100 Works

Appendices interview formats

Una Cunningham, Aoife De Brún, Willgerodt Mayumi, Erin Blakeney & Eilish McAuliffe
Background: Literature on multi-disciplinary healthcare team interventions to improve quality and safety of care in acute hospital contexts tends to focus on evaluating the success of the intervention by assessing patient outcomes. In contrast, there is little focus on the team who delivered the intervention, how the team worked to deliver the intervention or the context in which it was delivered. In practice, there is a poor understanding of why some interventions work and are...

Experimental investigation of the response of a driven pile in soft silt

D. Gallager, K. Gavin, Bryan A. McCabe & Barry M. Lehane

Degree Centrality and the Probability of an Infectious Disease Outbreak in Towns within a Region

Elizabeth Hunter, Brian Mac Namee & John Kelleher

2020 Technical Report: a Review of Age Verification Mechanism for 10 Social Media Apps

Cliona Curley

2019 Technical Report: a Review of Age Verification Mechanism for 10 Social Media Apps

Paolo Zippa & Liliana Pasquale

Heat Pump Research Programme at University College Dublin (1976)

Jim McGovern & Seamus Timoney

Connecting Practice

Kristal Buckley, Gwenaelle Bourdin & Leanna Wigboldus

A Move to Higher Module Credit Weighting to Enhance Student Engagement

Geraldine Mary O'Neill, Paul Rouse & Suzanne Guerin

Compensating for expressiveness in queries to a content based music information retrieval system

Bryan Duggan, Brendan O'Shea, Mikel Gainza & Padraig Cunningham

A Multilayered Uncertainty Model for Context Aware Systems

Susan McKeever, Juan Ye, Lorcan Coyle & Simon Dobson

Intentional Embodied Agents

Alan Martin, Gregory M.P. O'Hare, Brian R. Duffy, John F. Bradley & Bianca Schoen-Phelan

U-Pb isotope ratios and trace element concentrations of carbonate-fluorapatite from phosphate nodules in Carboniferous sedimentary rocks in northern Co. Clare, Ireland

Gary J O'Sullivan, J Stephen Daly, John Murray, Aodhán Ó'Gogáin, David M Chew, Foteini Drakou, Paul C Guyett & Eszter Badenszki
These data are trace element concentrations and U-Pb isotope ratios from phosphate nodules in Carboniferous-age carbonates, shales and phosphorites in Co. Clare, western Ireland. Sampling locations (both in degrees and as UTM coordinates) are also included. Mineralogically, the analysed material is apatite (species: carbonate-fluorapatite). These data are being used to support a paper which is currently under review. Data were collected by LA-Q-ICPMS in the National Centre for Isotope Geochemistry in University College Dublin, and...

Model-Free and Model-Based Active Learning for Regression

Jack O'Neill, Technological University Dublin Jack O'Neill, Technological University Dublin, Sarah Jane Delany & Brian MacNamee

Population asynchrony alone does not explain stability in species rich soil animal assemblages: the stabilising role of forest age on oribatid mite communities

Tancredi Caruso, Viesturs Melecis, Ugis Kagainis & Thomas Bolger
1. The importance of microbial and plant communities in the control of the diversity and structure of soil animal communities has been clarified over the last decade. Previous research focused on abiotic factors, niche separation and spatial patterns. Significant gaps still exist in our knowledge of the factors that control the stability of these communities over time. 2. We analysed a nine-year data set form the national Long-term Ecological Research Network of Latvia. We focused...

RNA-sequencing of endometrial explants

Sandra Recuero, José María Sánchez, Sandra Bagés-Arnal, Michael McDonald, Susanta K. Behura, Thomas E. Spencer, Marc Yeste, Pat Lonergan & Beatriz Fernandez-Fuertes
Seminal plasma (SP) has been shown to modulate the female reproductive environment in mammalian species in which the ejaculate comes into direct contact with the endometrium, such as mice, pigs and horses. In contrast, cattle ejaculate in the vagina, and it is questionable whether the fluid portion reaches the uterus. A recent study from our group reported that mating to intact, but not vasectomised, bulls modifies the endometrium transcriptome. However, it is not clear whether...

Large‐scale genome sampling reveals unique immunity and metabolic adaptations in bats

Diana Daniela Moreno Santillan, Tanya Lama, Yocelyn T Gutierrez Guerrero, Zixia Huang, Graham Hughes, Alexis Brown, Paul Donat, Huabin Zhao, Stephen Rossiter, Laurel Yohe, Joshua Potter, Emma Teeling, Sonja Vernes, Kalina Davies, Eugene Myers, Federico Hoffmann, Angelique Corthals, David Ray & Liliana Davalos
Comprising more than 1,400 species, bats possess adaptations unique among mammals including powered flight, unexpected longevity given small body size, and extraordinary immunity. Some of the molecular mechanisms underlying these unique adaptations includes DNA repair, metabolism and immunity. However, analyses have been limited to a few divergent lineages, reducing the scope of inferences on gene family evolution across the Order Chiroptera. We conducted an exhaustive comparative genomic study of 37 bat species encompassing a large...

Wing: A suitable non-lethal tissue type for repeatable and rapid telomere length estimates in bats

Megan L. Power, Sarahjane Power, Mads F. Bertelsen, Gareth Jones & Emma C. Teeling
Telomeres are used increasingly in ecology and evolution as biomarkers for ageing and environmental stress, and are typically measured from DNA extracted from non-lethally sampled blood. However, obtaining blood is not always possible in field conditions and only limited amounts can be taken from small mammals, such as bats, which moreover lack nucleated red blood cells and hence yield relatively low amounts of DNA. As telomere length can vary within species according to age and...

