1,254,173 Works

Violence against indigenous children and adolescents in Venezuela

Roberto Briceño-León & Gloria Perdomo
Abstract: Research on violence in indigenous communities refers to traditional practices of competition for scarce goods and clashes with other populations over their territories. Violence against children is not described, and authors of some studies state a tradition of good treatment towards them. In our study we shows that the situation has changed and new forms of violence are affecting 725,000 inhabitants from 51 indigenous groups of Venezuela, especially those composed of children and adolescents....

Evaluation of the ischiofemoral space: a case-control study

Antônio Augusto Guimarães Barros, Fernanda Bretz Gomes Dos Santos, Carlos César Vassalo, Lincoln Paiva Costa, Sérgio Gonçalves Pereira Couto & Ana Rita Da Glória Soares
Abstract Objective: To determine the size of the ischiofemoral space (IFS) and quadratus femoris space (QFS) in patients with and without ischiofemoral impingement (IFI). Materials and Methods: Case-control study including consecutive patients submitted to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the hip joint during a three-month period. Patients with deep gluteal pain who tested positive for IFI on at least one clinical test and showed signal changes in the quadratus femoris muscle on MRI were categorized...

Morfología polínica de las especies chaqueñas del género Schinopsis Engl. (Anacardiaceae) y sus implicancias taxonómicas

Cecilia Florencia Suárez, Virginia Yanina Mogni, Silvina Susana Garralla, Darién Eros Prado & Olga Gladys Martínez
RESUMEN El género Schinopsis Engl. (Anacardiaceae) tiene ocho especies, de las cuales en el presente trabajo se describen palinológicamente a S. balansae Engl., S. boqueronensis Mogni & Oakley, S. cornuta Loes., S. haenkeana Engl., S. heterophylla Ragonese & J.A. Castigl. y S. lorentzii (Griseb.) Engl. Las muestras se tomaron de individuos en su ambiente natural y de ejemplares disecados. Los granos de polen fueron acetolizados y se estudiaron mediante microscopía de luz y electrónica de...

Evaluation of the ischiofemoral space: a case-control study

Antônio Augusto Guimarães Barros, Fernanda Bretz Gomes Dos Santos, Carlos César Vassalo, Lincoln Paiva Costa, Sérgio Gonçalves Pereira Couto & Ana Rita Da Glória Soares
Abstract Objective: To determine the size of the ischiofemoral space (IFS) and quadratus femoris space (QFS) in patients with and without ischiofemoral impingement (IFI). Materials and Methods: Case-control study including consecutive patients submitted to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the hip joint during a three-month period. Patients with deep gluteal pain who tested positive for IFI on at least one clinical test and showed signal changes in the quadratus femoris muscle on MRI were categorized...

Morfología polínica de las especies chaqueñas del género Schinopsis Engl. (Anacardiaceae) y sus implicancias taxonómicas

Cecilia Florencia Suárez, Virginia Yanina Mogni, Silvina Susana Garralla, Darién Eros Prado & Olga Gladys Martínez
RESUMEN El género Schinopsis Engl. (Anacardiaceae) tiene ocho especies, de las cuales en el presente trabajo se describen palinológicamente a S. balansae Engl., S. boqueronensis Mogni & Oakley, S. cornuta Loes., S. haenkeana Engl., S. heterophylla Ragonese & J.A. Castigl. y S. lorentzii (Griseb.) Engl. Las muestras se tomaron de individuos en su ambiente natural y de ejemplares disecados. Los granos de polen fueron acetolizados y se estudiaron mediante microscopía de luz y electrónica de...

Glycerol Effect on the Corrosion Resistance and Electrodeposition Conditions in a Zinc Electroplating Process

Michele David De Jesus Almeida, Carlos Alberto Della Rovere, Luiz Rogério Pinho De Andrade Lima, Daniel Veras Ribeiro & Carlos Alberto Caldas De Souza
Zinc electrodeposition is an economical process of Zn coating compared to conventional galvanic process. The galvanizing process is used in various industrial sectors to protect ferrous alloys during the corrosion process. In buildings, the galvanizing process is widely used to coat mortar protective screens. The electrodeposition of zinc has a relatively low cost compared to other coating materials for the same purpose; however, its corrosion resistance is lower than that of most protective deposits. This...

