271 Works

FIRST RESULTS OF ATMOSPHERIC ELECTRICITY MEASUREMENTS AT THE OBSERVATORY ”PARATUNKA”, KAMCHATKA, USING THE CS110 ELECTRIC FIELD METER

S.Y. Khomutov, S.E. Smirnov, S.V. Butin & I.Y. Babakhanov
The results of continuous measuring of vertical gradient of AEF potential by CS110 during a few months are presented. The comparison of CS110 and ”Pole-2” are performed.

TECHNOLOGY OF RADIATION MONITORING: TRACERS-INDICATORS OF DANGEROUS NATURAL AND TECHNOGENIC PHENOMENA

V.S. Yakovleva, P.M. Nagorskiy & G.A. Yakovlev

КРАЕВАЯ ЗАДАЧА ДЛЯ НАГРУЖЕННОГО ДИФФЕРЕНЦИАЛЬНОГО УРАВНЕНИЯ С ОПЕРАТОРОМ БАРРЕТТА В ГЛАВНОЙ ЧАСТИ

R.Z. Berezgova
In this paper, we study the boundary value problem for loaded differential equations of fractional order with the Barrett operator in the main part.

ПРИНЦИП ЭКСТРЕМУМА И ЕДИНСТВЕННОСТЬ РЕШЕНИЯ ЗАДАЧИ ДИРИХЛЕ ДЛЯ УРАВНЕНИЯ ЛАВРЕНТЬЕВА-БИЦАДЗЕ С ДВУМЯ ПАРАЛЛЕЛЬНЫМИ ЛИНИЯМИ ИЗМЕНЕНИЯ ТИПА

З.В. Кудаева
В работе доказан принцип экстремума и единственность решения задачи Дирихле для уравнения Лаврентьева-Бицадзе в области, содержащей две параллельные линии изменения типа

ИНВЕРСИИ МАГНИТНОГО ПОЛЯ В ОДНОЙ МАЛОМОДОВОЙ МОДЕЛИ aW-ДИНАМО

Г.М. Водинчар, А.Н. Годомская & О.В. Шереметьева
Описана маломодовая модель в которой реализуются различные известные режимы космических динамо-систем, в частности, различные режимы инверсий. Источником регулярных инверсий в модели служит ее внутренняя динамика. Нарушение этой цикличности, сбои в работе динамо-машины, выход на режим хаотических инверсий вызываются флуктуациями параметров, которые интерпретируются как результат спонтаного когерентного сложения высших мод. Простота модели позволяет легко модифицировать ее для различных небесных тел.

ОСОБЕННОСТИ МОДЕЛИРОВАНИЯ ПАССИОНАРНЫХ ПРОЦЕССОВ, ОБУСЛОВЛЕННЫЕ ИЗМЕНЕНИЯМИ В СТРУКТУРАХ ЭТНОСА

R.O. Kenetova
In the simulation of passionarii impulses, we should consider redistribution of passionarii energy between seven ethnic subsystems (passionarii, harmonious people, subpassionarii, organization, science and technology, culture and art, landscape). Each passionary subsystem is characterized by a certain level of the passionary energy, which increases or decreases depending on the subsystems interactions.

ОБ ОДНОЙ ЭРЕДИТАРНОЙ КОЛЕБАТЕЛЬНОЙ СИСТЕМЫ С УЧЕТОМ ЭФФЕКТА STICK-SLIP

R.I. Parovik
The work was a mathematical model that describes the effect of the sliding attachment (stick-slip), taking into account hereditarity. explicit finite-difference scheme for the corresponding. Cauchy problem was constructed. Built on the basis of its waveform and phase trajectories

РАСЧЕТ ПАРАМЕТРОВ СЕЙСМИЧЕСКОГО РЕЖИМА НА ОСНОВЕ ВЕРОЯТНОСТНОЙ МОДЕЛИ КАТАЛОГА ЗЕМЛЕТРЯСЕНИЙ КАМЧАТСКОГО РЕГИОНА

V.V. Bogdanov & A.V. Pavlov
Simple formulas were obtained on the basis of a probabilistic interpretation of Kamchatka region earthquake repetition law. Using these formulas the number of seismic events falling within an unrepresentative interval energy class (magnitude) was calculated and the expected time of an earthquake with a magnitude exceeding the maximum registered values for the period of instrumental observations was estimated.

РАСПОЗНАВАНИЕ СВИСТЯЩИХ АТМОСФЕРИКОВ В ОНЧ-СПЕКТРОГРАММАХ

E.A. Malysh, G.M. Vodinchar & N.V. Cherneva
The whistlers pattern recognition algorithm in the spectrogram of VLF-radiation and algorithm of the filtering of pulse signals in the spectrograms are proposed.

