15 Works

Multivariate statistical analysis of ecological communities (review)

Vladimir Shitikov & Т. D. Zinchenko
The modern approach to the study of communities’ ecology involves the integration and joint processing of large arrays of observations. This usually involves a variety of indicators (population, phenotypic, genetic, environmental, chemical, landscape and geographical) which are characterized by significant temporal and spatial variability. The purpose of the analysis is to identify significant statistical relationships of the taxonomic structure with the characteristics of biotopes and environmental factors. It is based on multivariate methods that allow...

Data from: Genetic polymorphism in Chondrilla (Asteraceae) in the South of European Russia and the nature of Chondrilla juncea L.

Ivan Schanzer, Alexander Kashin, Tatyana Kritskaya & Alena Parkhomenko
We studied genetic diversity in 54 populations of nine species of the genus Chondrilla (C. acantholepis, C. ambigua, C. brevirostris, C. canescens, C. graminea, C. juncea, C. laticoronata, C. latifolia, and C. pauciflora) from SE European Russia and the neighboring territories of NW Kazakhstan. Analyses of the trnT–trnF region of plastid DNA and the internal transcribed spacer of ribosomal DNA (ITS1–5.8S–ITS2) using Statistical Parsimony, Maximum Likelihood and Neighbor Net methods revealed two major evolutionary lineages...

Data from: On polyphyly of the former section Ochlopoa Asch. et Graebn. and hybridogenic section Acroleucae Tzvelev et Prob. (Poa L., Poaceae): insights from the molecular phylogenetic analysis

Nikolai N. Nosov, Valery N. Tikhomirov, Eduard M. Machs & Alexander V. Rodionov
In this study, sequence data of the nuclear region ITS1-5.8S rDNA-ITS2 and the chloroplast region trnL-F as well as few morphological characters were examined trying to elucidate the relationships among known annual bluegrasses. It was shown that all taxa from the aggregate P. annua distinguished by lemma characters and growth form are identical according to ITS and trnL-trnF data wherein all ITS sequences of P. annua aggr. are the same as P. supina and all...

Red Book of vascular plants along oil pipelines in Yaroslavl Region

L.P. Kapelkina & T.E. Teplyakova
Oil-pipe line exploiting is connected inevitably with an influence upon natural biotopes. The route of our investigation of technogenic biotopes passed along 30 km of oil-pipeline protection zone. There were found 11 vascular plant species from 173 of Yaroslavl Region Red Book: Carex sylvatica Huds., Dactylorhiza baltica (Klinge) Orlova, Dactylorhiza fuchsii (Druce) Soó, D. incarnata (L.) Soó, D. maculata (L.) Soó, Glyceria lithuanica (Gorski) Gorski, Listera ovata (L.) R.Br., Neottia nidus-avis (L.) Rich., Ophioglossum vulgatum...

Data from: Megaphylogeny resolves global patterns of mushroom evolution

Torda Varga, Krisztina Krizsán, Csenge Földi, Bálint Dima, Marisol Sánchez-García, Santiago Sánchez-Ramírez, Gergely J. Szöllősi, János G. Szarkándi, Viktor Papp, László Albert, William Andreopoulos, Claudio Angelini, Vladimír Antonín, Kerrie W. Barry, Neale L. Bougher, Peter Buchanan, Bart Buyck, Viktória Bense, Pam Catcheside, Mansi Chovatia, Jerry Cooper, Wolfgang Dämon, Dennis Desjardin, Péter Finy, József Geml … & László G. Nagy
Mushroom-forming fungi (Agaricomycetes) have the greatest morphological diversity and complexity of any group of fungi. They have radiated into most niches and fulfill diverse roles in the ecosystem, including wood decomposers, pathogens or mycorrhizal mutualists. Despite the importance of mushroom-forming fungi, large-scale patterns of their evolutionary history are poorly known, in part due to the lack of a comprehensive and dated molecular phylogeny. Here, using multigene and genome-based data, we assemble a 5,284-species phylogenetic tree...

