67 Works

Ethics Scenarios Of Artificial Intelligence For Information And Knowledge Management And Library Professionals

Andrew Cox
This document contains eight ethics scenarios about Artificial Intelligence (AI) relevant to Information and knowledge management and library professionals.The document consists of ethics scenarios each followed by a set of notes which are prompts to discussion. The document ends with a set of summative questions, and a very select reading list. By being made available in CC/BY/SA licence it is made possible for users to edit them to suit a particular sector or organisational context...

Ethics Scenarios Of Artificial Intelligence For Information And Knowledge Management And Library Professionals

Andrew Cox
This document contains eight ethics scenarios about Artificial Intelligence (AI) relevant to Information and knowledge management and library professionals.The document consists of ethics scenarios each followed by a set of notes which are prompts to discussion. The document ends with a set of summative questions, and a very select reading list. By being made available in CC/BY/SA licence it is made possible for users to edit them to suit a particular sector or organisational context...

Hybridisation boosts dispersal of two contrasted ecotypes in a grass species

Emma Curran
Genetic exchanges between closely related groups of organisms with different adaptations have well-documented beneficial and detrimental consequences. In plants, pollen-mediated exchanges affect the sorting of alleles across physical landscapes, and influence rates of hybridisation. How these dynamics affect the emergence and spread of novel ecological strategies remains only partially understood. Here, we use phylogenomics and population genomics to retrace the origin and spread of two geographically overlapping ecotypes of the African grass Alloteropsis angusta. Besides...

Data from: Socio-ecological conditions and female infidelity in the Seychelles warbler

Sara Raj Pant, Jan Komdeur, Terry A. Burke, Hannah L. Dugdale & David S. Richardson
Within socially monogamous breeding systems, levels of extra-pair paternity can vary not only between species, populations and individuals, but also across time. Uncovering how different extrinsic conditions (ecological, demographic and social) influence this behavior will help shed light on the factors driving its evolution. Here, we simultaneously address multiple socio-ecological conditions potentially influencing female infidelity in a natural population of the cooperatively breeding Seychelles warbler, Acrocephalus sechellensis. Our contained study population has been monitored for...

Fine-scale genetic structure reflects limited and coordinated dispersal in the colonial monk parakeet, Myiopsitta monachus

Francesca Dawson Pell, Juan Carlos Senar, Daniel Franks & Ben Hatchwell
The genetic structure of animal populations has considerable behavioural, ecological and evolutionary implications and may arise from various demographic traits. Here, we use observational field data and molecular genetics to determine the genetic structure of an invasive population of monk parakeets, Myiopsitta monachus, at a range of spatial scales, and investigate the demographic processes that generate the observed structure. Monk parakeets construct large nests that can house several pairs occupying separate chambers; these nests are...

Survey data of greenspace users' preference scores for planted urban meadows and demographic data, Bedford and Luton, UK, 2014

K.L. Evans, G.E. Southon, N. Dunnett, H. Hoyle, A. Jorgensen & L. Jones
The data comprise outcomes from questionnaire surveys conducted with greenspace users on their perceptions of experimentally manipulated urban meadows (varying levels of diversity and vegetation height of sown wildflower meadows), and associated socio-economic data of respondents to the questionnaire surveys. The experimental meadows were located in Bedford and Luton. Data was collected by the data authors, and participants gave informed consent before completing the questionnaires. The work was initially completed under the Fragments, functions and...

Data from: Global biogeographic patterns of avian morphological diversity.

Emma Hughes, David Edwards, Jen Bright, Elliot Capp, Christopher Cooney, Zoe Varley & Gavin Thomas
Data supporting manuscript: Hughes, E.C., Edwards, D.P., Bright, J.A., Capp, E.J.R., Cooney, C.R., Varley, Z.K. & Thomas, G.H. Global biogeographic patterns of avian morphological diversity. Ecology Letters.
Abstract: Understanding the biogeographical patterns, and evolutionary and ecological drivers, underpinning morphological diversity are key for determining its origins and conservation. Using a comprehensive set of continuous morphological traits extracted from museum collections of 8353 bird species, including geometric morphometric beak shape data, we find that avian...

Data for manuscript titled \"Personalised 3D assessment of trochanteric soft tissues improves hip fracture classification accuracy\"

Alessandra Aldieri, Mara Terzini, Alberto Audenino, cristina bignardi, Margaret Paggiosi, Richard Eastell, Marco Viceconti & Pinaki Bhattacharya
This dataset contain the three-dimensional characterisation of soft tissue thickness (STT) in the near hip region. The data is for 94 British postmenopausal subjects. Of these subjects, 47 had suffered a hip fracture, and the remaining 47 were age, height and weight matched controls. STT was measured from proximal femur CT images, and is defined as the distance between the femur surface and the skin layer along a specific fall impact direction with origin at...

