St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 191 : Hieronymus de viris illustribus, Gennadius de viris illustribus, Cl. Claudianus, Carmina, et aliaMassiliensis Gennadius, Claudius Claudianus, Eccardus IV, Sangallensis & Sophronius Eusebius Hieronymus
A copy of the catalog of authors assembled by the Church father Jerome (347-420) De viris illustribus (a list of 135 Christian authors from Simon Peter to Jerome himself) together with a list presented in the catalog of authors by Gennadius of Marseille (d. 496) De viris illustribus, with biographies of more than 90 important Christian authors of that time. Produced in the 9th century, though not at the Abbey of St. Gall; already listed...
This highly unusual textual object contains three pastiches of cut-out colored initials and twelve Flemish miniatures from the second half of the 16th century, glued to newer parchment pages and outlined during the 19th century, such that the composite images are presented as if they were painted on a single, matted page. The miniatures were taken from a personal prayer book that belonged to Anne of Cleves (1515-1557).
A copy of Aristotle's Categoriae (Categories) and De interpretatione (On interpretation) in Latin, followed by the respective commentaries of Boethius on each of the Aristotelian texts. Between texts and commentaries is the poem De ponderibus et mensuris by Remmius Favinus (?) concerning weights and measures. This manuscript, decorated with three unusual initials (pp. 44, 203 and 221) was written during the 11th century, likely only parts of it in St. Gall.
A manuscript consistiting of three production units. The first two were copied in Paris, probably around the end of the 15th century, by the famous professor of Greek, Georgius Hermonymus of Sparta (†1511-1516). They contain prayers and liturgical pieces, particularly from the Abbey of Saint Denis in France, including an as yet apparently unpublished translation of a Mass formula for Saints Dionysius, Rusticus and Elutherius into Greek. The last part, an addition to the others,...
This codex consists mainly of copies of letters written by the church father Augustine († 430), produced in the second half of the 9th century, possibly in Mainz. A small section at the front and some pages at the end, however, were produced in the 11th century, during the tenure of Ekkehart IV († um 1060), in the Cloister of St. Gall; these sections contain a Latin version of the Old High German "Galluslied" (originally...
Gregory the Great, Moralia in Job (commentary on Job): commentary on Job 1-5 dating from the time of Hartmut (dean ca. 850-872). Volume 1 of a six-volume series.
St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 18 : Composite manuscript, astronomical clock of Pacificus of VeronaSicula Elpis, Mediolanensis Ambrosius, Aurelius Prudentius Clemens, Aurelianensis Theodulfus & Fortunatus Venantius
Collection of liturgical works, containing texts from the 9th to 12th centuries and an illustration of Pacificus of Verona's star clock.
A copy of the work De institutione clericorum (On the institution of the clergy) by Hrabanus Maurus, most likely produced in 850 in the Cloister of St. Emmeram in Regensburg and probably obtained by Abbot Grimald (841-872), who was also Ludwig the German's royal chaplain. The manuscript also contains a letter from Charlemagne to Alcuin from 798 as well as Canon 145 of the Synod of Aachen in 816.
The Gundis Gospel-Book, one of the most splendid liturgical manuscripts of the monastery of St. Gall, containing a monumental "Maria" monogram.
This copy of the commentary of the Venerable Bede (d. 735) on the Gospel of Mark is significant to textual history; it was produced during the 9th century at the Abbey of St. Gall.
A catalog of the Greek manuscripts in the library of Jean Hurant de Boistaillé (†1572), which he collected between 1561 and 1564, while serving in Venice as the ambassador of the King of France. For the purpose of assembling and cataloging this collection, Jean Hurault employed the services of Zacharias Scordylios (second half of the 16th century), a Greek theologian, priest, book printer and publisher, who lived in Venice. Although this catalog has been published...
A copy of the 16 books of the Grammar of Priscian of Caesarea (Priscianus maior), written in Carolingian minuscule at the turn of the 8th to the 9th century, probably in northern Italy (Verona?). The manuscript came into the possession of the Abbey of St. Gall during the 9th century under Abbot Grimald.
The design concept of this manuscript, both the text and the execution, typify the Parisian 'Horae' tradition of the early 15th century ('Boucicaut-Meister'). The top-level organizational elements in the book's decorative program are seven pages decorated with miniatures; multi-line colorful initials mark the secondary textual divisions. The extremely squared illustrations on the decorated pages include scenes with figures enclosed on three sides by staffs entwined by tendrils with decorative gold, red and blue thorny leaves...
Aarau, Aargauer Kantonsbibliothek, MsWettF 11 : Biblia Sacra . Short tract „De fructibus carnis et spiritus“Hirsaugiensis Conradus
This manuscript, which probably originated in a German-speaking region, contains a Biblia sacra decorated with numerous initials with a gold ground, as well as the short tract entitled De fructibus carnis et spiritus, attributed to Hugo of St. Victor or Conrad of Hirsau, with two schematic diagrams. During the 16th century the richly decorated manuscript was owned by Christoph Silberysen, Abbot of the Cistercian cloister at Wettingen.
