14,475 Works

MACROFLORAL ANALYSIS OF FILL FROM AROUND THE SKULL IN A HUMAN BURIAL AT THE BOSQUE ENCANTADO SITE, MV-206, IN ZACATECAS, MEXICO

Kathryn Puseman
A single sample collected around the skull of a human burial at the Bosque Encantado site, MV-206, in Zacatecas, Mexico, was examined for charred macrofloral remains. This site represents a habitation with plazas and platforms and dates to approximately 1255 BP, reflecting the La Quemada phase of the Epiclassic period in northern Mesoamerica. Macrofloral analysis is used to provide information concerning plant resources utilized by the site occupants.
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POLLEN AND MACROFLORAL ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM SITE AR-O3-07-03-355, KAIBAB PLATEAU, NORTHERN ARIZONA

Kathryn Puseman & Linda Scott Cummings
Fill from the probable floor of a circular, semi-subterranean pithouse at site AR-03-07-03-355 was examined for pollen and macrofloral remains. This site represents multiple occupations of the area over time. Diagnostic artifacts reflect early to late Archaic occupations. Formative period structures, including a late Pueblo II habitation/room block, also are present at the site. Radiocarbon dates of 1210 ± 40 BP and 1220 ± 40 BP were recovered from burned wood in the pithouse. Pollen...
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ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSIS OF CERAMICS FROM SITE FB 5000 ON THE FORT BLISS MCGREGOR RANGE, NEW MEXICO

Melissa K. Logan
Twenty ceramic sherds that include El Paso Polychrome, Mimbres Black on White, Playas Red, an instrusive brownware that might be Casas Grande, and an undifferentiated brownware were recovered from site FB 5000 on the McGregor range at the Fort Bliss Military Installation in New Mexico and submitted for organic residue analysis. Ceramics were tested for organic residues using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR).
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POLLEN AND PHYTOLITH ANALYSIS OF SEDIMENT ASSOCIATED WITH A BURIAL AND AMS RADIOCARBON DATING OF HUMAN BONE FROM SITES 41HY161 AND 41HY163, SAN MARCOS, TEXAS

Linda Scott Cummings & Chad Yost
Previous pollen analysis of a sample associated with a burial from site 41HY163 in south-central Texas yielded possible evidence of Zea mays pollen. Because the identification was tentative, an additional soil sample was submitted to PaleoResearch Institute for testing. Pollen and phytolith analyses were conducted for the specific purpose of finding any evidence for the presence of Zea mays or to find pollen types that might be confused with Zea mays. After completion of the...
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ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSIS OF AN EFFIGY VESSEL FROM THE WALLACE SITE (5MT6970), MONTEZUMA COUNTY, SOUTHWESTERN COLORADO

Melissa K. Logan & Linda Scott Cummings
A ceramic effigy vessel recovered from the Wallace Site (5MT6970) in Montezuma County, southwestern Colorado, was submitted for organic residue analysis. Organic residues were tested using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). Multiple test extractions were performed on the vessel in an effort to isolate and remove contaminants imparted on the vessel by labeling ink before a final extraction was performed to remove the organic residues from the interior of the vessel.
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EXAMINATION OF ORGANIC RESIDUES, BASKETRY, AND BOTANIC REMAINS FROM AZTEC RUINS, NEW MEXICO

Linda Scott Cummings, Kathryn Puseman & Chad Yost
Four residue samples from rooms in the West Ruin at Aztec Ruins, New Mexico, were examined to identify the contents of the residue. Two of these residue samples were collected from baskets. As appropriate, analysis of the residue samples included macrofloral examination and/or microscopic identification of starches and phytoliths. A botanic sample from Kiva D and material from the foundation of a coiled basketry ladle also were submitted for identification.
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IDENTIFICATION AND AMS RADIOCARBON DATING OF CHARCOAL SAMPLES FROM SOIL PITS ALONG MANN CREEK, WESTERN IDAHO

Kathryn Puseman
A total of 18 charcoal samples from soil pits were examined for the presence of charcoal or other organic fragments suitable for radiocarbon analysis. These samples were collected as part of a paleoflood study of Mann Creek in western Idaho. Botanic components and detrital charcoal fragments were identified, and potentially radiocarbon datable material was separated. A total of seven AMS radiocarbon dates were obtained.
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POLLEN ANALYSIS OF A SINGLE PIT FROM AZ BB:6:50, ARIZONA

Linda Scott Cummings
A single pollen sample collected from a pit (Feature 1) at AZ BB:6:50 (ASM), was analyzed for pollen. The site is located at an elevation of approximately 4000 feet on a bajada between Oracle and San Manuel to the northeast of Tucson. The area is heavily dissected. Pollen analysis was undertaken in an effort to define activities in the pit.
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PHYTOLITH AND STARCH ANALYSIS OF A TOOTH TARTAR SAMPLE FROM SEAMAN MOUND, UTAH