Glycerol Effect on the Corrosion Resistance and Electrodeposition Conditions in a Zinc Electroplating Process

Michele David De Jesus Almeida, Carlos Alberto Della Rovere, Luiz Rogério Pinho De Andrade Lima, Daniel Veras Ribeiro & Carlos Alberto Caldas De Souza
Zinc electrodeposition is an economical process of Zn coating compared to conventional galvanic process. The galvanizing process is used in various industrial sectors to protect ferrous alloys during the corrosion process. In buildings, the galvanizing process is widely used to coat mortar protective screens. The electrodeposition of zinc has a relatively low cost compared to other coating materials for the same purpose; however, its corrosion resistance is lower than that of most protective deposits. This...

Sustainable productive intensification for family farming in developing tropical countries

Luís Renato Silva Taveira, Teotonio Soares De Carvalho, Anita Fernanda Dos Santos Teixeira & Nilton Curi
ABSTRACT In the past, agriculture was directed to satisfying human needs. Nowadays, it is directed to meeting the markets, forcing the peasantries to adapt to this condition. As a result, family farmers are multifaceted, incorporating both subsistence and market-oriented production. Traditional farming systems have been challenged since there is a pressure for the intensification of these systems. Then, it is important that scientific research about them goes on to recognize that many family farmers use...

Sustainable productive intensification for family farming in developing tropical countries

Luís Renato Silva Taveira, Teotonio Soares De Carvalho, Anita Fernanda Dos Santos Teixeira & Nilton Curi
ABSTRACT In the past, agriculture was directed to satisfying human needs. Nowadays, it is directed to meeting the markets, forcing the peasantries to adapt to this condition. As a result, family farmers are multifaceted, incorporating both subsistence and market-oriented production. Traditional farming systems have been challenged since there is a pressure for the intensification of these systems. Then, it is important that scientific research about them goes on to recognize that many family farmers use...

Influence of the Solution-Treatment Temperature and Short Aging Times on The Electrochemical Corrosion Behaviour of Uns S32520 Super Duplex Stainless Steel

Livio De Carvalho Valeriano, Edmilson Otoni Correa, Neide Aparecida Mariano, Alain Laurent Marie Robin & Maria A. G. Tommaselli Chuba Machado
Sigma phase leads to deterioration of corrosion resistance of super duplex stainless steels (SDSS) and its volume fraction increases as the time which the materials is exposed in determined temperature increases. In the present study, the effect of the short aging time on the formation of the sigma phase and on the corrosion behavior of UNS S32520 SDSS at 3.5% sodium chloride solution was evaluated using microstructural characterization, linear potentiodynamic polarization curve and electrochemical impedance...

Influence of the Solution-Treatment Temperature and Short Aging Times on The Electrochemical Corrosion Behaviour of Uns S32520 Super Duplex Stainless Steel

Livio De Carvalho Valeriano, Edmilson Otoni Correa, Neide Aparecida Mariano, Alain Laurent Marie Robin & Maria A. G. Tommaselli Chuba Machado
Sigma phase leads to deterioration of corrosion resistance of super duplex stainless steels (SDSS) and its volume fraction increases as the time which the materials is exposed in determined temperature increases. In the present study, the effect of the short aging time on the formation of the sigma phase and on the corrosion behavior of UNS S32520 SDSS at 3.5% sodium chloride solution was evaluated using microstructural characterization, linear potentiodynamic polarization curve and electrochemical impedance...

Levamisole on the biochemical and hematological responses to parasitism by monogenoids in dog snapper

Bruno De Laquila Oliveira, Rodrigo Matos De Souza, Jorge Pinto Da Silva Filho, Halysson Pena Ribeiro, Deusélio Bassini Fioresi, Levy De Carvalho Gomes & Luiz Fernando Loureiro Fernandes
ABSTRACT: The response of biochemical and hematological parameters were analyzed in dog snapper (Lutjanus jocu) grown in net cages, as well as for the specimens kept in the laboratory during an infestation by Neobenedenia melleni, and after treatment with freshwater bath and injectable application of levamisole. Significant changes were observed in N. melleni parasitized individuals, characterized by increased glucose and lactate levels, as well as a significant fish hematocrit reduction and leukocyte increase. Treatment with...

Levamisole on the biochemical and hematological responses to parasitism by monogenoids in dog snapper

Bruno De Laquila Oliveira, Rodrigo Matos De Souza, Jorge Pinto Da Silva Filho, Halysson Pena Ribeiro, Deusélio Bassini Fioresi, Levy De Carvalho Gomes & Luiz Fernando Loureiro Fernandes
ABSTRACT: The response of biochemical and hematological parameters were analyzed in dog snapper (Lutjanus jocu) grown in net cages, as well as for the specimens kept in the laboratory during an infestation by Neobenedenia melleni, and after treatment with freshwater bath and injectable application of levamisole. Significant changes were observed in N. melleni parasitized individuals, characterized by increased glucose and lactate levels, as well as a significant fish hematocrit reduction and leukocyte increase. Treatment with...

Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery versus Sternotomy - Pain Investigation

Juliana Fernandes Silva, Marcela Paula Cavalcante, Roger Benevides Montenegro, Romulo Lira, Emanuel Carvalho Mel & Josue Viana Castro
Abstract Background: Treatment of postoperative (PO) pain is essential after surgery, as it contributes to a faster rehabilitation. Assessment of PO pain after minimally invasive (MI) surgery has not been regularly addressed, especially when compared with median sternotomy (MS). Objective: This study aims to evaluate the intensity of thoracic pain in the PO period in patients subjected to MI surgery and MS. Methods: This study compared the intensity of thoracic pain in 34 patients subjected...

Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery versus Sternotomy - Pain Investigation

Juliana Fernandes Silva, Marcela Paula Cavalcante, Roger Benevides Montenegro, Romulo Lira, Emanuel Carvalho Mel & Josue Viana Castro
Abstract Background: Treatment of postoperative (PO) pain is essential after surgery, as it contributes to a faster rehabilitation. Assessment of PO pain after minimally invasive (MI) surgery has not been regularly addressed, especially when compared with median sternotomy (MS). Objective: This study aims to evaluate the intensity of thoracic pain in the PO period in patients subjected to MI surgery and MS. Methods: This study compared the intensity of thoracic pain in 34 patients subjected...

Microvascular invasion in hepatocellular carcinoma: is it predictable with quantitative computed tomography parameters?

Daniel Lahan-Martins, Simone Reges Perales, Stephanie Kilaris Gallani, Larissa Bastos Eloy Da Costa, Eduardo Andreazza Dal Lago, Ilka De Fátima Santana Ferreira Boin, Nelson Marcio Gomes Caserta & Elaine Cristina De Ataide
Abstract Objective: To investigate whether quantitative computed tomography (CT) measurements can predict microvascular invasion (MVI) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective analysis of 200 cases of surgically proven HCCs in 125 consecutive patients evaluated between March 2010 and November 2017. We quantitatively measured regions of interest in lesions and adjacent areas of the liver on unenhanced CT scans, as well as in the arterial, portal venous, and equilibrium phases on...

Microvascular invasion in hepatocellular carcinoma: is it predictable with quantitative computed tomography parameters?

Daniel Lahan-Martins, Simone Reges Perales, Stephanie Kilaris Gallani, Larissa Bastos Eloy Da Costa, Eduardo Andreazza Dal Lago, Ilka De Fátima Santana Ferreira Boin, Nelson Marcio Gomes Caserta & Elaine Cristina De Ataide
Abstract Objective: To investigate whether quantitative computed tomography (CT) measurements can predict microvascular invasion (MVI) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective analysis of 200 cases of surgically proven HCCs in 125 consecutive patients evaluated between March 2010 and November 2017. We quantitatively measured regions of interest in lesions and adjacent areas of the liver on unenhanced CT scans, as well as in the arterial, portal venous, and equilibrium phases on...

Determination of designer drugs in saliva by paper spray mass spectrometry

Lanaia Ítala L. Maciel, Thays C. Carvalho, Igor Pereira & Boniek G. Vaz
Determination of two drugs of abuse in saliva has been performed by Paper Spray Ionization Mass Spectrometry (PSI-MS) using a Molecularly Imprinted Polymer (MIP) coated paper as substrate. The method has been optimized for quantification of 3,4-methylenedioxy- N-methylamphetamine (MDMA) and methamphetamine, 3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA) from synthetic saliva samples. Rapid analysis (~ 1 min) of designer drugs in saliva is demonstrated using MIP-PSI-MS. Both precursor ions of MDMA and MDA were confirmed by tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS)...

Determination of designer drugs in saliva by paper spray mass spectrometry

Lanaia Ítala L. Maciel, Thays C. Carvalho, Igor Pereira & Boniek G. Vaz
Determination of two drugs of abuse in saliva has been performed by Paper Spray Ionization Mass Spectrometry (PSI-MS) using a Molecularly Imprinted Polymer (MIP) coated paper as substrate. The method has been optimized for quantification of 3,4-methylenedioxy- N-methylamphetamine (MDMA) and methamphetamine, 3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA) from synthetic saliva samples. Rapid analysis (~ 1 min) of designer drugs in saliva is demonstrated using MIP-PSI-MS. Both precursor ions of MDMA and MDA were confirmed by tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS)...

