65 Works

The genetic architecture and evolution of life history divergence among perennials in the Mimulus guttatus species complex

Jennifer Coughlan, Maya Wilson Brown & John Willis
Ecological divergence is a main source of trait divergence between closely related species. Despite its importance in generating phenotypic diversity, the genetic architecture of most ecologically relevant traits is poorly understood. Differences in elevation can impose substantial selection for phenotypic divergence of both complex, correlated suites of traits (such as life history), as well as novel adaptations. Here, we use the Mimulus guttatus species complex to assess if divergence in elevation is accompanied by trait...

Drought-driven wildfire impacts on structure and dynamics in a wet Central Amazonian forest

Aline Pontes-Lopes, Camila V. J. Silva, Jos Barlow, Lorena M. Rincón, Wesley A. Campanharo, Cássio A. Nunes, Catherine T. De Almeida, Celso H. L. Silva Junior, Henrique L. G. Cassol, Ricardo Dalagnol, Scott C. Stark, Paulo M.L.A. Graça & Luiz E. O. C. Aragão
While climate and human-induced forest degradation is increasing in the Amazon, fire impacts on forest dynamics remain understudied in the wetter regions of the basin, which are susceptible to large wildfires only during extreme droughts. To address this gap, we installed burned and unburned plots immediately after a wildfire in the northern Purus-Madeira (central Amazon) during the 2015 El-Niño. We measured all individuals ≥10cm in diameter at breast height, and conducted recensuses to track the...

Connectivity and edge effects increase bee colonization in an experimentally fragmented landscape

Sean Griffin & Nick Haddad
Though landscape corridors increase dispersal of many animals and plants, it remains unknown whether increased dispersal increases colonization and establishment of new populations in connected fragments. Working in experimentally fragmented landscapes, we tested how two aspects of habitat fragments altered by corridors- connectivity and edge-to-area ratio- determine patterns of colonization by a solitary, cavity-nesting bee (Megachile rotundata). We found that though higher connectivity initially increased rates of nest-site occupation, higher edge-to-area ratio ultimately increased patch...

Data from: Temporal dynamics of free‐living nitrogen fixation in the switchgrass rhizosphere

Darian Smercina, Sarah E. Evans, Maren L. Friesen & Lisa K. Tiemann
Here we present data associated with the manuscript, Temporal dyanmics of free-living nitrogen fixation in the switchgrass rhizosphere. Free-living nitrogen fixation (FLNF) represents an important terrestrial N source and is gaining interest for its potential to contribute plant available N to bioenergy cropping systems. Switchgrass, a cellulosic bioenergy crop, may be reliant on FLNF when particularly when grown on low N marginal lands. These potential contributions of FLNF to switchgrass and the controls on this...

Emergence rates of stink bugs and parasitoids under four heat wave conditions

Marianna Szucs & Olivia Simaz
Heat waves are becoming more frequent with climate change and their impact on lower and higher trophic levels can differ. Higher trophic levels, such as predators and parasitoids, are predicted to be more strongly affected by heat waves than herbivores because they may have smaller thermal windows and because of altered ecological interactions with lower trophic levels. We tested the effects of heat waves of varying intensity (36-42˚C), imposed for four hours during five consecutive...

Stickleback sensory morphology 2015 & 2017 measurements and analysis files

Robert Mobley
The peripheral sensory systems, whose morphological attributes help determine the acquisition of distinct types of information, provide a means to quantitatively compare multiple modalities of a species’ sensory ecology. We used morphological metrics to characterize multiple sensory modalities—the visual, olfactory, and mechanosensory lateral line sensory systems—for Gasterosteus aculeatus, the three‐spined stickleback, to compare how sensory systems vary in animals that evolve in different ecological conditions. We hypothesized that the dimensions of sensory organs and correlations...

Data from: Trait plasticity and tradeoffs shape intraspecific variation in competitive response in a foundation tree species

Olivia Cope, Richard Lindroth, Andrew Helm, Ken Keefover-Ring & Eric Kruger
The ability to tolerate neighboring plants (i.e., degree of competitive response) is a key determinant of plant success in high-competition environments. Plant genotypes adjust their functional trait expression under high levels of competition, which may help explain intraspecific variation in competitive response. However, the relationships between traits and competitive response are not well understood, especially in trees. In this study, we investigated among-genotype associations between tree trait plasticity and competitive response. We manipulated competition intensity...

Celebrating the Work of J. Keith Murnighan

Donald Conlon, Max Bazerman, Deepak Malhotra & Madan Pillutla

A General Approach to Recovering Market Expectations from Futures Prices with an Application to Crude Oil

Christiane Baumeister & Lutz Kilian
Futures markets are a potentially valuable source of information about price expectations. Exploiting this information has proved difficult in practice, because time-varying risk premia often render the futures price a poor measure of the market expectation of the price of the underlying asset. Although this expectation in principle may be recovered by adjusting the futures price by the estimated risk premium, a common problem is that there are as many measures of the market expectation...

