28 Works

Phylogenetic study of the New Caledonian endemic genus Adenodaphne (Lauraceae) confirms its synonymy with Litsea

Jérôme Munzinger, Gordon McPherson, Stacey Meyer & Chrissen Gemmill
The genus Adenodaphne is currently considered endemic to New Caledonia, but its distinction from Litsea is questionable based on morphological similarity. An earlier phylogenetic analysis (ITS) including one species of Adenodaphne and two Asian species of Litsea did support their close relationship but did not permit resolution of their generic boundary. We sampled the four species of Adenodaphne currently recognized (11 accessions) and 11 of the 13 endemic species of Litsea currently recognized, plus one...

Adaptation et résilience des agricultures en Afrique de l'Ouest : innovations agroécologiques et intégration des territoires

Ndjido Kane, Didier Orange & Laure Brun-Diallo

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis mortality rates in Latin America and the Caribbean: a meta-analysis

Daniells Erazo, Jaime Luna, Pierre-Marie Preux, Marco Tulio Medina, Julien Magne, Farid Boumediene & Philippe Couratier
Background: Recent studies have described a low occurrence of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) in Latin America. Significant differences in ALS risk have been reported among ethnic populations in the region. We conducted a meta-analysis using population-based data to describe ALS mortality rates in Latin America. We explored sources of heterogeneity among key covariates. Methods: National mortality registries from Latin American countries were searched to identify ALS deaths according to the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-9:...

Empowerment-based support program for vulnerable populations living with diabetes, obesity or high blood pressure: a scoping review

Julia Eïd & Annabel Desgrées du Loû
Abstract Background The management of chronic diseases such as diabetes, obesity and high blood pressure is a major global health challenge, particularly among the most disadvantaged populations. Beyond the biomedical management of these diseases, comprehensive support that takes into account the peoples’ economic and social situation is fundamental. The objective of this scoping review is to create an inventory and an analysis of the different types of support for these chronic diseases among disadvantaged, immigrant...

Le delta du fleuve Sénégal : un atlas collaboratif

Marie-Christine Cormier Salem, Luc Descroix, Mohamadou Mawloud Diakhate, Elisabeth Habert, Boubou Aldiouma Sy & Labaly Touré

Data and R code from \"Grazing and ecosystem service delivery in global drylands\"

Fernando T. Maestre, Yoann Le Bagousse-Pinguet, David Eldridge, Hugo Saiz, Enrique Valencia, Miguel Berdugo, juan gaitan, Nicolas GROSS, Beatriz Gozalo, Victoria Ochoa, Miguel García-Gómez, Sergio Asensio, Betty J. Mendoza, César Plaza, Paloma Díaz-Martínez, Ana Rey, HANG-WEI HU, Ji-Zheng He, Anika Lehmann, Matthias C. Rillig, Simone Cesarz, Nico Eisenhauer, Eduardo Moreno Jiménez, Osvaldo E. Sala, Mehdi Abedi … & Biodesert consortium
There are two zip files with the data and R scripts used in the article "Maestre, F. T. et al. 2022. Grazing and ecosystem service delivery in global drylands. Science 378, 915–920".
The file "Main_Data_code.zip" contains the data and R code used in the main analyses of the paper. These data also include the location and major environmental characteristics of the plots surveyed.
The file "Livestock_data_code.zip" contains the data and R code used in...

Data from: The war of corals: patterns, drivers, and implications of changing coral competitive performances across reef environments

Mohsen Kayal & Mehdi Adjeroud
Amidst global environmental changes, predicting species responses to future environments is a critical challenge for preserving biodiversity and associated human benefits. We explored the original idea that coral competitive performances, the ability of corals to preempt ecological space on the reef through territorial warfare, serve as indicators of species’ ecological niches and environmental windows, and therefore, responses to future environments. Our surveys indicated that coral performances varied with taxonomic-identity, size, and position along environmental gradients,...

Occurence data for species distribution modelling of wild Coffea canephora

Valérie Poncet & Rémi Tournebize
The assessment of population vulnerability under climate change is crucial for planning conservation as well as for ensuring food security. Coffea canephora is, in its native habitat, an understory tree that is mainly distributed in the lowland rainforests of tropical Africa. Also known as Robusta, its commercial value constitutes a significant revenue for many human populations in tropical countries. Comparing ecological and genomic vulnerabilities within the species’ native range can provide valuable insights about habitat...

