189 Works

SENSE AS A QUALITY AND ESSENTIAL CHARACTERISTIC OF SOCIOLOGY OF LIFE

Zhan Toshchenko
The article reveals the possibility of using a new concept – “sense” in the interpretation of the concept "sociology of life" and its main concept the life world. The sociological interpretation of this concept is given and its operationalization is proposed. It is used in the studies of the life world of Russians, conducted at the RSUH in 2012-2016 years and the comparison with a number of studies in the late 1980s is given. On...

THE SPECIFICITY OF VOCATIONAL PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION IN MODERN RUSSIA

Victor Shekhovtsov & Olga Fetisova
The article notes that there is a lack of quali-fied personnel of workers and specialists. Foreign experience of the implementation of the vocational education system is analyzed. A critical analysis of the current specialist training system at higher school is made. The authors describe the problems and tendencies of development of the system of vocational professional education in Russia.

RUSSIAN-UKRAINIAN RELATIONS IN THE EVALUATIONS OF THE YOUTH OF THE BORDER REGION (ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE ROSTOV REGION)

Anton Serikov
The article is devoted to the assessment and perception of Russian-Ukrainian relations by the youth of the Rostov Region. The structural and subject parameters of the perception and image patterns of Ukraine in social moods in the youth environment are considered. The conclusion is that Russian-Ukrainian relations are evaluated within the framework of the accepted social and political discourse, but at the same time, pragmatist accents associated with the impact of the negative scenario of...

MEANINGS OF RUSSIAN POLICY IN THE SPHERE OF INTERETHNIC RELATIONS: THE VIEW OF SCIENTISTS OF THE SOUTH OF RUSSIA

Galina Denisova, Vitaly Khotsenko & Ilya Pechkurov
The article considers the points of view of scientists of the South of Russia about the main goals of Russian national policy, the implementation of Western ideas of ethnicity as a construct into Russian practice of interethnic relations management, the implementation of multiculturalism models and also about the value bases of cultural homogeneity construction in Russian society.

FROM THE SOLUTION OF WOMEN ISSUE TO A NEW GENDER ORDER: MOVEMENT IN THE MODES OF SOCIAL TIME

Galina Sillaste
The article analyzes the specificity of the gender issue solution. The author uses the concept “modes of social time” and analyzes the changes in social system and gender relations in three states of time: the mode of the past, the present and the future. This methodology determines the raising of the question in the article: from the female question to a new gender order.

SOCIAL INERTIA IN ADAPTIVE PRACTICES OF DAY TO DAY EXISTENCE IN RUSSIAN SOCIETY

Maxim Gnatyuk
The article focuses on the fact that a person immersed in the routine of day to day existence, in the course of large-scale social and cultural changes estimates it as some alien element and tries to adapt to its intrusion into the life world. Thus the mechanism of adaptation to changes starts working, the adaptive practices of day to day existence are becoming involved. Social inertia in such adaptive practices of day to day existence...

POWER AS A MATTER OF PHILOSOPHICAL ANTHROPOLOGY

Sergey Chernykh
The article analyzes power, which is viewed through the prism of its functioning in the structure of anthropological reality. Power relations are predominantly indirect, i.e., they are constituted under conditions of permanent reproduction and transformation of human culture. The specificity of the concentration of power is demonstrated in connection with the growth of the instrumental domination of Homo sapiens over natural impulses, including one's own corporeality and sexuality. It is concluded that the eccentricity inherent...

PROFESSIONAL POSITIONS OF THE MILITARY PERSONNEL IN THE SOUTH RUSSIAN CITIES IN TERMS OF PRECARIZATION PROCESSES

Ludmila Klimenko, Pavel Zayats & Inna Khromushkina
The paper analyzes the influence of precarization processes on the professional positions of servicemen in southern Russian cities. An assessment of the financial situation, the dynamics of workload and administrative burdens, social guarantee and risks in the sphere of professional military service are examined on the basis of a sociological survey and in-depth interviews of servicemen from Rostov-on-Don and Novocherkassk (standardized interviewing of 436 military personnel and 16 in-depth interviews). The authors conclude, that precarization...

