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FishTail, Indices and Supporting Data Characterizing the Current and Future Risk to Fish Habitat Degradation in the Northeast Climate Science Center Region

Wesley M. Daniel, Nick Sievert, Dana M. Infante, Craig Paukert, Jana S. Stewart, Joanna Whittier & Kyle Herreman
Human impacts occurring throughout the Northeast and Midwest United States, including urbanization, agriculture, and dams, have multiple effects on the regions streams which support economically valuable stream fishes. Changes in climate are expected to lead to additional impacts in stream habitats and fish assemblages in multiple ways, including changing stream water temperatures. To manage streams for current impacts and future changes, managers need region-wide information for decision-making and developing proactive management strategies. Our project met...

Minisparker seismic-reflection data of field activity S-07-11-SC: offshore San Diego, and Los Angeles Counties, southern California from 2011-06-08 to 2011-06-22

Ray W. Sliter, , Holly F. Ryan & Peter J. Triezenberg
This dataset includes raw and processed, high-resolution seismic-reflection data collected in 2011 to collect information on active offshore faults. The survey area is offshore southern California between Long Beach and San Diego. The data were collected aboard the U.S. Geological Survey R/V Parke Snavely. The seismic-reflection data were acquired using a SIG 2mille minisparker system. Subbottom acoustic penetration spanned tens to several hundreds of meters, variable by location and equipment type.

Data Collected in Support of the Longshore Water-Current Velocity and the Potential for Transport of Contaminants pilot study in Lake Erie from Walnut Creek to Presque Isle State Park Beaches, Erie, Pennsylvania

Elizabeth A. Hittle
This data release supports the following publication: Hittle, Elizabeth, 2017, Longshore Water-Current Velocity and the Potential for Transport of Contaminants: A Pilot Study in Lake Erie from Walnut Creek to Presque Isle State Park Beaches, Erie, Pennsylvania, June and August 2015: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 20161206 126 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20161206 Data were collected in Lake Erie between Walnut Creek and Presque Isle State Park (PSIP) Beach 1 in June and August 2015 to support a...

Data for herpetofaunal inventories of the national parks of South Florida and the Caribbean: Volume III, Big Cypress National Preserve

Brian M Jeffery, Kenneth G Rice, Marquette E Crockett, J. Hardin Waddle & H Franklin Percival
The Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan (CERP) requires the use of ecological indicators to measure the success of restoration efforts. The Everglades amphibian community is ideal because amphibians are present in all habitats and under all hydrologic regimes. During Everglades restoration, hydrologic patterns will change and the response of ecological indicators will determine success. Fourteen amphibian species were detected through VES, vocalization surveys and trapping methods throughout the study and the occurrence information collected in this...

SUTRA model used to evaluate the role of uplift and erosion in the persistence of saline groundwater in the shallow subsurface

Richard M. Yager, Clifford I Voss & Ward E. Sandford
A modified version of the three-dimensional, variable-density solute-transport model (SUTRA) was developed to simulate the effects of erosion and uplift on the flushing of brine with meteoric water in Permian through Mississippian rocks of the Appalachian Plateaus. The model was run in 10-Ma transient simulations for a range of values of permeability and anisotropy. Model results indicate that the depth of shallow Paleozoic brine in the Appalachian Plateaus is controlled by the flushing rate of...

Human-associated indicator bacteria and human specific virus loads, sample volumes, and drainage areas for six Menomonee River Watershed sampling locations

Peter Lenaker, Steven Corsi, Hayley A. Templar, Sandra L. McLellan, Mark A. Borchardt, Deb K. Dila, Susan K. Spencer & Austin K. Baldwin
Human-associated indicator bacteria and human specific viruses in the Menomonee River watershed in Milwaukee, WI were investigated from April 2009 to March 2011 at six sampling locations within the watershed. We used concentration and water volume data from runoff-event and low-flow periods to compute loads for each sample collected, and subsequently used those loads, and drainage area from each defined sub-watershed, to compute yield contributions of human-associated bacteria and human specific viruses for each of...

