419 Works

Data from: Efficacy of spotlights and thermal cameras to detect lions, Panthera leo, and spotted hyenas, Crocuta crocuta, depends on species and management regime

Stanslaus Mwampeta, Jerrold Belant, Eivin Røskaft, Robert Fyumagwa, Imani Mkasanga, Clay Wilton, Imani Mkasanga, Florent Bled, Lusato Masinde, Eivin Røskaft & Peter Ranke
Accurate abundance estimates can contribute to effective management of large carnivore populations. Lion, Panthera leo, and spotted hyena, Crocuta crocuta, populations are frequently estimated at night by eliciting their approach using broadcasted vocalizations. Spotlights are typically used to observe these species on approach but can disturb animals and adversely affect counts. We compared the efficacy of spotlight with red filters and forward looking infrared (FLIR) thermal monocular to enumerate lions and spotted hyenas in Serengeti...

Scalesia atractyloides genome assembly

José Cerca
Oceanic archipelagos comprise multiple disparate environments over small geographic areas and are isolated from other biotas. These conditions have led to some of the most rapid and spectacular phenotypic changes, which are often repeated, thus offering a unique chance to characterise its genomic basis. These repeated patterns of evolutionary change in plants on oceanic archipelagos, or the ‘plant island syndrome’, include changes in leaf phenotypes, acquisition of perennial life-style, flowering period and self-compatibility, and ancestral...

Causes and consequences of variation in early-life telomere length in a bird metapopulation

Michael Le Pepke, Thomas Kvalnes, Peter Ranke, Yimen Araya-Ajoy, Jonathan Wright, Bernt-Erik Sæther, Henrik Jensen & Thor-Harald Ringsby
Environmental conditions during early-life development can have lasting effects shaping individual heterogeneity in fitness and fitness-related traits. The length of telomeres, the DNA sequences protecting chromosome ends, may be affected by early-life conditions, and telomere length (TL) has been associated with individual performance within some wild animal populations. Thus, knowledge of the mechanisms that generate variation in TL, and the relationship between TL and fitness, is important in understanding the role of telomeres in ecology...

Additional file 1 of Antimicrobial therapy of community-acquired pneumonia during stewardship efforts and a coronavirus pandemic: an observational study

Bjørn Waagsbø, Morten Tranung, Jan Kristian Damås & Lars Heggelund
Supplementary Material 1

Additional file 5 of The NORMAN Suspect List Exchange (NORMAN-SLE): facilitating European and worldwide collaboration on suspect screening in high resolution mass spectrometry

Hiba Mohammed Taha, Reza Aalizadeh, Nikiforos Alygizakis, Jean-Philippe Antignac, Hans Peter H. Arp, Richard Bade, Nancy Baker, Lidia Belova, Lubertus Bijlsma, Evan E. Bolton, Werner Brack, Alberto Celma, Wen-Ling Chen, Tiejun Cheng, Parviel Chirsir, Ľuboš Čirka, Lisa A. D’Agostino, Yannick Djoumbou Feunang, Valeria Dulio, Stellan Fischer, Pablo Gago-Ferrero, Aikaterini Galani, Birgit Geueke, Natalia Głowacka, Juliane Glüge … & Emma L. Schymanski
Additional file 5: Authorship contributions and acknowledgements mapped to NORMAN-SLE lists (XLSX format).

Nurses experience increased clinical and organisational competence by working with a medical quality register, RevNatus – a qualitative study

Hilde Bjørngaard, Hege Svean Koksvik, Bente Jakobsen & Kjersti Grønning
Abstract Background RevNatus is a consent-based, nationwide medical quality register that collects data on patients with inflammatory rheumatic diseases during pregnancy and one year postpartum. The entering of data takes place in outpatient clinics in rheumatology wards in hospitals. The aim of this study is to explore how rheumatology nurses experience organizing and working with the medical quality register RevNatus in addition to their normal clinical patient-care tasks. Methods Qualitative focus group interviews and individual...