En pays Mèa (Nouvelle-Calédonie) : Vol. 1A et 1B. Lignages et récits lignagers

Patrick Pillon

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis mortality rates in Latin America and the Caribbean: a meta-analysis

Daniells Erazo, Jaime Luna, Pierre-Marie Preux, Marco Tulio Medina, Julien Magne, Farid Boumediene & Philippe Couratier
Background: Recent studies have described a low occurrence of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) in Latin America. Significant differences in ALS risk have been reported among ethnic populations in the region. We conducted a meta-analysis using population-based data to describe ALS mortality rates in Latin America. We explored sources of heterogeneity among key covariates. Methods: National mortality registries from Latin American countries were searched to identify ALS deaths according to the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-9:...

Fine-scale temporal dynamics of flower visitors sheds light on the pollination strategy of a dioecious palm in the Ecuadorian Andes

Thomas Auffray
Background: Dioecious plants generally display sexual dimorphism in male and female floral traits, potentially attracting slightly different pollinator communities. The sharing of common floral visitors between male and female flowers and their timing of visits to both sexes is of critical importance to ensure plant's reproductive success. Palm inflorescences are visited by abundant and diverse insect communities, yet the temporal patterns of insect visits on both sexes remain poorly known. Results: We report 59 morphospecies...

Data and R code from \"Grazing and ecosystem service delivery in global drylands\"

Fernando T. Maestre, Yoann Le Bagousse-Pinguet, David Eldridge, Hugo Saiz, Enrique Valencia, Miguel Berdugo, juan gaitan, Nicolas GROSS, Beatriz Gozalo, Victoria Ochoa, Miguel García-Gómez, Sergio Asensio, Betty J. Mendoza, César Plaza, Paloma Díaz-Martínez, Ana Rey, HANG-WEI HU, Ji-Zheng He, Anika Lehmann, Matthias C. Rillig, Simone Cesarz, Nico Eisenhauer, Eduardo Moreno Jiménez, Osvaldo E. Sala, Mehdi Abedi … & Biodesert consortium
There are two zip files with the data and R scripts used in the article "Maestre, F. T. et al. 2022. Grazing and ecosystem service delivery in global drylands. Science 378, 915–920".
The file "Main_Data_code.zip" contains the data and R code used in the main analyses of the paper. These data also include the location and major environmental characteristics of the plots surveyed.
The file "Livestock_data_code.zip" contains the data and R code used in...

Knowledge, professional attitudes, and training among health professionals regarding male contraceptive methods

Jessica Tcherdukian, Roger Mieusset, Antoine Netter, Eric Lechevallier, Florence Bretelle & Jeanne Perrin
Health professionals are at the forefront of information and acceptability regarding contraceptive methods, however only one study evaluated their knowledge of male contraception (MC) including hormonal MC (HMC) and thermal MC (TMC). Our objective was to evaluate the knowledge, professional attitudes, and training of French practitioners regarding the management of couple contraception by male contraception (MC). We designed a descriptive, cross-sectional, multicentre study in 2,396 French practitioners belonging to national or regional institutions involved in...

Clés dichotomiques illustrées d'identification des femelles et des larves de moustiques (Diptera : Culicidae) du Burkina Faso, Cap-Vert, Gambie, Mali, Mauritanie, Niger, Sénégal et Tchad

Vincent Robert, E.H. Ndiaye, Nil Rahola, Gilbert Le Goff, Philippe Boussès, D. Diallo, Voahirana Le Goff, Lauriane Mariamé & M. Diallo

Crickets as indicators of ecological succession in tropical

Jeremy Anso, Amandine Gasc, Edouard Bourguet, Laure Desutter-Grandcolas & Hervé Jourdan
Cricket (Ensifera, Grylloidea) are not commonly used as ecological indicators in contrary to other Orthoptera (e.g. grasshoppers and katydids). However, they are sensitive to environmental changes and abundant in tropical regions. To evaluate if crickets are relevant bioindicators of tropical ecosystems, we investigated cricket assemblages along a tropical ecological gradient. We collected crickets during both day and night in southern New Caledonia for three stages of an ecological succession: open shrubland, preforest and forest. Simultaneously,...

Knowledge, professional attitudes, and training among health professionals regarding male contraceptive methods

Jessica Tcherdukian, Roger Mieusset, Antoine Netter, Eric Lechevallier, Florence Bretelle & Jeanne Perrin
Health professionals are at the forefront of information and acceptability regarding contraceptive methods, however only one study evaluated their knowledge of male contraception (MC) including hormonal MC (HMC) and thermal MC (TMC). Our objective was to evaluate the knowledge, professional attitudes, and training of French practitioners regarding the management of couple contraception by male contraception (MC). We designed a descriptive, cross-sectional, multicentre study in 2,396 French practitioners belonging to national or regional institutions involved in...

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