17 Works

Female preference and adverse developmental effects of glyphosate-based herbicides on ecologically relevant traits in Japanese quail

Suvi Ruuskanen, Rainio Miia, Venla Kuosmanen, Miika Laihonen, Kari Saikkonen, Irma Saloniemi & Marjo Helander
Controversial glyphosate-based herbicides (GBHs) are the most frequently used herbicides globally. An increasing number of studies have identified GBH residues in soil, water and even human food that may expose non-target organism including wildlife, livestock, and humans to health risks. After a heated debate, European Union allowed the use of GBHs to continue until 2022, after which their risks will be re-evaluated. Thus, decision makers urgently need scientific evidence on GBH residues and their possible...

Data from: Carbon dioxide and methane fluxes from different surface types in a created urban wetland

Xuefei Li, Outi Wahlroos, Sami Haapanala, Jukka Pumpanen, Harri Vasander, Anna Ojala1, Timo Vesala & Ivan Mammarella
Many wetlands have been drained due to urbanization, agriculture, forestry or other purposes, which has resulted in losing their ecosystem services. To protect receiving waters and to achieve services such as flood control and stormwater quality mitigation, new wetlands are created in urbanized areas. However, our knowledge of greenhouse gas exchange in newly created wetlands in urban areas is currently limited. In this paper we present measurements carried out at a created urban wetland in...

Data from: Home ground advantage: local Atlantic salmon have higher reproductive fitness than dispersers in the wild

Kenyon B. Mobley, Hanna Granroth-Wilding, Mikko Ellmen, Juha-Pekka Vähä, Tutku Aykanat, Susan E. Johnston, Panu Orell, Jaakko Erkinaro & Craig R. Primmer
A long-held, but poorly tested, assumption in natural populations is that individuals that disperse into new areas for reproduction are at a disadvantage compared to individuals that reproduce in their natal habitat, underpinning the eco-evolutionary processes of local adaptation and ecological speciation. Here, we capitalize on fine-scale population structure and natural dispersal events to compare the reproductive success of local and dispersing individuals captured on the same spawning ground in four consecutive parent-offspring cohorts of...

Data from: Elevated oxidative stress in pied flycatcher nestlings of eumelanic foster fathers under low rearing temperatures

Pauliina E. Teerikorpi, Janina Stauffer, Petteri Ilmonen, Sara Calhim, Wiebke Schuett & Toni Laaksonen
Striking variation in melanin coloration within natural populations is likely due to the different fitness outcomes of alternative phenotypes in varying environmental conditions. There are two types of melanins. Eumelanins yield blackish hues, while pheomelanins yield reddish hues. The production of eumelanins requires low levels of glutathione (GSH), which is the most important intracellular antioxidant, while the production of pheomelanins requires high levels of GSH. We investigated the oxidative status of male pied flycatchers (Ficedula...

Data from: Size-selective harvesting fosters adaptations in mating behavior and reproductive allocation, affecting sexual selection in fish

Valerio Sbragaglia, Catalina Gliese, David Bierbach, Andrew Honsey, Silva Uusi-Heikkilä & Robert Arlinghaus
1. The role of sexual selection in the context of harvest-induced evolution is poorly understood. However, elevated and trait-selective harvesting of wild populations may change sexually-selected traits, which in turn can affect mate choice and reproduction. 2. We experimentally evaluated the potential for fisheries-induced evolution of mating behavior and reproductive allocation in fish. 3. We used a unique experimental system of zebrafish (Danio rerio) lines exposed to large, small, or random (i.e. control) size-selective mortality....

Data from: Capture from the wild has long-term costs on reproductive success in Asian elephants

Mirkka Lahdenperä, John Jackson, Win Htut & Virpi Lummaa
Capturing wild animals is common for conservation, economic, or research purposes. Understanding how capture itself affects lifetime fitness measures is often difficult because wild and captive populations live in very different environments and there is a need for long-term life-history data. Here we show how wild-capture influences reproduction in 2685 female Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) used in the timber industry in Myanmar. Wild-caught females demonstrated a consistent reduction in breeding success relative to captive-born females,...