Phragmites australis maps and change, Delta National Wildlife Refuge, Louisiana (2011, 2013, 2016)

Nicholas M Enwright, Jason Dugas, Brady R. Couvillion & William M SooHoo
This U.S. Geological Survey Data Release includes maps of Phragmites australis coverage within the Delta National Wildlife Refuge (NWR), located on the eastern half of the Mississippi River Delta in south Louisiana, for 2011, 2013 and 2016. While the objective of this mapping effort was to map the presence of P. australis, the map also includes coverage of water and non-P.australis land areas (e.g., non-P. australis emergent marsh with scrub/shrub, developed, etc.) and water (e.g.,...

Bathymetry and topography data from the Elwha River delta, Washington, May 2011

Andrew Stevens, Guy Gelfenbaum, , Ian M. Miller & Heather M. Weiner
Two dams on the Elwha River, Washington State, USA trapped over 20 million cubic meters of sediment, reducing downstream sediment fluxes and contributing to erosion of the river's coastal delta. The removal of the Elwha and Glines Canyon dams between 2011 and 2014 induced massive increases in river sediment supply and provided an unprecedented opportunity to examine the response of a delta system to changes in sediment supply. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) developed an...

Topobathymetric Model for the Central Coast of California, 1929 to 2017

Dean J Tyler, Jeffrey J Danielson, Sandra K Poppenga & Dean B Gesch
To support the modeling of storm-induced flooding, the USGS Coastal National Elevation Database (CoNED) Applications Project has created an integrated 1-meter topobathymetric digital elevation model (TBDEM) for the Central California Coast. High-resolution coastal elevation data is required to identify flood, hurricane, and sea-level rise inundation hazard zones and other earth science applications, such as the development of sediment transport and storm surge models. The new TBDEM consists of the best available multi-source topographic and bathymetric...

Bathymetry and topography data from the Elwha River delta, Washington, May 2012

Andrew Stevens, Guy Gelfenbaum, , Ian M. Miller & Heather M. Weiner
Two dams on the Elwha River, Washington State, USA trapped over 20 million cubic meters of sediment, reducing downstream sediment fluxes and contributing to erosion of the river's coastal delta. The removal of the Elwha and Glines Canyon dams between 2011 and 2014 induced massive increases in river sediment supply and provided an unprecedented opportunity to examine the response of a delta system to changes in sediment supply. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) developed an...

Bathymetry, topography, and sediment grain-size data from the Elwha River delta, Washington, August 2012

Andrew Stevens, Guy Gelfenbaum, , Ian M. Miller & Heather M. Weiner
Two dams on the Elwha River, Washington State, USA trapped over 20 million cubic meters of sediment, reducing downstream sediment fluxes and contributing to erosion of the river's coastal delta. The removal of the Elwha and Glines Canyon dams between 2011 and 2014 induced massive increases in river sediment supply and provided an unprecedented opportunity to examine the response of a delta system to changes in sediment supply. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) developed an...

UMRR Tier 2 Lidar Data for the Upper Mississippi and Illinois RIvers

Jayme M Stone, Stephanie R Sattler, Jenny L Hanson, Larry R Robinson, Joesph Jakusz & Jason Rohweder
Light Detection And Ranging (Lidar) generates extremely accurate (vertical and horizontal) location information and has long been a desired product for the UMRS. Previously, the best publically available elevation data for the entire UMRS is 30 meter cells, though 10 meter/cell data can now be downloaded for many areas. In 2007, the U.S Army Corps of Engineers� Upper Mississippi River Restoration Program (UMRR) partnered with the Iowa Department of Natural Resources (IDNR) to collect FEMA-grade,...

Population Objectives Regional Planning Tool for Grassland Birds

Jessica C Stanton

Data release for journal article \"Atmospheric mercury deposition to forests in the eastern USA\"

Martin R. Risch
Data for mercury concentrations in annual litterfall samples and associated litterfall mass will be released. The litterfall samples were collected at selected National Atmospheric Deposition Program sites in 2007-2009 and 2012-2014.

EAARL-B Submerged Topography?Saint Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands, 2014

Xan Fredericks, Christine Kranenburg & David B. Nagle
This mosaic, prepared by the U.S. Geological Survey St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center, provides lidar-derived submerged topography for a portion of the submerged environs of Saint Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands. Elevation measurements were acquired by the second-generation Experimental Advanced Airborne Research Lidar (EAARL-B) on March 7, 8, 11, 12, 13, 14, 17, 18, and 24, 2014, in cooperation with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Coral Reef Conservation Program.

