9 Works

Data from: Higher species richness enhances yield stability in intensively managed grasslands with experimental disturbance

Eamon Haughey, Matthias Suter, Daniel Hofer, Nyncke J. Hoekstra, Jennifer C. McElwain, Andreas Lüscher & John A. Finn
Climate models predict increased frequency and severity of drought events. At an Irish and Swiss site, experimental summer droughts were applied over two successive years to grassland plots sown with one, two or four grassland species with contrasting functional traits. Mean yield and plot-to-plot variance of yield were measured across harvests during drought and after a subsequent post-drought recovery period. At both sites, there was a positive relationship between species richness and yield. Under rainfed...

Data from: Density and biotic interactions modify the combined effects of global and local stressors

Paul R. Brooks & Tasman P. Crowe
A key challenge in predicting the effects of global changes is determining how they may modify the influence of localised stressors, such that steps can be taken to minimise combined effects. Combined effects of global and local stressors can be difficult to predict as they are underpinned by influences on individual species and interactions between them, which in turn may be affected by absolute and relative densities. Here we tested experimentally the influence of increased...

Data from: Can biosecurity and local network properties predict pathogen species richness in the salmonid industry?

Tadaishi Yatabe, Simon J. More, Fiona Geoghegan, Catherine McManus, Ashley E. Hill & Beatriz Martinez-Lopez
Salmonid farming in Ireland is mostly organic, which implies limited disease treatment options. This highlights the importance of biosecurity for preventing the introduction and spread of infectious agents. Similarly, the effect of local network properties on infection spread processes has rarely been evaluated. In this paper, we characterized the biosecurity of salmonid farms in Ireland using a survey, and then developed a score for benchmarking the disease risk of salmonid farms. The usefulness and validity...

Data from: Genomic characterisation of the indigenous Irish Kerry cattle breed

Sam Browett, Gillian McHugo, Ian W. Richardson, David A. Magee, Stephen D. E. Park, Alan G. Fahey, John F. Kearney, Carolina N. Correia, Imtiaz A.S. Randhawa, David E. MacHugh & Imtiaz A. S. Randhawa
Kerry cattle are an endangered landrace heritage breed of cultural importance to Ireland. In the present study we have used genome-wide SNP array data to evaluate genomic diversity within the Kerry population and between Kerry cattle and other European breeds. Patterns of genetic differentiation and gene flow among breeds using phylogenetic trees with ancestry graphs highlighted historical gene flow from the British Shorthorn breed into the ancestral population of modern Kerry cattle. Principal component analysis...

Data from: Dispositional free riders do not free ride on punishment

Till O. Weber, Ori Weisel & Simon Gächter
Strong reciprocity explains prosocial cooperation by the presence of individuals who incur costs to help those who helped them (‘strong positive reciprocity’) and to punish those who wronged them (‘strong negative reciprocity’). Theories of social preferences predict that in contrast to ‘strong reciprocators’, self-regarding people cooperate and punish only if there are sufficient future benefits. Here, we test this prediction in a two-stage design. First, participants are classified according to their disposition towards strong positive...

Data from: Identifying spawning sites and other critical habitat in lotic systems using eDNA “snapshots”: a case study using the sea lamprey Petromyzon marinus L.

Fiona S.A. Bracken, Sean Rooney, Mary Kelly-Quinn, James J. King, Jens Carlsson & Fiona S. A. Bracken
Many aquatic species of conservation concern exist at low densities and are inherently difficult to detect or monitor using conventional methods. However, the introduction of environmental (e)DNA has recently transformed our ability to detect these species and enables effective deployment of limited conservation resources. Identifying areas for breeding, as well as the ecological distribution of a species are vital to the survival or recovery of a conservation species (i.e. critical habitat). In many species, spawning...

Data from: Partial genomic survival of cave bears in living brown bears

Axel Barlow, James A. Cahill, Stefanie Hartmann, Christoph Theunert, Georgios Xenikoudakis, Gloria G. Fortes, Johanna L. A. Paijmans, Gernot Rabeder, Christine Frischauf, Aurora Grandal-D'Anglade, Ana García-Vázquez, Marine Murtskhvaladze, Urmas Saarma, Peeter Anijalg, Tomaž Skrbinšek, Giorgio Bertorelle, Boris Gasparian, Guy Bar-Oz, Ron Pinhasi, Montgomery Slatkin, Love Dalén, Beth Shapiro & Michael Hofreiter
Although many large mammal species went extinct at the end of the Pleistocene epoch, their DNA may persist due to past episodes of interspecies admixture. However, direct empirical evidence of the persistence of ancient alleles remains scarce. Here, we present multifold coverage genomic data from four Late Pleistocene cave bears (Ursus spelaeus complex) and show that cave bears hybridized with brown bears (Ursus arctos) during the Pleistocene. We develop an approach to assess both the...

Data from: Peptides derived from cadherin juxtamembrane region inhibit platelet function

Kalyan Golla, Ilias Stavropoulos, Denis Shields, Nimah Moran, Denis C. Shields & Niamh Moran
The juxtamembrane domains (JMD) of transmembrane proteins are rich in critical peptide sequences that participate in dynamic cell signaling events. Synthetic JMD peptides derived from cadherin cell adhesion proteins have previously been shown to modulate platelet function. In this study, we aimed to develop functional bioactive agents from bioinformatically-identified critical peptide sequences. We synthesized overlapping 12-15 amino acids peptides from E- and N-cadherin JMD and assessed their effect on platelet aggregation and platelet ATP secretion....

Data from: Large birds travel farther in homogeneous environments

Marlee A. Tucker, Olga Alexandrou, , Keith L. Bildstein, Katrin Böhning-Gaese, Chloe Bracis, John N. Brzorad, Evan R. Buechley, David Cabot, Justin M. Calabrese, Carlos Carrapato, André Chiaradia, Lisa C. Davenport, Sarah C. Davidson, Mark Desholm, Christopher R. DeSorbo, Robert Domenech, Peter Enggist, William F. Fagan, Nina Farwig, Wolfgang Fiedler, Christen H. Fleming, Alastair Franke, John M. Fryxell, Clara García-Ripollés … & João Paulo Silva
Aim: Animal movement is an important determinant of individual survival, population dynamics, and ecosystem structure and function. Yet it is still unclear how local movements are related to resource availability and the spatial arrangement of resources. Using resident bird species and migratory bird species outside of the migratory period, we examined how the distribution of resources affect the movement patterns of both large terrestrial birds (e.g., raptors, bustards, hornbills) and waterbirds (e.g., cranes, storks, ducks,...

Registration Year

  • 2018
    9

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    9

Affiliations

  • University College Dublin
    9
  • University of Haifa
    2
  • Max Planck Institute for Ornithology
    1
  • Friends University
    1
  • University of Twente
    1
  • Biodiversity Research Institute
    1
  • Columbia University
    1
  • Université Paul-Valéry Montpellier
    1
  • The Ohio State University
    1
  • University of Georgia
    1