430,391 Works

Spanish Indexing Dom, Topicality, And The Case Hierarchy

Chantal Melis
The Spanish language is known for its widespread phenomenon of Differential Object Mark-
ing (DOM). A particularly interesting feature of DOM in contemporary Spanish relates to
the obligatory use of a double system of marking – a “flagging” preposition and an “indexing”
clitic (Haspelmath 2005) – in the domain of the full personal pronouns. The prepositional
marker goes back to the very beginnings of the language, whereas the cross-referencing
strategy, also called clitic doubling, is...

Spanish Indexing Dom, Topicality, And The Case Hierarchy

Chantal Melis
The Spanish language is known for its widespread phenomenon of Differential Object Mark-
ing (DOM). A particularly interesting feature of DOM in contemporary Spanish relates to
the obligatory use of a double system of marking – a “flagging” preposition and an “indexing”
clitic (Haspelmath 2005) – in the domain of the full personal pronouns. The prepositional
marker goes back to the very beginnings of the language, whereas the cross-referencing
strategy, also called clitic doubling, is...

From Suffix To Prefix To Interposition Via Differential Object Marking In Egyptian-Coptic

Eitan Grossman
This article argues that Differential Argument Indexing (DOI) and Differential Argument
Marking (DOM) constructions in Coptic (Afroasiatic, Egypt) are reanalyzed, resulting in
a set of verbs with interposed P-indexes within bipartite stems (DeLancey 1996; Nichols
2003). Basically, incorporated noun phrases with prefixed possessor indexes become parts
of derived verbs with unpredictable lexical semantics, and their erstwhile possessor prefixes,
entrapped within the derived verb, are reanalyzed as P-interpositions. Since this possessor
prefix ultimately developed from an...

From Suffix To Prefix To Interposition Via Differential Object Marking In Egyptian-Coptic

Eitan Grossman
This article argues that Differential Argument Indexing (DOI) and Differential Argument
Marking (DOM) constructions in Coptic (Afroasiatic, Egypt) are reanalyzed, resulting in
a set of verbs with interposed P-indexes within bipartite stems (DeLancey 1996; Nichols
2003). Basically, incorporated noun phrases with prefixed possessor indexes become parts
of derived verbs with unpredictable lexical semantics, and their erstwhile possessor prefixes,
entrapped within the derived verb, are reanalyzed as P-interpositions. Since this possessor
prefix ultimately developed from an...

Scivision/Pyigrf12: Api Simplification Via Xarray

As in numerous other geoscience community programs, we have adopted xarray as the base class for output, naturally aligning data with lat, lon, alt coordinates.

A Diachronic Perspective On Differential Object Marking In Pre-Modern Japanese: Old Japanese And Early Middle Japanese

Bjarke Frellesvig
An exhaustive search of Old Japanese object NPs associated with weak floating quantifiers
and question-focussed object NPs containing interrogative words confirms the suggestion
made in Yanagida & Whitman (2009), confirmed by Frellesvig et al. (2015), that Old Japanese
had differential object marking (DOM) with specificity (defined by Frellesvig et al. 2015 as
D-linking) as a necessary condition. Testing the same hypothesis on Early Middle Japanese,
however, shows that this condition no longer obtained by the...

Verbal Semantics And Differential Object Marking In Lycopolitan Coptic

Åke Engsheden
This paper seeks to clarify the role of affectedness for the marking of direct objects through
an analysis of a corpus of Lycopolitan Coptic texts (4th to 5th centuries AD). Whereas previ-
ous research has shown the importance of definiteness for the use of the direct object marker
n with the so-called imperfective tenses (present and imperfect), it has proven more diffi-
cult to establish why it alternates in the non-imperfective with a zero marker....

Nominal And Verbal Parameters In The Diachrony Of Differential Object Marking In Spanish

Marco García García
This paper deals with the influence that nominal and verbal parameters have on DOM in the diachrony of Spanish. Comparing selected corpus studies, I will focus first on the different nominal parameters that build up the animacy and referentiality scales, in particular on animacy and definiteness. In order to clarify how far DOM has diachronically evolved, special attention will be paid to inanimate objects, which can be viewed as the alleged endpoint in the development...