Hurricane Sandy Beach Response and Recovery at Fire Island, New York: Shoreline, Beach Profile Data, and Breach Shoreline Data: October 2012 to June 2016

Rachel E Henderson, Cheryl J Hapke, Owen T Brenner & Billy J Reynolds
Fire Island, New York is the site of a long term coastal morphologic change and processes project conducted by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). One of the objectives of the project was to understand the morphologic evolution of the barrier system on a variety of time scales (months�years�decades�centuries). In response to Hurricane Sandy (October 2012), this effort continued with the intention of resolving storm impacts, post-storm beach response, and recovery. The day before Hurricane Sandy...

Bathymetry, topography, and sediment grain-size data from the Elwha River delta, Washington, September 2013

Andrew Stevens, Guy Gelfenbaum, , Ian M. Miller & Heather M. Weiner
Two dams on the Elwha River, Washington State, USA trapped over 20 million cubic meters of sediment, reducing downstream sediment fluxes and contributing to erosion of the river's coastal delta. The removal of the Elwha and Glines Canyon dams between 2011 and 2014 induced massive increases in river sediment supply and provided an unprecedented opportunity to examine the response of a delta system to changes in sediment supply. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) developed an...

Annual California Sea Otter Census - 2015 Spring Census Summary

M. Tim Tinker & Brian B Hatfield
The spring 2015 mainland sea otter count began on 2 May and wasn't completed until 2 July. The delay in finishing the census was due primarily to limited availability of the survey plane (because of the need for the plane during the oil spill in the Refugio State Beach area). Overall viewing conditions this year were more favorable than those during the 2014 spring census (View Score = 2.6 vs. 2.3, where 0=poor, 1=fair, 2=good,...

Trace Metals in San Francisco Bay Clams

Cynthia L. Brown
The clams Potamocorbula amurensis and Corbicula fluminea were collected at a variety of sites in the San Francisco Bay/ Delta beginning July 1990 and ending February 2010. Both clams are invasive species in the San Francisco Bay/Delta and were used as biosentinels of the fate, transport, and effects of trace metals in the San Francisco Bay ecosystem. The trace metals analyzed were silver (Ag), cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr), copper (Cu), nickel (Ni), lead (Pb), vanadium...

Thresh - Software for Tracking Rainfall Thresholds for Landslide and Debris Flow Occurrence, Code Repository

Rex L Baum, Jacob C. Vigil & Sarah J. Fischer
The precipitation tracking program, thresh, is a Fortran program designed for computing various measures of precipitation for comparison against established or trial thresholds for landslide occurrence. The program computes cumulative precipitation and precipitation intensity and duration and compares them to thresholds to identify periods of threshold exceedance for use in landslide early warning. This command-line program is used in conjunction with Python scripts and shell scripts to prepare input files and visualize results.

Acute sensitivity of a broad range of freshwater mussels to chemicals with different modes of toxic action-Data

Christopher D. Ivey, Ning Wang, Christopher G. Ingersoll, William G. Brumbaugh & David Alvarez
Acute sensitivity of mussels to different chemicals: The data release includes the data collected from multiple acute 96-hour toxicity tests with up to 20 chemicals and five mussel species in water exposures.

Standardization and Application of an Index of Community Integrity for Waterbirds in the Chesapeake Bay

Diann J Prosser
In recent decades, there has been increasing interest in the application of ecological indices to assess ecosystem condition in response to anthropogenic activities. DeLuca et al. (2008) developed an Index of Waterbird Community Integrity (IWCI) to evaluate breeding waterbird response to anthropogenic activities in the Chesapeake Bay, USA. As we attempted to apply this index to a study in the same region, we discovered the need to add more species; however, the scoring criteria were...

WKBT Soils and Floodplain Nutrients

Rebecca M Kreiling
We examined effects of flooding on supply rates of 14 nutrients in floodplain areas invaded by Phalaris arundinacea (reed canarygrass), areas restored to young successional forests (browsed by white-tailed deer and unbrowsed), and remnant mature forests in the Upper Mississippi River floodplain. Plant Root Simulator ion-exchange probes were deployed for four separate 28-day periods. The first deployment occurred during flooded conditions, while the three subsequent deployments were conducted during progressively drier periods. Time after flooding...

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