10 Works

The effect of high-polyphenol Mediterranean diet on visceral adiposity: the DIRECT PLUS randomized controlled trial

Hila Zelicha, Nora Kloting, Alon Kaplan, Anat Yaskolka Meir, Ehud Rinott, Gal Tsaban, Yoash Chassidim, Matthias Bluher, Uta Ceglarek, Berend Isermann, Michael Stumvoll, Rita Nana Quayson, Martin von Bergen, Beatrice Engelmann, Ulrike E. Rolle-Kampczyk, Sven-Bastiaan Haange, Kieran M. Tuohy, Camilla Diotallevi, Ilan Shelef, Frank B. Hu, Meir J. Stampfer & Iris Shai
Abstract Background Mediterranean (MED) diet is a rich source of polyphenols, which benefit adiposity by several mechanisms. We explored the effect of the green-MED diet, twice fortified in dietary polyphenols and lower in red/processed meat, on visceral adipose tissue (VAT). Methods In the 18-month Dietary Intervention Randomized Controlled Trial PoLyphenols UnproceSsed (DIRECT-PLUS) weight-loss trial, 294 participants were randomized to (A) healthy dietary guidelines (HDG), (B) MED, or (C) green-MED diets, all combined with physical activity....

Did Government Benefits Help Israeli Households Avoid Hardship during COVID-19? Evidence from a National Survey

Olga Kondratjeva, Talia Schwartz-Tayri, Sam Bufe, Stephen Roll, John Gal & Michael Grinstein-Weiss

Environmental variability as a predictor of behavioral flexibility in urban environments

Reut Vardi & Oded Berger-Tal
Global urbanization processes have highlighted the importance of understanding the effects of urban habitats on animal behavior. Behavioral changes are usually evaluated along an urbanization gradient, comparing urban and rural populations. However, this metric fails to consider heterogeneity between urban habitats that can differ significantly in their characteristics, such as their level of environmental variability. We suggest incorporating dimensions of environmental variability into the urbanization metric. We tested the importance of both level of urbanization...

Additional file 1 of The effect of high-polyphenol Mediterranean diet on visceral adiposity: the DIRECT PLUS randomized controlled trial

Hila Zelicha, Nora Kloting, Alon Kaplan, Anat Yaskolka Meir, Ehud Rinott, Gal Tsaban, Yoash Chassidim, Matthias Bluher, Uta Ceglarek, Berend Isermann, Michael Stumvoll, Rita Nana Quayson, Martin von Bergen, Beatrice Engelmann, Ulrike E. Rolle-Kampczyk, Sven-Bastiaan Haange, Kieran M. Tuohy, Camilla Diotallevi, Ilan Shelef, Frank B. Hu, Meir J. Stampfer & Iris Shai
Additional file 1: S1. Adherence to the intervention. S2. Sensitivity analysis. S3. Inclusion and Exclusion criteria. S4. Physical activity recommendations protocol. S5. Polyphenol-rich foods, provided at no cost to participants. S6. Magnetic resonance imaging. S7. Clinical parameters, laboratory methodology, and blood and urine polyphenols assessments. S8. Sample size and power calculations. Fig. S1. DIRECT PLUS flow chart. Fig. S2. Heatmap of abdominal adipose depots and metabolic and cardiovascular parameters at baseline. Fig. S3. The effect...

GARD 1.7 - updated global distributions for all terrestrial reptiles

Uri Roll & Shai Meiri
This is the updated version of the Global Assessment of Reptile Distributions (GARD; http://www.gardinitiative.org/) global distributions of all (10914 species) of terrestrial reptiles. Ranges are given in a polygonal shapefile format collated from various sources and had expert validation and curation.

Data from: Stable isotopes in the different trophic levels reveal regional divergence in dietary habits among Tibetan pastoralists

Zhanhuan Shang, Shanshan Li, Yinfeng Li, Wenyin Wang, Jianxin Jiao, Allan Degen, Tao Zhang, Yanfu Bai, Jingxue Zhao & Michael Kreuzer
Understanding geographical variation and driving mechanisms of the dietary habits of Tibetan pastoralists is a key to improving their health status under climate change and globalization. Characterization of diet via isotopic signatures along the length of the local food chain could provide this information. We analyzed δ13C and δ15N of soil, plants, animals and pastoralists at different geographical sites ranging in a gradient of easily accessible to remote areas. The high δ15N values in soil...