АНАЛИЗ ИОНОСФЕРНЫХ ПАРАМЕТРОВ В ПЕРИОДЫ СОЛНЕЧНЫХ СОБЫТИЙ И ГЕОМАГНИТНЫХ БУРЬ

O.V. Mandrikova, A. Polozov, I.S. Solovev & N.V. Fetisova
The paper shows the new methods of analysis of ionospheric and magnetic data using developed by the authors models of multicomponent constructions (MCM models). During periods of high solar activity ionosphere and geomagnetic data is analyzed according to ground stations

ВЛИЯНИЯ ЦИКЛОНОВ НАД КАМЧАТКОЙ НА РАСПРЕДЕЛЕНИЕ ЭЛЕКТРОНОВ В ИОНОСФЕРЕ

V.V. Bogdanov, A.V. Kaysin & A.A. Romanov
The paper presents the results of investigation of cyclone impact on ionosphere parameters. Ionosphere state was observed by the automatic sounding equipment applying low-orbital navigational spacecrafts in the conditions of low seismicity

ОБРАЗОВАНИЕ ПОТОКОВ ЧАСТИЦ ВЫСОКОЙ ЭНЕРГИИ В ОБЛАКАХ, ТЕМНЫЕ МОЛНИИ

V.V. Kuznetsov
Problem of high-energy particles flux origin in clouds is discussed. Conditions in which dark lightning preceding the ordinary one and creating additional ionization, fluxes of fast electrons with MeV energy prior to the earthquake detected among lightning initiating ball-lightning, glow, sprites are considered. All above phenomena appear to be of general nature founded on quantum entanglement of hydrogen bonds protons in water clasters inside clouds.

ИЗМЕНЕНИЕ НАПРАВЛЕННОСТИ ГЕОАКУСТИЧЕСКОГО ИЗЛУЧЕНИЯ НА СТАНЦИИ «МИКИЖА» В СВЯЗИ С ЗЕМЛЕТРЯСЕНИЯМИ НА КАМЧАТКЕ

V. Marapulets, A.A. Solodchuk & A.O. Shcherbina
To investigate high frequency geoacoustic emission, a receiving system based on a compound vector receiver was installed in Kamchatka. It allows the authors to determine the direction of sound wave arrival. In the result of the data analysis for the period from August 2008 to January 2016, it was determined that geoacoustic emission directivity anomalies occur during the majority of the earthquakes with Ks >9.0 in the South of Kamchatka.

АНОМАЛЬНЫЕ ИЗМЕНЕНИЯ ВЕРТИКАЛЬНОГО ГЕОМАГНИТНОГО ПОЛЯ НА КАМЧАТКЕ

Moroz, S.E. Smirnov & Z.A. Nazarova
Considered secular variation of the geomagnetic field in the vertical observatories Paratunka (Kamchatka), Kakioka, Mamambetsu and holders (Irkutsk) from 1968 to 2014

ЧАСТОТНЫЙ И ВРЕМЕННОЙ АНАЛИЗ ЭФФЕКТА ВОСХОДА СОЛНЦА В ЭЛЕКТРИЧЕСКОМ ПОЛЕ ПРИЗЕМНОГО СЛОЯ АТМОСФЕРЫ

S.E. Smirnov
Statistical estimates of the effect in the electric field of the surface layer of the atmosphere parameters, such as time of the beginning, time of a maximum, its intensity and duration, were obtained. It was shown experimentally that the diurnal variation maximum of atmospheric electric field intensity is associated with air temperature height distribution. Power spectra of time variations of electric field intensity in the near ground atmosphere and of the horizontal component of geomagnetic...

СВЯЗЬ СУТОЧНЫХ ПЕРИОДОВ ОНЧ ИЗЛУЧЕНИЙ С РЕНТГЕНОВСКИМИ ИСТОЧНИКАМИ

G.I. Druzhin & I.E. Stasiy
Spectral analysis of electromagnetic noise radiation in the VLF range at three fixed frequencies for the period from 1997 to 2015 have been carried out. Periodograms with diurnal components associated with the periods of the Earth rotation relatively the Sun and the stars have been obtained. It has been shown that the Sun х-radiation and the galaxy х-radiation affect daily variations of VLF radiation.

ЭЛЕКТРОМАГНИТНОЕ ПОЛЕ ЗЕМЛИ ПО НАБЛЮДЕНИЯМ В БУРЯТИИ

G.I. Druzhin, Y.B. Bashkuev, I.B. Naguslaeva, N.V. Cherneva & B.M. Shevtsov
The data obtained by the World Wide Lightning Location Network (WWLLN) in the territory of Zabaykal’e are compared with the data received by the equipment for observations of Earth’s natural pulse electromagnetic field installed in Buryatia. Diurnal and seasonal dependence of lightning strokes observed in Zabaikal’e territory were obtained. It was shown that the maxima in diurnal variation registered by the instrumentation in Buryatiya coincide with the main world lightning sources.