Additional file 3 of The NORMAN Suspect List Exchange (NORMAN-SLE): facilitating European and worldwide collaboration on suspect screening in high resolution mass spectrometry

Hiba Mohammed Taha, Reza Aalizadeh, Nikiforos Alygizakis, Jean-Philippe Antignac, Hans Peter H. Arp, Richard Bade, Nancy Baker, Lidia Belova, Lubertus Bijlsma, Evan E. Bolton, Werner Brack, Alberto Celma, Wen-Ling Chen, Tiejun Cheng, Parviel Chirsir, Ľuboš Čirka, Lisa A. D’Agostino, Yannick Djoumbou Feunang, Valeria Dulio, Stellan Fischer, Pablo Gago-Ferrero, Aikaterini Galani, Birgit Geueke, Natalia Głowacka, Juliane Glüge … & Emma L. Schymanski
Additional file 3: Summary of Zenodo view and download statistics, plus citations (CSV format) as of 28 April 2022 [235].

Additional file 1 of Family-based cognitive behavioural therapy versus family-based relaxation therapy for obsessive-compulsive disorder in children and adolescents (the TECTO trial): a statistical analysis plan for the randomised clinical trial

Markus Harboe Olsen, Julie Hagstrøm, Nicole Nadine Lønfeldt, Camilla Uhre, Valdemar Uhre, Linea Pretzmann, Sofie Heidenheim Christensen, Christine Thoustrup, Nicoline Løcke Jepsen Korsbjerg, Anna-Rosa Cecilie Mora-Jensen, Melanie Ritter, Janus Engstrøm, Jane Lindschou, Hartwig Roman Siebner, Frank Verhulst, Pia Jeppesen, Jens Richardt Møllegaard Jepsen, Signe Vangkilde, Per Hove Thomsen, Katja Hybel, Line Katrine Harder Clemmesen, Christian Gluud, Kerstin Jessica Plessen, Anne Katrine Pagsberg & Janus Christian Jakobsen
Additional file 1: Table 1. Participant characteristics. Figure 1. CONSORT flow diagram. Figure 2. Psychopathology and family burden. Figure 3. Response status at 16 weeks. Figure 4. Negative effects questionnaire. Supplemental Table 1. Detailed comorbidities. Supplemental Table 2. Psychopathology and family burden. Supplemental Table 3. Kidscreen-52. Supplemental Timeline. Supplemental Assumptions.

Additional file 5 of Contextualizing critical thinking about health using digital technology in secondary schools in Kenya: a qualitative analysis

Faith Chesire, Marlyn Ochieng, Michael Mugisha, Ronald Ssenyonga, Matt Oxman, Allen Nsangi, Daniel Semakula, Laetitia Nyirazinyoye, Simon Lewin, Nelson K. Sewankambo, Margaret Kaseje, Andrew D. Oxman & Sarah Rosenbaum
Additional file 5. COREQ checklist.

Additional file 1 of Physical performance in older age by sex and educational level: the HUNT Study

Kjerstin N. Melsæter, Gro G. Tangen, Håvard K. Skjellegrind, Beatrix Vereijken, Bjørn H. Strand & Pernille Thingstad
Additional file 1: Supplement Figure S1. Bar graph for the different SPPB subtests.

Additional file 1 of Body mass index and incidence of lung cancer in the HUNT study: using observational and Mendelian randomization approaches

Lin Jiang, Yi-Qian Sun, Ben Michael Brumpton, Arnulf Langhammer, Yue Chen & Xiao-Mei Mai
Additional file 1: Supplementary Table S1. The association of BMI in HUNT2 with incidence of lung cancer overall and different histologic types after excluding the first five years’ follow-up, the HUNT Study, 1995-97 to2017 (N = 59,711). Supplementary Table S2. The associations of BMI in HUNT2 with lung cancer incidence taking account of competing risk due to death, the HUNT Study, 1995-97 to 2017 (N = 62,453). Supplementary Text 1. Analysis using negative control exposure....

