In this work from Plato's most productive period, Phaedo tells of the death of Socrates from a witness's point of view and relates the last words of the great philosopher in the form of a last dialogue with Cebes and Simmias. This manuscript, which contains a number of attractive decorative initials, was written during the 15th century on parchment. The round humanistic script is that of a single scribe, who identifies himself in red thus,...
The prolific poet Aeschylus dominates the history of Greek tragedy. His artistry reaches its high-point in the writing of Persae (5th century BC). This piece, which has served to pass on its author's name for posterity, is his oldest known surviving work. (jos)
CB 85, a manuscript of the Iliad on paper, was copied during the 13th century in Terra d'Otranto, a famous center of Greek culture in southern Italy. The text by Homer is accompanied by interlinear and marginal scholii and commentaries by the Byzantine scholar John Tzetzes. (mes)
Cologny, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Cod. Bodmer 72 : Collected short Middle High German works in rhyming couplets (the \"Kalocsa-Codex\"; \"Gesamtabenteuer\")Der Zwingauer, Walther Von Der Vogelweide, Der Stricker, Konrad Von Haslau, Reinmar Von Zweter, Heinrich Von Freiberg & Konrad Von Würzburg
The so called "Kalocsa-Kodex" contains more than two hundred texts from the time between the and of the 12th century and the beginning of the 14th centuries. It is a wide-ranging written record of German lyric poetry in the middle ages. In its approximately 330 parchment leaves, it preserves poetry by Walter von der Vogelweide, Konrad von Würzburg, Hartman von Aue, Reinmar von Zweter, and the Stricker as well as texts in the tradition of...
Carolingian reform efforts responded to a desire to regularize religious orders by creating a unified rule for monastic life, the Concordia regularum of Benedict of Aniane. In the resulting course of events, an effort was made during the turn from the 9th to the 10th century to dinstinguish the monastic status from the canonical. In 816 Ludwig the Pious made the results of the Council of Aix public; the first part of the Institutio canonicorum...
The "Codex Ricasoli Firidolfi", written on paper at the end of the 14th century, provides important evidence of the dissemination of Dante Alighieri's "Commedia". The initial of the opening verse of the "Inferno" shows the famous profile of the author, surrounded by flowers.
Cologny, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Cod. Bodmer 91 : Hugo von Trimberg: \"Der Renner\" · Johann Hartlieb: \"Alexanderroman\"Johannes Hartlieb & Hugo Von Trimberg
This manuscript from the southern Tyrol was produced by two scribes in the year 1468 and bound as one volume during the same period. It brings together the didactic work "Der Renner" (The Runner or Courier) by Hugo von Trimberg and the "Alexanderroman" (Romance of Alexander) following a compilation by Johann Hartlieb. The codex contains 91 pen sketches. Instructions for the execution of these sketches can be found in the lower margins of the pages...
Cologny, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Cod. Bodmer 8 : Archimedes, Opera . Eutocius, Commentarii in Archimeden . Hero Alexandrinus, De mensuris, &
Multiple treatises by Archimedes are brought together in Codex Bodmer 8, notably On the Sphere and Cylinder and The quadrature of the Parabola. This manuscript, which was written in about 1541 on paper, also includes commentaries on the work of the celebrated mathematician by the geometer Eutocius, followed by a treatise on instruments of measurement by Heron of Alexandria. (jos)
Cologny, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Cod. Bodmer 62 : Spiritual Poems · Hartmann von Aue: Gregorius · Frauenlob: Mary's Song (also called Frauenlob's Song of Songs) · Meister Albrant: Horse Medicine (Erlau composite manuscript or \"Sammelhandschrift\")Hartmann Von Aue, & Heinrich Von Meissen
This paper manuscript from the second half of the 14th century contains "Gregorius" by Hartman von Aue, "Marienleich" by Frauenlob, and the "Rossarzneibuch" (Horse Medicine) by Meister Albrant.
Cologny, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Cod. Bodmer 53 : Quintus Curtius, The Life and Deeds of Alexander the GreatQuintus Curtius Rufus &
This French translation of the story of Alexander, destined to belong to Charles the Bold, was commissioned by Vasco da Lucena, "the Portugese", a retainer of the Infanta Isabella, who was married to Philip the Good. This revival of the work by Quintus Curtius Rufus, which is augmented by texts from Plutarch, Valerius Maximus, Aulus Gellius and Justin, allows the author to liberate the Macedonian conqueror from legends perpetuated by the medieval tradition. The Miroir...
This manuscript unites two different collections of Italian poetry: a collection of 380 poems by Petrarch and a collection of works by the preceding generation of poets, especially Dante. In this mysterious "libro de la mia Comare" (Book of my Godmother), the poems of Petrarch are recorded in an archaic script, augmented here and there with individual glosses which are not found elsewhere, apparently in an effort to introduce these texts to a female readership.