Verbal Semantics And Differential Object Marking In Lycopolitan Coptic

Åke Engsheden
This paper seeks to clarify the role of affectedness for the marking of direct objects through
an analysis of a corpus of Lycopolitan Coptic texts (4th to 5th centuries AD). Whereas previ-
ous research has shown the importance of definiteness for the use of the direct object marker
n with the so-called imperfective tenses (present and imperfect), it has proven more diffi-
cult to establish why it alternates in the non-imperfective with a zero marker....

A Diachronic Perspective On Differential Object Marking In Pre-Modern Japanese: Old Japanese And Early Middle Japanese

Bjarke Frellesvig
An exhaustive search of Old Japanese object NPs associated with weak floating quantifiers
and question-focussed object NPs containing interrogative words confirms the suggestion
made in Yanagida & Whitman (2009), confirmed by Frellesvig et al. (2015), that Old Japanese
had differential object marking (DOM) with specificity (defined by Frellesvig et al. 2015 as
D-linking) as a necessary condition. Testing the same hypothesis on Early Middle Japanese,
however, shows that this condition no longer obtained by the...

Emergence Of Optional Accusative Case Marking In Khoe Languages

William B. McGregor
A number of languages of the Khoe family – one of three genetic lineages comprising south-
ern African Khoisan – show an accusative marker, typically a postposition which in its
elsewhere form has the shape (-)(ʔ)à. In all languages for which adequate data is available,
this postposition is optional on object NPs, at least in some circumstances. A few proposals
have been made for the grammaticalisation of this marker, notably by Kilian-Hatz (2008: 55;
2013:...

The Diachronic Development Of Differential Object Marking In Spanish Ditransitive Constructions

Klaus Von Heusinger
Differential Object Marking (DOM) in Spanish synchronically depends on the referential
features of the direct object, such as animacy and referentiality, and on the semantics of
the verb. Recent corpus studies suggest that the diachronic development proceeds along
the same features, which are ranked in scales, namely the Animacy Scale, the Referentiality
Scale and the Affectedness Scale. The present paper investigates this development in ditran-
sitive constructions from the 17th to the 20th century. Ditransitive...

Emergence Of Optional Accusative Case Marking In Khoe Languages

William B. McGregor
A number of languages of the Khoe family – one of three genetic lineages comprising south-
ern African Khoisan – show an accusative marker, typically a postposition which in its
elsewhere form has the shape (-)(ʔ)à. In all languages for which adequate data is available,
this postposition is optional on object NPs, at least in some circumstances. A few proposals
have been made for the grammaticalisation of this marker, notably by Kilian-Hatz (2008: 55;
2013:...

The Diachronic Development Of Differential Object Marking In Spanish Ditransitive Constructions

Klaus Von Heusinger
Differential Object Marking (DOM) in Spanish synchronically depends on the referential
features of the direct object, such as animacy and referentiality, and on the semantics of
the verb. Recent corpus studies suggest that the diachronic development proceeds along
the same features, which are ranked in scales, namely the Animacy Scale, the Referentiality
Scale and the Affectedness Scale. The present paper investigates this development in ditran-
sitive constructions from the 17th to the 20th century. Ditransitive...

Differential Subject Marking And Its Demise In The History Of Japanese

Yuko Yanagida
The subject of various types of subordinate or nominalized clauses in Old Japanese (700–
800) is marked in one of three different ways: with the postpositional particle ga, no or
zero. This paper argues that the opposition between case marked and unmarked subjects fit
into cross-linguistically well attested patterns of differential subject marking (DSM). Follow-
ing Woolford (2008), it shows that the syntactic and semantic characteristics of these case
marking patterns reveal thatOJ displays two...

The Rise Of Differential Object Marking In Hindi And Related Languages

Annie Montaut
Differential object marking (DOM), which involves a contrast between zero marking and
accusative marking by means of an originally dative postposition, appeared in Indo-Aryan
languages only a few centuries ago as opposed to Dravidian languages which had it right
from the earlier attested stage (1st century) and have a specific accusative marker. Hindi like
other Indo-Aryan languages uses the dative postposition to mark this specific accusative, a
postposition which appeared at around the same period...

