65 Works

Enslaved.org Recommended Practices for Historical Slavery Data

Catherine Foley & Alicia M. Sheill

Data from: Traits across trophic levels interact to influence parasitoid establishment in biological control releases

Benjamin Jarrett & Marianna Szűcs
A central goal in ecology is to predict what governs a species’ ability to establish in a new environment. One mechanism driving establishment success is individual species’ traits, but the role of trait combinations among interacting species across different trophic levels are less clear. Deliberate or accidental species additions to existing communities provide opportunities to study larger scale patterns of establishment success. Biological control introductions are especially valuable because they contain data on both the...

Data from: Local diversity in phenological responses of migratory lake sturgeon to warm winters

Tyler Buchinger, Darryl Hondorp & Charles Krueger
Rich intraspecific diversity in traits that shape responses to environmental conditions implies that effects of climate change will differ within species or even populations. Nevertheless, few studies investigate how different groups within species respond to climatic fluctuations, and most risk assessments rely upon species-wide generalizations. We studied effects of among-year variation in air temperature on the spring migratory phenology of a metapopulation of lake sturgeon (Acipenser fulvescens) within waters connecting Lake Huron and Lake Erie...

Anchorage by seed mucilage prevents seed dislodgement in high surface flow: a mechanistic investigation

Vincent Pan, Cecilia Girvin & Eric LoPresti
Background and Aims: Seed mucilage is a common and highly diverse trait shared among thousands of angiosperm species. While long recognized that mucilage allows seeds to anchor to substrates (antitelechory), resisting abiotic and biotic dislodgement, we still lack a mechanistic understanding of this process. Methods: We propose a mechanistic model of how mucilage affects substrate anchorage and fluid resistance, ultimately contributing to dislodgement resistance. To test this model, we subjected mucilaginous seeds of 52 species,...

Data from: Emerging wild virus of native grass bioenergy feedstock is well established in the Midwestern USA and associated with premature stand senescence

Carolyn M. Malmstrom, Anna K. Busch, Ellen A. Cole, Piotr Trebicki, Pauline Bernardo, Ally K. Brown, Douglas A. Landis & Benjamin P. Werling
This dataset includes values for the prevalence of switchgrass mosaic virus (Genus Marafivirus, Family Tymoviridae) detected with molecular diagnostics (RT-PCR) in individual Panicum virgatum (switchgrass) plants and in Graminella leafhoppers that feed on them. Surveys were conducted in 15 sites in August 2012. Stands surveyed had been established for some time and represent a range of landscape contexts. Measures of stand height and percent senescence were also collected. Land cover composition surrounding each site was...

Reproductive benefits associated with dispersal in headwater populations of Trinidadian guppies (Poecilia reticulata)

Isabela Lima Borges, Jillian Dangerfield, Lisa Angeloni, Chris Funk & Sarah Fitzpatrick
Theory suggests that the evolution of dispersal is balanced by its fitness costs and benefits, yet empirical evidence is sparse due to the difficulties of measuring dispersal and fitness in natural populations. Here, we use spatially-explicit data from a multi-generational capture-mark-recapture study of two populations of Trinidadian guppies (Poecilia reticulata) along with pedigrees to test whether there are fitness benefits correlated with dispersal. Combining these ecological and molecular datasets allows us to directly measure the...

Normalized linear counts from NanoString autoimmune profiling panel and summary of statistical analyses

Lauren Heine
Though dependent on genetic anomalies, clinical manifestations of the human autoimmune disease systemic lupus erythematosus (lupus) can be triggered by environmental exposures including inhalation toxicants such as crystalline silica dust (cSiO2), tobacco smoke, and ambient air particles. Prednisone, a glucocorticoid (GC), is a keystone therapy for managing lupus flaring and progression, however, long-term use is associated with many adverse side effects. Here, we characterized the dose-dependent immunomodulation and toxicity of prednisone in a preclinical model...

Data From - TE Density: a tool to investigate the biology of transposable elements

Scott Teresi & Patrick Edger
Background: Transposable elements (TEs) are powerful creators of genotypic and phenotypic diversity due to theirinherent mutagenic capabilities and in this way they serve as a deep reservoir of sequences for genomic variation. As agents of genetic disruption, a TE’s potential to impact phenotype is partially a factor of its location in the genome. Previous research has shown TEs’ ability to impact the expression of neighboring genes, however our understanding of this trend is hampered by...