THE DEFINITION OF THE SUBJECT OF TEORETICAL PSYCHOLOGY IN P. D. YURKEVICH PHILOSOPHY

Marina Sharova
The article is devoted to analysis of P. D. Yurkevich philosophical and psychological views. It is shown that he established the theoretical area of psychology in the context of the concept «metaphysics of the heart» as a «spiritual speculation», meaning and the essential characteristic of the personality. He under-stood the human soul as a single dynamic value. In the pursuit of moral ascent it can vary endlessly, and does not open to the direct psychologist...

POPULATION NEEDS AS A FACTOR OF CONFLICTOGENIC POTENTIAL

Vitaliy Belousov
The article reveals the notion of the needs of the population (consumption), emphasis on its financial component as a conflict motive, which is a challenge (threat) to economic security, especially in the negative behavioral field of some social groups, which present an increasing challenge to the socio-economic order.

CORPORATE CULTURE AS THE SOCIAL TECHNOLOGY OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF TEAM CREATIVE POTENTIAL OF RUSSIAN MANAGERS

Marina Bazovaya
The article defines the role of corporate culture in the development of a commercial organization. The stages and conditions for the formation of corporate culture as a priority social technology for the development of team creative potential of managers in Russian commercial organizations are revealed.

INSTITUTIONALIZATION OF ILLEGAL PRACTICES IN RUSSIAN SMALL BUSINESS

Viktor Evsyukov
The author of the article formulates the position that there is a tendency to institutionalize illegal practices in Russian business, due to the predominance of informal social relations, the inefficiency of law enforcement practices and a shortage of small business re-sources of the institute in the development of legal business activities.

(UN)MAKING EUROPE: RESULTS OF THE 13TH ECA CONFERENCE

Sergey Kravchenko
The results of the 13th Conference of the European Sociological Association held this year in Greece (Athens) are analyzed, proposed new theoretical and methodological approaches to the study of the complex crises of the European Union, the possibility of creating its updated model in the context of the three main challenges it faced . Among them: 1) the collapse of the basic principles of neo-liberal capitalism, the consequences of which born the contradictions that led...

XENOPHOBIA IN THE SOUTH OF RUSSIA: CARRIERS OF INTOLERANT ATTITUDES

Vladimir Mukomel
The key issues addressed in the article are the following: who are xenophobes in everyday life? What are their tolerant antipodes? What ethnic groups cause the greatest rejection of the carriers of intolerant attitudes? How can ethnophobia and migrantophobia be compared? How does the attitude towards certain ethnic groups and migrants change? The author uses a wide empirical basis for the analysis: the data about the South of Russia, 24 and 17 waves of the...

THE SELF-DETERMINATION IN RUSSIA: PHENOMENON OF NATIONAL IDENTITY UNDER GLOBALIZATION CONDITIONS

Irina Lipchanskaya & Elena Pavlova
The article is devoted to the phenomenon of self-determination in modern Russia and to the socio-philosophical analysis of this phenomenon. The authors analyze it in the con-text of national identity key features and explore this term in the field of existential problems. The article considers the problems of conflict between old and new values, as well as the phenomenon of meaningful orientation loss in terms of the national identity crisis in Russia in the context...

THE SPIRITUAL SPHERE POLITICAL RESOURCE OF THE SOCIETY AND ITS ROLE IN THE ENSURING THE SPIRITUAL SECURITY OF THE STATE

Olga Shevchenko & Lyudmila Shtofer
The article is devoted to the issue of the state spiritual security in terms of the increasing in-stability and uncertainty in the world. The authors state the idea that at all times the spiritual sphere of society was a powerful political resource through which both consolidation and polarization of the society was carried out. As a result of socio-political and socio-economic transformations of recent decades, political power has lost much of its control over the...

INSTITUTIONS OF CIVIL SOCIETY AND CIVIC PARTICIPATION IN PUBLIC OPINION IN THE NORTH CAUCASUS: THE EXAMPLE OF KABARDINO-BALKARIA AND KARACHAYCHERKESSIA

Aslan Chechenov, Alexey Gunya, Khyzyr Mashukov, Nazir Chemaev & Murat Shogenov
This article discusses the results of a comprehensive sociological survey of public opinion on civil society institutions and civic participation in the North Caucasus on the example of the republics of Kabardino-Balkaria and Karachay-Cherkessia. On the basis of qualitative and quantitative empirical data, an analysis of the understanding of civil society by the population of the republics is made. Also the main goal of civic participation, and the relationship between civil society and social stability...