Scavenging beetles control the temporal response of soil communities to carrion decomposition

Tancredi Caruso, Marco Ilardi, Sheena Cotter, Edith Hammer & Gillian Riddell
1. Carrion is a frequent but overlooked source of nutrients to the soil. The decomposition of carrion is accelerated by invertebrate scavengers but the impact of the scavengers on below-ground biota and its functions is scarcely known. 2. We conducted a laboratory experiment to investigate the effects of the burying beetle Nicrophorus vespilloides on the soil community of a temperate broadleaved forest. We assembled microcosms from soil collected from an oak woodland and treated them...

Data from: Locomotory abilities and habitat of the Cretaceous bird Gansus yumenensis inferred from limb length proportions

Robert L. Nudds, Jessie Atterholt, Xia Wang, H. L. You, Gareth J. Dyke & H.-L. You
The relative length proportions of the three bony elements of the pelvic (femur, tibiotarsus and tarsometatarsus) and pectoral (humerus, ulna and manus) limbs of the early Cretaceous bird Gansus yumenensis, a well-represented basal ornithuromorph from China are investigated and compared to those of extant taxa. Ternary plots show that the pectoral limb length proportions of Gansus are most similar to Apodiformes (swifts and hummingbirds), which plot away from all other extant birds. In contrast, the...

Data from: An efficient method to exploit LiDAR data in animal ecology

Simone Ciuti, Henriette Tripke, Peter Antkowiak, Ramiro Silveyra Gonzalez, Carsten F. Dormann & Marco Heurich
1. Light detection and ranging (LiDAR) technology provides ecologists with high-resolution data on three-dimensional vegetation structure. Large LiDAR datasets challenge predictive ecologists, who commonly simplify point clouds into structural attributes (namely LiDAR-based metrics such as canopy height), which are used as predictors in ecological models, potentially with loss of relevant information. 2. We illustrate an efficient alternative approach to reduce the dimensionality of LiDAR data that aims at minimal data filtering with no a priori...

Data from: Exploring neutral and adaptive processes in expanding populations of gilthead sea bream, Sparus aurata L., in the North-East Atlantic

Stefano Mariani, Ilaria Coscia, Emmanouella Vogiatzi, Georgios Kotoulas & Costas S. Tsigenopoulos
Recent studies in empirical population genetics have highlighted the importance of taking into account both neutral and adaptive genetic variation in characterizing microevolutionary dynamics. Here we explore the genetic population structure and the footprints of selection in four populations of the warm-temperate coastal fish, the gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata), whose recent northward expansion has been linked to climate change. Samples were collected at four Atlantic locations, including Spain, Portugal, France and the South of...

Data from: Hysteretic dynamics of active particles in a periodic orienting field

Maksym Romensky, Dimitri Scholz & Vladimir Lobaskin
Active motion of living organisms and artificial self-propelling particles has been an area of intense research at the interface of biology, chemistry and physics. Significant progress in understanding these phenomena has been related to the observation that dynamic self-organization in active systems has much in common with ordering in equilibrium condensed matter such as spontaneous magnetization in ferromagnets. The velocities of active particles may behave similar to magnetic dipoles and develop global alignment, although interactions...

Data from: Reproductive biology including evidence for superfetation in the European badger Meles meles (Carnivora: Mustelidae)

Leigh A. L. Corner, Lynsey J. Stuart, David J. Kelly & Nicola M. Marples
The reproductive biology of the European badger (Meles meles) is of wide interest because it is one of the few mammal species that show delayed implantation and one of only five which are suggested to show superfetation as a reproductive strategy. This study aimed to describe the reproductive biology of female Irish badgers with a view to increasing our understanding of the process of delayed implantation and superfetation. We carried out a detailed histological examination...

Data from: Ancient DNA reveals differences in behaviour and sociality between brown bears and extinct cave bears

Gloria Gonzalez-Fortes, Aurora Grandal-D'Anglade, Ben Kolbe, Daniel Fernandes, Ioana N. Meleg, Ana Garcia-Vazquez, Ana C. Pinto-Llona, Silviu Constantin, Trino J. De Torres, Jose E. Ortiz, Christine Frischauf, Gernot Rabeder, Michael Hofreiter, Axel Barlow & Gloria G. Fortes
Ancient DNA studies have revolutionized the study of extinct species and populations, providing insights on phylogeny, phylogeography, admixture and demographic history. However, inferences on behaviour and sociality have been far less frequent. Here, we investigate the complete mitochondrial genomes of extinct Late Pleistocene cave bears and middle Holocene brown bears that each inhabited multiple geographically proximate caves in northern Spain. In cave bears, we find that, although most caves were occupied simultaneously, each cave almost...

Data from: Simulating regimes of chemical disturbance and testing impacts in the ecosystem using a novel programmable dosing system

Mark Anthony Browne, Paul R. Brooks, Robert Clough, Andrew S. Fisher, Mariana Mayer Pinto & Tasman P. Crowe
Pollution is a global issue at the frontier between ecology, environmental science, management, engineering and policy. Legislation requires experiments to determine how much contamination an ecosystem can absorb before there are structural or functional changes. Yet, existing methods cannot realistically simulate regimes of chemical disturbance and determine impacts to assemblages in ecosystems. This is because they lack ecologically relevant species and biotic interactions, are logistically difficult to set-up, and lack environmentally relevant regimes of chemical...

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