Data from: Global fern and lycophyte richness explained: how regional and local factors shape plot richness

Michael Kessler, Anna Weigand, Helge Bruelheide, Hanna Tuomisto, Holger Kreft & Patrick Weigelt
Aim To disentangle the influence of environmental factors at different spatial grains (regional and local) on fern and lycophyte species richness and ask how regional and plot-level richness are related to each other. Location Global. Time Period Present. Major Taxa studied Ferns and lycophytes. Methods We explored fern and lycophyte species richness at two spatial grains, regional (hexagonal grid cells of 7666 km2) and plot-level (300–500 m2), in relation to environmental data at regional and...

Opposite latitudinal patterns for bird and arthropod predation revealed in the experiments with differently colored artificial prey

Elena Zvereva, Bastien Castagneyrol, Tatiana Cornelissen, Anders Forsman, Juan Antonio Hernández-Agüero, Tero Klemola, Lucas Paolucci, Vicente Polo, Norma Salinas, K. Jurie Theron, Guorui Xu, Vitali Zverev & Mikhail Kozlov
The strength of biotic interactions is generally thought to increase towards the equator, but support for this hypothesis is contradictory. We explored whether predator attacks on artificial prey of eight different colours vary among climates and whether this variation affects the detection of latitudinal patterns in predation. The data set provides number of damage marks on each of 1320 plasticine caterpillars of eight different colours, which were attached to branches of woody plants and exposed...

Data from: Trophic interactions and abiotic factors drive functional and phylogenetic structure of vertebrate herbivore communities across the Arctic tundra biome

James D.M. Speed, Ina A. Skjelbred, Isabel C. Barrio, Michael D. Martin, Dominique Berteaux, C. Guillermo Bueno, Katie S. Christie, Bruce C. Forbes, Jennifer Forbey, Daniel Fortin, Jon-Arvid Grytnes, Katrine S. Hoset, Nicolas Lecomte, Bryndis Marteinsdottir, Jesper B. Mosbacher, Åshild O. Pedersen, Virve Ravolainen, Eileen C. Rees, Anna Skarin, Natalya Sokolova, Andrew H. Thornhill, Ingunn Tombre & Eeva M. Soininen
Communities are assembled from species that evolve or colonise a given geographic region, and persist in the face of abiotic conditions and interactions with other species. The evolutionary and colonisation histories of communities are characterised by phylogenetic diversity, while functional diversity is indicative of abiotic and biotic conditions. The relationship between functional and phylogenetic diversity infers whether species functional traits are divergent (differing between related species) or convergent (similar among distantly related species). Biotic interactions...

Data from: Water-borne defense induction of a rockweed in the wild

Fiia Haavisto & Veijo Jormalainen
1. Laboratory-scale studies suggest that water-borne chemical cues released in grazing of marine macroalgae act as info-chemicals allowing the yet-undamaged conspecifics to increase their resistance before the actual herbivore attack. The relevance of this finding in natural populations has thus far remained unexplored. 2. We investigated spread of water-borne herbivore resistance in a field experiment using the littoral foundation species Fucus vesiculosus. We exposed algal genotypes for water-borne cues in the distances of 0.5 and...

Data from: Disturbance, microclimate and historical habitat connectivity determine the population performance of the threatened grassland specialist Carex caryophyllea in remnant grasslands

Jussi Lampinen
Many grassland specialist plant populations in Europe have been restricted to remnant habitats. The performance of these populations depends on both species-specific traits and local and landscape level aspects of habitat quality. Understanding which specific local or landscape level conditions determine the performance of grassland species populations in remnant habitats would help design the restoration of the habitats and to detect the conditions that favour the long-term persistence of grassland species in them. Such information...