Ponding on an inflated tube and the membrane trough

C.Y. Wang
The ponding on an inflated membrane tube is studied. Membrane tubes have the advantage of zero leakage and ease of transportation and set-up. A novel related problem is the membrane trough which can be used to contain water and does not need anchoring. These problems depend on two non-dimensional parameters which characterize membrane tension and pressure. Perturbation solutions to second order are found for shallow ponding, and compare well with those of exact numerical integration....

Plant-soil feedback and crop rotation

Akihiro Koyama, Pedro Antunes & Teresa Dias
Plant-soil feedback (PSF) can be a major driver of plant performance in communities, and this concept can be used in selecting crop rotation sequences to maximize agricultural yields. Potential benefits of using PSF in this context include nutrient use optimization, pathogen reduction and enhancement of mutualisms between crops and microbes. Yet, the contributions of these combined mechanisms are poorly understood. Here we investigated the relative contributions of these mechanisms using five major crops commonly cultivated...

Special Issue on Rio de Janeiro

Data from: Signatures of north-eastern expansion and multiple refugia: Genomic phylogeography of the Pine Barrens Treefrog, Hyla andersonii (Anura: Hylidae)

Alexa Warwick, Lisa Barrow, Megan Smith, D. Bruce Means, Alan Lemmon & Emily Lemmon
Range fragmentation poses challenges for species persistence over time and may be caused by both historical and contemporary processes. We combined genomic data, phylogeographic model testing, and paleoclimate niche modeling to infer the evolutionary history of the Pine Barrens Treefrog (Hyla andersonii), a seepage bog specialist, in eastern North America to better understand the historical context of its fragmented distribution. We sampled H. andersonii populations across the three disjunct regions of the species’ range: Alabama/Florida...

Inbreeding depression contributes to the maintenance of habitat segregation between closely related monkeyflower species

Katherine Toll, Eric Francis LoPresti & David Bryant Lowry
Incompletely reproductively isolated species often segregate into different microhabitats, even when they are able to survive and reproduce in both habitats. Longer term evolutionary factors may contribute to this lack of cross-habitat persistence. When reproductive interference reduces immigrant fitness, assortative mating, including self-fertilization, increases immigrants’ fitness in a single generation, but longer-term, inbreeding depression may reduce the chance of population persistence. Two California monkeyflower species repeatedly segregate into drier and wetter areas in their zone...

10-year trends reveal declining quality of seeded pollinator habitat on reclaimed mines regardless of seed mix diversity

Andrew Lybbert, Sarah Cusser, Keng-Lou Hung & Karen Goodell
Plant-pollinator interactions represent a crucial ecosystem function threatened by anthropogenic landscape alterations. Disturbances that reduce plant diversity are associated with floral resource and pollinator declines. Establishing wildflower plantings is a major conservation strategy targeting pollinators, the success of which depends on long-term persistence of seeded floral communities. However, most pollinator-oriented seeding projects are monitored for a few years, making it difficult to evaluate the longevity of such interventions. Selecting plant species to provide pollinators diverse...

Spatial allocation without spatial recruitment in bumblebees

Darren Incorvaia, Arend Hintze & Fred Dyer
Any foraging animal is expected to allocate its efforts among resource patches that vary in quality across time and space. For social insects, this problem is shifted to the colony level: the task of allocating foraging workers to the best patches currently available. To deal with this task, honeybees rely upon differential recruitment via the dance language, while some ants use differential recruitment on odor trails. Bumblebees, close relatives of honeybees, should also benefit from...

Blueprint for phasing and assembling the genomes of heterozygous polyploids: Application to the octoploid genome of strawberry

Michael Hardigan, Mitchell Feldmann, Randi Famula, Michaela Vachev, Mary Madera, Philipp Zerbe, Kristin Mars, Paul Peluso, David Rank, Shujun Ou, Christopher Saski, Charlotte Acharya, Glenn Cole, Alan Yocca, Patrick Edger & Steven Knapp
The challenge of allelic diversity for assembling haplotypes is exemplified in polyploid genomes containing homoeologous chromosomes of identical ancestry, and significant homologous variation within their ancestral subgenomes. Cultivated strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa) and its progenitors are outbred octoploids in which up to eight homologous and homoeologous alleles are preserved. This introduces significant risk of haplotype collapse, switching, and chimeric fusions during assembly. Using third generation HiFi sequences from PacBio, we assembled the genome of the...

Pastoralist cattle observations (vigilance and grouping behaviors)

Jacalyn Beck
Fear of predators fundamentally shapes the ecology of prey species and drives both inter- and intra-specific interactions. Extensive research has examined the consequences of predation risk from large carnivores on the behavior of wild ungulate prey species. However, many large carnivores not only hunt wild prey but also depredate domestic livestock, especially in pastoralist systems where livestock share land and resources with large carnivores. Northern Tanzania is a hotspot for human-carnivore conflict driven by livestock...