This manuscript is the only textual witness of this culinary treatise written in the year 1420 by Maître Chiquart, chef for the first Duke of Savoy, Amadeus VIII (1383-1451). The text was dictated to Jehan de Dudens, a scribe and notary from Annecy. The manuscript also contains descriptions of two banquets organized by the Duke of Savoy, followed by aphorisms, etymological annotations and glosses. The manuscript was part of the library of Bishop Walter Supersaxo...
St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 568 : Acta sancti Silvestri . Legend of the finding of the crossIldefons Von Arx
A careful copy of the Vita of St Sylvester (Pope, 314-335) and the legend of the finding of the Cross by Helena, the mother of the Roman emperor Constantine, written in the monastery of St. Gall around 900.
This codex contains In Isagogen Porphyrii Commentorum Editio secunda (ed. Brandt 1906). The codex was written by numerous hands, including those of both Cologne and Einsiedeln origins; the nature of the collaboration has not been determined. The same text is found in Cod. 338(1321) I.
Paper manuscript with colored pen sketches from 1396. The Passion tract follows the Vita Christi by Ludolf von Sachsen (of which it is the first German version), the liturgical tract follows Marquard von Lindau. Produced by Nicholaus Schulmeister, clerk of Lucerne from 1368 to 1402, for Lucerne patrician widow Margaretha von Waltersberg. After her death the codex was to be inherited by the nuns. It remained in their possession until 1887 and since then has...
Einsiedeln, Stiftsbibliothek, Codex 313(542) : Expositio in Lib. VII Aphorismorum Hippocratis. Hippocrates, De urinis.Hippocrates & Heinrich Von Ligerz
This two-part manuscript contains treatises by Hippocrates as well as his work De urinis and was produced in the first half of the 10th century at St. Gallen.
St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 263 : Bede, De miraculis S. Cuthberti; Aldhelm, De laudibus virginum, De octo principalibus vitiis; Theodulf von Orleans, Letters to Modoin and Aigulf; Modoin, Letter to Theodulf of OrleansAugustodunensis Modoinus, Venerabilis Beda, Aurelianensis Theodulfus & Schireburnensis Aldhelmus
A collection of assorted poetical works from the 8th and the early 9th centuries produced in the first half of the 9th century at the Abbey of St. Gall. This volume contains the Carmen de miraculis Sancti Cuthberti by the Venerable Bede ( d. 735), the works De laude virginum und De octo principalibus vitiis by Aldhelm of Malmesbury (d. 709), and letters in verse form exchanged between Bishop Theodulf of Orleans (d. 821) and...
St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 722 : Tractatus super Psalmos / Nehemias (Fragment) / Constitutiones Iustiniani imperatoris / Lex Romana Curiensis / Capitula RemediiConstantinopolitanus Iulianus, Pictaviensis Hilarius & Curiensis Remedius
An important legal manuscript from Raetia: the Lex Romana Curiensis with the Capitula of Bishop Remedius of Chur which are only preserved here, dating from around 800.
Manuscript compilation with mainly historical content, written for the most part in Latin and German, mostly by Gall Kemli, the wandering monk of St. Gall († about 1481). The manuscript contains, among many other texts, the Benedictine Rule, Latin and German riddles and proverbs, the only known copy of a Middle Rheinish Passion play in German from the 14th century, and a sort of curriculum vitae of the scribe Kemli.
St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 1878 : "Engelberger Predigten" (Engelberg Homilies, earlier also known as "Engelberger Prediger")Prediger Engelberger
A copy of the so-called Engelberger Predigten. Homilies in German for a variety of occasions during the church year, written in about 1400 in a Dominican cloister, possibly at St. Katharinental near Diessenhofen, where the manuscript was held for several centuries.
St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 140 : Manuscript compilation from the beginning of the 10th century containing assorted short works by Augustine and numerous liturgical tractsAurelius Augustinus, Eccardus IV, Sangallensis & Eccardus IV, Sangallensis
A three-part manuscript compilation, most likely written at the beginning of the 10th century. In the 11th century the monk Ekkehart IV. added numerous marginal and interlinear glosses. The contents of the first part include mostly works by Augustine (letters 214-216 to the Abbot Valentine; De libero arbitrio (On free will); the anti-arian piece Contra Felicianum Arianum de unitate trinitatis; De magistro (On the teacher). The second part contains assorted, mostly shorter, liturgical tracts (such...
A manuscript consisting of three production units. The first dates back to the second half of the 16th century and was made by Jakobus Diassorinos (†1563), a Greek copyist from Rhodes who was then working in the library of Fontainebleau. The second was copied, probably in 1552, in Padua by the young Parisian humanist Henri Estienne (ca. 1531-1598), whose signature in Greek is found at the bottom of fol. 47r. The third part still has...