ОВЕРХАУЗЕРОВСКИЙ КОМПОНЕНТНЫЙ МАГНИТОМЕТР POS-4: РЕЗУЛЬТАТЫ НЕПРЕРЫВНЫХ ИЗМЕРЕНИЙ В 2015-2016 ГГ. НА ГЕОФИЗИЧЕСКОЙ ОБСЕРВАТОРИИ ”ПАРАТУНКА” ИКИР ДВО РАН, КАМЧАТКА

S.Y. Khomutov, V.A. Sapunov, A.Y. Denisov, D.V. Savelyev & I.Y. Babakhanov
The summary results of the analysis of the measurements by Overhauser vector magnetometer POS-4 during about 1.5 years are presented.

ВОЗМОЖНОСТИ ИСПОЛЬЗОВАНИЯ СТАРЫХ АНАЛОГОВЫХ МАГНИТОГРАММ ОБСЕРВАТОРИЙ ДЛЯ ПОЛУЧЕНИЯ НОВЫХ ДАННЫХ О ВАРИАЦИЯХ МАГНИТНОГО ПОЛЯ ЗЕМЛИ

S.Y. Khomutov & I.N. Khomutova
The possibilities of digitization of old magnetograms to obtain new data about magnetic field variations are considered

ОБ УСТОЙЧИВОСТИ КРАЕВОЙ ЗАДАЧИ ДЛЯ УРАВНЕНИЯ ЧЕТНОГО ПОРЯДКА

А.В. Юлдашева & A.V. Yuldasheva
In this paper not well posed problem for the even-order equation is studied. The stability of the problem is restored by additional conditions and conditions to domain.

МАТЕМАТИЧЕСКОЕ МОДЕЛИРОВАНИЕ ЗАКОНА ИЗМЕНЕНИЯ ЗАРЯДА ОБЛАЧНЫХ КАПЕЛЬ ВО ФРАКТАЛЬНОЙ СРЕДЕ

Т.С. Кумыков, Р.И. Паровик, T.S. Kumykov & R.I. Parovik
The paper proposed a new mathematical model of the variation of the charge cloud drops in storm clouds. The model takes into account the fractal properties of storm clouds, and the solution was obtained using the apparatus of fractional calculus.

МАТЕМАТИЧЕСКОЕ МОДЕЛИРОВАНИЕ НЕЛОКАЛЬНОЙ КОЛЕБАТЕЛЬНОЙ СИСТЕМЫ ДУФФИНГА С ФРАКТАЛЬНЫМ ТРЕНИЕМ

Р.И. Паровик & R.I. Parovik
The paper considers a nonlinear fractal oscillatory Duffing system with friction. The numerical analysis of this system by a finite-difference scheme was carried out. Phase portraits and system solutions were constructed depending on fractional parameters.

НЕ ПОТЕНЦИАЛЬНОЕ ГЕОМАГНИТНОЕ ПОЛЕ, ТОКИ ШМИДТА-БАУЭРА И АТМОСФЕРНЫЙ ЭЛЕКТРИЧЕСКИЙ ТОК

В.В.Кузнецов & V.V. Kuznetsov
According to the developing model, the nonpotential part of the geomagnetic field is due to the vertical current associated with positive charge transfer by water vapour during plant and water surface evaporation in the same direction and with negative rain current in the opposite direction. These two processes are quite irregular both in space and in time, but the total charge transfered upwards to the clouds is almost equal to the charge transfered downwards to...

ГОРНЫЙ УДАР – ПРИЧИНА ВЫБРОСА МЕТАНА В УГОЛЬНОЙ ШАХТЕ?

В.В.Кузнецов & V.V. Kuznetsov
The model, which hit a mountain (technogenic earthquakes) - is presented as a way out of the shock wave at the inner wall of the shaft. This raises the unloading wave, stretching, moving backward (deep wall) direction. Shock wave accompanied by the movement of the medium in the propagation direction of the shock waves at a speed considerably less than that of the wave. The totality of phenomena occurring on the inner surface of the...

ВЫСОКОЧАСТОТНЫЙ АКУСТОЭМИССИОННЫЙ ЭФФЕКТ

Ю.В. Марапулец & Yu.V. Marapulets
Complex monitoring of acoustic emission (AE) in the sound frequency range has been carried out in the Kamchatka peninsular since 1999. In the course of the investigation, the existence of acoustic emission effect in sedimentary rocks was detected. It consists in the increase of geoacoustic radiation intensity in the frequency range from hundreds of hertz to the first tens of kilohertz during the growth of rock mass deformation rate. This effect was stably observed at...

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