Data from: Parallel Miocene dispersal events explain the cosmopolitan distribution of the Hypogymnioid lichens

Pradeep K. Divakar, Xin-Li Wei, Bruce McCune, Paloma Cubas, Carlos D. Boluda, Steven G. Leavitt, H. Ana Crespo, Svetlana Tchabanenko & H. Thorsten Lumbsch
Aim: Contemporary species’ distributions are shaped by both geography and historical events, such as extinction, diversification in specific areas and long-distance dispersals. In the most diverse family of lichen-forming fungi, Parmeliaceae, the Hypogymnioid clade, is an example of an evolutionary lineage comprised of species occurring in temperate to subpolar regions in both hemispheres. Here, we elucidate the timing of diversification events and the impact of historical events on the species distribution in this lineage. Location:...

Data from: Climate outweighs native vs. non-native range-effects for genetics and common garden performance of a cosmopolitan weed

Christoph Rosche, Isabell Hensen, Adrian Schaar, Uzma Zehra, Marie Jasieniuk, Ragan M. Callaway, Damase P. Khasa, Mohammad M. Al-Gharaibeh, Ylva Lekberg, David U. Nagy, Robert W. Pal, Miki Okada, Karin Schrieber, Kathryn G. Turner, Susanne Lachmuth, Andrey Erst, Tomonori Tsunoda, Min Sheng, Robin Schmidt, Yanling Peng, Wenbo Luo, Yun Jäschke, Zafar A. Reshi & Manzoor A. Shah
Comparing genetic diversity, genetic differentiation and performance between native and non-native populations has advanced our knowledge of contemporary evolution and its ecological consequences. However, such between-range comparisons can be complicated by high among-population variation within native and non-native ranges. For example, native vs. non-native comparisons between small and non-representative subsets of populations for species with very large distributions have the potential to mislead because they may not sufficiently account for within-range adaptation to climatic conditions,...

Data from: The first pre-Quaternary fossil record of the clade Mabuyidae with a comment on the enclosure of the Meckelian canal in skinks

Andrej Čerňanský & Elena Syromyatnikova
We here describe the first Neogene record of the squamate clade Mabuyidae. Although this clade has a cosmopolitan distribution today, no pre-Quarternary fossil record of these reptiles has so far been documented. The material comes from the locality Solnechnodolsk (Russia) and is dated to the late Miocene (MN 13). Although it comprises only jaw elements, it constitutes the first evidence of the occurrence of fossil skinks around the area of the Black Sea. The material...

Data from: Trophic interactions and abiotic factors drive functional and phylogenetic structure of vertebrate herbivore communities across the Arctic tundra biome

James D.M. Speed, Ina A. Skjelbred, Isabel C. Barrio, Michael D. Martin, Dominique Berteaux, C. Guillermo Bueno, Katie S. Christie, Bruce C. Forbes, Jennifer Forbey, Daniel Fortin, Jon-Arvid Grytnes, Katrine S. Hoset, Nicolas Lecomte, Bryndis Marteinsdottir, Jesper B. Mosbacher, Åshild O. Pedersen, Virve Ravolainen, Eileen C. Rees, Anna Skarin, Natalya Sokolova, Andrew H. Thornhill, Ingunn Tombre & Eeva M. Soininen
Communities are assembled from species that evolve or colonise a given geographic region, and persist in the face of abiotic conditions and interactions with other species. The evolutionary and colonisation histories of communities are characterised by phylogenetic diversity, while functional diversity is indicative of abiotic and biotic conditions. The relationship between functional and phylogenetic diversity infers whether species functional traits are divergent (differing between related species) or convergent (similar among distantly related species). Biotic interactions...