Gene modules lists of soybean in response to Fusarium virguliforme colonization

Amy Baetsen-Young, Huan Chen, Shin-Han Shiu & Brad Day
The broad host range of Fusarium virguliforme represents a unique comparative system to identify and define differentially-induced responses between an asymptomatic monocot host, maize (Zea mays), and a symptomatic eudicot host, soybean (Glycine max). Using a temporal, comparative transcriptome-based approach, we observed that early gene expression profiles of root tissue from infected maize suggest that pathogen tolerance coincides with the rapid induction of senescence dampening transcriptional regulators, including ANACs and Ethylene Responsive Factors. In contrast,...

Replaying the evolutionary tape to investigate subgenome dominance in allopolyploid Brassica napus

Kevin Bird, Chad Niederhuth, Shujun Ou, Malia Gehan, J. Chris Pires, Zhiyong Xiong, Robert VanBuren & Patrick Edger
Interspecific hybridization and allopolyploidization merge evolutionarily distinct parental genomes (subgenomes) into a single nucleus. A frequent observation is that one subgenome is "dominant” over the other subgenome, having a greater number of retained genes and being more highly expressed. Which subgenome becomes dominantly expressed in allopolyploids remains poorly understood. Here we “replayed the evolutionary tape” with six isogenic resynthesized Brassica napus (rapeseed) allopolyploid lines and investigated subgenome dominance patterns over the first ten generations post...

Anthropogenic noise alters parental behavior and nestling development, but not fledging condition

Meelyn Mayank Pandit, James Eapen, Gabriela Pineda-Sabilon, Margaret Caulfield, Alexander Moreno, Jay Wilhelm, Jessica Ruyle, Eli Bridge & Darren Proppe
Anthropogenic noise is a ubiquitous feature of the American landscape, and is a known stressor for many bird species, leading to negative effects in behavior, physiology, reproduction, and ultimately fitness. While a number of studies have examined how anthropogenic noise affects avian fitness, there are few that simultaneously examine how anthropogenic noise impacts the relationship between parental care behavior and nestling fitness. We conducted Brownian noise playbacks for six hours a day during the nesting...

Mucilage-binding to ground protects seeds of many plants from harvester ants: a functional investigation

Vincent Pan, Marshall McMunn, Richard Karban, Jake Goidell, Eric LoPresti & Marjorie Weber
The seeds of many plant species produce mucilage on their surfaces that when wetted and dried, firmly adheres seeds to surfaces and substrates. Previous studies have demonstrated that seed anchorage to the ground can reduce seed predation, though only a few species have thus far been tested. Here we investigated whether binding to the ground reduces seed removal by harvester ants (Pogonomyrmex subdentatus), an important granivore, for 53 species with mucilaginous seeds. We also explored...

List of papers reviewed to uncover trends in the use of model systems in infectious disease ecology & evolutionary biology

Nina Wale
Ever since biologists began studying the ecology and evolution of infectious diseases (EEID), laboratory-based ‘model systems’ have been important for developing and testing theory. Yet what EEID researchers mean by ‘model systems’ and what they want from them is unclear. This uncertainty hinders our ability to maximally exploit these systems, identify knowledge gaps, and establish effective new model systems. Here, we borrow a definition of model systems from the biomolecular sciences to assess how EEID...

Large ecosystem-scale effects of restoration fail to mitigate impacts of land-use legacies

Nash Turley & Lars Brudvig
Ecological restoration is a global priority, with potential to reverse biodiversity declines and promote ecosystem functioning. Yet, successful restoration is challenged by lingering legacies of past land-use activities, which are pervasive on lands available for restoration. Although legacies can persist for centuries following cessation of human land uses such as agriculture, we currently lack understanding of how land-use legacies affect entire ecosystems, how they influence restoration outcomes, or whether restoration can mitigate legacy effects. Using...

Genomic variation within the maize Stiff Stalk heterotic germplasm pool

Nolan Bornowski, Kathryn J. Michel, John P. Hamilton, Shujun Ou, Arun S. Seetharam, Jerry Jenkins, Jane Grimwood, Chris Plott, Shengqiang Shu, Jayson Talag, Megan Kennedy, Hope Hundley, Vasanth R. Singan, Kerrie Barry, Chris Daum, Yuko Yoshinaga, Jeremy Schmutz, Candice N. Hirsch, Matthew B. Hufford, Natalia De Leon, Shawn M. Kaeppler & C. Robin Buell
The Stiff Stalk heterotic group is an important source of inbreds used in U.S. commercial hybrid production. Founder inbreds B14, B37, B73, and to a lesser extent B84, are found in the pedigrees of a majority of commercial seed parent inbred lines. We created high-quality genome assemblies of B84 and four ex-Plant Variety Protection lines LH145 representing B14, NKH8431 of mixed descent, PHB47 representing B37, and PHJ40 which is a Pioneer Hi-Bred early Stiff Stalk...

Registration Year

  • 2021

Resource Types

  • Dataset
  • Text
  • Data Paper
  • Journal Article


  • Michigan State University
  • University of Georgia
  • University of Minnesota
  • University of Wisconsin-Madison
  • Iowa State University
  • University of California, Davis
  • Stanford University
  • Ohio University
  • Indiana University
  • Agricultural Research Service