Nominal And Verbal Parameters In The Diachrony Of Differential Object Marking In Spanish

Marco García García
This paper deals with the influence that nominal and verbal parameters have on DOM in the diachrony of Spanish. Comparing selected corpus studies, I will focus first on the different nominal parameters that build up the animacy and referentiality scales, in particular on animacy and definiteness. In order to clarify how far DOM has diachronically evolved, special attention will be paid to inanimate objects, which can be viewed as the alleged endpoint in the development...

The Rise Of Differential Object Marking In Hindi And Related Languages

Annie Montaut
Differential object marking (DOM), which involves a contrast between zero marking and
accusative marking by means of an originally dative postposition, appeared in Indo-Aryan
languages only a few centuries ago as opposed to Dravidian languages which had it right
from the earlier attested stage (1st century) and have a specific accusative marker. Hindi like
other Indo-Aryan languages uses the dative postposition to mark this specific accusative, a
postposition which appeared at around the same period...

Differential Subject Marking And Its Demise In The History Of Japanese

Yuko Yanagida
The subject of various types of subordinate or nominalized clauses in Old Japanese (700–
800) is marked in one of three different ways: with the postpositional particle ga, no or
zero. This paper argues that the opposition between case marked and unmarked subjects fit
into cross-linguistically well attested patterns of differential subject marking (DSM). Follow-
ing Woolford (2008), it shows that the syntactic and semantic characteristics of these case
marking patterns reveal thatOJ displays two...

Structural Case And Objective Conjugation In Northern Samoyedic

Melani Wratil
In Samoyedic syntactic objects and, to a much lesser extent, syntactic subjects are morphologically marked in some way if they pragmatically deviate from the prototypical grammatical relation they represent. The present paper focuses on the Northern Samoyedic branch in this respect, where morphological case and possessive marking, the selection of conjugational patterns and even argument drop is employed to a variable extent in order to assign grammatical functions and to distinguish between the involved arguments...

Structural Case And Objective Conjugation In Northern Samoyedic

Melani Wratil
In Samoyedic syntactic objects and, to a much lesser extent, syntactic subjects are morphologically marked in some way if they pragmatically deviate from the prototypical grammatical relation they represent. The present paper focuses on the Northern Samoyedic branch in this respect, where morphological case and possessive marking, the selection of conjugational patterns and even argument drop is employed to a variable extent in order to assign grammatical functions and to distinguish between the involved arguments...

The Partitive A: On Uses Of The Finnish Partitive Subject In Transitive Clauses

Tuomas Huumo
Finnish existential clauses are known for the case marking of their S arguments, which alternates between the nominative and the partitive. Existential S arguments introduce a discourse-new referent, and, if headed by a mass noun or a plural form, are marked with the partitive case that indicates non-exhaustive quantification (as in 'There is some coffee in the cup'). In the literature it has often been observed that the partitive is occasionally used even in transitive...

Differential A And S Marking In Sumi (Naga): Synchronic And Diachronic Considerations

Amos Teo
This paper presents data on the argument marking system of Sumi, a Tibeto-Burman lan-
guage of Nagaland, and examines the possible diachronic sources of differential A and S
marking in the language. In Sumi, there is a two-way contrast for A arguments (=no vs. =ye)
and a three-way contrast for S arguments (=no vs. =ye vs. unmarked). I examine the triggers
of such differential marking, looking at semantic factors associated with transitivity, as well
as...

The Partitive A: On Uses Of The Finnish Partitive Subject In Transitive Clauses

Tuomas Huumo
Finnish existential clauses are known for the case marking of their S arguments, which alternates between the nominative and the partitive. Existential S arguments introduce a discourse-new referent, and, if headed by a mass noun or a plural form, are marked with the partitive case that indicates non-exhaustive quantification (as in 'There is some coffee in the cup'). In the literature it has often been observed that the partitive is occasionally used even in transitive...

Differential A And S Marking In Sumi (Naga): Synchronic And Diachronic Considerations

Amos Teo
This paper presents data on the argument marking system of Sumi, a Tibeto-Burman lan-
guage of Nagaland, and examines the possible diachronic sources of differential A and S
marking in the language. In Sumi, there is a two-way contrast for A arguments (=no vs. =ye)
and a three-way contrast for S arguments (=no vs. =ye vs. unmarked). I examine the triggers
of such differential marking, looking at semantic factors associated with transitivity, as well
as...

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