PROSPECTS OF APPLYING ELECTROTECHNOLOGY IN GARDENING

DMITRY S. STREBKOV, ASLANBEK KH. SHOGENOV & YURII KH. SHOGENOV
The paper presents some application fi elds and examples of applying electrotechnology in agricultural production as exemplifi ed by the use of electric, magnetic and electromagnetic fi elds. The authors determined promising research areas concerning the application of electrotechnology in gardening: the use of magnetized water for watering tree crops and bushes; the use of a strong electric fi eld of high voltage to produce a fi ne electroaerosol in the form of fog or...

Data from: Macroevolutionary analyses suggest that environmental factors, not venom apparatus, play key role in Terebridae marine snail diversification

Maria Vittoria Modica, Juliette Gorson, Alexander E. Fedosov, Gavin Malcolm, Yyves Terryn, Nicolas Puillandre & Mandë Holford
How species diversification occurs remains an unanswered question in predatory marine invertebrates, such as sea snails of the family Terebridae. However, the anatomical disparity found throughput the Terebridae provides a unique perspective for investigating diversification patterns in venomous predators. In this study, a new dated molecular phylogeny of the Terebridae is used as a framework for investigating diversification of the family through time, and for testing the putative role of intrinsic and extrinsic traits, such...

Habitats of Pleistocene megaherbivores reconstructed from the frozen fauna remains

Irena Axmanová, Jan Robovský, Lubomír Tichý, Jiri Danihelka, Elena Troeva, Albert Protopopov & Milan Chytrý
The Late Pleistocene landscape in northern Eurasia and North America was inhabited by a specific megafaunal complex, which largely disappeared during the Pleistocene/Holocene transition. Vegetation changes are considered as one of the factors responsible for these extinctions, but the structure and composition of the Pleistocene vegetation are still poorly known. Here we complement previous studies by comparing the taxonomic composition of the plant remains found in the gastrointestinal tracts of the frozen carcasses of Pleistocene...

Data from: Non-native species spread in a complex network: the interaction of global transport and local population dynamics determines invasion success

Hanno Seebens, Elizabeta Briski, Sara Ghabooli, Tamara Shiganova, Hugh MacIsaac & Bernd Blasius
The number of released individuals, which is a component of propagule pressure, is considered to be a major driver for the establishment success of non-native species. However, propagule pressure is often assumed to result from single or few release events, which does not necessarily apply to the frequent releases of invertebrates or other taxa through global transport. For instance, the high intensity of global shipping may result in frequent releases of large numbers of individuals,...

Microbial transformation of organic matter of sod-podzolic soils in the Pre-Urals under conditions of different use and application of mineral fertilizers

N.E. Zavyalova, I.G. Shirokikh, A.I. Kosolapova & A.A. Shirokikh
Microbiological parameters and character of transformation of humic substances of sod-podzolic soil at the end of five rotations of eight-full crop rotation in long-term stationary field experiment (1978–2017) are investigated. The direction of microbiological processes due to the effect of long-term application of mineral fertilizers in increasing doses – 30 to 150 kg/ha of NPK was determined. A comparison of the arable soil with its virgin analogs (mixed forest and natural meadow) as well as...

Ethnoecology of the Slavic World: application significance on the Eurasian space

I.Yu. Trushkova, T.Ya. Ashikhmina & L.V. Kondakova
Ecology is a science dealing with relations of living organisms with the environment and the ways of sustaining the harmonious balance in the world. Ecological approach determines the attitude of the people to the environment, it is the basis of their worldview, their behavior and culture. Ecologically oriented economy management and human behavior mean tendency of the mankind to nature preserving and keeping their environment healthy. Using ethnocultural experience helps to save financial, human, and...

Registration Year

  • 2019
    15

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    11
  • Data Paper
    4

Affiliations

  • Russian Academy of Sciences
    15
  • Vyatka State University
    2
  • Université Laval
    2
  • Institute of Biology of Komi Scientific Centre
    1
  • University of Montana
    1
  • University of Buenos Aires
    1
  • Hunter College
    1
  • The Arctic University of Norway
    1
  • Royal Botanic Gardens
    1
  • Oregon State University
    1