Organized for the first time in Berkeley in 1999, then successively in Edinburgh (2001), Göteborg (2003), Aix- en-Provence (2005), Tokyo (2010), Stockholm (2013), Edinburgh (2015), Stockholm (2017), and Budapest (2019), the Disfluency in Spontaneous Speech (DiSS) workshops are a privileged place for specialists working on questions related to speech fluency.
The content of this dataset is all information month by month (24 ) about cortisol concentration in hair among 48 women and other relevant questions , like stress, use of steroids, work and so one.
Multi-source mapping of peatland types using Sentinel-1, Sentinel-2 and terrain derivatives – A comparison between five high-latitude landscapes: Remote sensing predictor variables and field reference dataMartin Karlson
The dataset includes preprocessed predictor variables in image format (geoTIFF) from Sentinel-1, Sentinel-2 and Copernicus DEM for the five sites, including North Slope (Alaska), Yukon (Canada), Great Slave Lake (Canada), Hudson Bay Lowlands (Canada) and northern Sweden (Scandinavia). It also includes reference data (shape files) used for training and validation of classification models.
Additional file 2 of Construction of a ferroptosis-related five-lncRNA signature for predicting prognosis and immune response in thyroid carcinomaYuan Qin, Dai Zhang, Huan Zhang, Lan Hou, Zhe Wang, Liu Yang, Mingkun Zhang, Ge Zhao, Qing Yao, Rui Ling & Juliang Zhang
Additional file 2: Table S2. Akaike information criterion for the prognostic signature.
Environmental stimuli repeatedly paired with drugs of abuse can elicit conditioned responses that are thought to promote future drug seeking. We recently showed that healthy volunteers acquired conditioned responses to auditory and visual stimuli after just two pairings with methamphetamine (MA, 20 mg, oral). This study extended these findings by systematically varying the number of drug-stimuli pairings. We expected that more pairings would result in stronger conditioning. Three groups of healthy adults were randomly assigned...
The view that the Y chromosome is of little importance for phenotypic evolution stems from early studies of Drosophila melanogaster. This species’ Y chromosome contains only 13 protein coding genes, is almost entirely heterochromatic, and is not necessary for male viability. Population genetic theory further suggests that non-neutral variation can only be maintained at the Y chromosome under special circumstances. Yet, recent studies suggest that the D. melanogaster Y chromosome trans-regulates hundreds to thousands of...
Animal coloration is one of the most conspicuous phenotypic traits in natural populations and has important implications for adaptation and speciation. Changes in coloration can occur over surprisingly short evolutionary timescales, while recurrence of similar colour patterns across large phylogenetic distances is also common. Even though the genetic basis of pigment production is well understood, little is known about the mechanisms regulating colour patterning. In this study, we shed light on the molecular elements regulating...
Data from: Individual aggression, but not winner-loser effects, predicts social rank in male domestic fowlAnna Favati, Hanne Løvlie & Olof Leimar
Many factors can affect the probability for an individual to obtain a high social rank, including size, weaponry, and behavioral attributes such as aggression. Recent experiences of winning or losing can also affect the chances of winning future contests, commonly referred to as “winner–loser effects”. Individuals often differ in behavior in a consistent way, including in aggression, thereby showing differences in personality. However, the relative importance of recent experience and aspects of personality in determining...
The Canary Islands were settled in the first millennium AD by colonizers likely originating from North Africa. The settlers developed a farming economy with barley as the main crop. Archaeological evidence suggests the islands then remained isolated until European sea-travellers discovered and colonized them during the 14th and 15th centuries. Here we report a population study of ancient DNA from twenty-one archaeobotanical barley grains from Gran Canaria dating from 1050 to 1440 cal AD. The...
Altruistic behaviour represents a fundamental challenge in evolutionary biology. It is often best understood through kin selection, where favourable behaviour is directed towards relatives. Kin selection can take place when males cooperate to enhance the reproductive success of relatives. Here, we focus on reduced male–male competition over mating as a case of cooperation, by examining male tolerance of matings by related and unrelated competitors. A suitable model for exploring whether relatedness affects male–male interactions over...