Data for: Phytochemical shift from condensed tannins to flavonoids in transgenic Betula pendula decreases consumption and growth but improves growth efficiency of Epirrita autumnata larvae

Paula Thitz, Lauri Mehtätalo, Panu Välimäki, Tendry Randriamanana, Mika Lännenpää, Ann E. Hagerman, Tommi Andersson, Riitta Julkunen-Tiitto & Tommi Nyman
Despite active research, antiherbivore activity of specific plant phenolics remains largely unresolved. We constructed silver birch (Betula pendula) lines with modified phenolic metabolism to study the effects of foliar flavonoids and condensed tannins on consumption and growth of larvae of a generalist herbivore, the autumnal moth (Epirrita autumnata). We conducted a feeding experiment using birch lines in which expression of dihydroflavonol reductase (DFR), anthocyanidin synthase (ANS) or anthocyanidin reductase (ANR) had been decreased by RNA...

Data from: Growth mode and carbon source impact the surfaceome dynamics of Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG

Kirsi Savijoki, Tuula A. Nyman, Veera Kainulainen, Ilkka Miettinen, Pia Siljamäki, Adyary Fallarero, Jouko Sandholm, Reetta Satokari & Pekka Varmanen
Bacterial biofilms have clear implications in disease and in food applications involving probiotics. Here, we show that switching the carbohydrate source from glucose to fructose increased the biofilm formation and the total surface-antigenicity of a well-known probiotic, Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG. Surfaceomes (all cell surface-associated proteins) of GG cells grown with glucose and fructose in planktonic and biofilm cultures were identified and compared, which indicated carbohydrate source-dependent variations, especially during biofilm growth. The most distinctive differences...

Data from: Co-inheritance of sea age at maturity and iteroparity in the Atlantic salmon vgll3 genomic region

Tutku Aykanat, Mikhail Ozerov, Juha-Pekka Vähä, Panu Orell, Eero Niemelä, Jaakko Erkinaro & Craig R Primmer
Co-inheritance in life history traits may result in unpredictable evolutionary trajectories if not accounted for in life-history models. Iteroparity (the reproductive strategy of reproducing more than once) in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) is a fitness trait with substantial variation within and among populations. In the Teno River in northern Europe, iteroparous individuals constitute an important component of many populations and have experienced a sharp increase in abundance in the last 20 years, partly overlapping with...

Data from: Cross-cultural similarity in relationship-specific social touching

Juulia T. Suvilehto, Lauri Nummenmaa, Tokiko Harada, Robin I. M. Dunbar, Riitta Hari, Robert Turner, Norihiro Sadato & Ryo Kitada
Many species use touching for reinforcing social structures, and particularly non-human primates use social grooming for managing their social networks. However, it is still unclear how social touch contributes to maintenance and reinforcement of human social networks. Human studies in Western cultures suggest that the body locations where touch is allowed are associated with the strength of the emotional bond between the person touched and the toucher. However, it is unknown to what extent this...

Data from: Tail color signals performance in blue tit nestlings

Barbara Class, Edward Kluen & Jon E. Brommer
Indirect sexual selection arises when reproductive individuals choose their mates based on heritable ornaments that are genetically correlated to fitness. Evidence for genetic associations between ornamental coloration and fitness remain scarce. In this study we investigate the quantitative genetic relationship between different aspects of tail structural coloration (brightness, hue and UV chroma) and performance (cell mediated immunity, body mass and wing length) in blue tit (Cyanistes caeruleus) nestlings. In line with previous studies, we find...

Data from: Long-term trends in wild-capture and population dynamics point to an uncertain future for captive elephants.

John Jackson, Dylan Z. Childs, Khyne Mar, Win Htut & Virpi Lummaa
Maintaining sustainable populations in captivity without supplementation through wild-capture is a major challenge in conservation that zoos and aquaria are working towards. However, the capture of wild animals continues for many purposes where conservation is not the primary focus. Wild-capture hinders long-term conservation goals by reducing remaining wild populations. Furthermore, the direct and long-term indirect consequences of wild-capture for captive population viability are rarely addressed using longitudinal data. We explored the implications of changes in...

Registration Year

  • 2019
    17

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    17

Affiliations

  • University of Turku
    17
  • University of Helsinki
    5
  • University of Eastern Finland
    2
  • Natural Resources Institute Finland
    2
  • University of Jyväskylä
    2
  • Pontifical Catholic University of Peru
    1
  • University of Hamburg
    1
  • Linnaeus University
    1
  • The Arctic University of Norway
    1
  • Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais
    1