tao Jiang, Lanting Lyu, Yuqin Song, Xiaoguang Qiu, Wenbin Li, Song Lin, Xinghu Zhang, Dehong Lu, Junqiang Lei, Yaolong Chen & Ying Mao
Additional file 2. Search strategies in each database.

Additional file 3 of Evidence-based expert consensus on the management of primary central nervous system lymphoma in China

Tong Chen, Yuanbo Liu, Yang Wang, Qing Chang, Jinsong Wu, Zhiliang Wang, Daoying Geng, Jin-Tai Yu, Yuan Li, Xiao-Qiu Li, Hong Chen, Dongxiao Zhuang, Jianyong Li, Bin Wang, Tao Jiang, Lanting Lyu, Yuqin Song, Xiaoguang Qiu, Wenbin Li, Song Lin, Xinghu Zhang, Dehong Lu, Junqiang Lei, Yaolong Chen & Ying Mao
Additional file 3. Supplementary data for focused clinical questions.

Evidence-based expert consensus on the management of primary central nervous system lymphoma in China

Tong Chen, Yuanbo Liu, Yang Wang, Qing Chang, Jinsong Wu, Zhiliang Wang, Daoying Geng, Jin-Tai Yu, Yuan Li, Xiao-Qiu Li, Hong Chen, Dongxiao Zhuang, Jianyong Li, Bin Wang, Tao Jiang, Lanting Lyu, Yuqin Song, Xiaoguang Qiu, Wenbin Li, Song Lin, Xinghu Zhang, Dehong Lu, Junqiang Lei, Yaolong Chen & Ying Mao
Abstract Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is a type of central nervous system restricted non-Hodgkin lymphoma, whose histopathological diagnosis is majorly large B cell lymphoma. To provide specific, evidence-based recommendations for medical professionals and to promote more standardized, effective and safe treatment for patients with PCNSL, a panel of experts from the Chinese Neurosurgical Society of the Chinese Medical Association and the Society of Hematological Malignancies of the Chinese Anti-Cancer Association jointly developed an...

Additional file 2 of Interaction of miR-200a-3p with YAP regulates cell proliferation and metastasis differentially in HPV-positive and HPV-negative cervical cancer cells

Hong Chen, Lingling Gu, Min Zhang, Huifen Chen, Hong Liao, Xueping Cao, Lu Yu & Jun Zhang
Additional file 2: Fig. 2H. Full-length blots in Figure 2H C33A (left) and Siha (right) cells. The red solid lines are the figures in the manuscript. Fig. 2J. Full-length blots in Figure 2J C33A (left) and Siha (right) cells. The red solid lines are the figures in the manuscript. Supplementary Fig. S2. Full-length blots in Supplementary Fig S2. The red solid lines are the figures in the manuscript.

Additional file 3 of Interaction of miR-200a-3p with YAP regulates cell proliferation and metastasis differentially in HPV-positive and HPV-negative cervical cancer cells

Hong Chen, Lingling Gu, Min Zhang, Huifen Chen, Hong Liao, Xueping Cao, Lu Yu & Jun Zhang
Additional file 3.

Cost-effectiveness analysis of donafenib versus lenvatinib for first-line treatment of unresectable or metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma

Rui Meng, Xueke Zhang, Ting Zhou, Mengjie Luo & Yijin Qiu
Donafenib and lenvatinib are approved by China National Medical Products Administration and recommended as first-line treatment of Metastatic Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC). The aim of this study was to assess the cost-effectiveness of donafenib compared with lenvatinib for first-line treatment of advanced HCC in China. A partitioned survival model consisting with three health states was developed to simulate lifetime development of advanced HCC from China healthcare payer’s perspective. The lifetime costs, quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs), life-years (LYs),...

Additional file 2 of Genomic Architecture of Yield Performance of an Elite Rice Hybrid Revealed by its Derived Recombinant Inbred Line and Their Backcross Hybrid Populations

Fan Zhang, Conghe Zhang, Xiuqin Zhao, Shuangbing Zhu, Kai Chen, Guixiang Zhou, Zhichao Wu, Min Li, Tianqing Zheng, Wensheng Wang, Zhi Yan, Qinyong Fei, Zhikang Li, Jinjie Chen & Jianlong Xu
Additional file 2: Table S2. Some summary statistics from two-way analysis of variance of 12 traits of rice hybrid QYSM, derived RIL and BCF1 hybrid (RIL × Q9311) populations evaluated in three environments (Hefei, Nanning and Deyang).

Additional file 4 of Genomic Architecture of Yield Performance of an Elite Rice Hybrid Revealed by its Derived Recombinant Inbred Line and Their Backcross Hybrid Populations

Fan Zhang, Conghe Zhang, Xiuqin Zhao, Shuangbing Zhu, Kai Chen, Guixiang Zhou, Zhichao Wu, Min Li, Tianqing Zheng, Wensheng Wang, Zhi Yan, Qinyong Fei, Zhikang Li, Jinjie Chen & Jianlong Xu
Additional file 4: Fig. S2. High-density linkage map consisting of 855 bins was constructed for the RIL population from a cross between Q9311B and WSSM based on the genotypes at 13,847 segregating genes. a, The recombination bin map of the RIL population (n = 1061), in which the horizontal axis indicates the RILs and the vertical axis indicates genomic regions. Q9311B/Q9311B homozygous type is shown in red, WSSM/WSSM homozygous type is shown in blue, and...

Additional file 12 of Genomic Architecture of Yield Performance of an Elite Rice Hybrid Revealed by its Derived Recombinant Inbred Line and Their Backcross Hybrid Populations

Fan Zhang, Conghe Zhang, Xiuqin Zhao, Shuangbing Zhu, Kai Chen, Guixiang Zhou, Zhichao Wu, Min Li, Tianqing Zheng, Wensheng Wang, Zhi Yan, Qinyong Fei, Zhikang Li, Jinjie Chen & Jianlong Xu
Additional file 12: Table S7. The function of 45 cloned yield related genes identified as the candidate genes for determining the performance of hybrid rice variety QYSM.

Additional file 8 of Genomic Architecture of Yield Performance of an Elite Rice Hybrid Revealed by its Derived Recombinant Inbred Line and Their Backcross Hybrid Populations

Fan Zhang, Conghe Zhang, Xiuqin Zhao, Shuangbing Zhu, Kai Chen, Guixiang Zhou, Zhichao Wu, Min Li, Tianqing Zheng, Wensheng Wang, Zhi Yan, Qinyong Fei, Zhikang Li, Jinjie Chen & Jianlong Xu
Additional file 8: Table S5. Classification of 2,736 epistatic QTL pairs into 13 types according to their gene actions identified in the Q9311/WSSM combined population.

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