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Children's and Adults' Understanding of Punishment and the Criminal Justice System

Larisa A. Heiphetz & James Dunlea
Adults’ judgments regarding punishment can have important social ramifications. However, the origins of these judgments remain unclear. Using the legal system as an example domain in which people receive punishment, the current work employed two complementary approaches to examine how punishment-related concepts emerge. Study 1 tested both 6- to 8-year-olds and adults to ascertain which components of “end-state” punishment concepts emerge early in development and remain stable over time, and which components of punishment concepts...

Robert Scott Tait Facing Forward, Seated, 1 June 1856

(:Unav)
Robert Scott Tait facing forward, seated, dated 1 June 1856 by himself

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