Additional file 2 of Pan-cancer analysis of pre-diagnostic blood metabolite concentrations in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition

Marie Breeur, Pietro Ferrari, Laure Dossus, Mazda Jenab, Mattias Johansson, Sabina Rinaldi, Ruth C. Travis, Mathilde His, Tim J. Key, Julie A. Schmidt, Kim Overvad, Anne Tjønneland, Cecilie Kyrø, Joseph A. Rothwell, Nasser Laouali, Gianluca Severi, Rudolf Kaaks, Verena Katzke, Matthias B. Schulze, Fabian Eichelmann, Domenico Palli, Sara Grioni, Salvatore Panico, Rosario Tumino, Carlotta Sacerdote … & Vivian Viallon
Additional file 2: Supplementary tables and figures. Figure S1. Pearson correlation between the 117 original metabolites. Figure S2. Sensitivity analyses of mutually adjusted ORs for the overall associations and cancer type-specific deviations. Figure S3. Sensitivity analysis of mutually adjusted ORs for the overall associations and cancer type-specific deviations with or without excluding hormone users. Figure S4. p-values of tests for departure from linearity and effect modification by BMI. Figure S5. ORs for the overall associations...

Anxiety and depression symptoms, albuminuria and risk of acute myocardial infarction in the Norwegian HUNT cohort study

Lise Tuset Gustad, Tor Åge Myklebust, Ottar Bjerkeset, Lana J. Williams, Lars Erik Laugsand, Håvard Dalen, Michael Berk & Solfrid Romundstad
Abstract Background Studies suggest increased risk for an outcome in people with joint exposures that share common causal pathways. The objective of this study was to determine the risk of incident acute myocardial infarction (AMI) following exposure to both albuminuria and/or anxiety and depression symptoms. Methods Participants who provided urine samples to the HUNT2 (1995–97) or HUNT3 (2007–2009) surveys were followed until the end of 2016. Albuminuria was measured by Albumin Creatine Ratio (ACR) and...

Relevant vs non-relevant subspecialist for patients hospitalised in internal medicine at a local hospital: which is better? A retrospective cohort study

Øyvind Berg, Ulf Hurtig & Aslak Steinsbekk
Abstract Background Studies of the treatment of patients in-hospital with a specific diagnosis show that physicians with a subspecialisation relevant to this diagnosis can provide a better quality of care. However, studies including patients with a range of diagnoses show a more negligible effect of being attended by a relevant subspecialist. This project aimed to study a more extensive set of patients and diagnoses in an environment where the subspecialist present could be controlled. Thus,...

Premonitory symptoms in migraine: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies reporting prevalence or relative frequency

Anna K. Eigenbrodt, Rune Häckert Christensen, Håkan Ashina, Afrim Iljazi, Casper Emil Christensen, Timothy J. Steiner, Richard B. Lipton & Messoud Ashina
Abstract Background Observational studies on the prevalence of premonitory symptoms in people with migraine, preceding the headache pain (or aura) phase, have shown conflicting results. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to estimate the prevalence, and relative frequency among clinic populations, of premonitory symptoms in people with migraine, overall and of the multifarious individual symptoms, and to review the methodologies used to assess them. Methods We searched PubMed and Embase for studies published from...

Additional file 1 of Stress in surgical educational environments: a systematic review

Maria Suong Tjønnås, Carmen Guzmán-García, Patricia Sánchez-González, Enrique Javier Gómez, Ignacio Oropesa & Cecilie Våpenstad
Additional file 1: Table S1. Search queries for Scopus, Web of Science, and PubMed. Table containing information about the search queries for Scopus, Web of Science, and PubMed.

Additional file 1 of Stress in surgical educational environments: a systematic review

Maria Suong Tjønnås, Carmen Guzmán-García, Patricia Sánchez-González, Enrique Javier Gómez, Ignacio Oropesa & Cecilie Våpenstad
Additional file 1: Table S1. Search queries for Scopus, Web of Science, and PubMed. Table containing information about the search queries for Scopus, Web of Science, and PubMed.