An experimental test of the impact of avian diversity on attentional benefits and enjoyment of people experiencing urban green-space

Joseph Douglas & Karl Evans
Biodiversity may play a key role in generating the well-being benefits of visiting green-spaces. The ability of people to accurately perceive variation in biodiversity is, however, unclear and evidence supporting links between biodiversity exposure and well-being outcomes remains equivocal. In part, this is due to the paucity of controlled experimental studies that deal adequately with confounding factors that covary with biodiversity. Attention restoration theory (ART) proposes that natural environments contain many softly fascinating stimuli that...

Semantic segmentation of explosive volcanic plumes

Thomas Wilkes
Three deep learning models for the semantic segmentation of explosive volcanic plumes in visible imagery. Also included is a utils.py file with some small useful functions for working with these models in deployment.
This work is associated with a research article which will soon be submitted for peer-review in Computers and Geosciences.

AI3SD Video: Skills4Scientists - Poster & Careers Symposium - Poster Compilation

András Vekassy, Aspen Fenzl, Erhan Gulsen, Hewan Zewdu, Jamie Longio, Maximilian Hoffman, Rhyan Barrett, Rubaiyat Khondaker, Anna Catton, Hongyang Dong, Kevin Calvache, Kaylee Patel, King Wong, Louis Greenhalgh, Rebecca Jane Clements, Thomas Allam, Sarah Scripps, Gavin Man, Samuel Munday, Michael Blakey, Graeme M. Day, Chris-Kriton Skylaris, Simon J. Coles, Stephen Gow & William Brocklesby
This video forms part of the Skills4Scientists Series which has been organised as a joint venture between the Artificial Intelligence for Scientific Discovery Network+ (AI3SD) and the Physical Sciences Data-Science Service (PSDS). This series ran over summer 2021 and aims to educate and improve scientists skills in a range of areas including research data management, python, version control, ethics, and career development. This series is primarily aimed at final year undergraduates / early stage PhD...

Ethics Scenarios Of Artificial Intelligence For Information and Knowledge Management And Library Professionals AFTER FEEDBACK

Andrew Cox
This document contains eight ethics scenarios about Artificial Intelligence relevant to information and knowledge management and library professionals.
The document consists of ethics scenarios each followed by a set of notes which are prompts to discussion. The document ends with a set of summative questions, and a very selective reading list.
By being made available on a CC/BY/SA licence it is made possible for users to edit them to suit a particular sector or organisational context and...

Short-term exposure to silicon rapidly enhances plant resistance to herbivory

Jamie Waterman, Ximena Cibils-Stewart, Christopher Cazzonelli, Susan Hartley & Scott Johnson
Silicon (Si) can adversely affect insect herbivores, particularly in plants that evolved the ability to accumulate large quantities of Si. Very rapid herbivore-induced accumulation of Si has recently been demonstrated, but the level of protection against herbivory this affords plants remains unknown. Brachypodium distachyon, a model Si hyperaccumulating grass, was exposed to the chewing herbivore, Helicoverpa armigera, and grown under three conditions: supplied Si over 34 days (+Si), not supplied Si (-Si), or supplied Si...

Dataset for Few-photon all-optical phase rotation in a quantum-well micropillar cavity

Paul Walker, Tintu Kuriakose, Toby Dowling, Oleksandr Kyriienko, Ivan A. Shelykh, Phillipe St.-Jean, Nicola Carlon Zambon, Aristide Lemaitre, Isabelle Sagnes, Luc Legratiet, Abdelmounaim Harouri, Sylvain Ravets, Maurice Skolnick, Alberto Amo, Jacqueline Bloch & Dimitrii Krizhanovskii
Dataset for Few-photon all-optical phase rotation in a quantum-well micropillar cavity

Large seeds provide an intrinsic growth advantage that depends on leaf traits and root allocation

Kimberley Simpson, Rebecca Atkinson, Emily Mockford, Chris Bennett, Colin Osborne & Mark Rees
Seed mass and growth rate are important dimensions of plant ecological diversity, but their relationship remains unresolved. Negative relationships between relative growth rate (RGR) and seed mass are well established. However, RGR is size-dependent, so small-seeded species might achieve fast growth simply because they are initially small. Using a dataset of unprecedented size, sampling 382 grass species, we investigated seed mass and growth rate using both RGR and SGR (RGR at a specific size), accounting...

Early‐life seasonal, weather and social effects on telomere length in a wild mammal

Sil H.J. Van Lieshout, Elisa P. Badás, Julius G. Bright Ross, Amanda Bretman, Chris Newman, Christina D. Buesching, Terry Burke, David W. Macdonald & Hannah L. Dugdale
Early-life environmental conditions can provide a source of individual variation in life-history strategies and senescence patterns. Conditions experienced in early life can be quantified by measuring telomere length, which can act as a biomarker of survival probability in some species. Here, we investigate whether seasonal changes, weather conditions, and group size are associated with early-life and/or early-adulthood telomere length in a wild population of European badgers (Meles meles). We found substantial intra-annual changes in telomere...