ECOLOGICAL EDUCATION IN RUSSIAN UNIVERSITIES: CIVIL ACTIVISM IN FORMAL EDUCATION

Natalia Levchenko
The article analyzes the process of teaching ecology in technical universities in the Russian Federation. The causes and peculiarities of the formation of an ecologist engineer specialty are revealed. The data were obtained as a result of the research conducted in 2014-2017. The method of in-depth interviews with the head chairs and teachers of universities is used. The paper shows how the liquidation of the subject "Ecology" from the school program affected the level of...

ANTROPOCENTRIC MODEL OF COMMUNICATION IN THE CONTEXT OF VALUE PREFERENCES OF TELEVISION AUDIENCE

Evgeny Dugin & Oleg Kupriyanov
The article contains theoretical justification of an anthropocentric model of organization of communicative interaction between the TV and the audience. The authors polemicize with the media theoreticians who postulate that mass communications especially mass media acting as a mediator absolutely exclude the possibility of an authentic communication. Making inevitably an imitation out of every kind of communication with the audience. The author argues that the idea of mediation is the fundament of human culture starting...

CULTURAL AND HISTORICAL CONTEXT OF THE DEMONSTRATIVE CONSUMPTION PRACTICES IN THE EVERYDAY SOCIOCULTURAL SPACE

Ilya Pechkurov
The article reveals cultural and historical context of demonstrative consumption practices in the everyday social and cultural space in modern Russia. It is shown that the basis of consumption and consumer practices are the diverse cultural and historical traditions, embodying both traditional types of consumption and ways adapted to modern consumption. At the same time, the transformation of everyday socio-cultural space is associated with the increase of uncertainty and irrationality, which forms barriers for the...

SOCIAL EFFECTIVENESS OF STATE YOUTH POLICY AND STATE SOCIAL SUPPORT OF YOUTH: THE SYNTHESIS OF PRIORITIES AND GOALS

Alexander Stradze
The article contains the analysis of social effectiveness of state social support as an important tool of influence on the youth. Based on the discussion of theoretical and empirical material, the author comes to the conclusion that on the objective parameters in modern conditions in the moods of the subjects of state social support, a rapprochement and, to some extent, an integration of state social support for youth and state youth policy can be noticed....

THEORETICAL ASPECTS OF THE STUDY OF PATRIOTICISM IN ITS CONNECTION WITH CIVIL IDENTITY FORMATION OF THE YOUTH IN MODERN RUSSIAN SOCIETY

Oksana Uzunova
The article analyzes theoretical aspects of the study of patriotism in its connection with the civil identity formation of the youth in modern Russian society. The instrumentalization of the term "patriotism" in sociological discourse is being implemented. Patriotism is analyzed in the context of structural and functional analysis (E. Durkheim, etc.) and within the framework of the concepts of contemporary Russian authors. Various typologies of patriotism are considered. The unconditional patriotism and the transformative love...

SOCIAL FUNCTIONS OF SMALL ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN MODERN RUSSIA

Yury Volkov, Pavel Razov & Viktor Krivopuskov
The most common definition of small business is discussed in the article; its industrial structure and social functions are revealed; the specificity of its functioning in the regions is clarified.

IMPLEMENTATION OF FOREIGN EXPERIENCE OF REGULATION OF INTERETHNIC RELATIONS IN THE CONTEXT OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT DEVELOPMENT IN THE RUSSIAN SOCIETY

Konstantin Vodenko, Yury Volkov & Alexander Degtyarev
The article is aimed at the analysis of local self-government in the system of regulation of interethnic relations in the context of the implementation of foreign experience. The article contains a conceptual and socially applied rationale for diversifying national policies in Russia, including municipal self-government in the sphere of participation and competence in implementing national policies. Particular attention is paid to the possibilities of implementing foreign experience in the context of constructing a value policy,...

DESIGN AND CIBERSPACE IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF A CREATIVE PERSONALITY OF NEW GENERATION

Elena Goryacheva & Irina Klimenko
The authors consider the problem of cyber-space formation as a virtual comfortable environment for the harmonious development of a personality, his artistic and creative development. The modern design went beyond the usual visual environment and works to create a virtual environment in the Internet system, in which modern man spends much time; thus the experts should perceive and study it as a particular communication and social-educational environment. The scientists consider positive and negative influence on...

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