Differential parasitism of native and invasive widow spider egg sacs

Monica Mowery, Valeria Arabesky, Yael Lubin & Michal Segoli
During colonization, invasive species establish and spread to new locations, where they may have an advantage over native species. One such advantage may be avoidance of predators or parasites by means of better defences or due to lower suitability as a host. We conducted field surveys and lab behavioural experiments to investigate the differential susceptibility of two widow spider species—one native to Israel, the white widow spider Latrodectus pallidus, and one invasive species, the brown...

The effect of high-polyphenol Mediterranean diet on visceral adiposity: the DIRECT PLUS randomized controlled trial

Hila Zelicha, Nora Kloting, Alon Kaplan, Anat Yaskolka Meir, Ehud Rinott, Gal Tsaban, Yoash Chassidim, Matthias Bluher, Uta Ceglarek, Berend Isermann, Michael Stumvoll, Rita Nana Quayson, Martin von Bergen, Beatrice Engelmann, Ulrike E. Rolle-Kampczyk, Sven-Bastiaan Haange, Kieran M. Tuohy, Camilla Diotallevi, Ilan Shelef, Frank B. Hu, Meir J. Stampfer & Iris Shai
Abstract Background Mediterranean (MED) diet is a rich source of polyphenols, which benefit adiposity by several mechanisms. We explored the effect of the green-MED diet, twice fortified in dietary polyphenols and lower in red/processed meat, on visceral adipose tissue (VAT). Methods In the 18-month Dietary Intervention Randomized Controlled Trial PoLyphenols UnproceSsed (DIRECT-PLUS) weight-loss trial, 294 participants were randomized to (A) healthy dietary guidelines (HDG), (B) MED, or (C) green-MED diets, all combined with physical activity....

Invasive brown widow spiders disperse aerially under a broad range of environmental conditions

Monica Mowery
Spiders commonly disperse on silk lines as juveniles by means of rappelling or ballooning. These modes of dispersal, especially long-distance dispersal via ballooning, can greatly increase the distance an individual can move, and at the population level, the speed of range expansion and likelihood of gene flow. Nevertheless, few studies have examined how spiders disperse under field conditions, and which environmental and meteorological conditions may affect their decision to disperse. We tested dispersal by spiderlings...

Additional file 1 of The effect of high-polyphenol Mediterranean diet on visceral adiposity: the DIRECT PLUS randomized controlled trial

Hila Zelicha, Nora Kloting, Alon Kaplan, Anat Yaskolka Meir, Ehud Rinott, Gal Tsaban, Yoash Chassidim, Matthias Bluher, Uta Ceglarek, Berend Isermann, Michael Stumvoll, Rita Nana Quayson, Martin von Bergen, Beatrice Engelmann, Ulrike E. Rolle-Kampczyk, Sven-Bastiaan Haange, Kieran M. Tuohy, Camilla Diotallevi, Ilan Shelef, Frank B. Hu, Meir J. Stampfer & Iris Shai
Additional file 1: S1. Adherence to the intervention. S2. Sensitivity analysis. S3. Inclusion and Exclusion criteria. S4. Physical activity recommendations protocol. S5. Polyphenol-rich foods, provided at no cost to participants. S6. Magnetic resonance imaging. S7. Clinical parameters, laboratory methodology, and blood and urine polyphenols assessments. S8. Sample size and power calculations. Fig. S1. DIRECT PLUS flow chart. Fig. S2. Heatmap of abdominal adipose depots and metabolic and cardiovascular parameters at baseline. Fig. S3. The effect...

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Affiliations

  • Ben-Gurion University of the Negev
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  • Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research
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  • Soroka Medical Center
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  • University Hospital Leipzig
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  • Fondazione Edmund Mach
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  • Leipzig University
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  • Harvard University
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  • Brigham and Women's Hospital
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