Data from: Inter-specific variation in the potential for upland rush management advocated by agri-environment schemes to increase breeding wader densities

Leah Kelly, David Douglas, Mike Shurmer & Karl Evans
Encroachment of rush Juncus spp. in the United Kingdom uplands poses a threat to declining wader populations due to taller, denser swards that can limit foraging and breeding habitat quality for some species. Rush management via cutting, implemented through agri-environment schemes (AESs), could thus increase wader abundance, but there is insufficient assessment and understanding of how rush management influences upland waders. Across two upland regions of England [South West Peak (SWP) and Geltsdale nature reserve,...

Data from: Telomere heritability and parental age at conception effects in a wild avian population

Alexandra Sparks, Lewis Spurgin, Marco Van Der Velde, Eleanor Fairfield, Jan Komdeur, Terry Burke, David Richardson & Hannah Dugdale
Individual variation in telomere length is predictive of health and mortality risk across a range of species. However, the relative influence of environmental and genetic variation on individual telomere length in wild populations remains poorly understood. Heritability of telomere length has primarily been calculated using parent–offspring regression which can be confounded by shared environments. To control for confounding variables, quantitative genetic ‘animal models’ can be used, but few studies have applied animal models in wild...

Data from: Upland rush management advocated by agri-environment schemes increases predation of artificial wader nests

Leah Kelly, David Douglas, Mike Shurmer & Karl Evans
Farmland birds, including breeding waders, have declined across Europe. One frequently advocated strategy to facilitate population recovery is using agri-environment schemes (AES) to improve vegetation structure. A key example is cutting dense rush Juncus to open the sward which aims to increase the abundance of wading birds, for example by improving foraging conditions. Effects on breeding success are, however, unknown. This is a critical knowledge gap as high nest and chick predation rates are a...

Evaluation of cesarean delivery rates in different levels of hospitals in Jiangsu Province, China, using the 10-Group classification system

Ning Gu, Yimin Dai, Dan Lu, Tingmei Chen, Muling Zhang, Tao Huang, Yalan Qi, Xinning Han, Lihua Xie, Jishi Yang, Chengling Fan, Yunhua Yan, Anhong Zhang, Xiaoping Weng, Huiling Zhang, Li Su, Yingyan Li & Yali Hu
To compare cesarean delivery (CD) rates in referral and non-referral hospitals in Maternal Safety Collaboration in Jiangsu province, China. Sixteen participants (4 referral hospitals, 12 non-referral hospitals) from Drum Tower Hospital Collaboration for Maternal Safety reported CD rates in 2019 using ten-group classification system and maternal/neonatal morbidity and mortality. A total of 22,676 CDs were performed among 52,499 deliveries and the average CD rate was 43.2% (range 34.8–69.6%). CD rate in non-referral hospitals (44.7%) was...

Helpers compensate for age-related declines in parental care and offspring survival in a cooperatively breeding bird

Martijn Hammers, Sjouke Kingma, Lotte Van Boheemen, Alexandra Sparks, Terry Burke, Hannah Dugdale, David Richardson & Jan Komdeur
Offspring from elderly parents often have lower survival due to parental senescence. In cooperatively breeding species, where offspring care is shared between breeders and helpers, the alloparental care provided by helpers is predicted to mitigate the impact of parental senescence on offspring provisioning and, subsequently, offspring survival. We test this prediction using data from a long-term study on cooperatively breeding Seychelles warblers (Acrocephalus sechellensis). We find that the nestling-provisioning rate of female breeders declines with...

Regional Stakeholder Workshops Videos

Raquel Ortega-Argilés, Chloe Billing, Deniz Sevinc & Philip McCann
These videos were recorded in four main regional stakeholder workshops organised in May 2018 as part of the ESRC - The UK in a Changing Europe grant: The economic impact of Brexit on the UK, its regions, its cities and its sectors. Four thematic regional stakeholder workshops were held around the country (1) on the economic impact of Brexit on the devolved nations, 4 May 2018 in Edinburgh; (2) on the economic impacts of Brexit...

Interventions for the prevention and treatment of epidural-related maternal fever: protocol for a systematic review

Anna Cartledge, Daniel Hind & Matthew Wilson
This is a protocol for a systematic review to evaluative interventions for the prevention or treatment of epidural related maternal fever. It was registered in PROSPERO on 12/4/21 (CRD42021246929)

Visual obstruction, but not moderate traffic noise, increases reliance on heterospecific alarm calls

Chaminda Ratnayake, You Zhou, Francesca Dawson Pell, Dominique Potvin, Andrew Radford & Robert Magrath
Animals rely on both personal and social information about danger to minimise risk, yet environmental conditions constrain information. Both visual obstructions and background noise can reduce detectability of predators, which may increase reliance on social information, such as from alarm calls. Furthermore, a combination of visual and auditory constraints might greatly increase reliance on social information, because the loss of information from one source cannot be compensated by the other. Testing these possibilities requires manipulating...

Registration Year

  • 2021
    67

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    54
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Affiliations

  • University of Sheffield
    67
  • University of Groningen
    8
  • University of Leeds
    7
  • University of East Anglia
    6
  • University of Bath
    5
  • Western Sydney University
    4
  • University of Oxford
    4
  • University of Cambridge
    3
  • Nanjing University
    3
  • Tianjin Medical University General Hospital
    2