Effect of palatoplasty on speech, dental occlusion issues and upper dental arch in children and adolescents with cleft palate: an integrative literature review

Gabriela Ribeiro Schilling, Maria Cristina De Almeida Freitas Cardoso & Marcia Angelica Peter Maahs
ABSTRACT Purpose: to compile acquired knowledge related to speech, maxillary growth, dental arch and dental occlusion issues of subjects with cleft palate (associated or not with cleft lip), relating them to the found structural and morphological changes, along with time of surgery and surgical technique employed in palatoplasty. Methods: a search was carried out on four databases, namely: PubMed, SciELO, LILACS and MEDLINE, between May and August, 2018. The following descriptors, in Portuguese and in...

Effect of palatoplasty on speech, dental occlusion issues and upper dental arch in children and adolescents with cleft palate: an integrative literature review

Gabriela Ribeiro Schilling, Maria Cristina De Almeida Freitas Cardoso & Marcia Angelica Peter Maahs
ABSTRACT Purpose: to compile acquired knowledge related to speech, maxillary growth, dental arch and dental occlusion issues of subjects with cleft palate (associated or not with cleft lip), relating them to the found structural and morphological changes, along with time of surgery and surgical technique employed in palatoplasty. Methods: a search was carried out on four databases, namely: PubMed, SciELO, LILACS and MEDLINE, between May and August, 2018. The following descriptors, in Portuguese and in...

Analysis of triage and care for women victims of road accidents

Fernanda Penido Matozinhos, Ingrid Raiana Silverio, Juliana Guilherme Boaventura, Thaís Moreira Oliveira, Thales Philipe Rodrigues Da Silva & Allana Dos Reis Corrêa
ABSTRACT Objective: to analyze the care flow for women victims of Road Traffic Accidents (RTA). Method: a descriptive study with 782 women victims of RAT, classified by the Manchester Triage System (MTS) between 2015 and 2016. The sociodemographic profile and the time between the stages of care were analyzed, as well as care place and outcomes. Results: of the women in the study, 65.47% were young adults, 80.44% lived without a partner and 62.28% lived...

Analysis of triage and care for women victims of road accidents

Fernanda Penido Matozinhos, Ingrid Raiana Silverio, Juliana Guilherme Boaventura, Thaís Moreira Oliveira, Thales Philipe Rodrigues Da Silva & Allana Dos Reis Corrêa
ABSTRACT Objective: to analyze the care flow for women victims of Road Traffic Accidents (RTA). Method: a descriptive study with 782 women victims of RAT, classified by the Manchester Triage System (MTS) between 2015 and 2016. The sociodemographic profile and the time between the stages of care were analyzed, as well as care place and outcomes. Results: of the women in the study, 65.47% were young adults, 80.44% lived without a partner and 62.28% lived...

Terms of specialized nursing language for people with pressure injury

Fernando Hiago Da Silva Duarte, Wenysson Noleto Dos Santos, Francisca Simone Da Silva, Dhyanine Morais De Lima, Sâmara Fontes Fernandes & Richardson Augusto Rosendo Da Silva
ABSTRACT Objective: to validate the terms of the specialized nursing language used in care for hospitalized patients with Pressure Injury, identified in nurses’ records, mapping them with the terms of the International Classification for Nursing Practice (ICNP® 2017). Methods: methodological study, carried out at a School Hospital in 2018. It was performed: extraction of terms of medical records; normalization; cross-mapping between extracted terms and those in ICNP®; distribution in the seven axes; theoretical definition and...

Terms of specialized nursing language for people with pressure injury

Fernando Hiago Da Silva Duarte, Wenysson Noleto Dos Santos, Francisca Simone Da Silva, Dhyanine Morais De Lima, Sâmara Fontes Fernandes & Richardson Augusto Rosendo Da Silva
ABSTRACT Objective: to validate the terms of the specialized nursing language used in care for hospitalized patients with Pressure Injury, identified in nurses’ records, mapping them with the terms of the International Classification for Nursing Practice (ICNP® 2017). Methods: methodological study, carried out at a School Hospital in 2018. It was performed: extraction of terms of medical records; normalization; cross-mapping between extracted terms and those in ICNP®; distribution in the seven axes; theoretical definition and...

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