This prayer book from the first quarter of the 15th century, written in High Alemannic dialect, contains among other items the Hundred Meditations ("Hundert Betrachtungen") by Henry Suso and an extract from the Eucharistic tract of Marquard von Lindau.
Cologny, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Cod. Bodmer 84 : De victus ratione liber II seu De observantia ciborum
This Carolingian manuscript from the period before 850 comes from the Cloister of Fulda. It contains the sole extant copy of the Latin version of a text falsely attributed to Hippocrates: "De victus ratione", which sets forth the foundations of dietetics and emphasizes the antagonism between the elements of fire and water within the body. Numerous scholars and physicians have relied on this text throughout history.
Cologny, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Cod. Bodmer 79 : Guillaume de Lorris and Jean de Meun, Roman de la RoseJean De Meung & Guillaume De Lorris
Guillaume de Loris and Jean de Meung (Meun) are the authors of the Roman de la Rose, one of the masterpieces of medieval courtly literature. In a phantasmagoric and allegorical setting, the lover seeks entry to a locked garden which conceals a rose, the image of his beloved. The second part, written by Jean de Meung, provides a philosophical and moral lesson. This manuscript, written on parchment in the 13th century, contains many golden and...
The "Canterbury Tales" by Geoffrey Chaucer, the "Father of English Poetry", have been preserved in 82 medieval manuscripts and four incunabula editions. The copy in CB 48 was made in the 15th century by a single scribe. The manuscript is still in its original binding of suede deerskin stretched over wooden covers.
This generously illuminated manuscript in two volumes was made at the beginning of the 15th century and contains "Guiron le Courtois", a romance about the fathers of the knights of the round table written around the year 1235. The various tales are presented here in an order unique to the This generously illuminated manuscript in two volumes was made at the beginning of the 15th century and contains "Guiron le Courtois", a romance about the...
This manuscript, commissioned by the bibliophile Antoine of Bourgogne in 1460, contains the "Epître d’Othea" by Christine de Pisan, decorated with about a hundred masterful miniatures (a complete pictorial cycle). One of these contains the dedication of the work and shows four figures, identifiable as Philip the Good, Charles the Brave, and two of Philip's illegitimate sons, David and Anthony of Burgundy.
St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 730 (alt) : Edictus Rothari (Veterum Fragmentorum Tomus III)König Rothari Langobardenreich
The incompletely preserved "Edictus Rothari" is the oldest extant copy of the early medieval law of the Lombards as decreed by King Rothari (636-652) in 643. This earliest known copy, dating from 670/680 and originating in Bobbio (?) has been preserved only as fragments divided between the Abbey Library of St. Gall, the Badische Landesbibliothek Karlsruhe, the Zentralbibliothek in Zurich and the Zurich cantonal archives. The largest portion of the fragments, which were bound together...
This psalter from the 12th century is part of a collection formerly owned by the library of the double abbey of Muri. It was later transferred to the monastery at Hermetschwil. The cycle of miniatures is incomplete; the calendar includes a series of necrological records.
Lectionary from the second half of the 12th century or beginning of the 13th century from a Benedictine monasrtery in the southwestern German region, as indicated by the naming of various saints from this area. This is likely among the manuscripts brought to Hermetschwil by the nuns from the Double monastery of Muri. Adorned with many figured and historiated initials.
Cologny, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Cod. Bodmer 58 : Dioscorides, De simplici medicina (Dioscorides alphabeticus); Rogerius de Barone, Practica (Rogerina maior); Practica parva (Rogerina minor); Galterius Agilus, Summa medicinalis, De febribus, De dosi medicinarum; Ps. Galenus, De dynamidiis, Pedanius Dioscorides, , , &
This manuscript from the 15th century unites four disquisitions on medicine. The rounded Gothic script is the product of several different hands and the principal incipits are set off with Gothic capitals elaborately decorated with penwork filigree. At the end of the manuscript is an assortment of formulas for medical preparations. (jos)
St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 11 : Excerpts from the Bible (OT u. NT), Gregory (In Ezek. 2), VariaSangallensis Winitharius, Aurelius Augustinus, Papa Gregorius I & Sophronius Eusebius Hieronymus
A Winithar manuscript containing excerpts from books of the Old and New Testament.
Deluxe manuscript for the celebration of the Mass in the monastery of St. Gall, dating from 1050/70, containing sequences of the St. St. Gall monk "Notker the Stammerer" (died 912).
Exegetical-liturgical collection of works, probably produced around 810/820 in the Cloister of St. Amand in the area of Lille in northern France. It contains, among other items, a commentary on the Gospels by Pseudo-Hieronymus (illustrated with Irish-influenced symbolic representations of the four evangelists), texts by the early church fathers Augustine, Isidore of Seville, the Venerable Bede, a letter from Charlemagne to Alcuin, a baptismal ritual attributed to Bishop Jesse of Amiens († 836/37), and finally...
Gregory the Great, Moralia in Job (commentary on Job): commentary on Job 1-5 dating from the time of Hartmut (dean ca. 850-872). Volume 1 of a six-volume series.