Chad Yost
A small sample of tooth tartar (calculus) was submitted for phytolith and starch grain analysis. This tartar was removed from the teeth of a 12 year old male by Darrell Thomas, D.D.S., Salt Lake City, Utah. This individual was discovered during an excavation conducted by BYU at the Seaman Mound Site. This site is located in a delta estuary of the Provo River flowing into Utah Lake. The goal of this analysis is to gain...
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PHYTOLITH, MACROFLORAL, AND ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSIS FOR SEDIMENTS FROM THE BEEBE ORCHARD SITE, 45CH216, WASHINGTON

Chad Yost, Kathryn Puseman & Melissa K. Logan
Sediment samples from the Beebe Springs site, 45CH216, were submitted for phytolith, starch, macrofloral, and organic reside (FTIR) analysis. This site is located on the west bank of the Columbia River (Lake Entiat Reservoir), in Chelan County, Washington. This site is a multicomponent site with substantial artifact density. Three prehistoric occupation surfaces have been identified. Mt. Mazama sediments provide a lower-limit date of ca. 6,800 years B.P. Analysis of sediment samples associated with various artifacts...
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09-116: Letter Report

Kathryn Puseman
No formal report was written for this project.
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CHARCOAL IDENTIFICATION AND AMS RADIOCARBON DATING OF SAMPLES FROM ALONG VANCE CREEK, WASHINGTON

Kathryn Puseman & Melissa K. Logan
Nineteen samples were examined to recover organic fragments suitable for AMS radiocarbon dating. These samples were recovered from stream deposits along Vance Creek in the Skokomish River Basin, Washington. Charcoal was identified, and potentially datable material was separated. Radiocarbon dates were obtained from five charcoal samples.
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ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM SITES LA 96006 (FB 5053), LA 116848 (FB 16002), LA 116851 (FB 16005), LA 116852 (FB 16006), LA 116854 (FB 16008), LA 116855 (FB 16009), LA 120761 (FB 16391), AND LA 120768 (FB 16398) ON MCGREGOR RANGE AT THE FORT BLISS MILITARY INSTALLATION, OTERO COUNTY, NEW MEXICO

Melissa K. Logan
A total of seventeen samples including feature fill, ceramics, and fire-cracked rock from sites LA 96006 (FB 5053), LA 116848 (FB 16002), LA 116851 (FB 16005), LA 116852 (FB 16006), LA 116854 (FB 16008), LA 116855 (FB 16009), LA 120761 (FB 16391), and LA 120768 (FB 16398) located on McGregor Range at the Fort Bliss Military Instillation in southeastern New Mexico were submitted for organic residue analysis. These samples were tested for organic residues using...
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POLLEN ANALYSIS OF A SINGLE SAMPLE FROM THE NATIONAL CITY MASTODON, CALIFORNIA

Linda Scott Cummings & R.A. Varney
A single sediment sample associated with the National City Mastodon in California was submitted for pollen analysis to examine feasibility of recovering and identifying pollen from these deposits.
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POLLEN AND PHYTOLITH ANALYSIS FOR THE BLACKLOG NARROWS MITIGATION, PENNSYLVANIA

R.A. Varney, Chad Yost & Linda Scott Cummings
Five stratigraphic sediment samples from two locations at the Blacklog Narrows, Aughwick Watershed, Cromwell Township, Huntingdon County, Pennsylvania were submitted for pollen and phytolith analysis to help determine vegetation and climate change. The older deposits represent Pleistocene deposits more than 29,000 radiocarbon years old, while the younger set represents Holocene deposits.
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POLLEN AND DIATOM ANALYSIS FOR OFF-SITE TRENCHES AT FB 16004, FB 16006, AND FB 16008, FORT BLISS, NEW MEXICO

Linda Scott Cummings & Barbara Winsborough
Four trenches were cut through a low lying playa surrounded by large eolian dune piles and sand sheets in the Tularosa Basin of New Mexico. Six sediment samples from three of the trenches (Geological Trench 1 and 2 and FB 16008) were submitted for pollen and diatom analysis.
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CERAMIC AND ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM THE KILLDEER SITE (23CK310), AVENUE OF THE SAINTS PROJECT, CLARK COUNTY, MISSOURI

Linda Scott Cummings, Chad Yost & Melissa K. Logan
Three Early Woodland ceramic sherds from the Killdeer Site (23CK310) in Clark County, Missouri, were submitted for organic residue analysis. One of the sherds exhibiting visible residue was also examined for pollen, starch, and phytoliths. Sherds were tested for organic residues using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR).
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POLLEN ANALYSIS OF A HISTORIC GARDEN SOIL SAMPLE FROM THE LEXINGTON HOME SEAT PLANTATION, SITE 44FX736, IN LORTON, VIRGINIA