Climate-driven thermal opportunities and risks for leaf miners in aspen canopies

H. Arthur Woods, Geoffrey Legault, Joel Kingsolver, Sylvain Pincebourde, Alisha Shah & Beau Larkin
In tree canopies, incoming solar radiation interacts with leaves and branches to generate temperature differences within and among leaves, presenting thermal opportunities and risks for leaf-dwelling ectotherms. Although leaf biophysics and insect thermal ecology are well understood, few studies have examined them together in single systems. We examined temperature variability in aspen canopies, Populus tremuloides, and its consequences for a common herbivore, the leaf-mining caterpillar Phyllocnistis populiella. We shaded leaves in the field and measured...

When Rivers Were Trails


Uncovering a miltiradiene biosynthetic gene cluster in the Lamiaceae reveals a dynamic evolutionary trajectory

Abigail E Bryson, Emily R Lanier, Kin H Lau, John P Hamilton, Brieanne Vaillancourt, Davis Mathieu, Alan E Yocca, Garret P Miller, Patrick P Edger, C Robin Buell & Bjoern Hamberger
The spatial organization of genes within plant genomes can drive evolution of specialized metabolic pathways. In this study we investigated the origin and subsequent evolution of a diterpenoid biosynthetic gene cluster (BGC) present throughout the Lamiaceae (mint) family. Terpenoids are important specialized metabolites in plants with diverse adaptive functions that enable environmental interactions, such as chemical defense. Based on core genes found in the BGCs of all species examined across the Lamiaceae, we predict a...

New non-native pseudocryptic Cyclorhipidion species (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae: Xyleborini) found in the United States as revealed in a multigene phylogeny

Anthony Cognato & Sarah Smith
Pseudocryptic species, those that are difficult to diagnose using traditional taxonomic methods, are serious impediments for recognizing the introduction of non-native species. Rapid identification of species facilitates a rapid response to newly introduced species which can lessen their damaging effects. This situation is acute for known pest species such as xyleborine ambrosia beetles which are difficult to identify given minute morphological, often variable, diagnostic characters. These beetles have been introduced into non-native temperate regions and...

Dataset for manuscript entitled: Switchgrass cropping systems affect soil carbon and nitrogen and microbial diversity and activity on marginal lands

Xiufen Li, Renee Petipas, Amanda Antoch, Yuan Liu, Holly Stel, Lukas Bell-Dereske, Darian Smercina, Cody Bekkering, Sarah Evans, Lisa Tiemann & Maren Friesen
Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.), as a dedicated bioenergy crop, can provide cellulosic feedstock for biofuel production while improving or maintaining soil quality. However, comprehensive evaluations of how switchgrass cultivation and nitrogen (N) management impact soil and plant parameters remain incomplete. We conducted field trials in three years (2016–2018) at six locations in the North Central Great Lakes Region to evaluate the effects of cropping systems (switchgrass, restored prairie, undisturbed control) and N rates (0, 56...

The shape of aroma: X-ray CT scans of citrus fruits, their separate tissues, and their individual oil glands

Erik Amezquita, Michelle Quigley, Tim Ophelders, Danelle Seymour, Elizabeth Munch & Daniel Chitwood
From preventing scurvy to being part of religious rituals, citrus are intrinsically connected to human health and perception. From tiny mandarins to head-sized pummelos, citrus capability of hybridization provides a vastly diverse array of fruit sizes and shapes, which in turn corresponds to a diversity of flavors and aromas. These sensory qualities are tightly linked to oil glands in the citrus skin. The oil glands are also key to understanding fruit development, and the essential...

Evaluating the Experience of Stuttering and Quality of Life among Polish School-age Children: Psychometric Investigation with the OASES-S-PL

Aleksandra Boroń, Edyta Gurok, Łukasz Kowalczyk, Kalina Kosacka, Katarzyna Węsierska & J Scott Yaruss

Registration Year

  • 2022

Resource Types

  • Dataset
  • Journal Article
  • Text
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  • Michigan State University
  • Hebrew University of Jerusalem
  • Agricultural Research Organization
  • University of Georgia
  • Colorado State University
  • Texas A&M University
  • Oklahoma State University
  • University of South Carolina
  • University of Idaho
  • University of California, Riverside