Data from: Fear of the dark? contrasting impacts of humans vs lynx on diel activity of roe deer across EuropeNadège C. Bonnot, Ophélie Couriot, Anne Berger, Francesca Cagnacci, Simone Ciuti, Johannes De Groeve, Benedikt Gehr, Marco Heurich, Petter Kjellander, Max Kröschel, Nicolas Morellet, Leif Sönnichsen & A.J. Mark Hewison
Humans, as super predators, can have strong effects on wildlife behaviour, including profound modifications of diel activity patterns. Subsequent to the return of large carnivores to human-modified ecosystems, many prey species have adjusted their spatial behaviour to the contrasting landscapes of fear generated by both their natural predators and anthropogenic pressures. The effects of predation risk on temporal shifts in diel activity of prey, however, remain largely unexplored in human-dominated landscapes. We investigated the influence...
Avoiding hyperthermia entails considerable metabolic costs for endotherms. Such costs increase in warm conditions, when endotherms may trade food intake for cooler areas to avoid heat stress and maximize their energy balance. The need to reduce heat stress may involve the adoption of tactics affecting space use and foraging behaviour, which are important to understand and predict the effects of climate change and inform conservation. We used resource selection models to examine the behavioural response...
Data from: EFHC1, implicated in juvenile myoclonic epilepsy, functions at the cilium and synapse to modulate dopamine signalingCatrina M. Loucks, Kwangjin Park, Denise S. Walker, Andrea H. McEwan, Tiffany A. Timbers, Evan L. Ardiel, Laura J. Grundy, Chunmei Li, Jacque-Lynne Johnson, Julie Kennedy, Oliver E. Blacque, William R. Schafer, Catharine H. Rankin & Michel R. Leroux
Neurons throughout the mammalian brain possess non-motile cilia, organelles with varied functions in sensory physiology and cellular signaling, yet their roles in these neurons are poorly understood. To shed light into their functions, we studied EFHC1, an evolutionarily conserved protein required for motile cilia function and linked to a common form of inherited epilepsy in humans, juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME). We demonstrate that C. elegans EFHC1 functions within specialized non-motile mechanosensory cilia, where it regulates...
Rural Landscape Case Study from ICOMOS/IUCN Connecting Practice Project: Learning about resilience and sustainability from practical experienceKristal Buckley, Gwenaelle Bourdin & Leanna Wigboldus
This paper will contribute a case study from the ICOMOS/IUCN Connecting Practice project that aims to develop new approaches to the recognition of interconnected character of natural and cultural values in heritage designation and management frameworks. Reflections on a case study from Phase III of this project (2018-2020) will focus on the natural and cultural systems that can support the resilience of agricultural and biocultural landscapes. Conducted in cooperation with the FAO (Food and Agriculture...
The olfactory bulb (OB) ratio is the size of the olfactory bulb relative to the cerebral hemisphere, and is used to estimate the proportion of the forebrain devoted to smell. In birds, OB ratio correlates with the number of olfactory receptor (OR) genes and therefore has been used as a proxy for olfactory acuity. By coupling OB ratios with known OR gene repertoires in birds, we infer minimum repertoire sizes for extinct taxa, including non-avian...
University College Dublin6
International Council on Monuments and Sites2
Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate1
MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology1
University of Sassari1
Polish Academy of Sciences1
National Research Institute of Science and Technology for Environment and Agriculture1
French National Institute for Agricultural Research1