Linda Scott Cummings
A soil sample from Site 44FX736, a historical plantation in Lorton, Virginia, was submitted for pollen analysis. The soil was collected from a terraced garden constructed c. 1784 and maintained until c. 1820 (Paul Inashima, personal communication, June 24, 2011). Pollen analysis was undertaken in an effort to identify the garden plantings.
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POLLEN AND MACROFLORAL ANALYSIS OF BULK SOIL SAMPLES AND IDENTIFICATION OF DETRITAL CHARCOAL SAMPLES FROM ALONG THE MIDDLE FORK JOHN DAY RIVER, OREGON

Kathryn Puseman & Linda Scott Cummings
Samples were collected along the Middle Fork of the John Day River in east-central Oregon for a study of fluvial geomorphology. A total of 32 detrital charcoal/wood samples were submitted for identification, and 11 bulk soil samples were examined for pollen and macrofloral remains. These samples were recovered from soil pit or natural bank exposures along the river. After successful completion of this phase of the study, an additional eight pollen, eleven macrofloral, and two...
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MACROFLORAL ANALYSIS, CHARCOAL IDENTIFICATION, AND AMS RADIOCARBON DATING AT SITES 5LA10370 AND 5LA11074 ON THE PINON CANYON MANEUVER SITE, FORT CARSON ARMY INSTALLATION, LAS ANIMAS COUNTY, COLORADO

Kathryn Puseman
Fill from a roasting pit at site 5LA10370 was floated to recover charred macrofloral remains. Charcoal from this sample was submitted for AMS radiocarbon dating. Charcoal from Stratum II at site 5LA11074 also was submitted for identification and AMS radiocarbon dating. These sites are located on the Piñon Canyon Maneuver Site in Las Animas County, southeast Colorado. Macrofloral analysis, including charcoal identification, will be used to provide information concerning plant resources utilized by the various...
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CHARCOAL IDENTIFICATION AND AMS RADIOCARBON DATING OF SAMPLES FROM TEXAS CREEK, UPPER TAYLOR RIVER BASIN, COLORADO

Kathryn Puseman & Melissa K. Logan
A total of five charcoal samples from along Texas Creek were submitted for identification and AMS radiocarbon dating. These samples were recovered as part of a paleoflood study for Taylor Park Dam in central Colorado. Botanic components and detrital charcoal were identified, and potentially radiocarbon datable material was separated. Charcoal fragments in four samples were AMS radiocarbon dated.
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POLLEN ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM THE FAIRBANKS SPRING SITE (26NY1729), NEVADA

Linda Scott Cummings
The Fairbanks Spring Site (26NY1729), located in Ash Meadows National Wildlife Refuge in Armagosa Valley was sampled for pollen to provide subsistence information. The site contains evidence of prehistoric, Virgin Anasazi and Southern Paiute, and historic occupation. Artifact scatters of fire-cracked rocks and areas with midden soils, as well as a possible pit structure, an occupational surface, and an historic dugout were noted. Pollen samples were collected for analysis from the modern surface, an occupation...
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CHARCOAL IDENTIFICATION AND AMS RADIOCARBON DATING OF SAMPLES FROM ALONG THE YAKIMA RIVER, YAKIMA, WASHINGTON

Kathryn Puseman
A total of eighteen charcoal samples and four bulk soil samples from soil pits or trenches on stream terraces adjacent to the Yakima River in eastern Washington were floated to recover organic fragments suitable for radiocarbon analysis. These samples were collected for a study of Holocene terrace chronology along the Yakima River. Botanic components and detrital charcoal were identified, and potentially radiocarbon datable material was separated. Six radiocarbon dates were obtained.
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IDENTIFICATION OF CHARCOAL AND AMS RADIOCARBON DATING OF CHARCOAL AND MICROCHARCOAL SAMPLES FROM SITE BRU FOR THE KERN CANYON FAULT STUDY, CALIFORNIA

Kathryn Puseman, Linda Scott Cummings & Melissa K. Logan
Samples from colluvium at site BRU for the Kern Canyon Fault Study in Kern County, California, were examined to recover charred material suitable for AMS radiocarbon dating. Charcoal fragments in 14 samples from BRU were identified, and combined with microcharcoal for AMS radiocarbon dating. A total of 11 AMS radiocarbon dates were obtained.
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CHARCOAL IDENTIFICATION OF SAMPLES FROM SITE CA-LAN-857, CALIFORNIA

Kathryn Puseman & Melissa K. Logan
Charcoal from two stone-lined earth ovens at site CA-LAN-857 in southern California were submitted for identification. The earth ovens are part of a series of cooking features recently exposed at the site, believed to be associated with the Tataviam cultural group. Identification of charcoal will provide information concerning woods burned as fuel in these features.
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Registration Year

  • 2012
    14,475

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