Stress in surgical educational environments: a systematic review

Maria Suong Tjønnås, Carmen Guzmán-García, Patricia Sánchez-González, Enrique Javier Gómez, Ignacio Oropesa & Cecilie Våpenstad
Abstract Background The effects of stress on surgical residents and how stress management training can prepare residents to effectively manage stressful situations is a relevant topic. This systematic review aimed to analyze the literature regarding (1) the current stress monitoring tools and their use in surgical environments, (2) the current methods in surgical stress management training, and (3) how stress affects surgical performance. Methods A search strategy was implemented to retrieve relevant articles from Web...

Additional file 3 of Real-world comparison of the effects of etanercept and adalimumab on well-being in non-systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis: a propensity score matched cohort study

Joeri W. van Straalen, Sytze de Roock, Gabriella Giancane, Alessandro Consolaro, Marite Rygg, Ellen B. Nordal, Nadina Rubio-Pérez, Marija Jelusic, Jaime De Inocencio, Jelena Vojinovic, Nico M. Wulffraat, Patricia C. J. Bruijning-Verhagen, Nicolino Ruperto & Joost F. Swart
Additional file 3. Extended patient characteristics at baseline.

Additional file 4 of Real-world comparison of the effects of etanercept and adalimumab on well-being in non-systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis: a propensity score matched cohort study

Joeri W. van Straalen, Sytze de Roock, Gabriella Giancane, Alessandro Consolaro, Marite Rygg, Ellen B. Nordal, Nadina Rubio-Pérez, Marija Jelusic, Jaime De Inocencio, Jelena Vojinovic, Nico M. Wulffraat, Patricia C. J. Bruijning-Verhagen, Nicolino Ruperto & Joost F. Swart
Additional file 4. Stacked histograms of time intervals between start of etanercept/adalimumab therapy and baseline/follow-up measurements.

Additional file 1 of TAK1-inhibitors did not reduce disease burden in a Vκ*MYC model of multiple myeloma

Erling Håland, Ingrid Nyhus Moen, Esten N. Vandsemb & Kristian K. Starheim
Additional file 1: Score sheet for assessment of humane end point.

Bayesian species distribution models integrate presence-only and presence-absence data to predict deer distribution and relative abundance

Virginia Morera-Pujol, Philip Mostert, Kilian Murphy, Tim Burkitt, Barry Coad, Barry McMahon, Maarten Nieuwenhuis, Kevin Morelle, Alastair Ward & Simone Ciuti
Using geospatial data of wildlife presence to predict a species distribution across a geographic area is among the most common tools in management and conservation. The collection of high-quality presence-absence data through structured surveys is, however, expensive, and managers usually have access to larger amounts of low-quality presence-only data collected by citizen scientists, opportunistic observations, and culling returns for game species. Integrated Species Distribution Models (ISDMs) have been developed to make the most of the...

Additional file 1 of Women empowerment and access to maternity and reproductive healthcare in Pakistan: cross-validation of a Survey-based Index in Afghanistan (SWEI-A)

Omid Dadras, Mohammadyasin Dadras, Leila Jafari, Takeo Nakayama & Fateme Dadras
Additional file 1: Table S1. Dimension (D1),Domains (D2), and variables used in describing women’s empowerment. Table S2. The frequency and distribution of the included variables, PDHS 2017-18.

Women empowerment and access to maternity and reproductive healthcare in Pakistan: cross-validation of a Survey-based Index in Afghanistan (SWEI-A)

Omid Dadras, Mohammadyasin Dadras, Leila Jafari, Takeo Nakayama & Fateme Dadras
Abstract Background Despite the obvious violation of women’s rights in Pakistan and the vital necessity for women empowerment, a unified country-specific index measuring women empowerment is not yet available. This study cross-validated a survey-based women empowerment index from Afghanistan to be used in Pakistan. Methods The data for married Pakistani women aged 15–49 in the 2017–18 Pakistan demographic health survey was used to construct the final model using the explanatory and confirmatory factor analyses. The...

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