Data from: Personality remains: no effect of 3-week social status experience on personality in male fowlAnna Favati, Eva Udén, Olle Leimar, Hanne Lovlie & Olof Leimar
Individuals often differ in behavior in a consistent way, i.e. show variation in personality. Understanding the processes explaining the emergence and maintenance of this variation is a major topic in the field of animal behavioral research. Recent theoretical models predict that differences in various 'states' can generate individual variation in behavior. Previous studies have mainly focused on endogenous states like metabolic rate or energy reserves, but theory also suggests that states based on social interactions...
Natural history of model organisms: the secret (group) life of Drosophila melanogaster larvae and why it matters to developmental ecologyJuliano Morimoto & Zuzanna Pietras
Model organisms such as Drosophila melanogaster have been key tools for advancing our fundamental and applied knowledge in biological and biomedical sciences. However, model organisms have become intertwined with the idea of controlled and stable laboratory environments, and their natural history has been overlooked. In holometabolous insects, lack of natural history information on larval ecology has precluded major advances in the field of developmental ecology, especially in terms of manipulations of population density early in...
Strong foraging preferences for Ribes alpinum (Saxifragales: Grossulariaceae) in the polyphagous caterpillars of Buff tip moth Phalera bucephala (Lepidoptera: Notodontidae)Juliano Morimoto & Zuzanna Pietras
Herbivorous insects such as butterflies and moths are essential to natural and agricultural systems due to pollination and pest outbreaks. However, our knowledge of butterflies’ and moths’ nutrition is fragmented and limited to few common, charismatic, or problematic species. This gap precludes our complete understanding of herbivorous insects’ natural history, physiological and behavioural adaptations that drive how species interact with their environment, the consequences of habitat destruction and climate change to invertebrate biodiversity, and pest...
1. Adaptive integration of life history and behaviour is expected to result in variation in the pace-of-life. Previous work focused on whether “risky” phenotypes live-fast-but-die-young, but reported conflicting support. We posit that individuals exhibiting risky phenotypes may alternatively invest heavily in early-life reproduction but consequently suffer greater reproductive senescence. 2. We used a 7-year longitudinal dataset with >1200 breeding records of >800 female great tits assayed annually for exploratory behaviour to test whether within-individual age-dependency...
When assessing changes in populations of species it is essential that the methods used to collect data have some level of precision and preferably also good accuracy. One commonly used method to collect pollinators is colour pan-traps, but this method has been suggested to be biased by the abundance of surrounding flowers. The present study evaluated the relationship between pan-trap catches and the frequency of flowers on small (25 m2) and large (2-6 ha) spatial...
The behavioral responses of the Chiguanco thrush to urbanization in a Neotropical city comes from preadapted behavioral traitsAlvaro Garitano-Zavala, Rodrigo Calbimonte & Guillermo Esteve-Herraiz
Several animal species can survive within cities by changing their behavior; such changes could be the result of evolutionary adaptation, epigenetic effects, or come from preadapted traits through phenotypic plasticity or non-random dispersal. Exploring whether behavioral preadapted traits are present in non-urbanized populations could improve our understanding of the processes that allow animals to cope with urbanization. We compared the boldness, neophobia, and solving-test skills of adult individuals of the Chiguanco Thrush (Turdus chiguanco) between...
Data and Materials : Summarizing Global SARS-CoV-2 Geographical Spread by Phylogenetic Multitype Branching ModelsHao Chi Kiang , Krzysztof Bartoszek, Sebastian Sakowski, Stefano Iacus & Michele Vespe
Raw numerical results, phylogeny, and related data for the conference proceeding article "Summarizing Global SARS-CoV-2 Geographical Spread by Phylogenetic Multitype Branching Models".
Oregon State University9
Agricultural University of Hebei8
Air Force Medical University8
Kunming University of Science and Technology8
The First Affiliated Hospital of Jinzhou Medical University8
Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital8