Data from: Globally consistent impact of tropical cyclones on the structure of tropical and subtropical forestsThomas Ibanez, Gunnar Keppel, Christophe Menkes, Thomas W. Gillespie, Matthieu Lengaigne, Morgan Mangeas, Gonzalo Rivas-Torres & Philippe Birnbaum
1. Tropical cyclones (TCs) are large-scale disturbances that regularly impact tropical forests. Although long-term impacts of TCs on forest structure have been proposed, a global test of the relationship between forest structure and TC frequency and intensity is lacking. We test on a pantropical scale whether TCs shape the structure of tropical and subtropical forests in the long-term. 2. We compiled forest structural features (stem density, basal area, mean canopy height and maximum tree size)...
Sex allocation theory predicts that simultaneous hermaphrodites evolve to an evolutionary stable resource allocation, whereby any increase in investment to male reproduction leads to a disproportionate cost on female reproduction and vice-versa. However, empirical evidence for sexual trade-offs in hermaphroditic animals is still limited. Here, we tested how male and female reproductive traits evolved under conditions of reduced selection on either male or female reproduction for 40 generations in a hermaphroditic snail. This selection favors...
Data from: Architectural differences associated to functional traits among 45 coexisting tree species in central AfricaGrace Jopaul Loubota Panzou, Gauthier Ligot, Sylvie Gourlet-Fleury, Jean-Louis Doucet, Eric Forni, Jean-Joël Loumeto & Adeline Fayolle
1. Architectural traits that determine the light captured in a given environment are an important aspect of the life-history strategies of tropical tree species. In this study, we examined how interspecific variation in architectural traits is related to the functional traits of 45 coexisting tree species in central Africa. 2. At the tree level, we measured tree diameter, total height and crown dimensions for an average of 30 trees per species (range 14–72, total 968...
Data from: A combinatorial analysis using observational data identifies species that govern ecosystem functioningBenoît Jaillard, Philippe Deleporte, Michel Loreau & Cyrille Violle
Understanding the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning has so far resulted from two main approaches: the analysis of species' functional traits, and the analysis of species interaction networks. Here we propose a third approach, based on the association between combinations of species or of functional groups, which we term assembly motifs, and observed ecosystem functioning. Each assembly motif describes a biotic environment in which species interactions have particular effects on a given ecosystem function....
Data from: Crop pests and predators exhibit inconsistent responses to surrounding landscape compositionDaniel S. Karp, Rebecca Chaplin-Kramer, Timothy D. Meehan, Emily A. Martin, Fabrice DeClerck, Heather Grab, Claudio Gratton, Lauren Hunt, Ashley E. Larsen, Alejandra Martínez-Salinas, Megan E. O’Rourke, Adrien Rusch, Katja Poveda, Mattias Jonsson, Jay A. Rosenheim, Nancy A. Schellhorn, Teja Tscharntke, Stephen D. Wratten, Wei Zhang, Aaron L. Iverson, Lynn S. Adler, Matthias Albrecht, Audrey Alignier, Gina M. Angelella, Muhammad Zubair Anjum … & Yi Zou
The idea that noncrop habitat enhances pest control and represents a win–win opportunity to conserve biodiversity and bolster yields has emerged as an agroecological paradigm. However, while noncrop habitat in landscapes surrounding farms sometimes benefits pest predators, natural enemy responses remain heterogeneous across studies and effects on pests are inconclusive. The observed heterogeneity in species responses to noncrop habitat may be biological in origin or could result from variation in how habitat and biocontrol are...
Data from: A genome-wide data assessment of the African lion (Panthera leo) population genetic structure and diversity in TanzaniaNathalie Smitz, Olivia Jouvenet, Fredrick Ambwene Ligate, William-George Crosmary, Dennis Ikanda, Philippe Chardonnet, Alessandro Fusari, Kenny Meganck, François Gillet, Mario Melletti & Johan R. Michaux
The African lion (Panthera leo), listed as a vulnerable species on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (Appendix II of CITES), is mainly impacted by indiscriminate killing and prey base depletion. Additionally, habitat loss by land degradation and conversion has led to the isolation of some subpopulations, potentially decreasing gene flow and increasing inbreeding depression risks. Genetic drift resulting from weakened connectivity between strongholds can affect the genetic health of the species. In the...
Data from: Evaluating metabarcoding to analyse diet composition of species foraging in anthropogenic landscapes using Ion Torrent and Illumina sequencingMarie-Amélie Forin-Wiart, Marie-Lazarine Poulle, Sylvain Piry, Jean-François Cosson, Claire Larose & Maxime Galan
DNA metabarcoding of faecal samples is being successfully used to study the foraging niche of species. We assessed the ability of two benchtop high-throughput sequencing (HTS) platforms, to identify a large taxonomic array of food items from domestic cats Felis silvestris catus, including prey and human-related food taxa (pet food and leftovers leaving undetectable solid remains in faeces). Scats from a captive feeding trial (n=41) and from free-ranging individuals (n=326) were collected and analysed using...
Data from: Experimental demonstration of the impact of hard and soft selection regimes on polymorphism maintenance in spatially heterogeneous environmentsRomain Gallet, Rémy Froissart & Virginie Ravigne
Predicting and managing contemporary adaption requires a proper understanding of the determinants of genetic variation. Spatial heterogeneity of the environment may stably maintain polymorphism when habitat contribution to the next generation can be considered independent of the degree of adaptation of local populations within habitats (i.e., under soft selection). In contrast, when habitats contribute proportionally to the mean fitness of the populations they host (hard selection), polymorphism is not expected to be maintained by selection....
Data from: Deciphering host-parasitoid interactions and parasitism rates of crop pests using DNA metabarcodingAhmadou Sow, Thierry Brévault, Laure Benoit, Marie-Pierre Chapuis, Maxime Galan, Armelle Coeur D'Acier, Gérard Delvare, Mbacké Sembène & Julien Haran
An accurate estimation of parasitism rate and diversity in insect pests is a prerequisite to explore processes leading to efficient natural biocontrol. While traditional methods, such as rearing, is often limited to taxonomic identification, mortality and intensive work. The advent of high-throughput sequencing (HTS) techniques, such as DNA metabarcoding, is increasingly seen as a reliable and powerful alternative approach. However, benefits from such an approach to estimate parasitism rate and diversity in an agricultural context...
Centre de Coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement9
University of Liège2
French National Centre for Scientific Research2
Royal Museum for Central Africa1
University of Padua1
Biology and Genetics of Plant-Pathogen Interactions1
Universidade Federal de Goiás1
University of Massachusetts Amherst1
University of Buenos Aires1
University of Adelaide1